To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Cowlitz language

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Native toUnited States
RegionSouthwestern Washington
Ethnicity200 Cowlitz people (1990)[1] As of 2019 over 2,000 and growing
Extinctmaybe 2 speakers in 1990.[1] 1 currently lives in Puyallup, Washington
Revivalthe 110 listed in 2010 census[2] are not native speakers
  • Coast
    • Tsamosan
      • Inland
        • Cowlitz
Language codes
ISO 639-3cow

The Cowlitz language is a member of the Tsamosan branch of the Coast Salish family of Salishan languages.

The Cowlitz people

The Cowlitz people were originally two distinct tribes: the Lower Cowlitz and the Upper Cowlitz. Only the Lower Cowlitz spoke Cowlitz; the Upper Cowlitz, a Sahaptin tribe, spoke a dialect of Yakama.


Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Lateral Velar Uvular Glottal
plain lab. plain lab.
Plosive plain p t k q ʔ
ejective kʷʼ qʷʼ
Affricate plain ts
ejective tsʼ tʃʼ tɬʼ
Fricative s ʃ ɬ x χ χʷ h
Sonorant voiced m n j l w
Front Central Back
Close i u
Mid e eː ə
Open a aː


Cowlitz is most similar to Lower Chehalis, another Tsamosan language, although it contains some oddities, such as the word for one, utsus (in contrast to the Lower Chehalis paw).

English Cowlitz
Lower Cowlitz tribe Sł'púlmš
one (number) utsus
two salli
three kałi
four mus
five tsilats
to sing ilani
moon/sun Łuqał
dog kaxa
water kal'l
man siłimx
woman kuwił


  1. ^ a b Cowlitz at Ethnologue (14th ed., 2000).
  2. ^ Cowlitz at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  3. ^ a b Kinkade, Marvin Dale (2004). Cowlitz dictionary and grammatical sketch. Missoula, MT: Linguistics Laboratory, University of Montana. pp. 219–224.

See also

This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 06:24
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.