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Covelo, California

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Covelo
Downtown Covelo ca. 1920
Downtown Covelo ca. 1920
Location in Mendocino County and the state of California
Location in Mendocino County and the state of California
Coordinates: 39°47′35″N 123°14′53″W / 39.79306°N 123.24806°W / 39.79306; -123.24806
Country United States
State California
CountyMendocino
Area
 • Total7.138 sq mi (18.489 km2)
 • Land7.095 sq mi (18.377 km2)
 • Water0.043 sq mi (0.112 km2)  0.60%
Elevation1,398 ft (426 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total1,255
 • Density180/sq mi (68/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific (PST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
95428
Area code(s)707
FIPS code06-16728
GNIS feature ID0277603

Covelo is a census-designated place (CDP) in Mendocino County, California, United States. Covelo is located 14 miles (23 km) east-northeast of Laytonville,[3] at an elevation of 1,398 feet (426 m).[2] The population was 1,255 at the 2010 census, up from 1,175 at the 2000 census. 405 acres (1.64 km2) of Covelo is part of the Round Valley Indian Reservation.

Geography

Covelo is located at 39°47′35″N 123°14′53″W / 39.79306°N 123.24806°W / 39.79306; -123.24806.[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 7.1 square miles (18 km2), 99.40% of it land, 0.60% of it water.

Covelo is the location of the Covelo American Viticultural Area.

Climate

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Covelo has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csa" on climate maps. Covelo also has a four-season climate, with the dry part of the year during summer and the rainy part in the winter. Winters are also mild in Covelo. Although snow often falls on the nearby mountains such as Anthony Peak in the winter, it rarely falls in the valley. Diurnal temperature variation is strong year round, albeit the most severe in summer. During winters, the variation still results in very frequent air frosts.

Climate data for Covelo (1894-2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 78
(26)
82
(28)
88
(31)
94
(34)
104
(40)
108
(42)
114
(46)
115
(46)
114
(46)
104
(40)
88
(31)
75
(24)
115
(46)
Average high °F (°C) 52.3
(11.3)
57.4
(14.1)
62.1
(16.7)
68.2
(20.1)
76.2
(24.6)
84.6
(29.2)
93.5
(34.2)
92.7
(33.7)
88.2
(31.2)
75.5
(24.2)
59.9
(15.5)
51.7
(10.9)
71.9
(22.2)
Average low °F (°C) 30.4
(−0.9)
32.7
(0.4)
35.1
(1.7)
37.4
(3.0)
42
(6)
47.2
(8.4)
51.6
(10.9)
49.6
(9.8)
45
(7)
39.1
(3.9)
34.3
(1.3)
31.8
(−0.1)
39.7
(4.3)
Record low °F (°C) 7
(−14)
10
(−12)
18
(−8)
22
(−6)
27
(−3)
31
(−1)
37
(3)
37
(3)
28
(−2)
17
(−8)
14
(−10)
−9
(−23)
−9
(−23)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 8.18
(208)
6.61
(168)
5.56
(141)
2.61
(66)
1.36
(35)
0.43
(11)
0.05
(1.3)
0.26
(6.6)
0.55
(14)
2.52
(64)
5.6
(140)
7.92
(201)
41.66
(1,058)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 2.1
(5.3)
1
(2.5)
0.8
(2.0)
0.1
(0.25)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.51)
0.6
(1.5)
4.8
(12)
Average precipitation days 13 12 12 8 5 2 0 1 2 6 11 13 85
Source: WRCC[4]

History

Covelo began in 1860, with the opening of the town's first store.[3] The post office opened in 1870.[3] Some sources claim that the town was named after a village in Switzerland.[3] However, there is no village in Switzerland by that name.[5] Covelo may be a misspelling of Covolo, a fort in Pederobba, Veneto, Italy, which is near Switzerland.[5]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

2010

At the 2010 census Covelo had a population of 1,255. The population density was 175.8 people per square mile (67.9/km2). The racial makeup of Covelo was 611 (48.7%) White, 14 (1.1%) African American, 475 (37.8%) Native American, 10 (0.8%) Asian, 0 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 49 (3.9%) from other races, and 96 (7.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 163 people (13.0%).[7]

The census reported that 1,247 people (99.4% of the population) lived in households, no one lived in non-institutionalized group quarters and 8 (0.6%) were institutionalized.

There were 481 households, 148 (30.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 146 (30.4%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 81 (16.8%) had a female householder with no husband present, 56 (11.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 70 (14.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 0 (0%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 148 households (30.8%) were one person and 53 (11.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.59. There were 283 families (58.8% of households); the average family size was 3.25.

The age distribution was 339 people (27.0%) under the age of 18, 105 people (8.4%) aged 18 to 24, 320 people (25.5%) aged 25 to 44, 299 people (23.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 192 people (15.3%) who were 65 or older. The median age was 35.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.6 males.

There were 542 housing units at an average density of 75.9 per square mile, of the occupied units 314 (65.3%) were owner-occupied and 167 (34.7%) were rented. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 3.4%. 791 people (63.0% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 456 people (36.3%) lived in rental housing units.

2000

At the 2000 census there were 1,175 people, 442 households, and 301 families in the CDP. The population density was 164.9 people per square mile (63.6/km2). There were 512 housing units at an average density of 71.8 per square mile (27.7/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 50.21% White, 0.85% Black or African American, 40.26% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 1.96% from other races, and 6.21% from two or more races. 8.09% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[8] Of the 442 households 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.2% were married couples living together, 20.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were non-families. 26.0% of households were one person and 7.5% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.17.

The age distribution was 28.9% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 27.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% 65 or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.

The median household income was $27,639 and the median family income was $31,875. Males had a median income of $21,146 versus $17,014 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $12,628. About 17.1% of families and 27.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.4% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

In the state legislature, Covelo is in the  2nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Mike McGuire,[9] and the  2nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Jim Wood.[10]

Federally, Covelo is in California's  2nd congressional district, represented by Democrat Jared Huffman.[11]

Education

Round Valley Elementary and Round Valley High School serve as the town's schools. There is a charter school, Eel River Charter School.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ U.S. Census Archived 2012-01-25 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b c U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Covelo, California
  3. ^ a b c d Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 43. ISBN 1-884995-14-4.
  4. ^ "Covelo, CA (042081)". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
  5. ^ a b Gudde, Erwin G. (1949). California Place Names: a Geographical Dictionary. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 78.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Covelo CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  8. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  9. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
  10. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  11. ^ "California's  2nd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
  12. ^ "Joseph M. Long, 78; Philanthropist Led Chain of Drug Stores". The New York Times. 1990.
This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 14:32
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