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Court councillor

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Court councillor. In the buttonhole fittings of the Ministry of Railways
Court councillor. In the buttonhole fittings of the Ministry of Railways

The Russian court councillor (Russian: надворный советник) was a civilian rank of the 7th class in the Table of Ranks.

Table of Ranks

The Table of Ranks was a system of ranks that tied a person's social standing to service in the military, in civil service, or at the imperial court. A court councilor's rank was moderately high on the list. Each category of service had 14 ranks.

The court councilor's rank corresponded to the rank of lieutenant colonel in the army, the sergeant in the Cossacks and captain of the 2nd rank. The official address for a court councilor was "Your Excellency".[1] The signs of the distinction of this rank were double-luminous buttonholes or epaulets with three stars.

History

Court councillor (with epaulets as insignia).
Court councillor (with epaulets as insignia).

Until 1745, this rank belonged to the 8th class and later belonged to the 7th class. Initially, persons who had reached this rank were automatically given hereditary nobility. After the reform of 1856, those who served received only personal nobility. After 1803, directors of departments of ministries and provincial authorities (governors, stewards, governors-general) could confer this rank.

Since the 19th century, all persons who had a doctor’s degree or academic title of professor received this rank automatically. This policy led most of the outstanding Russian scientists of that time to receive hereditary nobility.

The function of the court councilor was an adviser to the "court of appeal", despite the fact that in 1726 these courts were abolished. The rank existed until November 25, 1917, when the entire system of rankings was abolished by the Decree Abolishing Classes and Civil Ranks.[2]

Literary characters serving as 7th-grade officials

References

  1. ^ "ЭСБЕ/Высокоблагородие — Викитека". ru.wikisource.org. Retrieved 2019-01-06.
  2. ^ "Декрет об уничтожении сословий и гражданских чинов". www.hist.msu.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2019-01-06.
  3. ^ "Lib.ru/Иван Сергеевич Тургенев: Дым". az.lib.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2019-01-06.

Sources

External links

Junior rank
Collegiate assessor
Table of Ranks
Court Councillor
Senior rank
Collegiate Councillor
This page was last edited on 2 May 2021, at 18:12
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