To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Coup of 18 Fructidor

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coup of 18 Fructidor
Part of the French Revolution

Acting for the coup's leaders, General Pierre Augereau stormed the Tuileries Palace to arrest Charles Pichegru and others accused of plotting a counter-revolution.
Date4 September 1797

Republican victory:

  • End of the monarchist majority in the legislative chambers
  • Suppression of the Clichy Club
  • Exile, deportation or imprisonment of several monarchists
French Directory Royalists in the
Council of Ancients
and the
Council of Five Hundred
Commanders and leaders

Jean-François Reubell
Louis Marie de La Révellière-Lépeaux
Paul Barras

Pierre Augereau
Lazare Hoche
François-Marie Barthélemy
Charles Pichegru
François Barbé-Marbois[1]
30,000 soldiers[1] 216 royalist deputies[citation needed]
Casualties and losses

The Coup of 18 Fructidor, Year V (4 September 1797 in the French Republican Calendar), was a seizure of power in France by members of the Directory, the government of the French First Republic, with support from the French military.[2] The coup was provoked by the results of elections held months earlier, which had given the majority of seats in the country's Corps législatif (Legislative body) to royalist candidates, threatening a restoration of the monarchy and a return to the ancien régime.[3] Three of the five members of the Directory, Paul Barras, Jean-François Rewbell and Louis Marie de La Révellière-Lépeaux, with support of foreign minister Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord,[4] staged the coup d'état that annulled many of the previous election's results and ousted the monarchists from the legislature.[5]

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    1 588
    7 245
    494 600
    2 844
  • Napoleon's 1799. coup (18th of Brumaire) - Episode 1 - ''The Directory and the Hero of Italy''
  • Life of Napoleon (Episode 12) - The Coup d'État of 18 Brumaire
  • Napoleon's Marshals: Bernadotte, Augereau, Lefebvre, Mortier, Marmont.
  • The Directory, 1795-99
  • Napoleon in Egypt and the Coup d"Etat of 1799



Royalist candidates had gained 87 seats in the 1795 elections, where a third of the seats were at stake. A reversal of the majority in favor of royalists and moderate republicans in the two legislatures, the Council of Five Hundred and the Council of the Ancients, took place in the elections of April 1797.[1] Soon the new majority repealed laws against priests who did not take the oath of the Civil Constitution of the Clergy and emigrés, and demanded the removal of four Jacobin government ministers from office.[1]

Under the royalist majority, the Marquess of Barthélemy, a known monarchist, was elected member of the Directory by the chambers, in replacement of the leaving director Letourneur. François Barbé-Marbois was elected president of the Council of the Ancients,[1] and Jean-Charles Pichegru, a figure widely assumed to be a sympathetic to the monarchy and its restoration, was elected President of the Council of Five Hundred.[2] After documentation of Pichegru's treasonous activities was supplied by General Napoleon Bonaparte, the republican Directors accused the entire body of plotting against the Republic and moved quickly to annul the elections and arrest the royalists.[2]

At dawn 4 September 1797, Paris was declared to be under martial law, while a decree was issued, asserting that anyone supporting royalism or the restoration of the Constitution of 1793 was to be shot without trial.[citation needed] To support the coup, General Lazare Hoche, then commander of the Army of Sambre-et-Meuse, arrived in the capital with his troops, while Bonaparte sent troops under Pierre Augereau.[3] Pichegru, Dominique-Vincent Ramel-Nogaret, Barthélemy and Amédée Willot were arrested, while Lazare Carnot made good his escape. 214 deputies were arrested and 65 were subsequently exiled to Cayenne in French Guiana including Pichegru, Ramel, Barthélemy and Carnot. The election results in 49 departments were annulled. In the aftermath 160 recently returned émigrés were sentenced to death, and around 1320 priests accused of "conspiring against the Republic" were deported.[1] The two newly vacant places in the Directory were filled by Philippe Merlin de Douai and François de Neufchâteau.[4]

The post-coup French Directory, with the newly elected members Neufchâteau and Merlin

The 80-gun ship of the line Foudroyant was briefly named Dix-huit fructidor in honour of the event.


  1. ^ a b c d e f "coup d'État du 18 fructidor an V". Larousse (in French). Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  2. ^ a b c Doyle, William (2002). The Oxford History of the French Revolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 330. ISBN 978-0-19-925298-5.
  3. ^ a b Manière, Fabienne. "4 septembre 1797 - Coup d'État de Fructidor". Horodote (in French). Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  4. ^ a b Bernard, pp. 193–194.
  5. ^ Hall Stewart, John (1951). A Documentary Survey of the French Revolution (adapted). New York: Macmillan.
This page was last edited on 2 December 2023, at 02:18
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.