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County of Valentinois

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Arms of the Counts of Valentinois
Arms of the Counts of Valentinois

The County of Valentinois was a fiefdom within Dauphiné Viennois (formerly in southeast France at Italy) and was a part of the Holy Roman Empire from 1032 until the sixteenth century.

The last Dauphin, Humbert II de la Tour-du-Pin depleted his treasury by funding an unsuccessful Crusade to conquer the Holy Land. After the death of his only son and heir, André, Humbert sold his lands to Philip VI of France in 1349 for 400,000 écus and an annual pension. To keep up appearances, the sale was referred to as a "transfer." In order to prevent the title from going extinct, Humbert instituted a statute whereby the Dauphiné was exempted from many taxes. This statute was subject to many parliamentary debates at the regional level, as local leaders sought to defend their autonomy and privilege against the state.

From 1349, the Dauphiné was transformed into the Dauphiné of France, a title carried by all the heirs to the French throne. In 1498, Louis XII of France divided the lands of the Dauphiné and gave them to Valence, Diois, and Grenoble as a dukedom to Cesar Borgia.

Counts of Valentinois

The County of Valence (Valentinois) was a fiefdom of the Holy Roman Empire, which was first held by Odilon, a count in Valence.

Family of Odilon

  • 886-887: Odilon[1]
  • 879–912: Adalelm
  • 912–943: Boson (Boso)
  • 943–960: Geilin I
  • 950-???: Gonthar (House of Poitiers).
  • 961-1011: The title was dormant.
  • 1011–???: Lambert
  • 1037–???: Adémar, Comes Valentinensis, in conflict with the Albon family.
  • 1058–???: Geilin II[2]

House of Poitiers

Named after the castle of Pictavis, now part of Châteauneuf-de-Bordette, and unrelated to the city of Poitiers in western France.

The counts of Valentinois of House of Poitiers remained vassals of the Dauphin of Viennois until 1338; they held the title until the death of Louis of Poitiers in 1419. On 1029 Valence passed to the House of Albon[7] the Dauphins of Viennois. In 1338 it fell to Philip VI of France.[8]

House of Valois

House of Borgia

After the death of Cesar Borgia, the Duchy became a part of the French Royal domain as a part of the Dauphiné. It is now the capital of the Drôme department within the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region.

References

  1. ^ "PROVENCE".
  2. ^ Charles Cowley. Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. "Comtes du Valence, Geilin", 1. fmg.ac
  3. ^ James R. Briscoe. New Historical Anthology of Music by Women. Volume 1. p. 21. Edited by: James R. Briscoe. Indiana University Press, Bloomignton, IN, USA. ISBN 0-253-21683-4
  4. ^ Catherine Léglu, Rebecca Rist, Claire Taylor. The Cathars and the Albigensian Crusade: Sourcebook. p. 13. Printed by: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group, London, 2014. ISBN 978-0-415-73688-6
  5. ^ Knowledge, Society for the Difussion of Useful (1 January 1838). The Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Difussion of Useful Knowledge. Charles Knight. p. 153 – via Internet Archive.
  6. ^ D. Dudley Stutz. Papal Legates Against the Albigensians: The Debts of the Church of Valence (1215–1250). doi: 10.1353/trd.2013.0003.
  7. ^ Frachette (1998), p. 34
  8. ^ "Valence". Catholic Encyclopedia. Newadvent.org.
  9. ^ Charity Scott-Stokes, Chris Given-Wilson. "Cantuariensis". The Chronicle of Anonymous of Canterbury. p. 83. Edited and translated by: Charity Scott-Stokes, Chris Given-Wilson. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-929714-6
  10. ^ Hastings Rashdall. The Universities of Europe in the Middle Ages: Volume 2, Part 1, Italy ...Incise 14, Valence, Pag, 200. Cambridge Library Collection, Cambridge University Press, 1985. ISBN 978-1-108-01811-1
  11. ^ L. William, George, Papal Genealogy, The Families of Renaissance Popes. p. 217. McFarland and Company Inc, Publishers, Jefferson, North Carolina, and London. ISBN 0-7864-2071-5, 1998, 2004.
  12. ^ L. William, George, Papal Genealogy, The Families of Renaissance Popes. p. 61. McFarland and Company Inc, Publishers, Jefferson, North Carolina, and London. ISBN 0-7864-2071-5, 1998, 2004 (Borgia)
  13. ^ "D. Rodrigo de Borja (Alejandro VI). Sus hijos y descendientes / Manuel Oliver - Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes". Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes.

Sources

  • Linskill, Joseph. "An Enigmatic Poem of Raimbaut de Vaqueiras". The Modern Language Review, 53:3 (1958), p. 355–63.

Further reading

  • Chevalier, Jules. Mémoires pour servir à l'histoire des comtés de Valentinois et de Diois. Paris: 1897.
  • Duchesne, André. Histoire généalogique des comtes de Valentinois et de Diois. Paris: 1628.
This page was last edited on 27 June 2020, at 22:00
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