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Corvin Film Studio

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Corvin Film Studio
Founded16 October 1916 Edit this on Wikidata
Defunct18 December 1928 Edit this on Wikidata

The Corvin Film Studio (in its original official name: Corvin Filmgyár és Filmkereskedelmi Rt.) established in 1916, was the largest film production company in Hungary, while the third largest film company in Europe in the era of silent film. Their films were characterized by a high standard of literature and excellent artistic preparation.

Road to foundation

In 1916, the Corvin Film Studio was founded by Dr. Jenő Janovics, an influential Hungarian media entrepreneur; director of the Hungarian National Theater of Kolozsvár.[1] The place of incorporation was in the city of Kolozsvár (Cluj, in Romanian; Clausenburg in German) the so called capital of Transylvania.[2]

By this time, Janovics –who was rightly called the creator of Hollywood in Transylvania– already had serious film experiences. In 1913, he made the first Transylvanian film, The Yellow Foal (Sárga csikó)[3] in co-production with the Parisian Pathé Film Studio. The film became blockbuster with noisy success on all five continents.

In 1914, he formed a joint venture with Projectograph, Hungary 's leading filmmaker, under the name Proja (Projectograph & Janovics).[4][5] He had been working there among others with Michael Curtiz (Kertész Mihály) the future Academy Awards director,[6] the famous The Exile (A tolonc) silent film[7] was made by them.

Foundation in Kolozsvár, 1916

In 1916, Janovics became independent of Projectograph[8] setting up his new Corvin Film Studio in Kolozsvár.[9] The company's name was a reference to the great 15th Century Hungarian King Matthias Corvinus.[10] Janovics's production program concentrated largely on adaptations of popular and classic Hungarian literature.[11]

The young Alexander Korda (Korda Sándor) was discovered for Corvin by Janovics who brought him to his new film studio from Budapest in 1916.

Foundation in Budapest, 1917

An increasingly dominant presence at the company was the young film director Korda who joined Corvin as a leading director. Korda directed there White Nights, one of the first Hungarian films to be shown outside the country.[12][13][14]

Next year Janovics sold the company to Korda and Miklós Pásztory. They exclusively contracted several stars of the age, including Arthur Somlay, Oszkár Beregi and Mihály Várkonyi. Korda's wife, actress María Corda starred in several Corvin productions too.[15]

Korda and Pásztory expanded into the Hungarian capital in the same year. On October 16, 1917, with a registered capital of one million korona, the Corvin Film Factory and Film Trade Co. was established even in Budapest.[16] For more than 100 years, this film studio became the emblematic site of Hungarian film productions. It still works at the same place.

The boom caused by World War I had a positive impact on Corvin Film. The film import ban boosted domestic demand for Hungarian films. Corvin's registered capital was increased to two and a half million korona in 1918 and then to eight million korona in 1919.

Way to talkies

In 1919 Korda became a member of the Communist Directorate of Soviet Republic as the director of film productions, so after defeating the red terror, he had to flee Hungary.[17] Subsequently, due to the dumping of American films, Hungarian films were increasingly overshadowed, with fewer and fewer films turning in the Corvin studio, and then, in 1922, the Corvin Film temporarily ceased production of films.

In 1923, the factory was modernized and reorganized to become the third largest studio in Central Europe, with a height of 18 meters and a floor area of 4x20 meters. However, as the economic conditions worsened, the factory went bankrupt in 1926.

It was acquired by the Filmipari Alap in 1927[18] and later became one of the trustees of the future world-famous Hungarian talkies under the name Hunnia Filmgyár.[19][20]

Filmography

Corvin's films by date[11][21]

  1. Méltóságos rabasszony (1916)
  2. A dolovai nábob leánya (1916)
  3. Ártatlan vagyok! (1916)
  4. A hattestparancsnok (1916)
  5. Ciklámen (1916)
  6. A nagymama (1916)
  7. Soha többé… mindörökké! (1916)
  8. Szibéria (1916)
  9. Mesék az írógépről (1916)
  10. Mágnás Miska --- Miska the Magnate (1916)
  11. Az egymillió fontos bankó --- The One Million Pound Note (1916)
  12. A gyónás szentsége (1916)
  13. A peleskei nótárius (1916)
  14. Petőfi dalciklus (1916)
  15. A kétszívű férfi (1916)
  16. A szobalány (1916)
  17. Fehér éjszakák --- White Nights (1916)
  18. A feleség (1916)
  19. A csikós (1917)
  20. A gólyakalifa (1917)
  21. Mágia (1917)
  22. Szent Péter esernyője --- St. Peter's Umbrella (1917)
  23. Harrison és Barrison (1917)
  24. A riporterkirály (1917)
  25. A piros bugyelláris (1917)
  26. A haza oltára (1917, rövid)
  27. Csaplárné a betyárt szerette (1917, rövid)
  28. Károly bakák (1918)
  29. A kis lord (1918)
  30. A faun (1918)
  31. A testőr (1918)
  32. A kétlelkű asszony (1918)
  33. Harrison és Barrison II. (1918)
  34. Az aranyember (1918)
  35. A gyáva (1918, rövid)
  36. Ica babája (1918, rövid)
  37. Tréfaházasság (1918, rövid)
  38. Tutyut felszarvazzák (1918, rövid)
  39. Tutyu kirúg a hámból (1918, rövid)
  40. Mary Ann --- Mary Ann (1918)
  41. Fehér rózsa (1919)
  42. A 111-es --- Number 111 (1919-1920)
  43. A tékozló fiú (1919)
  44. Ave Caesar! (1919)
  45. Twist Olivér --- Oliver Twist (1919)
  46. Yamata (1919)
  47. A legnagyobb bűn/Mária nővér /Odille Mária (1919)
  48. Fekete tulipán (1919)
  49. Az igazság útja [Kutató Sámuel] (1919)
  50. Se ki, se be! (1919)
  51. Lélekidomár (1919)
  52. Tutyu ismeretséget köt (1919, rövid)
  53. Tutyu lakást keres (1919, rövid)
  54. Cow-boy, mint anyós (1919, rövid)
  55. A sárga árnyék (1920)
  56. Névtelen vár (1920)
  57. Little Fox (1920)
  58. Júdás fiai (1920)
  59. A végszó (1920)
  60. Keresztes vitézek (1921)
  61. Farsangi mámor (1921)
  62. Hétszáz éves szerelem (1921)
  63. New-York express kábel (1921)
  64. Az áruház gyöngye (1921, rövid)
  65. Országos Apponyi ünnep (1921, riport)
  66. Majális a vérmezőn (1921, riport)
  67. Motorcsónak verseny (1921, riport)
  68. Lapterjesztők boxversenye (1921, riport)
  69. Budapest ifjúsága üdvözli Harding elnököt hivatalbalépése alkalmából (1921, riport)
  70. Olavi (1922)
  71. Willy Drill (1922)
  72. Freddy (1922, rövid)
  73. Árvák imája (1922, rövid)
  74. Múlt és jövő (1922, riport)
  75. Egy dollár (1923)
  76. Egy fiúnak a fele (1924)
  77. Az őrszem (1924)
  78. Magyar cserkészélet (1924, riport)
  79. Terike (1927)

References

  1. ^ "Corvin Filmgyár és Filmkereskedelmi Rt". www.hangosfilm.hu. Retrieved 2020-04-29.
  2. ^ "Az erdélyi némafilmgyártás története". www.termeszetvilaga.hu. Retrieved 2020-04-29.
  3. ^ "SÁRGA CSIKÓ". www.hangosfilm.hu. Retrieved 2020-04-29.
  4. ^ "Projectograph Mozgófénykép és Gépgyár Rt". www.hangosfilm.hu. Retrieved 2020-04-29.
  5. ^ "Filmkultúra: Gondolatok: A magyar film születésétől 1945-ig". www.filmkultura.hu. Retrieved 2020-04-29.
  6. ^ "Michael Curtiz | Biography, Movies, Assessment, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2020-04-29.
  7. ^ "A tolonc - Rendezte: Kertész Mihály". MaNDA. Retrieved 2020-04-29.
  8. ^ "Projectograph Mozgófénykép és Gépgyár Rt". www.hangosfilm.hu. Retrieved 2020-04-02.
  9. ^ "Megjelent a kolozsvári némafilm történetét bemutató képeskönyv". film.sapientia.ro. Retrieved 2020-04-02.
  10. ^ Kulik p.16
  11. ^ a b "Corvin Filmgyár és Filmkereskedelmi Rt". www.hangosfilm.hu. Retrieved 2020-04-01.
  12. ^ "FEHÉR ÉJSZAKÁK". www.hangosfilm.hu. Retrieved 2020-04-02.
  13. ^ Fehér éjszakák, retrieved 2020-04-02
  14. ^ Kulik p.17
  15. ^ "María Corda". IMDb. Retrieved 2020-04-02.
  16. ^ Lajta Andor. Filmművészeti Évkönyv az 1920. évre. Bp. 1920 (PDF).
  17. ^ "A karizmatikus filmmogul: Korda Sándor". Nemzeti Filmintézet – Filmarchívum. Retrieved 2020-04-01.
  18. ^ Cunningham p.28
  19. ^ "hemeroteca.deakt.hu". hemeroteca.deakt.hu. Retrieved 2020-04-02.
  20. ^ "Hunnia Filmgyár Rt". www.hangosfilm.hu. Retrieved 2020-04-02.
  21. ^ "With Corvin Film (Sorted by Popularity Ascending)". IMDb. Retrieved 2020-04-02.

Bibliography

  • Lajta Andor. Filmművészeti Évkönyv az 1920. évre. Bp. 1920.
  • Dr. Janovics Jenő. A magyar film gyermekévei Erdélyben. Bp. Filmkultura. 1936.
  • Nemeskürty István. A mozgóképtől a filmművészetig. A magyar filmesztétika története. (1907 – 1930.) Bp. Magvető Kiadó, 1961.
  • Nemeskürty István. A magyar film története. (1912 – 1963.) Bp. Gondolat Kiadó, 1965.
  • Kulik, Karol. Alexander Korda: The Man Who Could Work Miracles. Virgin Books, 1990.
  • Kőháti Zsolt. Tovamozduló ember tovamozduló világban – a magyar némafilm 1896–1931 között. Bp. Magyar Filmintézet, 1996.
  • Cunningham, John. Hungarian Cinema: From Coffee House to Multiplex. London. Wallflower Press, 2004.
This page was last edited on 30 April 2021, at 20:35
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