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Coriolan Overture

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Coriolan Overture (German: Coriolan-Ouvertüre or Ouvertüre zu Coriolan), Op. 62, is a composition written by Ludwig van Beethoven in 1807 for Heinrich Joseph von Collin's 1804 tragedy Coriolan.[n 1]

The structure and themes of the overture follow the play very generally. The main C minor theme represents Coriolanus' resolve and war-like tendencies (he is about to invade Rome), while the more tender E-flat major theme represents the pleadings of his mother to desist. Coriolanus eventually gives in to tenderness, but since he cannot turn back having led an army of his former enemies to Rome's gates, he kills himself. (This differs from the better-known play Coriolanus by William Shakespeare, in which he is murdered. Both Shakespeare's and Collin's plays are about the same semi-legendary figure, Gaius Marcius Coriolanus, whose actual fate was not recorded.)

The overture was premiered in March 1807 at a private concert in the home of Prince Franz Joseph von Lobkowitz. The Symphony No. 4 in B-flat and the Piano Concerto No. 4 in G were premiered at the same concert.[1]

Scoring

The Coriolan Overture is scored thus, 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets in B, 2 bassoons, 2 French horns in E and 2 trumpets in C. It has timpani and a full string section.[2]

Recordings

Two of the most highly regarded recordings are of Wilhelm Furtwängler conducting the Berliner Philharmoniker (1943)[3] and Fritz Reiner conducting the Chicago Symphony Orchestra in 1959. Sir Roger Norrington has created a notable period performance version with his recording of the overture with the London Classical Players.

Other notable recordings include those of Otto Klemperer with the Philharmonia Orchestra, Herbert von Karajan with the Berlin Philharmonic,[4] Karl Böhm with the Vienna Philharmonic, Carlos Kleiber conducting the Bavarian State Orchestra, Christopher Hogwood with the Academy of Ancient Music, and Bruno Walter conducting the Columbia Symphony. The work was a staple of Arturo Toscanini's repertoire, and six recordings under Toscanini's baton are extant as well as one recording of rehearsal excerpts.

Notes

  1. ^ The Overture was not, as is sometimes claimed, written for William Shakespeare's play Coriolanus, although both works are about the ancient Roman leader Gaius Marcius Coriolanus.

References

  1. ^ Steinberg, Michael. "The Symphony: a listeners guide". pp. 19–24. Oxford University Press, 1995.
  2. ^ "Coriolan, Op.62 (Beethoven, Ludwig van) - IMSLP: Free Sheet Music PDF Download". imslp.org. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  3. ^ Furtwängler conducts Beethoven:  Album site from MusicandArts.com Archived 9 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Album microsite from Deutschegrammophon.com Archived 13 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine

Sources

  • Joseph Kerman/Alan Tyson, "Ludwig van Beethoven", Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy (Accessed 21 August 2007), (subscription access)

External links


This page was last edited on 27 October 2021, at 20:03
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