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Conway, Arkansas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Conway, Arkansas
City of Conway
Clockwise from top: Toad Suck Square, Hendrix College, Donaghey Hall, SWN Offices, College of Business, Hendrix Village, University of Central Arkansas
Flag of Conway, Arkansas

Flag
Official seal of Conway, Arkansas

Seal
Nickname(s): 
City of Colleges
Location of Conway in Faulkner County.
Location of Conway in Faulkner County.
Conway, Arkansas is located in Arkansas
Conway, Arkansas
Conway, Arkansas
Location of Conway in Arkansas and the United States
Conway, Arkansas is located in the United States
Conway, Arkansas
Conway, Arkansas
Conway, Arkansas (the United States)
Coordinates: 35°05′14″N 92°27′12″W / 35.08722°N 92.45333°W / 35.08722; -92.45333
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Faulkner
MSACentral Arkansas
CSALittle Rock-North Little Rock
Founded1872
IncorporatedOctober 16, 1875
Government
 • TypeMayor-Council
 • MayorBart Castleberry (I)
 • City Council
Area
 • City46.21 sq mi (119.67 km2)
 • Land45.95 sq mi (119.00 km2)
 • Water0.26 sq mi (0.67 km2)  0.54%
Elevation
312 ft (95 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • City58,908
 • Estimate 
(2018)[6]
66,426
 • Rank7th in Arkansas
 • Density1,431.72/sq mi (552.79/km2)
 • Metro
734,622[4] (US: 76th)
 • CSA
905,847[5] (US: 60th)
Demonym(s)Conwegian
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
72032-72035
Area code501
FIPS code05-15190
GNIS feature ID0076661
Major airportClinton National Airport (LIT)
WebsiteCity of Conway

Conway is a city in the U.S. state of Arkansas and the county seat of Faulkner County, located in the state's most populous Metropolitan Statistical Area, Central Arkansas. Conway is unusual in that the majority of its residents do not commute out of the city to work.[7] The city also serves as a regional shopping, educational, work, healthcare, sports, and cultural hub for Faulkner County and surrounding areas. Conway's growth can be attributed to its jobs in technology and higher education with its largest employers being Acxiom, the University of Central Arkansas, Hewlett Packard, Hendrix College, Insight Enterprises, and many technology start up companies.[8] Conway is home to three post-secondary educational institutions, earning it the nickname "The City of Colleges".[9]

As of the 2017 Census Estimate, the city proper had a total population of 65,782, making Conway the eighth-largest city in Arkansas.[10] Central Arkansas, the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway, AR Metropolitan Statistical Area, is ranked 75th largest in the United States with 734,622 people in 2016.[4] Conway is part of the larger Little Rock–North Little Rock, AR Combined Statistical Area, which in 2016 had a population of 905,847, and ranked the country's 60th largest CSA.[5]

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ A Special Place: The Conway Story
  • ✪ UCA Confucius Institute: Teaching Chinese in Arkansas
  • ✪ UCA International Student Travels from New York to Conway by Bicycle
  • ✪ Phi Beta Kappa Convocation 2017 with William Tsutsui
  • ✪ Lynn Conway reflects on her gender transition

Transcription

AS A TRADING POST AND SHELTER FROM INDIANS [SPEAKING FRENCH] >> THE FRENCH HERE WERE TRAPPERS, TRADING WITH THE INDIANS. DEER HIDE BROUGHT AROUND 15 CENTS. E INDIANS LOVED THE FRENCH WHO SHARED WINE AND LIKED TO ♪ F♪RAT♪ TER NIGHTS SHALL WE SAY. FOR PARTS OF FOUR DECADES, THIS TRADE CENTER FLOUR RISHD BUT IT WASN'T UNTIL 1808 THAT FAMILIES BEGAN TO SETTLE HERE. CADRON BECAME THE FIRST WHITE SETTLEMENT IN CENTRAL ARKANSAS PARAGRAPH DISPLEASED WITH THE REMOTENESS OF THE TERRITORIAL CAPITOL, THE LEGISLATURE CONSIDERED MOVING THE CAPITOL TO CA DR ON BECAUSE OF ITS CENTRAL .CTION T♪ ♪ IN 1820, A DECISION WAS MAE INSTEAD TO BUILD A NEW CAPITOL CITY AT THE POINT OF LITTLE ROCKS, A FEW MILES DOWN STRAEN FROM CADRON. IN SUBSEQUENT YEARS CADRON SERVED AS A COUNTY SEAT, POST OFFIC E AND AS A STAGECOACH STOP ON THE BUTTERFIELD MAIL ROUTE STRETCHING FROM ME MP HIS TO SAN FRANCISCO. >> BY 1870s, CALDRON LOGIC YOU E ADTO.WN THE WOULD BE RARAILROOUNADD HE, BUT IT ISN'T. THE RAILROADHAD BYPA ASSWAEDY. HECEMETE RI SETTLEMENT ARE A GOOD AND PLACEO D IS PELOAREOKD. F O R T HE>> T SHIECSRETS OF HAS BEEN H, REC N'SOT A WGRITTD PENLACE T DO Y THOSE WHO L CIVOMEED THE TIMES. ANEVD EN TTHHEINK FOR NAMES AND Y OU RSTEELLL UF.S SGUY OMUMRPHYETHING. LEA OMOFST OF THISE GRAVES HERE AE MACE-IRKMPEDOR BTANTY COMMUNITYO NE MOVING T FO ROCOM NWAYTHE AS FIF ONCOLYMM AERCE DIRECTOR IN THE F GRAVES HERE 1950s. HE WORKED TO HAVE G REETAL THE D ON THE NATIONAL HISTORIC REGISTER AND LATER WAS INVOLVED WITH EFFORTS TO ENCOURAGE THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS TO DEVELOP A RIVERSIDE PARK AT CADRON. MURPHY ALSO ORGANIZED A SUCCESSFUL EFFORT TO CONSTRUCT A CYPRESS BLOCK HOUSE REPLICA ON TOP OF THE ORIGINAL FOUNDATION OF THE TRADING POST BUILT OVER 200 YEARS AGO. >> FOR THE COMMUNITY TO REALLY APPRECIATE WHERE THEY'VE COME FROM, THE PEOPLE THERE, THEY REALLY HAVE TO HAVE A WAY TO LATCH ON TO SOMETHING TO GET THE FEEL OF THE CIRCUMSTANCES AND THE REPLICA OF THIS BLOCKHOUSE THAT'S BEEN BUILT HERE WILL HELP IN THAT RESPECT. THESE PEOPLE NOW CAN LOOK AT THIS BUILDING AND VISUALIZE ITS PEOPLE LIVED IN A SETTING LIKE THIS AND MADE THEIR LIVING FROM THE LAND IN THIS AREA, THE RIVER, HUNTING AND FISHING, THE TRADE AND COMMERCE THAT OCCURRED HERE WHEN THIS WAS A TRADING POST. I THINK YOU GET TO KNOW THE PEOPLE AND THEY CAN GET A VISION OF HOW THINGS WERE YEARS AGO, IF THEY CAN BEGIN TO HAVE SOME GREATER APPRECIATION FOR THEIR ANCESTRY AND WHAT OUR PEOPLE HAD TO DO TO GET US TO THE POINT WHERE WE ARE TODAY. >> AFTER THE CIVIL WAR, TRACKS WERE LAID FOR A RAILROAD THAT LINKED THE TWO MOST IMPORTANT CITIES IN THE STATE, LITTLE ROCK AND FT. SMITH. CIVIL ENGINEERS SUPERVISING THIS EFFORT WAS CORNELL ASA P. ROBINSON. HE DID SUCH A GOOD JOB THE RD COMPANY AWARDED HIM A SMALL PIECE OF LAND ABOUT 30 MILES NORTHWEST OF THE STATE CAPITOL. HE DEEDED THE LOT BACK TO THE RAILROAD FOR A DEPOT AND DESIGNED PLANS FOR A COMMUNITY TO SURROUND THE TRAIN STATION. HE NAMED HIS NEW TOWN CONWAY IN RECOGNITION OF A FAMILY OF BROTHERS PROMINENT IN STATE GOVERNMENT DURING ARKANSAS'S INFANT YEARS. THE FIRST RESIDENTS BOUGHT LAND FROM CORNELL ROBINSON WITH THE STIPULATION THAT TREES WOULD ONLY BE REMOVED TO BUILD ROADS. CONWAY BECAME THE FAULKNER COUNTY SEAT IN 1873 AND TWO YEARS LATER THE POPULATION OF 200 WAS INCORPORATED. IN THE EARLY DAYS, CONWAY FLOURISHED AS A TRADE CENTER FOR THE FARMERS. THE TOWN'S ECONOMIC BASE WAS ALMOST SOLELY DEPENDENT ON AGRICULTURE. CONWAY WAS SELF-SUFFICIENT AND HAD A RAILROAD AND MOST RECENT DENTS GREW THEIR OWN FOOD, AN VILS FROM BLACK SMITH SHOPS RANG THROUGHOUT TOWN FROM DAWN TILL DUS. THE FIRST BUILDINGS WERE CONSTRUCTED OF WOOD, TWICE IN 1878 AND AGAIN TWO YEARS LATER THE ENTIRE TOWN WAS VIRTUALLY WIPED OUT BY FIRE. MANY NEW RESIDENTS WERE EMMY GRANTS FROM GERMANY, FRANCE AND SWITZERLAND, SETTLERS FLEEING EUROPE. UPON THE ARRIVAL, THERE WERE NO CHURCH BUILDING AND SOME OF THE FIRST RELIGIOUS SERVICES WERE HELD USING BOX CARS FROM THE THERAILWAY. >> THIS IS ST. JOSEPH PARISH. CONWAY HAS ALTERED DRAMATICALLY IN 1890 WHEN THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES DECIDED TO USE MOVE THE SCHOOL. THIS FAIR CITY IS THE NEW HOME OF HENDRICKS COLLEGE! >> CONWAY WAS CHOSEN AS THE NEW HOME FOR HENDRICKS WHICH HAD A STUDENT POPULATION OF 150 AND A FACULTY OF FIVE. TODAY THIS METHODIST COLLEGE HAS AN UNDERGRADUATE COMMUNITY OF 1,000 STUDENTS AND IS RECOGNIZED AS ONE OF THE NATION'S LEADING INDEPENDENT COLLEGES. IN 1982, CHAIN CHANGING TIMES MAGAZINES CALLED HENDRICKS ONE OF THE 50 BEST EDUCATIONAL BARGAINS IN THE COUNTRY. >> THE EFFORT IN CONWAY, AND THIS IS INDICK INDICATIVE OF THE WAY THINGS WERE DONE -- >> BOB MERRIWETHER IS A PROFESSOR OF HISTORY, ONE OF 62 FULL-TIME HENDRICKS INSTRUCTORS COMMITTED TO THE VALUES OF A LIBERAL ARTS EDUCATION. >> IF A TOWN IN THE LATTER PART OF THE 19th CENTURY WANTED TO BETTER ITSELF, IT HAD TO DO IT WITHOUT THE ASSISTANCE OF GOVERNMENT AND HERE LOCAL BUSINESSMEN, PROFESSIONAL MEN, BANKERS, FARMERS AND SO FORTH, CAME TOGETHER AND RAISED A CONSIDERABLE SUM OF MONEY, SOME 55,000, THE POPULATION OF CONWAY ITSELF WAS ONLY 1,200 SO THIS WAS A LITTLE OVER 50 A PERSON TO GET THAT INSTITUTION LOCATED IN CONWAY. CONWAY HAD THE THINGS THAT THE METHODIST CHURCH WAS LOOKING FOR, CENTRALLY LOCATED IN ARKANSAS, IT WAS A SMALL TOWN, NOT A BIG CITY, THEY DIDN'T WANT IT LOCATED IN LITTLE ROCK WITH THE THEATERS AND SALOONS AND SO FORTH. ALSO CONWAY WAS LOCATED ON A RD RAILROAD AND THIS MEANT OF COURSE THE STUDENTS COULD GET FROM THEIR HOMETOWN TO HENDRICKS COLLEGE. THEN CONWAY WAS DRY. THEY HAD VOTED OUT LIQUOR AND THIS WAS VERY IMPORTANT BECAUSE THE METHODIST CHURCH WOULD NEVER HAVE ESTABLISHED HENDRICKS COLLEGE AT ANY TOWN THAT PERMITTED THE LEGAL SALE OF INTOXICATING BEVERAGES. AT ANY RATE, CONWAY WAS SUCCESSFUL. THEY WERE VERY EXCITED THIS WAS A SMALL TOWN AND IT HAD BEEN IN EXISTENCE LESS THAN 20 YEARS. THEY ALREADY HAD AN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION. >> IN 1893, ANOTHER COLLEGE WAS FOUNDED IN CONWAY, CENTRAL COLLEGE WAS A WOMEN'S SCHOOL OWNED BY THE ARKANSAS BAPTIST STATE CONVENTION. THE SCHOOL CLOSED ITS DOORS IN 1947 BUT IN 1952, A NEW INSTITUTION, CENTRAL BAPTIST, OPENED AS A JUNIOR COLLEGE ON THE SITE OF THE OLD CAMPUS. NOW A FOUR-YEAR COLLEGE, CENTRAL BAPTIST IS OWNED BY THE CHURCHES OF THE PWAP TITION MISSIONARY ASSOCIATION OF ARKANSAS. TRAINING STUDENTS TO DEAL WITH THE EXPERIENCES OF LIFE FROM A BIBLICAL PERSPECTIVE. YET ANOTHER UNIVERSITY, ARKANSAS STATE SCHOOL WAS ESTABLISHED AT CONWAY IN 1908. CAPTAIN W.W. MARTIN WHO WAS INSTRUMENTLE IN OBTAINING HENDRICKS AND CENTRAL COLLEGE FOR CONWAY, JOINED WITH SOON TO BE-GOVERNOR GEORGE DONAGHEY IN A REROUTING CAMPAIGN. THEY OUTBID SEVERAL COMMUNITIES. THE SCHOOL OPENED WITH AN ENROLLMENT OF 83. ♪ ♪ >> THREE INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER LEARNING WITHIN THE CITY LIMITS HAS GIVEN IT A PERSONALITY DIFFERENT THAN ANY OTHER PLACE IN THE STATE. SCHOOLS OFFER CULTURAL, EDUCATIONAL AND RECREATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES UNAVAILABLE IN MOST CITIES OF COMPARABLE SIZE. IT WOULD BE HARD TO THINK OF CONWAY WITHOUT CONSIDERING THE IMPORTANCE OF ITS SCHOOLS. BUT IN 1929, A CAT TAV TRO FEE KNOWN AS THE GREAT DEPRESSION NEARLY STRIPPED THE CITY OF LITS LIFEBLOOD. WITH THE CRASH OF THE STOCK MARKET AND FAILURE OF BANKS, CONWAY WAS CONFRONTED WITH THE POSSIBILITY OF LOSING BOTH HENDRICKS AND CENTRAL COLLEGE. THE SCHOOLS WERE IN GRAVE FINANCIAL TROUBLE WITH LITTLE HOPE OF HELP. DETERMINED TO SAVE THE SCHOOLS FOR THE GOOD OF THE COMMUNITY, CITY FATHERS INITIATED AN UNPRECEDENTED PLAN TO RAISE REVENUE BY ISSUING BONDS AGAINST THE MUNICIPAL ELECTRIC PLANT WHICH WAS OPERATING IN THE BLACK. IN A SHORT TIME $100,000 IN BONDS WERE SOLD TO PRIVATE INVESTORS AND THE NEWLY-FORMED CONWAY CORPORATION HAD ENOUGH MONEY TO BAIL OUT THE FINANCIALLY-TROUBLED SCHOOLS WITH FUNDS LEFT OVER TO HELP THE NORMAL SCHOOL, THE PUBLIC SCHOOL SYSTEM AND ST. JOSEPH. TODAY THE CONWAY CORPORATION CONTRACTS WITH THE CITY TO OPERATE LOCAL UTILITIES, INCLUDING ELECTRIC, WATER, SEWER AND CABLE TELEVISION. A RAILROAD TOWN BY BIRTHRIGHT, CONWAY BECAME DOUBLE-LINKED WITH THE STATE CAPITOL IN 1924 WHEN THE LITTLE ROCK HIGHWAY WAS PAVED. GRADUALLY THE LITTLE AGOLE COMMUNITY BEGAN TO EVOLVE. ITS ECONOMY BECAME MORE RELY YANT ON INDUSTRY AND THE START OF THIS SWING BEGAN IN THE 1930s WHEN DAVE WARD OPENED A SMALL SCHOOL BUS BODY MANUFACTURING PLANT IN CONWAY. MANY OF THE WORKMEN WERE AREA FARMERS WHO TOOK JOBS AFTER THEIR CROPS WERE HARVESTED. NOW OWNED BY THE AMERICAN TRANSPORTATION CORPORATION, THE COMPANY IS THE NATION'S SECOND-LARGEST MUST MANUFACTURER. IT IS CAPABLE OF PRODUCING 33 UNITS IN A SINGLE CHIP. FOLLOWING WORLD WAR II, A SECOND MAJOR INDUSTRY SELECTED CONWAY. THE INTERNATIONAL SHOE COMPANY BUILT A PLANT HERE EMPLOYING NEAR LIE 500 PEOPLE. IN SUBSEQUENT YEARS, CITY FATHERS BEGAN TO RECRUIT A DIFFERENT TYPE OF EMPLOYER, STATE GOVERNMENT. IN 1957, THE STATE CIVIL DEFENSE AGENCIES MOVED FROM CAMP ROBINSON TO CONWAY, FOLLOWING A RECRUITING EFFORT BY COMMUNITY LEADERS. THE AGENCIES WAS THE FIRST OF SEVERAL MAJOR STATE-SUPPORTED ORGANIZATIONS TO LOCATE IN FAULKNER COUNTY. NOW KNOWN AS THE ARKANSAS OFFICE OF EMERGENCY SERVICES, THE CENTER PREPARES THE PUBLIC AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS FOR RESPONSE TO NUCLEAR, NATURAL AND MAN-MAD MAN-MADISSARS TERSE. >> CONWAY WAS CHOSEN FOR A LOCATION FOR A CHILDREN'S COLONY TO HOUSE AND TRAIN THE MENTALLY RETARDED. BUILT ON 400 ACRES OF DONATED LAND, THIS CENTER OPENED IN SEPTEMBER OF 1959. TODAY 1200 STAFF MEMBERS CARE FOR ABOUT 650 DEVELOPMENTALLY DISABLED ADULTS, ABOUT 90% OF THE CLIENTS ARE CLASSED AS SEVERELY RETARDED. >> IN THE 1960s, FOLLOWING ANOTHER SUCCESSFUL CONWAY LOBBYING EFFORT, THE CITY WAS CHOSEN AS A SITE FOR THE STATE FIRST EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION STATION. KETS, CHANNEL TWO, WENT ON THE AREIN IN DECEMBER OF NINETEEN 66. >> I THINK THE POTENTIAL OF EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION, I THINK IT CAN BE DESCRIBED AS UNLIMITED. AT LEAST IT WILL BE HARD TO DEFINE THE IMPACT THAT TELEVISION IS HAVING ON ALL OF THE PEOPLE AT THE PRESENT TIME, ESPECIALLY THE YOUTH AND ESPECIALLY THE VERY YOUNG. SO WE MUST HARNESS THIS GREAT FORCE, PERHAPS ONE OF THE GREATEST THAT HAS BEEN INVENTED FOR THE INFLUENCE OF HUMAN BEINGS, FOR GOOD OR BAD, IN ALL THE HISTORY OF THE HUMAN RACE. IT MUST BE HARNESSED FOR GOOD. >> THE CONWAY STATION IS NOW THE OPERATIONAL COMMAND CENTER FOR THE FIVE-STATION ARKANSAS EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION NETWORK, BROADCASTING BOTH PUBLIC AND INSTRUCTIONAL TV PROGRAMS. ALTHOUGH NEVER A RIVER PORT, CONWAY WAS NONETHELESS AFFECTED BY THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE McMcCLEAN LAND KER NAVIGATION SYSTEM ON THE ARKANSAS RIVER. BEGINNING IN 1823 A FERRY OPERATED ABOUT 7 AND A HALF MILES WEST OF CONWAY BUT IN THE 1960s, THE FERRY WAS REPLACED BY A HUGE DAM AND BRIDGE. THE CROSSING HAS 11 BEEN NODE AS TOAD SUCK DAZE, A COLORFUL NICKNAME GIVEN TO A TAV 57 FREQUENTED BY HARD DRINKING MEN.T AT ♪ ♪ >> EVERY YEAR THIS RIVER BANK IS THE SCENE FOR AN INTERNATIONALLY FAMOUS FESTIVAL KNOWN AS TOAD SUCK DAZE. SAY SOMETHING NICE TO THAT CROWD RIGHT NOW. LET'S GO, ON YOUR MARKS, GET SET, GO! >> A WEEKEND EVENT HIGHLIGHTED BY TOOD-JUMPING CONTEST, TOPPED OFF WITH FIREWORKS. JUST UP THE ROAD FROM ARKANSAS'S LARGEST CITY, CONWAY PROVIDES AN ALTERNATIVE LIFESTYLE THAT RESIDENTS CHERISH, THE HOME OF LOCK CONWAY, RECOGNIZED AS ONE OF THE MOST PRODUCTIVE BRIM HOLES IN THE SOUTH AND BEAVER FORK LAKE, POPULAR WITH SKIERS AND RECREATIONAL BOATERS. WHILE THE TOWN IS GROWING CONWAY STILL OFFERS ELEMENTS NOT COMMONLY FOUND IN BIGGER PLACES, SEE CUSTOMERS STROLLING ALONG A DOWNTOWN STREET CAN WALK INTO A STORE LIKE MASSEY'S HARDWARE AND FIND EVERYTHING FROM HORSE SAD ALSO TO GARDEN SEED. >> IT'S A LANDMARK BECAUSE IT'S BEEN HERE FOR SOME 70, 75 YEAR AND PEOPLE HAVE BEEN COMING HERE ALL THEIR LIFE. >> WE HAVE HAD A LOT OF UNUSUAL REQUESTS AND WE DO GET THEM. OF COURSE THEY -- OFTEN WE SELL THEM. RODS AND REELS REPAIRED OR COOKERS CHECKED AND REPAIRED OR AX HANDLES INSTALLED AND ON AND ON. NO END TO THE MANY THINGS THAT WE DO HERE THAT YOU JUST DON'T GET IN THE BIGGER DEPARTMENT STORE. >> THERE WILL ALWAYS BE A PLACE FOR MASSEY'S HARDWARE. >> IT'S BEEN YEARS SINCE CONWAY'S ECONOMIC WELL-BEING WAS SOLELY DEPENDENT ON THE FARMER. BUT TO THIS DAY AGRICULTURE IS STILL AN IMPORTANT INDUSTRY. THERE IS AN AUCTION AT LEWIS LIVESTOCK COMPANY, ONE OF THE BIGGEST SALES IN THE CITY. SINCE THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN INDUSTRIAL PARK IN 1962, CITY FATHERS HAVE BEEN ACTIVELY YET CAREFULLY RECRUITING NEW BUSINESSES. OVER THE YEARS, CONWAY HAS BEEN VERY SELECTIVE IN RECRUITING IN ORDER TO PRESERVE THE TOWN'S ENVIRONMENTAL CLEAN PERSONALITY. ALTHOUGH AMONG THE FAST TEST-GROWING TOWNS IN ARKANSAS, IT HAS NEVER BEEN THE DESIRE OF CONWAY'S LEADERS TO WATCH THEIR COMMUNITY EXPAND TOO QUICKLY. THE CHALLENGE IS TO PROGRESS STEADILY, BUILDING PARKS AND SCHOOLS THAT COINCIDE WITH THE POPULATION GROWTH. >> NO OTHER TOWN IN ARKANSAS CAN MATCH THE RECORD OF CONWAY FOR CIVIC INITIATIVE AND PLANE OLD MONEY-RAISING IN ORDER TO GET INSTITUTIONS IN THE TOWN WHICH WOULD THEN SECURE THE TOWN'S FUTURE. >> WE CAN'T TAKE ANYTHING FOR GRANTED. CONWAY IS GOING TO GROW FOR SURE BUT OUR PEOPLE MUST BE THE GUARDIANS OF OUR COMMUNITY AND MAKE SURE THAT IN THE FUTURE WE HAVE PARKS LIKE THIS, WE HAVE GOOD AIR TO BREATHE, CLEAN WATER TO UTILIZE. CONWAY WILL CONTINUE TO GROW, THERE'S NO QUESTION ABOUT IT. IF IT'S DONE PROPERLY, IT WILL STILL BE THE DESIRABLE CITY WE SEE TODAY. IF NOT, IT WILL BE SOMETHING DIFFERENT. >> THERE ARE TOWNS THAT HAVE LOST THEIR INDEPENDENT SPIRIT IN MODERN TIMES HAVING BEEN ENCOMPASSED INTO THE LARGER AREAS OF MODERN CITIES, ALTHOUGH ONLY MINUTES FROM GREATER LITTLE ROCK, THIS STATE WILL LIKELY THAT FATE WILL NEVER BESET CONWAY. CITIES ARE DIVIDED BY THE VAST PALARM CREEK FLOOD WAY AND CHANCES ARE THERE WILL ALWAYS BE A NATURAL BREAK TO PRESERVE CONWAY'S SEPARATE IDENTITY. THIS SEEMS A FITTING OUTLOOK FOR CONWAY, A SMALL, YET PROGRESSIVE PLACE THAT TAKES AS MUCH PRIDE IN ITS PARKS AND TREES AS ITS COLLEGES AND INDUSTRY.

Contents

History

The city of Conway was founded by Asa P. Robinson, who came to the area shortly after the Civil War. Robinson was the chief engineer for the Little Rock-Fort Smith Railroad (now the Union Pacific). Part of his compensation was the deed to a tract of land, one square mile, located near the old settlement of Cadron. When the railroad came through, Robinson deeded a small tract of his land back to the railroad for a depot site. He laid off a town site around the depot and named it "Conway Station", in honor of a famous Arkansas family. Conway Station contained two small stores, two saloons, a depot, some temporary housing and a post office.[11] Despite being founded as a railroad town, there currently exists no passenger service. The disappearance of passenger rail service in the region is attributed to the emphasis placed on the automobile.[12]

In 1878, Father Joseph Strub, a priest in the Roman Catholic Holy Ghost Fathers, arrived in Arkansas. A native of Alsace-Lorraine, Strub was expelled from Prussia during the Kulturkampf in 1872. He moved to the United States, settling in Pittsburgh, where he founded Duquesne University in October 1878. Difficulties with Bishop John Tuigg led Strub to leave Pittsburgh in late October 1878 to travel to Conway.[13] In 1879, Strub convinced the Little Rock and Fort Smith Railroad to deed 200,000 acres (810 km2) along the northern side of the Arkansas River to the Holy Ghost Fathers in order to found the St. Joseph Colony.[14] This included land on which Father Strub founded and built St. Joseph Catholic Church of Conway.[15] As part of the land deal, the railroad offered land at 20 cents per acre to every German immigrant. In order to attract Roman Catholic Germans to Conway and the surrounding areas, Father Strub wrote The Guiding Star for the St. Joseph Colony. In addition to extolling the qualities of Conway and the surrounding area, Father Strub provided information on how best to travel from Europe to Conway.[16] By 1889, over 100 German families had settled in Conway, giving the town many of its distinctively German street and business names.

Conway was long the home of the late Arkansas Supreme Court Associate Justice James D. Johnson[17] (1924– 2010), who ran unsuccessful races for governor in 1956 against incumbent Orval Eugene Faubus[18] and in 1966 against the Republican Winthrop Rockefeller.[19] Johnson, a leading segregation activist during the confrontation over integration at Little Rock Central High School, switched affiliation to the Republican Party in the 1980s, after the death of his nemesis Rockefeller. Johnson also lost a race in 1968 for the United States Senate against the incumbent James William Fulbright.[20] His wife, the late Virginia Johnson (1928– 2007), ran for governor in 1968, while he was running for U.S. Senate.[21]

On April 10, 1965, an F4 tornado struck Conway, causing six deaths and 200 injuries.[22]

Geography

Conway is located in southwestern Faulkner County at 35°05′14″N 92°27′12″W / 35.087336°N 92.453315°W / 35.087336; -92.453315.[23] Interstate 40 passes through the north and east sides of the city, with access from Exits 124 through 132. Via I-40, Little Rock is 30 miles (48 km) to the south, and Russellville is 47 miles (76 km) to the west.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Conway has a total area of 45.6 square miles (118.1 km2), of which 45.3 square miles (117.4 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.6 km2), or 0.54%, is water.[24]

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Conway has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[25]

Conway
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
3.6
 
 
50
27
 
 
4
 
 
55
31
 
 
4.9
 
 
64
40
 
 
4.9
 
 
72
48
 
 
4.8
 
 
80
58
 
 
3.9
 
 
88
66
 
 
3.2
 
 
92
70
 
 
2.9
 
 
92
69
 
 
3.1
 
 
85
61
 
 
4.4
 
 
74
49
 
 
4.8
 
 
62
39
 
 
4.8
 
 
51
30
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel

Districts

Conway has two designated historic districts: the Asa P. Robinson Historic District and the Hendrix Addition Historic District.

Since 2000, downtown Conway has seen tens of millions of dollars in public and private investment. The revitalization has brought new retail, office, restaurant and residential construction to the historic downtown.

Downtown Conway at the intersection of Oak and Chestnut
Downtown Conway at the intersection of Oak and Chestnut

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18801,028
18901,20717.4%
19002,00365.9%
19102,79439.5%
19204,56463.4%
19305,53421.3%
19405,7824.5%
19508,61048.9%
19609,79113.7%
197015,51058.4%
198020,37531.4%
199026,48130.0%
200043,16763.0%
201058,90836.5%
Est. 201866,426[6]12.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[26]
2016 Estimate[27]
Racial composition 2010[28] 2000[28] 1990[29] 1980[30] 1970[31]
Non-Hispanic White 77.4% 84.1% 90.5% 90.9% 92.0%
Black or African American 15.6% 12.0% 8.5% 8.3%[a] 8.0%
Native Hawaiian and
other Pacific Islander
0.05% 0.03% 0.02% [b]
American Indian and Alaskan Native 0.44% 0.36% 0.34% [b]
Hispanic or Latino 5.09% 2.26% 0.43% 0.5% [b]
Asian 1.9% 1.24% 0.46% [b]
Other race or multiracial 4.6% 2.2% 0.12% 0.17%

As of the census[33] of 2010, there were 58,908 people, 23,205 households, and 13,969 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,299.2 people per square mile (501.6/km²). There were 24,402 housing units at an average density of 538.2 per square mile (207.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 77.4% White, 15.6% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.4% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. 5.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 23,205 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.2% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.8% were non-families. 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the city, the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 22.9% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, and 8.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27.3 years. There were 51.7% females and 48.3% males. For ages under 18, there were 49.2% females and 50.8% males.

The median income for a household in the city was $42,640, and the median income for a family was $63,860.[34] The per capita income for the city was $42,582.[35] About 9.3% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.0% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over[citation needed].

47.6% of Conway's population describes themselves as religious, slightly below the national average of 48.8%.[36] 44.5% of people in Conway who describe themselves as having a religion are Baptist (21.7% of the city's total population). 9.2% of people holding a religion are Catholic (4.5% of the city's total population). The proportions of Methodists and Pentecostals are higher than the national average.[36]

Education

College and universities

View of UCA along Bruce Street.
View of UCA along Bruce Street.

Conway is home to three institutions of higher learning, earning it the nickname City of Colleges. The University of Central Arkansas is a public research university with an enrollment of approximately 12,000 students.[37] It is well known for its Norbert O. Schedler Honors College, being one of the first and most modeled after honor colleges in the United States.[38] Hendrix College is a nationally recognized private liberal arts college with an enrollment just over 1,300 students.[39] With an average composite ACT score of 29, it is the highest of any college in the state.[40] Central Baptist College is a four-year private liberal arts college with an enrollment of nearly 900 students.[41] These colleges together contribute to over 40 percent of Conway's adult workforce having a bachelor's degree or higher, making it one of the most educated cities in the state.[42]

Primary and secondary education

The Conway Public School District serves the city. It is overseen by the Conway Board of Education, made up of seven citizens that are elected every third Tuesday in September annually in a citywide vote.[43] Operating with a $88 million budget, the district enrolls approximately 10,000 students, making it the eighth largest in the state.[44][45] The district consists of 16 schools: 1 pre-school, 9 elementary schools, 4 middle schools, 1 junior high school, and 1 high school.[44] Over 65 percent of teachers in Conway Public Schools hold a master's degree or higher, and 67 are National Board Certified.[44]

Conway is also served by two private religious schools, Conway Christian High School and St. Joseph Catholic School. Conway Christian has an approximate enrollment of 400 students while St. Joseph School enrolls about 500 students.[46][47] Conway previously had a Catholic grade school for black children, Good Shepherd School; it closed in 1965. [48]

Libraries

Bailey Library at Hendrix College.
Bailey Library at Hendrix College.

The city is served by the Faulkner-Van Buren Regional Library System, a two county library system formed in 1954.[49] Originally the city was served by the Conway Library from 1935 until the merger into the current system.[49] Today the Conway Library serves as the headquarters for the eight library regional system.

In addition to this, the students of UCA and Hendrix have free access to both the Torreyson Library at the University of Central Arkansas, and the Bailey Library at Hendrix College by showing a current student ID from their respective college.[50]

Cultural activities

Part of Conway's historic downtown
Part of Conway's historic downtown

The Conway Symphony Orchestra performs many times throughout the year,[51] and the Conway Community Arts Association has been presenting theatre and other art opportunities to the community for over 40 years.[52] The Arkansas Shakespeare Theatre, based in Conway, is the state's only professional Shakespeare theater. It holds an annual summer festival in June.[53]

There are also art, music and theater opportunities provided by Conway's three colleges. The University of Central Arkansas's Public Appearances program provides dance, music, and theater offerings each year.

The national award-winning community theatre, The Lantern Theatre, is located downtown and offers a wide variety of plays and musicals year round.

Conway Public Schools has theater and music programs, with large concert and marching bands that consistently receive high marks in regional competitions.

One of the city's largest annual events, Toad Suck Daze, has been held since 1982. The three-day community festival incorporates live music, food and craft vendors, and amusement rides during the first weekend of May. Proceeds from the festival fund college scholarships for local students.[54]

Conway is a popular sport-fishing destination and is home to largest man-made Game and Fish commission lake in the United States. Lake Conway, home to largemouth bass, crappie, gar, catfish, bream, bowfin, etc. The Arkansas Crappie Masters state tournament is held here every year.

The city held its first ever EcoFest September 12, 2009, in Laurel Park. EcoFest included exhibits and events relating to "green" and sustainable initiatives, including a cardboard car derby and an alleycat bicycle ride. According to organizers led by Debbie Plopper, the event was a success. Mayor Tab Townsell said the event indicated to him that "interest in sustainability is flourishing in this community."[55][56]

Business and industry

Downtown Conway
Downtown Conway

Conway was home to one of the world's largest school bus manufacturers, IC Corporation. The Conway plant was one of only two IC manufacturing plants; the other is located in Tulsa, Oklahoma. IC Corporation is a wholly owned subsidiary of Navistar International Corporation of Lisle, Illinois. IC was previously known as American Transportation (AmTran) Corporation and Ward Body Works. The company was founded in 1933. IC Corporation closed its plant and moved all bus manufacturing operations to their Tulsa plant in 2010, largely due to incentives offered by the city of Tulsa.[57]

R. D. "Bob" Nabholz founded Nabholz Construction in Conway in 1949. It currently employs over 800 people and has been listed by Engineering News-Record (ENR) magazine as one of the Top 400 General Contractors every year since 1986. Currently the company is ranked #161.

Conway Corporation handles the local utilities (cable TV, Internet, and telephone services, in addition to electricity and water) for the city of Conway.

Acxiom Corporation, an interactive marketing services company, was founded in 1969 in Conway.

On June 19, 2008, Hewlett-Packard announced it would be opening a 150,000 sq ft (14,000 m2) facility with 1,200 employees in 2009. The building, which will be owned by the Conway Development Corporation and leased to HP, will be located in The Meadows Office and Technology Park – on the southern outskirts of town,[58][59] and is built by Nabholz Construction.

Top employers

Updated March 2016[8]

Rank Employer Employees
1 Acxiom 1,500
2 University of Central Arkansas 1,500
3 Conway Regional Health System 1,330
4 Conway Human Development Center 1,200
5 Conway Public School District 1,100
6 DXC Technology 900
7 Wal-Mart 825
8 Kimberly-Clark Corporation 700
9 Southwestern Energy Company Natural Gas 600
10 Virco Manufacturing 600
11 Snap-on 570
12 Nabholz Companies 500
13 City of Conway 415
14 Kroger 400
15 Home BancShares 385
16 Hendrix College 350

Notable people

National recognition

Conway and the surrounding area has been recognized nationally for its quality of life and growing economy.

  • Named a Bicycle Friendly Community by the League of American Bicyclists (2011)
  • 7th Best Value for a City for 2011 – Kiplinger (2011)
  • 14th Best City for Young Professionals – Forbes (2011)
  • 6th "Geekiest" City in America – OnlineUniversities.com (2011)
  • 14th Cheapest City in the U.S. – Forbes (2011)
  • 25 Best Places to Retire – CNNMoney (2011)
  • 100 Leading Locations: Desirable Places for Doing Business – Area Development Online (2011)
  • 40 Strongest Metro Economies – Bloomberg BusinessWeek (2012)
  • 10 Cheapest Cities in the Country – Yahoo! Homes (2012)
  • Best Places for Business and Careers, Metro Areas – Forbes (2012)
  • 13 Highest Percentage of Job Growth in the United States, county – CNNMoney (2012)
  • 25 Best Places to Retire – CNNMoney (2012)

Sister cities

Conway has one official sister city agreement with the city of Quakenbrueck, Germany. In 1986, the first exchange of visitors occurred between the cities. Starting in 1992, Dr. Oudekerk, a professor from Hendrix College, has taken several groups to the sister city in Germany. Since then, the high schools of each city have exchanged students to experience the different cultures. The 25 year anniversary of the relationship was recently celebrated with a festival in Quakenbrueck with the theme of building bridges across the Atlantic.[66]

Notes

  1. ^ The 1980 U.S. Census referred to the "Black or African American" as a truncated "Black".
  2. ^ a b c d The 1970 U.S. Census did not record Hispanic American, Native American, Pacific Islander, or Asian American. The race selections on the census were truncated, so other race would be the default.[32]

References

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  13. ^ After 131 years, Spiritans might leave Conway
  14. ^ The story of the Holy Ghost Fathers and St. Joseph Church
  15. ^ History of St. Joseph Catholic Church
  16. ^ St. Joseph Colony
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External links

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