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Constitutional Court of Albania

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Constitutional Court of Albania
Gjykata Kushtetuese e Shqipërisë
Gjykata Kushtetuese e Shqipërisë logo.svg
Established29 April 1992[1]
CountryAlbania Albania
LocationTirana
Coordinates41°19′19″N 19°49′11″E / 41.321915°N 19.819790°E / 41.321915; 19.819790
Composition methodLegislative & executive selection
Authorized byConstitution of Albania
Judge term lengthThree years
renewable once
No. of positions9
WebsiteOfficial Website
Chief justice
CurrentlyBashkim Dedja
SinceSeptember 2010

The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Albania (Albanian: Gjykata Kushtetuese e Republikës së Shqipërisë) is the final authority for the interpretation of the Constitution (Kushtetuta) and the compliance of laws in accordance with the constitution.[2] As of article 168, the ourt guarantees respect for the Constitution and makes final interpretations of it.

The Constitutional Court is composed of 9 members, which are appointed by the President (Presidenti) with the consent of the Parliament (Kuvendi).

Responsibilities

As of the Articles 168-177 of the Albanian Constitution, Constitutional Court decides on:

  • compatibility of the law with the Constitution or with international agreements as provided in Article 126
  • compatibility of international agreements with the Constitution, prior to their ratification
  • compatibility of normative acts of the central and local organs with the Constitution and international agreements
  • conflicts of competencies between powers, as well as between central government and local government
  • constitutionality of the parties and other political organizations as well as their activity according to Article 9 of the Constitution
  • dismissal from duty of the President of the Republic and verification of the impossibility for him to exercise his functions
  • issues related with the election and incompatibility in exercising the functions of the President of the Republic and of the deputies, as well as the verification of election results
  • constitutionality of the referendum and verification of its results
  • final adjudication of the individual complaints for the violation of their constitutional rights, after all legal means for the protection of their rights have been exhausted
  • with the majority of all its members.

Chief justices

No. Name Term in office
1 Rustem Gjata 19 May 1992 14 March 1998
2 Fehmi Abdiu 23 April 1998 3 May 2004
3 Gjergj Sauli 3 May 2004 16 May 2007
4 Vladimir Kristo 23 May 2007 27 September 2010
5 Bashkim Dedja 27 September 2010 Incumbent

See also

References

  1. ^ "History". gjk.gov.al.
  2. ^ "Constitutional Court" (in Albanian). Constitutional Court of Albania. Retrieved 15 October 2010.

External links

This page was last edited on 10 May 2019, at 17:28
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