To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Constantine Lascaris

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Constantine Lascaris
Constantine Lascaris

Constantine Lascaris (Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος Λάσκαρις Kostantinos Láskaris; 1434 – 15 August 1501) was a Greek scholar and grammarian, one of the promoters of the revival of Greek learning in Italy during the Renaissance, born in Constantinople.

Life

Constantine Lascaris was born in Constantinople, where he was educated by the scholar John Argyropoulos, Gemistus Pletho's friend and pupil. After the fall of Constantinople in 1453, he took refuge in Rhodes and then in Italy, where Francesco Sforza, Duke of Milan, appointed him Greek tutor to his daughter Hippolyta. Here was published his Grammatica Graeca, sive compendium octo orationis partium, remarkable as being probably the first book entirely in Greek issued from the printing press, in 1476.[1]

After leaving Milan in 1465, Lascaris taught in Rome and in Naples, to which he had been summoned by Ferdinand I to deliver a course of lectures on Greece. In the following year, on the invitation of the inhabitants, and especially of Ludovico Saccano, he settled in Messina (Sicily). On the recommendation of Cardinal Bessarion, he was appointed to succeed Andronikos Galaziotes to teach Greek to the Basilian monks of the island. He continued to work in Messina until his death, teaching many pupils who came on purpose to Sicily, from all over Italy, to learn grammar and Greek culture from him.

Among his numerous pupils in Milan was Giorgio Valla and, in Messina, Pietro Bembo, Angelo Gabrieli, Urbano Valeriani, Cola Bruno, Bernardino Rizzo, Francesco Faraone, Antonio Maurolico (the father of Francesco Maurolico), Francesco Giannelli and Cristóbal Escobar. Lascaris bequeathed his library of valuable manuscripts of philosophy, science and magic to the Senate of Messina; the collection, after the Messina revolt (1674-1678), was confiscated and carried to Spain and is now in the Spanish National Library in Madrid.[1] In the second half of the sixteenth century his tomb in Messina was totally destroyed during the repression of the Counter-Reformation.[2] He was a typical Renaissance humanist, with polymathic interests, but especially in Neoplatonism combined with Pythagoreanism (which was so dear to many Byzantine scholars of the time).[3] Through his pupils Antonio Maurolico, Francesco Faraone and Giacomo Notese-Genovese his knowledge reached to the scientist Francesco Maurolico.[4]

Lascaris died in Messina in 1501.

Work

The Grammatica, which has often been reprinted (was famous Manuzio's edition of 1494–1495 with the Golden Verses of Pythagoras), is the most valuable work produced by Lascaris. In 1499 at Messina he published the Vitae illustrium philosophorum siculorum et calabrorum, with the first Renaissance biography of Pythagoras. Some of his letters are given by Johannes Iriarte in the Regiae Bibliothecae Matritensis codices Graeci manuscripti (Madrid, 1769). His name was later known to readers in the romance of Abel-Francois Villemain, Lascaris, ou les Grecs du quinzieme siècle (1825). See also John Edwin Sandys, Hist. Class. Schol., ed. 2, vol. ii (1908), pp. 76 foll.[1]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Chisholm 1911.
  2. ^ Russo (2003-2004), pp. 22-28.
  3. ^ Russo (2003-2004), pp. 46-78.
  4. ^ Russo (2018), pp. 50-51, 70-71 note 69.
Attribution
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Lascaris, Constantine". Encyclopædia Britannica. 16 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

References

  • Lejay, Paul (1910). "Constantine Lascaris" . In Herbermann, Charles (ed.). Catholic Encyclopedia. 9. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  • Fernández Pomar, José María (1966). “La colección de Uceda y los manuscritos griegos de Constantino Láscaris”, Emerita, 34, 1966, 211–88.
  • Harris, Jonathan (1995). Greek Émigrés in the West, 1400-1520, Camberley UK: Porphyrogenitus, 1995. ISBN 1-871328-11-X
  • Martínez Manzano, Teresa (1994). Konstantinos Laskaris. Humanist, Philologe, Lehrer, Kopist, Hamburg, 1994.
  • Russo, Attilio (2003-2004). “Costantino Lascaris tra fama e oblio nel Cinquecento messinese”, Archivio Storico Messinese, 84–85, Messina 2003–2004, 5-87. ISSN 0392-0240
  • Russo, Attilio (2018). “Una nuova ipotesi sul nome ‘Maurolico’ ”, Archivio Storico Messinese, 99, Messina 2018, 37-71. ISSN 1122-701X
  • De Rosalia, Antonino (1958). “La vita di Costantino Lascaris”, Archivio Storico Siciliano, 3, IX, 1957-1958, 21-70.
  • Vassileiou, Fotis-Saribalidou, Barbara (2007). Short Biographical Lexicon of Byzantine Academics Immigrants in Western Europe, 2007.
  • Wilson, Nigel Guy (1992). From Byzantium to Italy. Greek Studies in the Italian Renaissance, London, 1992. ISBN 0-7156-2418-0

External links

This page was last edited on 22 August 2020, at 12:35
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.