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Constantine II, King of Armenia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Constantine II
Constantine IV of Armenia.jpg
King of Armenia
Reign1342–1344
PredecessorLeo IV
SuccessorConstantine III
BornGuy de Lusignan
DiedApril 17, 1344
SpouseKantakouzene (d. c. 1330)
Theodora Syrgiannaina (d. 1347/1349)
IssueIsabella (or Zampea or Maria)
HousePoitiers-Lusignan
FatherAmalric, Lord of Tyre
MotherIsabella of Armenia
Constantine's arms, a combination of those of Lusignan, Jerusalem, and Cilicia.
Constantine's arms, a combination of those of Lusignan, Jerusalem, and Cilicia.

Constantine II (Armenian: Կոստանդին Բ), (also Constantine IV; Western Armenian transliteration: Gosdantin or Kostantine; died 17 April 1344), born Guy de Lusignan,[1] was elected the first Latin King of Armenian Cilicia of the Poitiers-Lusignan dynasty, ruling from 1342 until his death in 1344.

Life

Guy was the son of Isabella, daughter of Leo II of Armenia, and Amalric,[2] a son of Hugh III of Cyprus,[3] and was governor of Serres from 1328 until 1341.[4] When his cousin Leo IV, the last Hethumid monarch of Cilicia, was murdered by the barons, the crown was offered to his younger brother John, who urged Guy to accept it.[1] Guy was reluctant — his mother and two of his brothers had been murdered by the Armenian regent Oshin of Corycos — but he eventually accepted and took the name Constantine.

Guy was killed in an uprising in Armenia on April 17, 1344[5] and was succeeded by a distant cousin, Constantine III.[6]

Marriages and issue

Guy married twice, firstly to a Kantakouzene (died c. 1330),[2] without issue, and secondly in 1330–1332, Theodora Syrgiannaina (died 1347/1349),[2] with whom he fathered:


References

  1. ^ a b Ghazarian 2000, p. 158.
  2. ^ a b c d Runciman 1999, p. Appendix III table 4.
  3. ^ Runciman 1999, p. Appendix III table 1.
  4. ^ Boustronios 2008, p. 240.
  5. ^ Ghazarian 2000, p. 159.
  6. ^ Hacikyan 2002, p. 196.

Sources

  • Boase, T. S. R. (1978). The Cilician Kingdom of Armenia. Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press. ISBN 0-7073-0145-9.
  • Boustronios, Georgios (2005). A Narrative of the Chronicle of Cyprus: 1456-1489. State University of New York Press.
  • Ghazarian, Jacob G (2000). The Armenian Kingdom in Cilicia during the Crusades: The Integration of Cilician Armenians with the Latins (1080–1393). Abingdon: Curzon Press. ISBN 0-7007-1418-9.
  • Hacikyan, Agop Jack, ed. (2002). The Heritage of Armenian Literature: From the sixth to the eighteenth century. II. Wayne State University Press.
  • Runciman, Steven (1999). A History of the Crusades. III:The Kingdom of Acre and the Later Crusades. Cambridge University Press.
  • Medieval Lands Project: Kings of Armenia (Cilician Armenia), Lusignan (1342–1375).


Constantine II, King of Armenia
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Levon IV
King of Armenia
1342–1344
Succeeded by
Constantine III
This page was last edited on 30 July 2021, at 16:05
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