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Constant elasticity of variance model

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In mathematical finance, the CEV or constant elasticity of variance model is a stochastic volatility model, which attempts to capture stochastic volatility and the leverage effect. The model is widely used by practitioners in the financial industry, especially for modelling equities and commodities. It was developed by John Cox in 1975[1]


The CEV model describes a process which evolves according to the following stochastic differential equation:

in which S is the spot price, t is time, and μ is a parameter characterising the drift, σ and γ are other parameters, and W is a Brownian motion [2]. The notation "dX" represents a differential, i.e. an infinitesimally small change in parameter X.

The constant parameters satisfy the conditions .

The parameter controls the relationship between volatility and price, and is the central feature of the model. When we see the so-called leverage effect, commonly observed in equity markets, where the volatility of a stock increases as its price falls. Conversely, in commodity markets, we often observe , the so-called inverse leverage effect,[3][4] whereby the volatility of the price of a commodity tends to increase as its price increases.

See also


  1. ^ Cox, J. "Notes on Option Pricing I: Constant Elasticity of Diffusions." Unpublished draft, Stanford University, 1975.
  2. ^ Vadim Linetsky & Rafael Mendozaz, 'The Constant Elasticity of Variance Model', 13 July 2009. (Accessed 2018-02-20.)
  3. ^ Emanuel, D.C., and J.D. MacBeth, 1982. "Further Results of the Constant Elasticity of Variance Call Option Pricing Model." Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, 4 : 533–553
  4. ^ Geman, H, and Shih, YF. 2009. "Modeling Commodity Prices under the CEV Model." The Journal of Alternative Investments 11 (3): 65–84. doi:10.3905/JAI.2009.11.3.065

External links

This page was last edited on 6 November 2019, at 14:38
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