To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Consolidated Vultee XP-81

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Role Escort fighter
Manufacturer Consolidated Vultee Aircraft Corporation
First flight 11 February 1945
Status Canceled
Primary user United States Army Air Forces
Number built 2
Unit cost
US$4.6 million for the program[1]

The Consolidated Vultee XP-81 (later redesignated ZXF-81) is a development of the Consolidated Vultee Aircraft Corporation to build a single seat, long range escort fighter that combined use of both turbojet and turboprop engines. Although promising, the lack of suitable engines combined with the end of World War II doomed the project.

Design and development

Two prototype aircraft were ordered on 11 February 1944 that were designated XP-81. The engine selection was an attempt to couple the high-speed capability of the jet engine with the endurance offered by the propeller engine. The XP-81 was designed to use the General Electric TG-100 turboprop engine (later designated XT31 by the US military) in the nose driving a four-bladed propeller and a GE J33 turbojet in the rear fuselage. The turboprop would be used for normal flight and cruising and the turbojet added for high-speed flight.

Operational history

The original Merlin engine installation in the XP-81
The original Merlin engine installation in the XP-81

The first XP-81 (serial 44-91000) was completed in January 1945 but because of developmental problems the turboprop engine was not ready for installation. A decision was then made to mount a complete V-1650-7 Merlin engine package from a P-51D aircraft in place of the turboprop for initial flight tests. This was done in a week and the Merlin-powered XP-81 was sent to the Muroc airbase where it flew for the first time on 11 February 1945. During 10 flight test hours, the XP-81 displayed good handling characteristics except for inadequate directional stability due to the longer forward portion of the fuselage (this was rectified by enlarging the vertical tail).[2]

While 13 YP-81 pre-production aircraft had been ordered, the capture of Guam and Saipan eliminated the need for long-range, high-speed escort fighters and, then, just before VJ Day the contract was cancelled, after 85% of the engineering was completed. The YP-81 was to be essentially the same as the prototype but with a lighter and more powerful GE TG-110 (XT41) turboprop engine, the wing moved aft 10 inches (0.25 m), and armament of either six .50 cal (12.7 mm) machine guns or six 20 mm cannon.

After the XP-81 was returned to Vultee Field, the TG-100 turboprop was installed and flight testing resumed, including the first flight by an American turboprop-powered aircraft on 21 December 1945. However, the turboprop engine was not able to produce its designed power; producing only the same output as the Merlin (1,490 hp or 1112 kW) with the resultant performance limited to that of the Merlin-powered configuration.

With the termination of hostilities, the two prototypes continued to be tested until 1947 when they were both consigned to a bombing range as photography targets.[3][4]

Aircraft disposition


 United States

Specifications (XP-81)

Note: Performance is estimated with "full powered" TG-100. Armament is projected only.

XP-81 side view.
XP-81 side view.

Data from Jane's all the World's Aircraft 1947[6], General Dynamics aircraft and their predecessors[7]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 44 ft 8 in (13.61 m)
  • Wingspan: 50 ft 6 in (15.39 m)
  • Height: 13 ft 6 in (4.11 m)
  • Wing area: 425 sq ft (39.5 m2)
  • Empty weight: 12,979 lb (5,887 kg)
  • Gross weight: 24,650 lb (11,181 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × General Electric T31-GE-3 turboprop engine, 2,300 shp (1,700 kW) plus 600 lbf (2.7 kN) residual thrust (estimated power of production engine)
  • Powerplant: 1 × General Electric J33-GE-5 centrifugal flow turbojet, 3,750 lbf (16.7 kN) thrust (planned engine for production aircraft)
  • Propellers: 4-bladed constant speed propeller, 12 ft (3.7 m) diameter


  • Maximum speed: 478 mph (769 km/h, 415 kn) at sea level; 507 mph (441 kn; 816 km/h) at 30,000 ft (9,100 m)
  • Cruise speed: 275 mph (443 km/h, 239 kn) at 30,000 ft (9,100 m)
  • Range: 2,500 mi (4,000 km, 2,200 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 47,000 ft (14,000 m)
  • Rate of climb: 5,300 ft/min (27 m/s)
  • Wing loading: 106 lb/sq ft (520 kg/m2)


  • Guns: 6 × 20 mm (0.787 in) cannon
  • Bombs: 2,000 lb (910 kg) of bombs

See also

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era

Related lists


  1. ^ Knaack, Marcelle Size (1988). Encyclopedia of US Air Force aircraft and missile systems. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History, US Air Force. ISBN 0-912799-59-5.
  2. ^ Green, William (1961). War Planes of the Second World War, Volume four: Fighters. [S.l.]: Macdonald & Co. p. 34. ISBN 0-356-01448-7.
  3. ^ Winchester, Jim (2005). The world's worst aircraft : form pioneering failures to multimillion dollar disasters. London: Amber Books. p. 74. ISBN 1-904687-34-2.
  4. ^ Ginter, Steve (2006). Consolidated Vultee XP-81. Air Force Legends. Nº214 (First ed.). California, United States: Ginter Books. pp. 22–23. ISBN 0-942612-87-6. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  5. ^ a b "Convair XP-81". NATIONAL MUSEUM OF THE US AIR FORCE. Retrieved 6 December 2017.
  6. ^ Bridgman, Leonard, ed. (1947). Jane's all the World's Aircraft 1947. London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co. p. 203c.
  7. ^ Wegg, John (1990). General Dynamics aircraft and their predecessors (1st ed.). Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press. pp. 179-180. ISBN 0-87021-233-8.

Further reading

  • Green, William; 2, Gordon Swanborough. Part (1978). US Army Air Force fighters:Part 2. London: Macdonald and Jane's. ISBN 0-354-01072-7.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link).
  • Jenkins, Dennis R. and Tony R. Landis. Experimental & Prototype U.S. Air Force Jet Fighters. North Branch, Minnesota, USA: Specialty Press, 2008. ISBN 978-1-58007-111-6.
  • Thompson, Jonathan (1992). Vultee aircraft 1932-1947. Santa Ana, Calif.: Narkiewicz/Thompson. ISBN 0-913322-02-4.
  • "Propjet and Plain". Flight: 217–218. 28 February 1946. Retrieved 6 December 2017.
This page was last edited on 10 June 2020, at 22:47
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.