To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Coniferous swamp

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 Dead Stream Swamp, Michigan: a northern white cedar swamp
Dead Stream Swamp, Michigan: a northern white cedar swamp

Coniferous swamps are forested wetlands in which the dominant trees are lowland conifers such as northern white cedar (Thuja occidentalis). The soil in these swamp areas is typically saturated for most of the growing season and is occasionally inundated by seasonal storms or by winter snow melt.

The substrate is usually organic in nature and may contain peat in varying amounts or be composed entirely of muck. The swamp substrate is typically nutrient-rich and neutral to alkaline but can be acidic and nutrient-poor.

Coniferous swamps vary in composition, with different species of conifer dominating, and varying amounts of deciduous hardwoods growing within the swamp. A wide diversity of plants is represented within the swamps, with certain species dominating in a variety of microhabitats dependent on factors such as available sunlight (as in cases of trees downed by wind or disease), soil Ph, standing groundwater, and differences of elevation within the swamp such as tussocks and nurse logs.[1][2]

The different types of coniferous swamps are referred to[by whom?] according to their dominant trees. Rich conifer swamp is dominated by Northern white-cedar and typically occurs south of the climatic tension zone throughout the Midwest and northeastern United States and adjacent areas in Canada. North of the climatic tension zone, tamarack (Larix laricina) is the dominant species of conifer in minerotrophic wetlands classified as rich tamarack swamp. A roughly equal mix of hardwood trees and conifers is known as a hardwood-conifer swamp.

Rich conifer swamp

Flora

Trees

 Bark of the northern white cedar
Bark of the northern white cedar

A variety of both evergreen and deciduous trees may be present in the rich conifer swamp in addition to the dominant species.

Shrubs

Vines

Ferns

Gramminoids

A variety of grasses and sedges may be present including multiple varieties of carex.

Mosses

  • Callicladium haldanianum Callicladium moss
  • Sphagnum centrale

Orchids

Forbs

See also

References

  1. ^ Minnesota's St. Croix River Valley and Anoka sandplain:... By Daniel S. Wovcha, Barbara C. Delaney, Gerda E. Nordquist p. 113-114
  2. ^ Wetlands of the American Midwest: a historical geography of changing attitudes By Hugh C. Prince p.66
This page was last edited on 5 December 2017, at 17:45.
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.