To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Conglomerate discount

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Conglomerate discount is an economic concept describing a situation when the stock market values a diversified group of businesses and assets at less than the sum of its parts.[1] The explanation of this phenomenon comes from a conglomerate's inabililty to manage various and different businesses as well as do focused companies. Therefore, the market penalizes a multi-division firm and attaches a lower multiple to its earnings and cash flows, thus creating the discount. However, the opposite concept, called conglomerate premium, also exists.[2]

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/1
    Views:
    1 795
  • Lec-11 Group Presentation-II

Transcription

Contents

Developed vs emerging markets

In the developed economies, the average value of the discount may be 13–15% relative to single-segment competitors.[3] Because of the discount, conglomerates have become much less common in the developed markets than they once were. Only several star performers, such as GE or Berkshire Hathaway, have managed to escape the market’s critical assessment of overdiversification. However, conglomerates are still common in a number of emerging markets. The conglomerate discount is substantially bigger in the U.S. and Western Europe than is in Asian countries. This situation may be explained by the fact that in Asian countries a big conglomerate with political connections and an understanding of how to operate in a difficult market can spread its expertise across many industries. In fact, there is a conglomerate premium of 10.9% in Latin America, according to Citigroup. This may be the reason why, in some markets, conglomerates are becoming even larger and more diversified. For example, Samsung Electronics is moving into pharmaceuticals.[4]

Calculation

The conglomerate discount is usually calculated by adding estimations of the intrinsic values of each of the subsidiary companies in a conglomerate and subtracting the conglomerate's market capitalization from that sum.[5]

Deconglomeration

Deconglomeration and focusing on one or a few businesses via various corporate restructurings may remove such discount and get better value recognition for each of the parts and may also help each business pursue independent strategies. Therefore, identifying and removing a conglomerate discount may be a profitable investment strategy. Recent examples of deconglomeration in the US include ITT, Motorola, Fortune Brands, Marathon Oil, Genworth, and Sara Lee Corporation. The results have generally been quite positive. For example, ITT’s shares went up by some 11% on the breakup announcement, creating roughly $1B in value.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Starbursting: Breaking up companies is back in fashion". economist.com. 2011-03-24. Retrieved 2015-03-31.
  2. ^ "Turning the conglomerate discount into a premium: a framework for corporate centers of multi-business firms". Ernst & Young. ey.com. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
  3. ^ Thompson, Tim (2011-03-24). "Conglomerate discount: Corporate Restructuring". kellogg.northwestern.edu. Archived from the original on 2014-06-17. Retrieved 2015-03-31.
  4. ^ "Starbursting: Breaking up companies is back in fashion". economist.com. 2011-03-24. Retrieved 2015-03-31.
  5. ^ "Conglomerate discount". investopedia.com. Retrieved 2015-03-31.
  6. ^ McTaggart, Jim (May 2011). "Economics of Breakups - Conglomerate Discounts and Premiums". marakon.com. Retrieved 2015-03-31.

External links

This page was last edited on 14 May 2018, at 14:39
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.