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Condes de Castro Guimarães Museum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Condes de Castro Guimarães Museum
{{Early 20th Century house on the edge of Cascais town centre}}
Location within Portugal
Established1931; 88 years ago (1931)
LocationAv. Rei Humberto II de Itália, Cascais, Portugal
Coordinates38°41′31″N 9°25′17″W / 38.6920°N 9.4214°W / 38.6920; -9.4214Coordinates: 38°41′31″N 9°25′17″W / 38.6920°N 9.4214°W / 38.6920; -9.4214

The Condes de Castro Guimarães Museum, originally known as the "Torre de S. Sebastião" (Saint Sebastian Tower), was built in 1900 as an aristocrat’s summer residence in Cascais, Lisbon District, Portugal. It became a museum in 1931. The building follows an eclectic architectural style, while the museum includes paintings of national and international significance, furniture, porcelain, jewellery and a neo-Gothic organ.

History

The "Torre de S. Sebastião" was built in 1900, to the designs of Francisco Vilaça, by Jorge O'Neil, a Portuguese / Irish aristocrat connected to the tobacco industry, as his summer house in Cascais. O’Neill also constructed the nearby Casa de Santa Maria.

View of the building from the cove
View of the building from the cove

The building employs several architectural styles, adopting a Revivalist approach that includes Neo-romanticism, Neo-Gothic, Neo-Manueline and Neo-Moorish. The overall impression is of a medieval castle. There are also some references to O’Neill’s Irish heritage, such as the shamrocks present on the wrought iron door, the Shamrock Room, ceiling paintings, the museum's entrance hall, and the coat of arms of O'Neill on the roof of the turret. [1][2]

The building’s most striking feature is the tower, the base of which juts out into a small cove. The house has an irregular rectangular plan, in two, three and four floors, with several main and triple windows. There are several gargoyles, protruding eaves and porches. The interior is built around a quadrangular cloister. The main rooms are intercommunicating and have beamed ceilings with floors in ceramic tiles with Polychromatic patterns, as well as some tiled walls. Almost all rooms also have tiled stoves, some of which were brought from other buildings.[1][2]

In 1910 the house was sold to the 1st Count of Castro Guimarães who, with his wife, lived there until 1927. Many of the pieces now in the museum were acquired during that period. Notable were the purchases of a neo-Gothic organ, built for the Count, and rare 16th Century manuscripts including the valuable “Chronicle of  Don Afonso Henriques”, the first king of Portugal, written by Duarte Galvão (1446-1517).[2]

The Count died in 1927, donating the house and its garden to the state, with the request that the house be used as a museum and art gallery. The Condes de Castro Guimarães Library Museum was inaugurated on July 12, 1931, and for many years was the only museum in Cascais. Directors have included João Rodrigues da Silva Couto, Carlos Bonvalot, Branquinho da Fonseca and Maria Alice Beaumont. In 1932, the famous Portuguese writer, Fernando Pessoa, applied for the position of curator, but was turned down for lack of qualifications.[3]

References

  1. ^ a b "Palácio do Conde de Castro Guimarães / Torre de São Sebastião". Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitetónico. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "MUSEU CONDES DE CASTRO GUIMARÃES". Agenda Cascais. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  3. ^ "Museu dos Condes de Castro Guimarães". Travel in Portugal. Retrieved 20 January 2018.


This page was last edited on 18 November 2019, at 08:05
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