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Computable Document Format

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Computable Document Format
Filename extension
Internet media type
Uniform Type Identifier (UTI)com.wolfram.cdf
Developed byWolfram Research
Initial releaseJuly 21, 2011 (2011-07-21)
Extended fromWolfram Language (notebook)
StandardNotebook, CDF
Open format?No
WebsiteComputable Document Format

Computable Document Format (CDF) is an electronic document format[1] designed to allow authoring dynamically generated, interactive content.[2] CDF was created by Wolfram Research, and CDF files can be created using Mathematica.[3] As of 2021, the Wolfram Research website lists CDF as a "legacy" format.[4]


Computable Document Format supports GUI elements such as sliders, menus, and buttons. Content is updated using embedded computation in response to GUI interaction. Contents can include formatted text, tables, images, sounds, and animations. CDF supports Mathematica typesetting and technical notation.[5] Paginated layout, structured drill down layout, and slideshow mode are supported. Styles can be controlled using a cascading style sheet.


CDF files can be read using a proprietary CDF Player, downloadable from the Wolfram Research website but with a restricted license.[6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15] The proprietary CDF Player is released with a restricted license, which can be downloaded free of charge from Wolfram Research.[3] In contrast to static formats such as PDF, the CDF Player contains an entire runtime library of Mathematica allowing document content to be generated in response to user interaction.[3] and digital textbooks.[16]

CDF reader support is available for Microsoft Windows, Macintosh, Linux and iOS[17] but not for e-book readers or Android tablets. The reader supports a plugin mode for Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Opera and Safari, which allows CDF content to be embedded inline in HTML pages.


Computable Document Format has been used in electronic books by Pearson Education,[18][19] specifically MyMathLab, to provide the content for the Wolfram Demonstrations Project, and to add client-side interactivity to Wolfram Alpha.[20][21]

See also


  1. ^ Wolfram Alpha Creator plans to delete the PDF The Telegraph (UK)
  2. ^ Wolfram makes data interactive PC World
  3. ^ a b c Wolfram punts expanded medium for technical docs Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine ThinQ
  4. ^ "Computable Document Format". Wolfram Research. Retrieved 2021-03-23.
  5. ^ Wolfram Launches new document format. Meet CDF ZDNet
  6. ^ "Wolfram's New 'CDF' Format Brings Computation Power to the Individual Document". Popular Science. Retrieved 21 July 2011.
  7. ^ "Wolfram introduces the new .CDF container for interactive math documents". Retrieved 21 July 2011.
  8. ^ Wolfram Launches new document format. Meet CDF ZDNet
  9. ^ Wolfram creates CDF format to rival flash and PDF V3, July 2011
  10. ^ Should we add another format to the PDF Killer List? Invest in Tech
  11. ^ Weg mit dem öden Papier-Internet! Der Spiegel (German)
  12. ^ Wolfram's new CDF format brings computation power to individual documents Popular Science, July 2011
  13. ^ Wolfram launches PDF Killer School Library Journal
  14. ^ WolframAlpha adds powerful unteractive search results The Next Web, 12 August 20111
  15. ^ Wolfram Launches its own interactive document format Archived 2011-12-31 at the Wayback Machine PC Pro, July 2011
  16. ^ Wolfram's new CDF format brings computation power to individual documents Popular Science, July 2011
  17. ^
  18. ^ Wolfram launches PDF Killer Archived 2012-04-28 at the Wayback Machine School Library Journal
  19. ^ Briggs Cochrane Calculus
  20. ^ WolframAlpha adds powerful interactive search results The Next Web, 12 August 2011
  21. ^ Wolfram Launches its own interactive document format Archived 2011-12-31 at the Wayback Machine PC Pro, July 2011
This page was last edited on 24 March 2021, at 00:27
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