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Comptroller General of Chile

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Logo of the "CGR"
Logo of the "CGR"

The Comptroller General of Chile (General Accounting Office) is a constitutionally autonomous body of the Government of Chile based on chapter 10 of the Constitution of Chile[1] and it is in charge of the control of the legal aspects, management, preaudit and postaudit functions of all the activities of the centralized and decentralized civil service, whatever its forms of organization may be, as well as of other powers granted by law.

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  • ✪ Best GK Trick to Remember Which Country Falls on Tropic of Cancer, Capricorn or Equator | Must Watch
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Press the Bell Icon to Never miss a video from Testbook.com Hello friends and welcome to this video. Today’s video is about a Mnemonics trick. Which will help you remember, Tropic of cancer, Tropic of Capricorn and Equator pass through what all countries and what all states. I hope that you must have learnt Prime Ministers' and Presidents' Mnemonics tricks. In that video we discussed, how to memorize Presidents and Prime Ministers chronologically. - which President or Prime Minister was followed by which President or Prime Minister. If you have not watched those videos then click the 'i' button above or check the link to those videos in description. Ok, so today let’s start but before we start, please 'like' this video to indicate that you benefited from our previous videos Memory Trip videos. And you liked that video. So let's move ahead and take a look at the screen. So as you can see, we will learn the Indian states which 'Tropic of Cancer' crosses. Here you can see a mnemonic trick. Okay? "Mira’s JCB at GMT", so we will build a story around it first. You can see this girl here, this is 'Mira'. Mira owns a company of 'JCB'. Okay, Mira owns a company of 'JCB'. A JCB is used in making building and digging soil Mira owns a company of 'JCB'. So where is it? Greenwich Mean time is a Time Zone Based on that Time Zone, other time zones in the world are created. So it is called Greenwich Mean Time - GMT. Time zones for all the other countries are also calculated as '+' or '-' GMT. So, 'Greenwich Mean time' is marked at a certain location. On that location, MiRa's JCB is there. So the story is that MiRa's JCB at GMT. So from this we need to remember the list of states. So MiRa's 'Mi' is Mizoram. So Mizoram is one state. MiRa's Ra is Rajasthan. After that, comes 'JCB'. So, what is JCB? J = Jharkhand, C = Chhattisgarh, B = Bengal. MiRa, JCB MiRa, Mi = Mizoram, Ra = Rajasthan, J = Jharkhand, C = Chhattisgarh, B = Bengal. After that we come to GMT. So what does GMT stand for? In GMT, G = Gujarat, M = Madhya Pradesh and T = Tripura. Okay, so MiRa's JCB at GMT MiRa, Mi = Mizoram, Ra = Rajasthan, J = Jharkhand, C = Chhattisgarh, B = Bengal. Then come G = Gujarat, M = Madhya Pradesh and T = Tripura. So these are the states from which Tropic of Cancer passes, in India. What is the Sentence? "Mira’s JCB at GMT" This is a very simple sentence. If you memorize this sentence once then you will never forget the list of States from which Tropic of Cancer passes. Okay, "Mira’s JCB at GMT". So let's move ahead. So in this slide, we will learn Tropic of Cancer crosses through what all countries. First we memorized Tropic of Cancer crosses through what all states, which was "Mira’s JCB at GMT". Now we will memorize Tropic of Cancer crosses through what all countries. For that you need to remember this sentence, Mexico se Mumbai me Aane ke Liye Egg Should Open up In a Big Made in China Tumbler. The sentence is Mexico se Mumbai me Aane ke Liye Egg Should Open Up In a Big Made in China Tumbler. All these words are important, you need to remember these. So 'Mexico' is one country in itself. the 'S' in 'Se' is 'western SAHARA' (African) Mexico Se (S = Sahara). In 'Mumbai', 'M' is for Mauritania Then, 'me' has 'm' for Mali. In "Aane ke Liye", A = Algeria, Then, in 'Liye', L = Libya Eg in Egg is for Egypt. So Eg = Egypt In 'Should', 'S' = Saudi Arabia 'O' in 'Open' is for Oman Now 'U' in 'Up', U = UAE 'I' in India is for India. Then, 'B' in 'Big' is for Bangladesh. 'M' in 'Made in China' is for Myanmar China for China and 'T' in Tumbler is for 'Taiwan' Let's see the story once. Mexico se Mumbai me Aane ke Liye Egg Should Open Up In (India), In a Big Made in China Tumbler Let's go through the sentence again. Mexico se (Se = Western Sahara) Mumbai me = Mauritania, then Mali Mumbai me, Mauritania, Mali 'A' in Aane ke Liye, is for Algeria then 'Liye' is for Libya Egg = Egypt 'S' in Should = Saudi Arabia 'O' in 'Open' = Oman 'U' in 'Up' for UAE 'In' is for India Then 'B' in 'Big' is for Bangladesh. 'M' is for Myanmar. China is easy to remember. This sentence is a little complicated. You need to remember it with concentration. Once you memorize this sentence and countries, then you will be able to answer confidently. Let's go through the list once. Here it should be countries not states. Don't get confused here. Now let's see countries one by one. Mexico, Western Sahara, Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Libya, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Oman, UAE, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, China and Taiwan So let's move ahead But let's once again read the sentence before moving ahead. Mexico se Mumbai me Aane ke Liye Egg Should Open Up In a Big Made in China Tumbler. Now you can see the next slide. Here we will learn the Countries that Tropic of Capricorn cross. Earlier we learnt the countries and states through which Tropic of Cancer passes. So let's once revise the earlier list of states. MiRa's JCB at GMT. For Countries that Tropic of Cancer crosses, Mexico se Mumbai me Aane ke Liye Egg Should Open Up In a Big Made in China Tumbler. Now let's see Tropic of Capricorn crosses which countries. It's a very easy trick. The trick is CAB PNB se Mumbai Aai. Very simple. CAB PNB se Mumbai Aai. Like you can see here, this is cool cab PNB, you can remember as Punjab National Bank. CAB PNB se Mumbai Aai. From an x,y,z branch of PNB, a Cab came to Mumbai. CAB PNB se Mumbai Aai. So 'C' in 'Cab' stands for Chile. 'A' for Argentina. 'B' for Brazil. So it is Chile, Argentina and Brazil for CAB. So CAB is done, Chile, Argentina and Brazil. Now let's come to PNB. How to remember PNB? Paraguay, Namibia and Botswana Paraguay, Namibia, Botswana So what happened here, CAB PNB se Mumbai Aai. Cab is Chile, Argentina and Brazil. You can even try reciting it while watching this video. Chile, Argentina and Brazil PNB is Paraguay, Namibia and Botswana CAB PNB se Mumbai Aai. So CAB and PNB are covered For 'Se', we will remember it indicates South Africa. And Mumbai, denotes 2 different M. Mozambique and Madagascar. So since the spellings of Mumbai has two Ms, So Mozambique and Madagascar. So we will read the sentence once again. CAB PNB se Mumbai aayi. CAB is Chile, Argentina and Brazil. PNB is Paraguay, Namibia and Botswana. Se is for South Africa Two Ms of Mumbai are for Mozambique and Madagascar. In the end, Aai is for Australia. So, CAB PNB se Mumbai Aai CAB PNB se Mumbai Aai C = Chile, A = Argentina and B = Brazil. PNB is Paraguay, Namibia and Botswana. S = South Africa So since the spellings of Mumbai has two Ms, Mozambique and Madagascar. And then A = Australia. It will take a little hard work. Remember the countries, sentences and that's all you need to do! Let's move ahead. This is the last slide for the day. First of all we memorized, States and Countries crossed by Tropic of Cancer. Then we memorized Tropic of Capricorn crosses which countries. The first sentence was MiRa's JCB at GMT. Then there was Mexico se Mumbai me Aane ke Liye Egg Should Open Up in a Big Made in China Tumbler. Then the sentence was CAB PNB se Mumbai Aai. Now we need to remember what countries does Equator, zero degree, cross. So the trick is that ECB-UK-CGS I This might be a little difficult for you to remember. So we will build a story around it. English Cricket Board, UK wala CGS System use karta hai. If you watch cricket then you might know, Just like India plays from BCCI, Britain plays from ECB So this is what English Cricket Board's logo. You might have seen this ECB logo on their uniforms. English Cricket Board, UK wala CGS System use karta hai. Now what is CGS system? centimeter, grams and seconds. Like 'Pounds' system is used in the US to measure weight, in UK and India we use CGS system (centimeter, grams and seconds). So, ECB (English Cricket Board) uses UK wala CGS system. This is one sentence. So we will put countries in this sentence now. E = Ecuador C = Colombia (Cricket) B = Brazil (Board) English Cricket Board - Ecuador, Colombia and Brazil. Then comes 'UK' - Uganda and Kenya. English Cricket Board - Ecuador, Colombia and Brazil. Ecuador, Colombia and Brazil - ECB In UK, U = Uganda and K = Kenya Now we come to CGS. The C is for Rep. of Congo and Democratic Rep. of Congo So the Equator passes through Rep. of Congo and Democratic Rep. of Congo. The C in CGS denotes both the countries. Now let's come to G G is for Gabon and S stands for Somalia. E = Ecuador, C = Colombia, B = Brazil, Then, U = Uganda, K = Kenya C = Congo (both the Congo countries are covered here. ) Then comes G = Gibbon and then S = Somalia. In the end, the 'I' in 'hai' stands for Indonesia. So, ECB-UK-CGS I English Cricket Board, UK wala CGS System use karta hai. This covers, Ecuador, Columbia, Brazil, Uganda, Kenya, Congo, Gabon, Somalia and Indonesia. Sentence is ECB-UK-CGS I English Cricket Board, UK wala CGS System use karta hai. So this is the trick to memorize the countries that are crossed by Equator. So what did we memorize today? Which states and countries are crossed by Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn and Equator. So these were Georgaphy related memory tricks. To get more such tricks then do comment below. Today's lesson was a little difficult but a little revision will help you remember this trick easily. Then you can use it anywhere anytime in any exam! Share this trick with your friends Share this video It will help you remember this trick even more thoroughly! Like this video and in do comment with your more suggestions on memory trick videos. Subscribe to Testbook's YouTube channel. Do click the Bell Icon and don't forget to comment. And keep coming back for more! Thanks for watching this video.

Contents

History

The Office of Comptroller General of the Republic (Oficina de la Contraloría General de la República) was designed partially following the recommendations of a Mission of US economic advisers led by Edwin Walter Kemmerer. The office was finally established during the administration of Carlos Ibáñez in 1927. The first head of the office was the lawyer Pablo Ramírez who simultaneously served as Minister of Finance. In 1943 the office was upgraded to an autonomous government organ through an amendment to the constitution (Law 7,727) and was retained as such in the constitution of 1980.

Functions

Charged with serving as the government's auditor, it must take part in the approval or rejection of the revenue and investment accounts of public funds, scrutinizes the collection and expenditure of government funds by the National Treasury, the municipalities, and other state services as determined by law.

The office also performs a legality review function called "toma de razón". Exercising this ex-ante review power, the comptroller scrutinises, on constitutional and legal grounds, executive decisions and regulations prior to their official publication or communication. In practice, this checking procedure may represent an effective veto point in the Chilean administrative process. Another aspect of the legal control function of the office consists in its power to issue legally binding opinions on issues concerning the laws that govern administrative bodies and procedures. Both public entities and private parties can request the office to clarify any point of law arising from the functioning of public services. The access to the office is therefore remarkably broad. In practice, the exercise of the interpretive power has entailed that many practitioner use the office as an administrative tribunal which work alongside the ordinary judiciary in the country.

Transparency

Over the years, the agency gained a reputation for insisting on strict conformity to the law, instilling respect in career officials and elected officials alike.

2009 the General Accounting Office of the Republic was ranked fourth in the VI Barometer of Access to Public Information, study reflecting the perception the media has in terms of transparency and cooperation of various Agencies of public importance in the country. In 2008 the position of the Contraloría was five places lower.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Constitution_of_Chile#CHAPTER_X_OFFICE_OF_COMPTROLLER-GENERAL_OF_THE_REPUBLIC
  2. ^ "General Comptroller Office Republic of Chile". Contraloria.cl. 2009-11-23. Retrieved 2012-02-10.

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Library of Congress document: Rex A. Hudson, ed. (1994). "Chile: A country study". Federal Research Division. The Comptroller General.

External links

This page was last edited on 9 October 2018, at 20:46
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