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Communist Party of Moldavia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Communist Party of Moldavia
Partidul Comunist al Moldovei
Founded15 August 1940
Dissolved23 August 1991
Preceded byMoldavia Regional Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine
HeadquartersChişinău
IdeologyCommunism
Marxism-Leninism
Moldovan nationalism
National affiliationCommunist Party of the Soviet Union
Colours  Red

The Communist Party of Moldavia (Romanian: Partidul Comunist al Moldovei, PCM; Moldovan Cyrillic: Партидул Комунист ал Молдовей; Russian: Коммунистическая партия Молдавии) was the ruling and the sole legal political party in the Moldavian SSR, and one of the fifteen republic-level parties that formed the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. During World War II, it was the driving force of the Moldovan resistance against Axis occupation.

The party began to weaken politically during the Perestroika period, which was marked by riots against Soviet rule.[1][2] The party leader, Semion Grossu was replaced with Petru Lucinschi on November 16, 1989.[3]

On August 23rd, the Communist Party was banned;[4] subequently, on 27 August 1991 Moldova declared Independence and the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic came to an end. On 7 September, the Parliament of Moldova lifted the ban on communist activities.

First Secretaries

No. Picture Name

(Birth–Death)

Took office Left office Political party
First Secretary
1
Emblem of the Moldavian SSR (1981-1990).svg
Piotr Borodin

(1905-1986)

15 August 1940 11 February 1942 CPM/CPSU
2
Nikita Salogor.png
Nikita Salogor

(1901-1981)

13 February 1942 5 January 1946 CPM/CPSU
3
Emblem of the Moldavian SSR (1981-1990).svg
Nicolae Coval

(1904-1970)

5 January 1946 3 November 1950 CPM/CPSU
4 Leonid Brezhnev

(1906-1982)

3 November 1950 16 April 1952 CPM/CPSU
5
Emblem of the Moldavian SSR (1981-1990).svg
Dimitri Gladki

(1911-1959)

16 April 1952 7 February 1954 CPM/CPSU
6 Zinovie Serdiuk

(1903-1982)

8 February 1954 29 May 1961 CPM/CPSU
7
Ivan Bodiul, 1978.jpg
Ivan Bodiul

(1918-2013)

29 May 1961 30 December 1981 CPM/CPSU
8
Emblem of the Moldavian SSR (1981-1990).svg
Semion Grossu

(born 1934)

30 December 1981 16 November 1989 CPM/CPSU
9
Petru Lucinschi 2000.jpg
Petru Lucinschi

(born 1940)

16 November 1989 4 February 1991 CPM/CPSU
10
Emblem of the Moldavian SSR (1981-1990).svg
Grigore Eremei

(born 1935)

4 February 1991 August 1991 CPM/CPSU

Aftermath

In 1993, former PCM members founded the Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova (PCRM), which became the largest party in Moldova since the 2001 elections, and the ruling party from 2001 to 2009. In 2011 a group of communists led by the executive secretary of the old Communist Party of Moldova, Igor Cucer, came to the public attention, claiming that they are the "real communists" and they want to revive the party (PCM) formally;[5] they also stated that the PCRM has become a pseudo-Communist and liberal-bourgeois party serving the interests of one of the county’s richest men, Oleg Voronin, son of president of Moldova from 2001 to 2009 and leader of the PCRM Vladimir Voronin. Cucer claimed then: "The PCRM's 8-year rule made the poor poorer and the rich richer".[citation needed]

The Commission for the Study of the Communist Dictatorship in Moldova was created in 2010 to study and analyze the 1917–1991 period of the communist regime.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Ion Costaş: 7 APRILIE 2009 NE AMINTEŞTE DE 10 NOIEMBRIE 1989" (in Romanian). BasarabiaLiterară.ro. 28 February 2010. Archived from the original on 15 August 2012. Retrieved 21 March 2012.
  2. ^ "Igor Cașu, Chişinău 7 noiembrie 1989: "Jos dictatura comunistă!"" (in Romanian). Radio Free Europe. 7 November 2009. Retrieved 21 March 2012.
  3. ^ Publika TV, File din istorie: 1989 - anul anti-7noiembrie la Chişinău (in Romanian)
  4. ^ сu privire la Partidul Comunist din Moldova
  5. ^ Partidul Comunist revine pe arena politică a Moldovei. ipn.md (in Romanian)


This page was last edited on 14 October 2021, at 17:28
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