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Commander of the Canadian Army

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Commander of the Canadian Army and Chief of the Army Staff
Commandant de l'Armée canadienne
Lieutenant General Wayne Eyre

since 20 August 2019
 Canadian Army
TypeCommissioned Officer
StatusCurrently constituted
Reports toChief of the Defence Staff
Term lengthAt Her Majesty's pleasure
PrecursorChief of the Land Staff
DeputyDeputy Commander of the Canadian Army
WebsiteOfficial website

The Commander of the Canadian Army (French: Commandant de l'Armée canadienne) is the institutional head of the Canadian Army. This appointment also includes the title Chief of the Army Staff (French: chef de l'état-major de l'Armée) and is based at National Defence Headquarters in Ottawa, Ontario.

History of the position

Prior to 1904, militia forces in Canada were commanded by senior British Army officers appointed as General Officer Commanding the Canadian Militia.[1] British regular forces in the Dominion had their own commander until the withdrawal of the last British garrison in 1906. From 1903 to 1904, the Canadian Army embarked on a new period of modernization that included the creation of a new office of Chief of the General Staff. Between 1904 and 1964, eighteen officers held the position of Chief of the General Staff, with the last of these, Lieutenant General Geoffrey Walsh, having officially stood down the appointment on 31 August 1964 following the official integration of the three armed services into a single Canadian Armed Forces.[2]

Following the unification of Canada's military forces[3] in February 1968, the majority of Canada's land element was assigned to the newly created Force Mobile Command and the senior Canadian army officer was then known as Commander of Mobile Command from 1965 to 1993. The command was renamed Land Force Command and the senior Canadian army officer was known as Chief of the Land Staff from 1993 to 2011.[4] Land Force Command was officially re-designated as the Canadian Army in 2011, at which time the appointment was also renamed Commander of the Canadian Army to reflect this.[5]


Flag of the Chief of the General Staff
Flag of the Chief of the General Staff

The following table lists all those who have held the post of Commander of the Canadian Army or its preceding positions. Ranks and honours are as at the completion of their tenure:[6]

No. Portrait Name Took office Left office Time in office
General Officer Commanding the Canadian Militia
1Smyth, E.Lieutenant-General
Sir E.S. Smyth
187518804–5 years
2Luard, R.Major-General
R.G.A. Luard
188018843–4 years
3Middleton, F.Major-General
Sir F.D. Middleton
188418905–6 years
4Treowen, I.Major-General
The Rt Hon Lord Treowen
189018954–5 years
5Gascoigne, W.Major-General
Sir W.J. Gascoigne
189518982–3 years
6Hutton, E.Major-General
Sir E.T.H. Hutton
189819001–2 years
7Haly, R.Major-General
R.H.O. Haly
190019021–2 years
8Dundonald, D.Major-General
The Rt Hon Earl of Dundonald
190219041–2 years
Chief of the General Staff
1Lake, P.H.N.Major-General
Sir P.H.N. Lake
190419083–4 years
2Otter, W.D.Major-General
Sir W.D. Otter
190819101–2 years
3Mackenzie, C.J.Major-General
Sir C.J. Mackenzie
191019132–3 years
4Gwatkin, W.G.Major-General
Sir W.G. Gwatkin
191319195–6 years
5Currie, A.W.Major-General
Sir A.W. Currie
and Military Counsellor")
191919200–1 years
6MacBrien, J.H.Major-General
Sir J.H. MacBrien
192019276–7 years
7Thacker, H.C.Major-General
H.C. Thacker
192719291–2 years
8McNaughton, A.G.L.Major-General
A.G.L. McNaughton
192919355–6 years
9Ashton, E.C.Major-General
E.C. Ashton
193519382–3 years
10Anderson, T.V.Major-General
T.V. Anderson
193819401–2 years
11Crerar, H.D.G.Major-General
H.D.G. Crerar
194019410–1 years
12Stuart, K.Lieutenant-General
K. Stuart
194119431–2 years
13Murchie, J.C.Lieutenant-General
J.C. Murchie
194419450–1 years
14Foulkes, C.Lieutenant-General
C. Foulkes
194519515–6 years
15Simonds, G.G.Lieutenant-General
G.G. Simonds
195119553–4 years
16Graham, H.D.Lieutenant-General
H.D. Graham
195519582–3 years
17Clark, S.F.Lieutenant-General
S.F. Clark
195819612–3 years
18Walsh, G.Lieutenant-General
G. Walsh
196119642–3 years
Commander of Mobile Command
1Allard, J.V.Lieutenant-General
J.V. Allard
196519660–1 years
2Anderson, W.Lieutenant-General
W. Anderson
196619692–3 years
3Turcot, G.Lieutenant-General
G. Turcot
196919722–3 years
4Milroy, W.Lieutenant-General
W. Milroy
197219730–1 years
5Waters, S.Lieutenant-General
S. Waters
197319751–2 years
6Chouinard, J.Lieutenant-General
J. Chouinard
197519771–2 years
7Paradis, J.J.Lieutenant-General
J.J. Paradis
197719813–4 years
8Belzile, C.H.Lieutenant-General
C.H. Belzile
198119864–5 years
9Fox, J.Lieutenant-General
J. Fox
198619892–3 years
10Foster, K.Lieutenant-General
K. Foster
(born 1938)
198919911–2 years
11Gervais, J.Lieutenant-General
J. Gervais
(born 1938)
199119931–2 years
Chief of the Land Staff
1Reay, G.Lieutenant-General
G. Reay
1993September 19962–3 years
2Baril, M.Lieutenant-General
M. Baril
(born 1943)
September 1996September 19971 year
3Leach, W.Lieutenant-General
W. Leach
September 1997August 20002 years, 11 months
4Jeffery, M.Lieutenant-General
M. Jeffery
August 2000May 20032 years, 9 months
5Hillier, R.Lieutenant-General
R. Hillier
(born 1955)
May 20034 February 20051 year, 9 months
6Caron, M.Lieutenant-General
M. Caron
(born 1954)
4 February 2005June 20061 year, 3 months
7Leslie, A.Lieutenant-General
A. Leslie
(born 1957)
June 2006June 20104 years
8Devlin, P.Lieutenant-General
P. Devlin
June 201021 July 20111 year, 1 month
Commander of the Canadian Army and Chief of the Army Staff
1Devlin, P.Lieutenant-General
P. Devlin
21 July 2011July 20131 year, 11 months
2Hainse, M.Lieutenant-General
M. Hainse
(born 1964)
July 2013January 20162 years, 6 months
3Wynnyk, P.Lieutenant-General
P.F. Wynnyk
(born 1964)
January 201616 July 20182 years, 6 months
4Lanthier, J.Lieutenant-General
J. Lanthier
16 July 201820 August 20191 year, 1 month
5Eyre, W.Lieutenant-General
W. Eyre
20 August 2019Incumbent7 months

See also


  1. ^ British Strategic Withdrawal from the Western Hemisphere, 1904–1906 Archived 2012-07-20 at University of Toronto Press
  2. ^ "Lieutenant-General Geoffrey Walsh". Army cadet history. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  3. ^ Integration and Unification of the Canadian Forces Archived January 15, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Chasing the Silver Bullet: the Evolution of Capability Development in the Canadian Army by Major Andrew B. Godefroy CD, Page 59
  5. ^ Canadian Navy, Air Force 'Royal' Again With Official Name Change Huffington Post, 15 August 2011
  6. ^ "List of commanders of the Army". Government of Canada. Retrieved 14 March 2020.

External links

This page was last edited on 3 April 2020, at 22:58
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