To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Colchester, Connecticut

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Colchester, Connecticut
Official seal of Colchester, Connecticut
Location in New London County, Connecticut
Location in New London County, Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°34′33.4″N 72°19′56.3″W / 41.575944°N 72.332306°W / 41.575944; -72.332306
CountryUnited States
CountyNew London
Metropolitan areaNew London
Incorporated1698 / 1699
 • TypeSelectman–town meeting
 • First SelectmanAndreas Bisbikos
 • Total49.8 sq mi (129.0 km2)
 • Land49.1 sq mi (127.1 km2)
 • Water0.7 sq mi (1.9 km2)
551 ft (168 m)
 • Total15,555
 • Density310/sq mi (120/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
06415, 06420
Area code(s)860 Exchange: 537
FIPS code09-15910
GNIS feature ID0213409
Civil War monument on the Green (1875)
Colchester Federated Church
Cragin Memorial Library

Colchester is a town in New London County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 15,555 at the 2020 census.[1] In 2010 Colchester became the first town in Connecticut, and the 36th in the country, to be certified with the National Wildlife Federation as a Community Wildlife Habitat.

The villages of Westchester and North Westchester are located within Colchester. The town center village, which was previously incorporated as a borough, is a census-designated place, with a population of 4,700 at the 2020 census.[2]

The Colchester area was part of the Mohegan territory at the time of European settlement. Several members of the Paugussett tribe currently reside in Colchester, where the tribe (which also has a heritage property in Trumbull) has a larger more recently acquired second 106-acre (0.43 km2) reservation.[3]

The Colchester Historical Society operates a local history museum in town.


The original settlement of Colchester, was founded by Jeremy Adams upon an area of land known as: "Jerimiah's Farme". The land given to Jeremy, by Uncas, Sachem of the Mohegan tribe.

In 1692, the town of Colchester was confirmed unto Danial Mason, son of Major John Mason.

On October 13, 1698, Michael Taintor, Samuel Northam and Nathaniel Foote III applied to go forth and settle the Town. Jerimiah's Farm was selected as the main point of reference for the town, with its north boundary as the Twenty Mile River. The southern side is bordered by Lyme. The west boundary meets the east bounds of Middletown and Haddam. The east and northeast boundary run to the bounds of Lebanon and Norwich. During the initial settlement, the area was also referred to as the Plantation of the Twenty-mile River.

On May 11, 1699, the town's principal founders, Nathaniel Foote, Samuel Northam and Michael Taintor asked the general court of Hartford for assistance with persons hindering the advancement of the settlement, to be transferred under the jurisdiction of the New London colony, and for the Town to be recognized as Colchester. On May 11, 1699 the town name was so named and incorporated into the colony of New London. The town is said to be named after Colchester,[4] a borough and port in Essex, England, where many colonists had emigrated from, most notably, where Nathaniel's grandfather Nathaniel Foote was born.

Colchester's early history, like that of many towns in New England, centered on the church parish. In 1703, the General Court of the Colony of Connecticut ruled that the settlement could organize a church body here known as Colchester. Within a few years, several grist mills and saw mills were built to provide grain and lumber for the settlement. In 1706, the first street was laid and called Town Street. Nearly 200 feet wide, it is now the southern end of Old Hebron Road. By 1714, there were nearly 50 English colonial families in town.

On 13 Oct 1803 the town of Marlborough, Hartford County was created from parts of the towns of Colchester, Glastonbury, Hartford County, and Hebron, Tolland County.[5][6]

In July 2005, Colchester was named by CNN's Money Magazine, the 57th best place in the U.S. to live in and is celebrated every year with a festival on the last Saturday of September called 57 Fest.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 49.8 square miles (129 km2), of which 49.1 square miles (127 km2) is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2), or 1.49%, is water. Among the many waterways are the Salmon River, Jeremy River, and Dickinson Creek, which is spanned by the Lyman Viaduct.

Principal communities


This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Colchester has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.[7]


The Salmon River State Forest provides opportunities for fishing, hiking, and hunting.


Print made about 1848–1849 by Kelloggs & Comstock
Print made about 1848–1849 by Kelloggs & Comstock
Lyman Viaduct on the Air-Line Railroad
Lyman Viaduct on the Air-Line Railroad

Formerly an incorporated borough, the town center of Colchester is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as a historic district, known as the Colchester Village Historic District. The walkable center includes a town green with a veterans' memorial. Retail stores and restaurants are located here.


Colchester has five schools: Colchester Elementary School (Pre K-2), Jack Jackter Intermediate School (Grades 3–5), William J. Johnston Middle School (Grades 6–8), Bacon Academy (Grades 9–12)., and East of The River Cooperative Transition Academy (18 to 21) (A small transition school located on Lebanon Avenue in collaboration with East Haddam Public Schools).


Historical population
Census Pop.
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
The Colchester Congregational Church, Bacon Academy, and, to the right of the church beneath the trees, a small "school for colored children." Sketch by John Warner Barber for his Historical Collections of Connecticut (published in 1836)
The Colchester Congregational Church, Bacon Academy, and, to the right of the church beneath the trees, a small "school for colored children." Sketch by John Warner Barber for his Historical Collections of Connecticut (published in 1836)

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 14,551 people, 5,225 households, and 3,997 families residing in the town. The population density was 296.6 people per square mile (114.5/km2). There were 5,407 housing units at an average density of 110.2 per square mile (42.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 94.53% White, 2.37% African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.75% from other races, and 1.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.92% of the population.

There were 5,225 households, out of which 43.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.9% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.5% were non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 29.8% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 36.5% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 9.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $64,807, and the median income for a family was $62,346. Males had a median income of $47,123 versus $29,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $24,038. About 6.1% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.6% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 29, 2019[10]
Party Active Voters Inactive Voters Total Voters Percentage
Democratic 3,180 411 3,591 29.90%
Republican 2,529 293 2,822 23.50%
Unaffiliated 4,454 933 5,387 44.85%
Minor Parties 194 16 210 1.75%
Total 10,357 1,653 12,010 100%
Presidential Election Results[11][12]
Year Democratic Republican Third Parties
2020 53.8% 5,216 43.8% 4,243 2.4% 232
2016 45.5% 3,898 48.0% 4,108 6.5% 550
2012 52.6% 4,125 45.6% 3,579 1.8% 144
2008 57.3% 4,712 40.8% 3,355 1.9% 152
2004 53.5% 4,081 44.8% 3,418 1.7% 134
2000 57.9% 3,845 36.9% 2,454 5.2% 347
1996 51.5% 3,094 29.5% 1,774 19.0% 1,136
1992 39.4% 2,508 28.2% 1,796 32.4% 2,062
1988 49.6% 2,488 49.4% 2,478 1.0% 49
1984 39.6% 1,720 60.0% 2,603 0.4% 15
1980 40.8% 1,543 43.1% 1,630 16.1% 607
1976 55.2% 1,867 44.1% 1,491 0.7% 26
1972 47.1% 1,464 51.8% 1,610 1.1% 33
1968 57.7% 1,467 34.9% 887 7.4% 188
1964 74.2% 1,704 25.8% 591 0.00% 0
1960 61.5% 1,363 38.5% 854 0.00% 0
1956 53.4% 925 46.6% 806 0.00% 0

Notable people


  1. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Colchester town, New London County, Connecticut". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 27, 2021.
  2. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Colchester CDP, Connecticut". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 27, 2021.
  3. ^ "Aurelius Piper, chief of Connecticut tribe". Associated Press. Boston Globe. 2008-08-06. Retrieved 2010-08-07.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 87.
  5. ^ Conn. Spec. Acts 1803, 2:1157–1158.
  6. ^ "New London County". Archived from the original on November 10, 2013. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  7. ^ Climate Summary for Colchester, Connecticut
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  10. ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 29, 2019" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. Retrieved 2020-03-22.
  11. ^ "General Election Statements of Vote, 1922 – Current". CT Secretary of State. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
  12. ^ "Election Night Reporting". CT Secretary of State. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
  13. ^ a b Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.

Colchester Historical Society

External links

This page was last edited on 27 November 2021, at 19:00
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.