To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time. 4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds # Coefficient matrix

In linear algebra, a coefficient matrix is a matrix consisting of the coefficients of the variables in a set of linear equations. The matrix is used in solving systems of linear equations.

## Coefficient matrix

In general, a system with m linear equations and n unknowns can be written as

$a_{11}x_{1}+a_{12}x_{2}+\cdots +a_{1n}x_{n}=b_{1}\,$ $a_{21}x_{1}+a_{22}x_{2}+\cdots +a_{2n}x_{n}=b_{2}\,$ $\quad \vdots \,$ $a_{m1}x_{1}+a_{m2}x_{2}+\cdots +a_{mn}x_{n}=b_{m}\,$ where $x_{1},\ x_{2},...,x_{n}$ are the unknowns and the numbers $a_{11},\ a_{12},...,\ a_{mn}$ are the coefficients of the system. The coefficient matrix is the m × n matrix with the coefficient $a_{ij}$ as the (i, j)th entry:

${\begin{bmatrix}a_{11}&a_{12}&\cdots &a_{1n}\\a_{21}&a_{22}&\cdots &a_{2n}\\\vdots &\vdots &\ddots &\vdots \\a_{m1}&a_{m2}&\cdots &a_{mn}\end{bmatrix}}$ Then the above set of equations can be expressed more succinctly as

$Ax=b$ where A is the coefficient matrix and b is the column vector of constant terms.

## Relation of its properties to properties of the equation system

By the Rouché–Capelli theorem, the system of equations is inconsistent, meaning it has no solutions, if the rank of the augmented matrix (the coefficient matrix augmented with an additional column consisting of the vector b) is greater than the rank of the coefficient matrix. If, on the other hand, the ranks of these two matrices are equal, the system must have at least one solution. The solution is unique if and only if the rank r equals the number n of variables. Otherwise the general solution has nr free parameters; hence in such a case there are an infinitude of solutions, which can be found by imposing arbitrary values on nr of the variables and solving the resulting system for its unique solution; different choices of which variables to fix, and different fixed values of them, give different system solutions.

## Dynamic equations

A first-order matrix difference equation with constant term can be written as

$y_{t+1}=Ay_{t}+c,$ where A is n × n and y and c are n × 1. This system converges to its steady-state level of y if and only if the absolute values of all n eigenvalues of A are less than 1.

A first-order matrix differential equation with constant term can be written as

${\frac {dy}{dt}}=Ay(t)+c.$ This system is stable if and only if all n eigenvalues of A have negative real parts.

Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.