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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coatham
Christ Church, Redcar.jpg

Christ Church, parish church of Coatham and Dormanstown
Coatham is located in North Yorkshire
Coatham
Coatham
Location within North Yorkshire
Population5,326 2011 census[1]
OS grid referenceNZ592250
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townREDCAR
Postcode districtTS10
PoliceCleveland
FireCleveland
AmbulanceNorth East
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°37′01″N 1°05′04″W / 54.61686°N 1.08448°W / 54.61686; -1.08448

Coatham is a place in the borough of Redcar and Cleveland and the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England and is now a district of Redcar.

History

There is reputed to be an entry in the Doomsday book – the first recorded reference to Coatham as "there is a Hamlet of Cotes (one-roomed cottages or shacks) on the beach where the people collect coal from boats from Hartlepool, to carry by pack animal to the Abbey at Guisborough for the heating for the monks there". Probably the people of the Hamlet of Cotes were taxed accordingly, and the place became known as "cote-ham" or similar? Coatham can be traced back to the 12th century, when "Roger son of William de Tocketts gave a salt-pan in 'Cotum' to Guisborough Priory."[2] There was a significant port there, owned by the de Brus family in the 13th century.[2] The weekly market of Kirkleatham parish was held in Coatham (possibly because of the presence of the port) and there was a three-day fair.[2] These were chartered in 1257 by King Henry III[3]

Though Coatham is now only a mile-wide district in the town of Redcar, the need for definition was strong enough to warrant the western boundary being marked by a fence which ran the length of West Dyke Road and West Terrace. Coatham comprises the remaining coastal land north of the railway line from West Dyke Road to Warrenby in the west. The present-day Redcar & Cleveland College was a grammar school before 1975.

Coatham Pier

Between 1875 and 1898, Coatham had a leisure pier. It was intended to extend 2,000 feet (610 m) into the sea, but damage in the building stage from shipping and storms curtailed the distance to 1,800 feet (550 m).[4] In October 1898, the pier was struck by the 757 tonnes (834 tons) Finnish freighter Birger. The ship had developed trouble during a storm in the North Sea and despite passing Grimsby, Scarborough and Whitby, she carried on for South Shields. During a ferocious storm she crashed onto the rocks at Coatham and wrecked a 60 feet (18 m) section of the pier in the middle. Only two members of her crew of 15 were rescued; the pier collapsed a year later.[5]

Landmarks

The majority of modern Coatham is Victorian housing, most notably at its northern tip by the Coatham Hotel built in 1860. A small boating lake, leisure centre, arcade complex and caravan park now occupies the remainder of Coatham's coast. To the east, the Tees Valley Wildlife Trust's Coatham Marsh Nature Reserve hosts 54 hectares (130 acres) of ancient Marsh and grassland.[6]

Future development

Since the mid-1990s political debate has been generated amongst Coatham's five thousand residents as to the future of the last undeveloped section of Coatham's coastal land known as Coatham Common/Coatham Enclosure - for the last 25 years used as a golf course and local recreation area. Residents are objecting at losing open space to the council's proposed housing and leisure development planned to revive the tourist industry. The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom announced on 3 March 2010 that Redcar Council must register the land as a Village Green.[7]

Notable residents

Coatham is the town where Jane Gardam, twice winner of the Whitbread Prize, was brought up and where some of her novels are set.[8]

References

  1. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Coatham Ward (as of 2011) (1237321162)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "A History of the County of York North Riding: Volume 2. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1923". British History Online. Retrieved 17 May 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ Samantha Letters (ed.). "Gazetteer of markets and fairs in England and Wales to 1516". Centre for Metropolitan history. Retrieved 18 May 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ Historic England. "Coatham Pier (1463355)". Heritage Gateway. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  5. ^ Lloyd, Chris (19 October 2018). "End of the pier story". Darlington & Stockton Times (42–2016). p. 37. ISSN 2516-5348.
  6. ^ "Coatham Marsh - Tees Valley Wildlife Trust". Tees Valley Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 21 October 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ Gray, Louise (4 March 2010). "High Court rules ramblers have right of way". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2 August 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ Stade, George; Karbiener, Karen (2009). Encyclopedia of British writers, 1800 to the present (2 ed.). New York: Facts On File. p. 199. ISBN 978-0-8160-7385-6.

External links

This page was last edited on 25 February 2021, at 17:24
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