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Coat of arms of Alabama

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coat of Arms of the State of Alabama
Coat of arms of Alabama.svg
Versions
Coat of arms of Alabama (seal).svg
The coat of arms is often used in the form of a seal
Alabama state coat of arms (illustrated, 1876).jpg
Historical coat of arms (illustrated, 1876)
ArmigerState of Alabama
AdoptedMarch 14, 1939
CrestA representation of the French colonial ship Badine facing to the sinister proper
TorseArgent and Gules
BlazonQuarterly, I Azure 3 fleur-de-lys Or. II Quartlery, I and IV Gules a castle Or. II and III Argent a lion rampant Gules. III A Union Jack Proper. IV a Confederate Cross Proper. An inescutcheon a paly of 13 Gules and Azure, a chief Azure.
SupportersTwo American eagles proper
CompartmentNone
MottoAudemus jura nostra defendere
(Latin:"We dare defend our rights")
Order(s)None
Other elementsNone

The coat of arms of Alabama depicts a shield upon which is carried the symbols of the five nations which have at various times held sovereignty over a part or the whole of what is now Alabama. These are the ancient coat of arms of France (three fleurs-de-lis), the ancient coat of arms of Crown of Castile for Spain (Castile quartering León), the Union Flag of the United Kingdom (which was not adopted until after Alabama's independence) and the battle flag of the Confederate States of America. On an escutcheon of pretence is borne the shield of the United States. The crest of the coat represents a ship (the "Badine") which brought the French colonists who established the first permanent European settlements in the state. Below is the state motto: Audemus jura nostra defendere, meaning "We dare defend our rights."

The bill to adopt a state coat of arms was introduced in the Alabama Legislature of 1939 by James Simpson, Jefferson County, and was passed without a dissenting vote by both houses.[1]

The original design of the Alabamian coat of arms was made in 1923 by B.J. Tieman, New York, an authority on heraldry, at the request of Marie Bankhead Owen, Director of the Department of Archives and History. A few years later Naomi Rabb Winston, Washington, DC, painted the completed design in oil. Mrs. Owen selected the motto which was put into Latin by Professor W.B. Saffold, of the University of Alabama. It was through the influence of Juliet Perry Dixon, wife of Governor Dixon, that official action was taken by the Legislature.[1]

British flag that would have flown in Alabama prior to American independence
British flag that would have flown in Alabama prior to American independence

The Union Flag depicted on the coat of arms, which represents the period of British rule in Alabama prior to the 1783 Treaty of Paris, is not actually the flag used at that time. It dates to the 1801 formation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, whereas the preceding Kingdom of Great Britain held sovereignty over Alabama prior to 1783.

Use

Besides being used by itself, the coat of arms is used on many governmental seals of the state, as well as the flag of the governor of Alabama.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Alabama Department of Archives and History".
This page was last edited on 22 September 2020, at 18:53
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