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Clifford, West Yorkshire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Clifford
St Edward King and Confessor Catholic Church, Clifford (40881978465).jpg

St. Edward King and Confessor Catholic Church
Clifford is located in Leeds
Clifford
Clifford
Clifford is located in West Yorkshire
Clifford
Clifford
Location within West Yorkshire
Population1,662 (2011 census)[1]
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWETHERBY
Postcode districtLS23
Dialling code01937
PoliceWest Yorkshire
FireWest Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°53′34″N 1°21′05″W / 53.8928°N 1.3515°W / 53.8928; -1.3515

Clifford is a small village in West Yorkshire, England. The population at the 2011 Census was 1,662.[1] The village is 3 miles (4.8 km) south of Wetherby. Many of the older buildings are built of magnesian limestone.

Etymology

The name Clifford is first attested in the Domesday Book of 1086. It comes from the Old English words clif ('cliff, bank') and ford ('ford'), thus meaning 'ford at the bank or cliff'. This perhaps referred to the crossing of the River Wharfe at Boston Spa, which was then within the manor.[2][3]

History

According to the Domesday Book, in 1086, Ligulf held the manor, which comprised six carucates with four ploughs.[4][5]

In the Middle Ages Clifford was a subordinate settlement to Bramham, and had no parish church or manor house. A Wesleyan chapel was built some time before 1838, and the three churches soon after. The Anglican St Luke's Church was built in 1840.[6]

Clifford was originally a farming community, but in 1831, corn mills powered by Bramham Beck on Old Mill Lane, were transformed into flax mills, making patent yarn and shoe thread.[7] The mills were owned by the Grimston Brothers. At its height, the business employed about 300 workers, some of them Irish immigrants, and many of whom lived in the stone terraced cottages in the village.[4][8]

Governance

Clifford was a township in the old parish of Bramham, in the upper-division of the wapentake of Barkston Ash, in the West Riding of Yorkshire.[9] It became a separate civil parish in 1866 as Clifton with Boston, which was split into the civil parishes of Clifford and Boston Spa in 1896.[10]

Geography

Clifford is a rural village, with a conservation area at its centre. It has a mix of buildings from traditional magnesian limestone cottages to modern family housing. All construction within the conservation area must use local limestone. Green Belt land separates the village from Bramham and Boston Spa.[11] Limestone for building was quarried locally.[7]

The A1(M) motorway is just over one mile (1.6 km) to the west. Bus services coordinated by West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive go to Tadcaster, Leeds, Harrogate, Wetherby and Wakefield.[11]

Religion

There are three churches in Clifford. The Anglican church dedicated to St Luke on high ground at the western end of the village is built in the Gothic style of architecture and was consecrated by the Archbishop of York in 1842. The church cost £1200 raised by subscription and the site was donated by George Lane-Fox.[7] The Wesleyan Methodists built a chapel, and the Roman Catholics built St Edward King and Confessor Catholic Church[9] to serve the population of Irish workers that came to work in Grimstons flax mill established in the village in 1831. The Grimston, Clifford and Vavasour families contributed to the cost of building the church.

Economy

The Bay Horse
The Bay Horse

Clifford has two public houses The Albion and The Old Star) and a fish and chip shop (Clifford Fisheries). There were no other shops or businesses in 2009 as the post office had been converted into houses.

Public houses

The Old Star is a historic multi room pub owned and operated by Samuel Smith's Old Brewery. The Albion is situated on the edge of the village is run under lease from Enterprise Inns. The Bay Horse is the local 'games pub', its pool team plays in the Wetherby League.

Education

There are three schools in the Clifford parish, Bramham Primary School, St. John's School for the Deaf and Boston Spa School.

Culture

The Village Hall is a small venue for concerts and plays. Clifford's first Beer Festival took place in June 2010.[12] Clifford's second Champion Beer Festival took place on 2 July 2011 and due to its popularity took place for a third and fourth time (2012, 2013) and has become an annual event.[13]

Clifford has a monthly magazine, The Outlook, that is delivered free to every resident by the committee.

References

  1. ^ a b UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Clifford Parish (E04000195)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
  2. ^ "Clifford :: Survey of English Place-Names". epns.nottingham.ac.uk. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
  3. ^ Harry Parkin, Your City's Place-Names: Leeds, English Place-Name Society City-Names Series, 3 (Nottingham: English Place-Name Society, 2017), p. 36.
  4. ^ a b History of Clifford, Clifford Parish Council, archived from the original on 11 March 2012, retrieved 30 August 2010
  5. ^ Open Domesday Online: Clifford, retrieved 23 January 2020.
  6. ^ Clifford Conservation Area Management Plan
  7. ^ a b c Lewis, Samuel (1848), "Clifford, with Boston", A Topographical Dictionary of England, British History Online, pp. 632–635, retrieved 4 June 2010
  8. ^ Leach & Pevsner 2009, p. 228
  9. ^ a b Clifford cum Boston, GenUKI, retrieved 30 August 2010
  10. ^ Vision of Britain website: Clifford With Boston
  11. ^ a b Village profile, Clifford Parish Council, archived from the original on 11 March 2012, retrieved 30 August 2010
  12. ^ "Clifford Beer Festival". infoweb.newsbank.com. 22 June 2016. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
  13. ^ "Clifford Champion Beer Festival 2011". Retrieved 22 February 2011.

Bibliography

External links

This page was last edited on 27 July 2020, at 19:31
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