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Clay County, Arkansas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Clay County, Arkansas
Sheeks House.jpg
Map of Arkansas highlighting Clay County

Location within the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas

Arkansas's location within the U.S.
FoundedMarch 24, 1873
SeatCorning (western district);
Piggott (eastern district)
Largest cityPiggott
Area
 • Total641 sq mi (1,660 km2)
 • Land639 sq mi (1,655 km2)
 • Water2.0 sq mi (5 km2), 0.3%
Population (est.)
 • (2016)14,920
 • Density25/sq mi (10/km2)
Congressional district1st
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websiteclaycounty.arkansas.gov

Clay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,083.[1] The county has two county seats, Corning and Piggott.[2] It is a dry county, in which the sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or prohibited.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ Clay County Fair, Iowa

Transcription

Where do you go for competition, trade, agriculture, and just plain fun? To a county fair, of course, and this is a big one. Every year more than 100 county fairs are held in Iowa. Some counties even host more than one. One of the largest is in Clay County. If you need a final fair fix before winter, whether it's for the food, livestock competitions, model trains, photography, ♪ or the free entertainment, the Clay County Fair is the place to go. It runs for nine days in September with attendance reaching the 300,000 mark. One burning question on my mind is, why does it take place during the school year? Jeremy: History, I guess, would be the easiest answer why it's so late. The fair was started in 1918, roughly in this time period, and it's just continued to this day. A chance for farmers, maybe, to do one final fun thing before they harvested was probably the plan a few years ago, and that tradition has just continued to this day. Dan: It's tradition for both the fair and the local school system. For example, the Midway isn't open unless school is out. Teacher: They're also a very quiet animal. They coo to her babies. Dan: Many schools incorporate the fair into their curriculum. Jeremy: We really focus on school kids. Our fair is during the school year, so we will have over 900 third and fourth graders from throughout Northwest Iowa here, at the fair, during the week. We're going to take them through educational field trips teaching them about Iowa agriculture, Iowa industry, and even entertain them a little bit. Dan: Over the years, ag competitions here have become more regional in scope, including participants from out of state. Jeremy: At the fair, we'll sometimes see 4-Hers from up to 40 Iowa counties here represented at the fair, as well as 16 counties in southwestern Minnesota. We've really kind of become a miniature state fair, if you will, as far as a regional place for competition. Dan: Speaking of large, Jeremy boasts the largest farm machinery show at any fair in the U.S. There are more than 150 ag vendors taking up some 30 acres of the fairgrounds. I was lucky enough to spend parts of two days at the fair, but that still wasn't enough time to see everything. I checked out the photography exhibit, where I enjoyed the creativity of more than 530 exhibitors with over 2200 photos. I was also told to be sure to visit the corn display in the ag building. A highlight for fairgoers of all ages seems to be the Smokey Mountain Central Railroad, a model train first brought to the fair in 1947 by the owner of a local radio station. Jim B.: In 1947, Mr. Sanders was the owner of the radio station KICD, and he had a booth at the Clay County Fair. The people in the next booth did not show up, so at noon, he went home and brought his model train HO Scale to the fair on a 4 by 8 sheet of plywood and set it up, and it was a big success. Dan: Needless to say, the exhibit has grown a lot since then. Jim B.: The display itself is 100 ft. long and 35 ft. wide. In 1999, there were 19 tracks. Now I have 23 tracks or 23 trains running. When we built this, Mr. Sanders told me, "Build them as a display, not as a working railroad." Because the kids want to see trains moving, not backing up, hooking up and unhooking. They want things moving. These trains run 11-12 hours a day for nine days straight. Dan: I went from trains to rains. No matter what the weather, I was intent on catching some of the live outdoor entertainment. I picked up a bite to eat and hunkered down under one of the five tent stages to listen to a polka band from Minnesota that plays a bit of country music too. ♪ Marv: It's going on 40 years. I've been playing ever since I been 14 years old. Dan: It was hard to leave this toe tapping music, but I wanted to move on to explore other fair favorites, like things to eat and drink. Many community non-profits offer indoor seating, and of course food row, where we watched hungry fairgoers chomping on their own fair picks. Melinda: I've come to the fair all my life, and I've never ordered a funnel cake and I finally decided it's time. It's fried and it's sweet. You can't go wrong. Dan: You can't go wrong by attending this northwest Iowa County Fair. It's been a grand tradition in this part of the state

Contents

History

When Clay County was created as Arkansas's 67th county on March 24, 1873 (along with Baxter County), it was named Clayton County, after John M. Clayton, then a member of the Arkansas Senate and a brother of then-U.S. Senator Powell Clayton,[3] though some sources suggest it may have been named for Powell Clayton instead.[4]

Two years later on December 6, 1875,[5] the county's name was shortened to "Clay" by the Arkansas General Assembly. Some claim it was renamed for the statesman Henry Clay,[3][4] while others say John M. Clayton remained its official namesake.[6] The name change apparently was inspired by lingering distrust of Powell Clayton, as he had declared martial law and suspended elections in the county in 1868 when he was Governor of Arkansas and it was still part of Greene County.[3]

The first county seat was Corning,[7] established in 1873, with the arrival of the St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern Railway, as the first incorporated town in the county. The county seat was moved to Boydsville in 1877, because people living east of the Black and Cache Rivers had difficulty getting to Corning during the flood season. However, this caused problems for those living west of the rivers, and in 1881 Corning was re-established as the seat of the Western District, with Boydsville remaining the seat for the Eastern District. With the arrival of the St. Louis, Arkansas and Texas Railroad in 1882, other towns such as Greenway, Rector and Piggott experienced growth. In 1887, the Eastern District seat was moved to Piggott, and the dual county seat system remains in place today.[8] Important county functions (such as the Quorum Court) alternate between Piggott and Corning as their venues.

In the early 20th century, Clay, Greene, and Craighead counties had sundown town policies forbidding African Americans from living in the area.[9]

On April 6, 1972, Sheriff Douglas Batey and deputies Glen Ray Archer and Troy Key were shot and killed while trying to serve a warrant on Bert Grissom. Grissom opened fire as soon as the men stepped out of their car. He later surrendered without resistance to another deputy, and was tried, convicted, and sentenced to life in prison. William Thomas Pond became sheriff, but he died in an automobile accident on June 8, 1973. Four of the five police officers who have lost their lives serving the Clay County Sheriff's Office died in these two incidents.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 641 square miles (1,660 km2), of which 639 square miles (1,660 km2) is land and 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2) (0.3%) is water.[10]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18807,213
189012,20069.1%
190015,88630.2%
191023,69049.1%
192027,27615.1%
193027,2780.0%
194028,3864.1%
195026,674−6.0%
196021,258−20.3%
197018,771−11.7%
198020,6169.8%
199018,107−12.2%
200017,609−2.8%
201016,083−8.7%
Est. 201614,920[11]−7.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
1790–1960[13] 1900–1990[14]
1990–2000[15] 2010–2016[1]
Age pyramid Clay County[16]
Age pyramid Clay County[16]

As of the 2000 census,[17] there were 17,609 people, 7,417 households, and 5,073 families residing in the county. The population density was 28 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 8,498 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.08% White, 0.19% Black or African American, 0.69% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.15% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. 0.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,417 households out of which 28.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.60% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.60% were non-families. 28.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.10% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 24.60% from 45 to 64, and 19.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,345, and the median income for a family was $32,558. Males had a median income of $24,375 versus $17,146 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,512. About 13.40% of families and 17.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.20% of those under age 18 and 22.70% of those age 65 or over.

Government

County officials

  • County Judge: Mike Patterson
  • County Clerk: Pat Poole
  • Sheriff & Collector: Terry Miller
  • Circuit Clerk: Janet Kilbreath
  • County Treasurer: Carolyn Morrisett
  • District Judge: David Copelin
  • Quorum Court Justices: David Cagle, Greg Ahrendt, Doyne Holifield, Joey Henderson, David Hatcher, Dennis Haynes, Mark Watson, & Burton Eddington, Jeff Douglas.
Presidential elections results
Clay County, Arkansas
voteby party in presidential elections [18]
Year GOP Dem Others
2016 72.71% 3,781 23.06% 1,199 4.23% 220
2012 63.11% 3,225 34.01% 1,738 2.88% 147
2008 55.02% 3,032 40.72% 2,244 4.26% 235
2004 45.26% 2,759 53.54% 3,264 1.20% 73
2000 38.20% 2,254 59.78% 3,527 2.02% 119
1996 25.79% 1,512 65.63% 3,848 8.58% 503
1992 23.26% 1,647 68.47% 4,848 8.26% 585
1988 44.33% 2,766 55.16% 3,442 0.51% 32
1984 53.02% 3,767 46.15% 3,279 0.83% 59
1980 42.17% 3,091 54.37% 3,985 3.46% 254
1976 25.05% 1,893 74.95% 5,664
1972 69.39% 4,381 30.61% 1,933 0.00% 0
1968 37.91% 2,410 26.16% 1,663 35.94% 2,285
1964 37.57% 1,999 61.64% 3,280 0.79% 42
1960 55.67% 2,543 41.77% 1,908 2.56% 117
1956 41.60% 1,711 57.57% 2,368 0.83% 34
1952 47.75% 2,105 51.66% 2,277 0.59% 26
1948 28.41% 878 66.94% 2,069 4.66% 144
1944 42.31% 1,422 57.54% 1,934 0.15% 5
1940 37.03% 1,029 60.31% 1,676 2.66% 74
1936 30.83% 795 68.94% 1,778 0.23% 6
1932 17.22% 397 82.00% 1,891 0.78% 18
1928 46.31% 1,254 52.99% 1,435 0.70% 19
1924 39.85% 1,084 52.54% 1,429 7.61% 207
1920 43.99% 1,536 50.83% 1,775 5.18% 181
1916 33.29% 973 66.71% 1,950 0.00% 0
1912 24.91% 622 52.02% 1,299 23.07% 576
1908 38.08% 1,009 57.62% 1,527 4.30% 114
1904 42.03% 752 54.11% 968 3.86% 69
1900 34.15% 627 65.09% 1,195 0.76% 14
1896 23.35% 475 75.57% 1,537 1.08% 22

Economy

Agriculture is the cornerstone of Clay County's economy. Farmers throughout the county grow a wide variety of crops. Rice is the dominant crop, but significant amounts of cotton, soybeans, corn, hay, and milo are also grown. Industry is limited to a handful of factories located in the cities of Piggott, Corning, and Rector.

Education

Public education of elementary and secondary school students is provided by:

Communities

[19]

Cities

Towns

Unincorporated community

Townships

Townships in Clay County, Arkansas as of 2010
Townships in Clay County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Clay County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. [20][21]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County & pie QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 20, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ a b c Clay County (Encyclopedia of Arkansas)
  4. ^ a b Brief History of Clay County, Arkansas (CouchGenWeb.com) Archived 2010-10-28 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Stout, Scot (2012-03-07). "Early History of the County Seats and Courthouses of Clay County, Arkansas". ARGenWeb: Arkansas Genealogy Resources Online. The ARGenWeb Project. Retrieved 2012-05-08.
  6. ^ Clay County (Local.Arkansas.gov) ("Senator James M. Clayton", probably referring to John M. Clayton)
  7. ^ http://www.argenweb.net/clay/
  8. ^ Rector Waterworks Building. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-28. Retrieved 2013-05-23.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link), Retrieved on May 23, 2013.
  9. ^ Neville, A. W. (March 2, 1945). "Backward Glances". The Paris News. Paris, Texas. p. 4 – via Newspapers.com. On the survey from Bird's Point, Mo., to Jonesboro, Ark., I had a Negro cook. As Negroes were not allowed to live in Clay, Greene and Craighead Counties, Ark., my cook was a curiosity to the children. The women used to bring the children to camp to see him.
  10. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  11. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  14. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  16. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  17. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  18. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  19. ^ https://ualr.edu/aedi/census-state-data-center/arkansas-census-data/
  20. ^ 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Clay County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2011-08-06.
  21. ^ "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 27, 2014.

This page was last edited on 12 May 2019, at 04:40
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