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Claude I. Bakewell

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Claude I. Bakewell
Claude Bakewell.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Missouri's 11th district
In office
January 3, 1947 – January 3, 1949
Preceded byJohn B. Sullivan
Succeeded byJohn B. Sullivan
In office
March 9, 1951 – January 3, 1953
Preceded byJohn B. Sullivan
Succeeded byMorgan M. Moulder
Personal details
Claude Ignatius Bakewell

August 9, 1912
St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.
DiedMarch 18, 1987(1987-03-18) (aged 74)
University City, Missouri, U.S.
Resting placeCalvary Cemetery
Political partyRepublican
Alma materSt. Louis University High School
Georgetown University
Saint Louis University School of Law

Claude Ignatius Bakewell (August 9, 1912 – March 18, 1987) was a lawyer, U.S. Representative from Missouri's 11th congressional district, and U.S. Postmaster for St. Louis, Missouri.

Early life and career

Born in St. Louis, Missouri, Bakewell was one of the five children of Paul Bakewell, Jr. and Mary Morgan (née Fullerton) Bakewell.[1][2] Mary Fullerton was reportedly "the richest girl" in St. Louis, a grand-niece of J. P. Morgan.[3] His grandfather, Paul Bakewell, was a patent and trademark lawyer in the firm Bakewell & Church whose wife was a granddaughter of the first Missouri governor Alexander McNair. Claude Bakewell's great-grandfather was a Missouri judge, Robert Armytage Bakewell, who was married to Nancy de Laureal.[1] Claude Bakewell graduated from St. Louis University High School and then in 1932 from Georgetown University. In 1935, he graduated from St. Louis University School of Law and became a lawyer in private practice.[4]

In the 25th Ward, he served as member of the board of aldermen of St. Louis, Missouri from 1941–45 and was chairman of the legislation committee.[5] From 1944 to 1946, Bakewell served in the United States Navy.[4]


Bakewell sat on the House Judiciary Committee while serving. In 1952, Bakewell was one of three representatives who opposed bringing an unamended bill by Representatives Joseph Bryson and Estes Kefauver to the House floor. That bill would have required royalty fees for jukeboxes that played music on disks.[6] Bakewell was the only Republican who signed the minority report of House Bill 4484, a quitclaim bill regarding tidelands, because he felt that it empowered Congress to remove the sovereignty of U.S. public lands rather than disposing of the lands themselves.[7]

Responding to an anti-segregation plan by the St. Louis Committee of Racial Equality by sending interracial dining groups to three mall restaurants, Bakewell wrote: "It appears utterly inconsistent that the department stores would welcome the patronage of a large segment of the population at all counters and in all departments but would arbitrarily exclude them from the dining facilities."[8]

Electoral history

Bakewell was elected as a Republican to the 80th United States Congress in 1946. Phyllis Schlafly, conservative activist and founder of Eagle Forum, managed Bakewell's 1946 campaign.[9] However, Bakewell lost his 1948 re-election bid to John B. Sullivan, a Democrat.

Following the death of Sullivan, Bakewell was re-elected to the 11th district seat in a special election in March 1951. Bakewell linked his Democratic opponent Harry Schendel to the political machine dominated by Morris Shenker and Larry Callanan; Democrats whom they backed usually won most elections.[10] As it was the midst of the Second Red Scare, Bakewell also labeled Schendel a "stooge" of the political action committee of the Congress of Industrial Organizations, a committee he considered "Moscow-inspired."[11] Bakewell won the election by 6,187 votes, and his victory was hailed as a defeat of an otherwise powerful political machine.[12] However, Bakewell lost the regular 1952 election to Sullivan's widow, Leonor K. Sullivan. To date, he is the last Republican to represent a significant portion of St. Louis in the House.

After Congress

From 1958-82, Bakewell was the postmaster for St. Louis.[13] He died in University City, Missouri on March 18, 1987, aged 74, and was interred at Calvary Cemetery in St. Louis.[4]


  1. ^ a b Centennial history of Missouri: (the center state) one hundred years in the Union, 1820-1921, Volume 4. S.J. Clarke Publishing Company. 1921. p. 545.
  2. ^ "Delta Theta Phi Politician members in Missouri". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
  3. ^ "Miss Fullerton Weds" (PDF). The New York Times. June 3, 1909. p. 9.
  4. ^ a b c "Bakewell, Claude Ignatius". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. United States Congress. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
  5. ^ "St. Louis Cuts License Tax Drastically on All Machines", Billboard, 55 (36), p. 78, September 4, 1943, ISSN 0006-2510
  6. ^ "ASCAP to Revive Drive for Juke Box Royalty", Billboard, 64 (29), pp. 21, 73, July 19, 1952, ISSN 0006-2510
  7. ^ Bartley, Ernest R. (1979). The Tidelands oil controversy. Ayer Publishing. pp. 220–221. ISBN 0-405-11368-4.
  8. ^ Kimbrough, Mary; Dagen, Margaret W. (2000). Victory without violence: the first ten years of the St. Louis Committee of Racial Equality (CORE), 1947-1957. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press. pp. 52–53. ISBN 0-8262-1303-0.
  9. ^ Critchlow, Donald T. (2005). Phyllis Schlafly and grassroots conservatism: a woman's crusade. Princeton University Press. pp. 28–29. ISBN 0-691-07002-4.
  10. ^ Stein, Lana (2002). St. Louis politics: the triumph of tradition. St. Louis: Missouri History Museum. p. 81. ISBN 1-883982-44-8.
  11. ^ Fried, Richard M. (1991). Nightmare in red: the McCarthy era in perspective. Oxford University Press USA. p. 64. ISBN 0-19-504361-8.
  12. ^ "National Affairs: Gamblers: Note", Time, 47 (12), March 19, 1951
  13. ^ "A former U.S. representative and..." Orlando Sentinel. March 20, 1987.
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
John B. Sullivan
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Missouri's 11th congressional district

Succeeded by
John B. Sullivan
Preceded by
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Missouri's 11th congressional district

Succeeded by
Morgan M. Moulder
This page was last edited on 21 May 2019, at 07:27
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