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Clarendon, Texas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Clarendon, Texas
City
Clarendon welcome sign on U.S. Highway 287
Clarendon welcome sign on U.S. Highway 287
Location of Clarendon, Texas
Location of Clarendon, Texas
Donley County Clarendon.svg
Coordinates: 34°56′11″N 100°53′28″W / 34.93639°N 100.89111°W / 34.93639; -100.89111
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyDonley
Area
 • Total3.0 sq mi (7.8 km2)
 • Land2.9 sq mi (7.5 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation
2,733 ft (833 m)
Population
 • Total2,026
 • Density698/sq mi (269.5/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
79226
Area code(s)806
FIPS code48-15112[1]
GNIS feature ID1354555[2]
Having been closed in 1984, the Sandell Drive-in theater reopened in August 2002.
Having been closed in 1984, the Sandell Drive-in theater reopened in August 2002.
Map of the city in 1890
Map of the city in 1890
The grain elevator in Clarendon
The grain elevator in Clarendon
The streets of Clarendon
The streets of Clarendon

Clarendon is a city in Donley County, Texas, United States. The population was 2,026 at the 2010 census.[3] The county seat of Donley County,[4] Clarendon is located on U.S. Highway 287 in the Texas Panhandle, 60 miles (97 km) east of Amarillo.

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  • ✪ Five minutes to Clarendon, Texas on US Highway 287 North
  • ✪ Cinema City: Clarendon and the Mulkey

Transcription

Contents

History

Before the rise of Amarillo, Clarendon, along with Mobeetie in Wheeler County, and Tascosa in Oldham County, was one of the three original Panhandle settlements. Established in 1878, Clarendon moved after it was bypassed by the Fort Worth and Denver Railroad.[5]

The town founder was a Methodist clergyman, L.H. Carhart, who envisioned a "sobriety settlement" in contrast to typical boomtowns of that era. Clarendon acquired the sobriquet "Saints Roost" from local cowboys; hence the unusual name of the Clarendon museum, the Saints' Roost Museum.[6]

The Sandell Drive-In, built by Gary Barnhill (born 1920) and named after his daughters, Sandra and Adele, opened on Texas State Highway 70 in 1955 and closed in 1984. In 2001, John Earl Morrow (born around 1954), a Clarendon resident and owner of Morrow Drilling and Service, purchased the property from the Barnhills and in August 2002 reopened the drive-in. The facility, which can handle 300 cars, is operated by Morrow and volunteers during the summers. Morrow was motivated to bring back the facility because he had viewed films there during his childhood.[7]

Geography

Clarendon is located southwest of the center of Donley County at 34°56′11″N 100°53′28″W / 34.93639°N 100.89111°W / 34.93639; -100.89111 (34.936415, −100.891182).[8] U.S. Highway 287 passes through the city, leading west 60 miles (97 km) to Amarillo and southeast 57 miles (92 km) to Childress. Texas State Highway 70 leads north 17 miles (27 km) to Interstate 40 and south 42 miles (68 km) to Turkey.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2), of which 2.9 square miles (7.5 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2), or 3.49%, is covered by water.[3]

Climate

Climate data for Clarendon, Texas (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 52.8
(11.6)
56.3
(13.5)
64.5
(18.1)
73.3
(22.9)
81.4
(27.4)
89.1
(31.7)
94.3
(34.6)
93.0
(33.9)
85.2
(29.6)
74.6
(23.7)
62.9
(17.2)
52.6
(11.4)
73.3
(22.9)
Average low °F (°C) 23.8
(−4.6)
27.2
(−2.7)
34.4
(1.3)
42.9
(6.1)
53.3
(11.8)
62.2
(16.8)
66.2
(19.0)
65.0
(18.3)
56.9
(13.8)
44.9
(7.2)
33.4
(0.8)
24.6
(−4.1)
44.6
(7.0)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.70
(18)
0.80
(20)
1.48
(38)
2.26
(57)
3.23
(82)
3.55
(90)
2.13
(54)
3.02
(77)
2.54
(65)
2.20
(56)
1.04
(26)
0.95
(24)
23.96
(609)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 1.8
(4.6)
0.7
(1.8)
0.8
(2.0)
0.3
(0.76)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.4
(1.0)
2.2
(5.6)
6.2
(16)
Source: NOAA[9]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890949
19101,946
19202,45626.2%
19302,75612.2%
19402,431−11.8%
19502,5776.0%
19602,172−15.7%
19701,974−9.1%
19802,22012.5%
19902,067−6.9%
20001,974−4.5%
20102,0262.6%
Est. 20161,857[10]−8.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

As of the census[1] of 2000, 1,974 people, 768 households, and 489 families resided in the city. The population density was 679.0 people per square mile (261.9/km²). The 929 housing units averaged of 319.5 per square mile (123.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.49% White, 7.19% African American, 0.76% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 2.99% from other races, and 1.42% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 6.23% of the population.

Of the 768 households, 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.3% were not families. About 34.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 20.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the city, the population was distributed as 23.5% under the age of 18, 13.9% from 18 to 24, 21.7% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,824, and for a family was $37,083. Males had a median income of $25,486 versus $18,882 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,436. About 11.2% of families and 15.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.0% of those under age 18 and 19.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Clarendon is served by the Clarendon Consolidated Independent School District. The school colors are maroon, white, and black.[12] The school mascot is the Bronco.

Clarendon is home to Clarendon College (established 1898), the oldest center of higher education in the Texas Panhandle. It was originally affiliated with the Methodist Church. The college is located off Highway 287 in north Clarendon. The mascot is the bulldog. The colors are green and white.[13]

The Saints' Roost Museum houses artifacts of the early years of Clarendon and features exhibits on Goodnight, Bugbee, the Red River War, and the Fort Worth and Denver Railway depot.

The local newspaper is the Clarendon Enterprise.

Notable people

Clarendon has been the home of numerous notable persons.

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Clarendon city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. ^ Lester Fields Sheffy, The Life and Times of Timothy Dwight Hobart, 1855-1935: Colonization of West Texas (Canyon, Texas: Panhandle-Plains Historical Society, 1950), p. 156
  6. ^ Texas Online: Clarendon, Texas Archived May 9, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "Sandell Drive-In". cinematreasures.org. Retrieved August 19, 2010.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ "NOWData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 5, 2013.
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ Website. www.clarendon.k12.tx.us
  13. ^ http://www.clarendoncollege.edu
  14. ^ C. H. Long, Jr., exhibit, Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum at Canyon
  15. ^ Tulsa World: Deaths
  16. ^ "Collection Title: Samuel Hollingsworth Stout Papers, 1843-1911". The Southern Historical Collection at the Louis Round Wilson Special Collections Library. UNC University Libraries. Retrieved June 4, 2017.

External links

This page was last edited on 8 March 2019, at 22:07
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