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Claremont, California

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Claremont, California
Clockwise from top: Verbal Building in the Claremont Village; Bridges Hall of Music at Pomona College; Scripps College; Pomona's academic quad; The Webb Schools; Pomona's Carnegie Library
Flag of Claremont, California
Nickname(s): 
City of Trees and PhDs[1]
Location of Claremont in Los Angeles County, California
Location of Claremont in Los Angeles County, California
Claremont is located in the Los Angeles metropolitan area
Claremont
Claremont
Location of Claremont in Los Angeles County, California
Claremont is located in California
Claremont
Claremont
Location of Claremont in California
Claremont is located in the United States
Claremont
Claremont
Location of Claremont in the USA
Coordinates: 34°6′36″N 117°43′11″W / 34.11000°N 117.71972°W / 34.11000; -117.71972
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountyLos Angeles
IncorporatedOctober 3, 1907[2]
Government
 • TypeCouncil–manager[3]
 • MayorSal Medina[4]
 • Mayor Pro TemCorey Calaycay
 • City Council
  • Ed Reece
  • Jed Leano
  • Jennifer Stark
 • City ManagerAdam Pirrie
Area
 • Total13.47 sq mi (34.89 km2)
 • Land13.34 sq mi (34.54 km2)
 • Water0.14 sq mi (0.35 km2)  1.03%
Elevation1,168 ft (356 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total37,266
 • Density2,794.60/sq mi (1,079.01/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP Code
91711
Area code909
FIPS code06-13756
GNIS feature IDs1652685, 2409465
Commuter railClaremont
Websitewww.ci.claremont.ca.us

Claremont (/ˈklɛərmɒnt/) is a suburban city in Los Angeles County, California, United States, 30 miles (48 km) east of Los Angeles. It lies in the eastern portion of the county, in Pomona Valley, at the foothills of the San Gabriel Mountains. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 34,926,[7] and in 2020 the population was 37,266.[8]

Claremont is home to the Claremont Colleges and other educational institutions, and the city is known for its tree-lined streets with numerous historic buildings.[9] Because of this, it is sometimes referred to as "The City of Trees and Ph.Ds."[1] It was named the best suburb in the West by Sunset Magazine in 2016, which described it as a "small city that blends worldly sophistication with small-town appeal."[10][11] In 2018, Niche rated Claremont as the 17th best place to live in the Los Angeles area out of 658 communities it evaluated, based on crime, cost of living, job opportunities, and local amenities.[12]

The city is primarily residential, with a significant portion of its commercial activity located in "The Village," a popular collection of street-front small stores, boutiques, art galleries, offices, and restaurants adjacent to and west of the Claremont Colleges. The Village was expanded in 2007, adding a controversial[13][14] multi-use development that includes an indie cinema, a boutique hotel, retail space, offices, and a parking structure on the site of an old citrus packing plant west of Indian Hill Boulevard. Claremont also hosts several large retirement communities.[15]

Claremont has been a winner of the National Arbor Day Association's Tree City USA award for 22 consecutive years. When the city incorporated in 1907, local citizens started what has become the city's tree-planting tradition. Claremont is one of the few remaining places in North America with American Elm trees that have not been exposed to Dutch elm disease. The stately trees line Indian Hill Boulevard in the vicinity of the city's Memorial Park.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • The History of Claremont, ( Los Angeles County ) California !!! U.S. History and Unknowns
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  • MAH00129 Claremont, California 2012
  • A Mini Tour of Claremont Village
  • San Gabriel Mountains, North of Claremont, California

Transcription

History

An early twentieth century map showing the city of Claremont and the site of the former Tongva village called "Indian Hill" (top right)[16]
See caption
President Theodore Roosevelt speaks at Pomona College in 1903.

Prior to the establishment of the city of Claremont, the area was frequented by the Serrano, Cahuilla, and Tongva for thousands of years.[16] The Tongva established villages in the area as early as 7000 B.C. and thrived from the freshwater of what the Spanish would call the San Antonio Creek.[16] One well-documented Tongva village, known as Torojoatngna,[17] was located at a place called "Indian Hill" by early American settlers.[16] The village was active until the nineteenth century, housing nearly 200 residents in 1870, yet was eventually abandoned after being ravaged by a smallpox epidemic by 1883.[16]

The city of Claremont was first mapped out by developers in a land boom precipitated by the arrival of transcontinental railroads to Southern California.[18] It was likely named after Claremont, New Hampshire.[19] The early history of the city was closely tied to that of Pomona College, which moved there in 1889.[20] In 1902, a town meeting vote established that east–west streets would be numbered and north–south streets named after colleges and universities.[21] The city was incorporated in 1907.[22]

The citrus groves and open space which once dominated the northern portion of the city have been replaced by residential developments of large homes.[19] Construction of Stone Canyon Preserve, one of the final residential tract developments in the north of the city, commenced in 2003 as part of a complicated agreement between Pomona and the City of Claremont which resulted in the creation of the 1,740-acre (7.0 km2) Wilderness Park. The foothill area also includes the Padua Hills Theatre (a historic site constructed in 1930) and the Claraboya residential area.

Geography

Rolling hills in a Mediterranean climate
Claremont Hills Wilderness Park

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.35 square miles (34.6 km2), of which 13.3 square miles (34 km2) is land and 0.05 square miles (0.13 km2) (1.03%) is water. Claremont is located at the eastern end of Los Angeles County and borders the cities of Upland and Montclair in San Bernardino County, as well as the cities of Pomona and La Verne in Los Angeles County. It is geographically located in the Pomona Valley.[23] Claremont is approximately 30 miles (48 km) east of downtown Los Angeles.

Climate

Claremont has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa). During the summer, temperatures may get very hot, sometimes rising above 100 °F (38 °C). In the autumn, Claremont can experience the gusty "Santa Ana Winds", which can bring fire danger to nearby foothill areas. As winter comes along, most of the city's annual rainfall occurs, which is typical around the Los Angeles metropolitan area. Snow is rare in Claremont, but can be viewed in the nearby San Gabriel Mountains in the winter. In the late spring, Claremont can receive many overcast days due to the strong onshore flow from the ocean. This is typically called "May Gray" or "June Gloom" in the region.

Climate data for Claremont, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 68
(20)
69
(21)
71
(22)
76
(24)
79
(26)
84
(29)
90
(32)
92
(33)
89
(32)
80
(27)
74
(23)
68
(20)
78.0
(25.6)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 43
(6)
45
(7)
47
(8)
49
(9)
54
(12)
58
(14)
62
(17)
62
(17)
60
(16)
55
(13)
47
(8)
42
(6)
52
(11)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.11
(79)
4.76
(121)
2.63
(67)
1.20
(30)
0.23
(5.8)
0.09
(2.3)
0
(0)
0.03
(0.76)
0.15
(3.8)
1.05
(27)
1.62
(41)
2.45
(62)
17.32
(439.66)
Source: [24]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
19302,719
19403,05712.4%
19506,327107.0%
196012,63399.7%
197024,77696.1%
198031,02825.2%
199032,5034.8%
200033,9984.6%
201034,9262.7%
202037,2666.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[25]

2010

The 2010 United States Census[26] reported that Claremont had a population of 34,926. The population density was 2,589.7 inhabitants per square mile (999.9/km2). The racial makeup of Claremont was 24,666 (70.6%) White (58.9% Non-Hispanic White),[27] 1,651 (4.7%) African American, 172 (0.5%) Native American, 4,564 (13.1%) Asian, 38 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 2,015 (5.8%) from other races, and 1,820 (5.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 6,919 persons (19.8%).

The Census reported that 29,802 people (85.3% of the population) lived in households, 4,926 (14.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 198 (0.6%) were institutionalized.

There were 11,608 households, out of which 3,576 (30.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 6,305 (54.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,223 (10.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 397 (3.4%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 429 (3.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 138 (1.2%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2,957 households (25.5%) were made up of individuals, and 1,556 (13.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57. There were 7,925 families (68.3% of all households); the average family size was 3.1.

The population was spread out, with 6,459 people (18.5%) under the age of 18, 6,778 people (19.4%) aged 18 to 24, 6,940 people (19.9%) aged 25 to 44, 8,979 people (25.7%) aged 45 to 64, and 5,770 people (16.5%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.7 males.

There were 12,156 housing units at an average density of 901.3 units per square mile (348.0 units/km2), of which 7,700 (66.3%) were owner-occupied, and 3,908 (33.7%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.9%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.5%. 21,209 people (60.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 8,593 people (24.6%) lived in rental housing units.

During 2009–13, Claremont had a median household income of $87,324, with 7.2% of the population living below the federal poverty line.[27]

2000

As of the census[28] of 2000, there were 33,998 people, 11,281 households, and 7,806 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,586.6 inhabitants per square mile (998.7/km2).[citation needed] There were 11,559 housing units at an average density of 879.4 units per square mile (339.5 units/km2).[citation needed] The racial makeup of the city was 73.48% White, 15.36% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race, 11.51% Asian, 4.98% Black or African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 5.2% from other races, and 4.14% from two or more races.[citation needed]

31.3% of households included children under the age of 18.[citation needed] 55.7% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.8% were non-families.[citation needed] 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.[citation needed] The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.08.[citation needed]

The population was widely distributed in age, with 20.7% under the age of 18, 18.6% from 18 to 24, 22.8% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% 65 years of age or older.[citation needed] The median age was 36 years.[citation needed] For every 100 females, there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.1 males.[citation needed]

According to a 2009 estimate, the median household income was $83,342 and the median family income was $107,287.[29] The per capita income for the city was $39,648.[citation needed] About 3.5% of families and 5.4% of individuals were below the poverty line.[citation needed]

German (12.0%) and English (11.6%) were the most common ancestries according to the 2000 census.[citation needed] Mexico (12.7%) and Taiwan (11%) were the most common foreign places of birth.[30]

Economy

The Verbal Building
The Verbal Building in the Claremont Village, used today as a restaurant
The Claremont Packing House, a former citrus packing facility now filled with shops

Top employers

According to the city's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[31] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of employees
1 Claremont Colleges 3,000
2 Claremont Unified School District 750
3 HiRel Connectors 300
4 City of Claremont 259
5 Claremont Auto Center 240
6 Claremont Manor 230
7 Technip Energies 205
8 Pilgrim Place 180
9 Indian Hill Nursing 124
10 The Webb Schools 119

Arts and culture

A mountain dulcimer jam in Shelton Park

Claremont has been praised for its vibrant arts and culture scene.[32]

Each year, Claremont holds a springtime folk music festival, hosted by the Folk Music Center Store and Museum.[citation needed] The 35th event took place in May 2018.[needs update][citation needed]

Local museums include the Raymond M. Alf Museum of Paleontology at The Webb Schools (the only high school in the United States to own and host a nationally accredited museum on campus[33]) and the Benton Museum of Art at Pomona College.[citation needed]

Each July, Ophelia's Jump Productions presents their annual Midsummer Shakespeare Festival at The Sontag Outdoor Theatre in Pomona College.[citation needed] Productions are performed in repertory with local community and civic events and festivities.[citation needed]

Guitars at the Claremont Folk Music Center

The Claremont Village hosts a Pie Day Festival every March 14.[citation needed] In past years, attendees could collect pie recipes as they walked around downtown Claremont and checked out different stores.[34]

In 2019, Claremont made national news after the Claremont United Methodist Church unveiled a nativity scene depicting Joseph, Mary, and baby Jesus separated and locked up in individual chain-link pens.[citation needed] This was done to reflect the plight of immigrants and asylum seekers on the U.S. Southern Border in 2019.[citation needed] The church had constructed similarly non-traditional nativity scenes in prior years.[35]

Points of interest

Steps and courtyard of Padua Hills Theatre
Padua Hills Theatre

Government

Entrance to Claremont City Hall
City Hall

In the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors, Claremont is in the Fifth District, represented by Kathryn Barger.[41]

In the California State Legislature, Claremont is in the 25th Senate District, represented by Anthony Portantino since 2016, and in the 41st Assembly District, represented by Chris Holden since 2012.[42]

In the United States House of Representatives, Claremont is in California's  28th congressional district, represented by Democrat Judy Chu following 2022 redistricting.[43] Claremont was previously represented by Republican David Dreier,[44] who served from 1981 to 2013. Claremont was also represented by President Richard Nixon when he was a member of the House of Representatives from 1947 to 1950, prior to his becoming a United States senator.[citation needed]

Education

Public schools

Claremont High School's gymnasium

Claremont's school district is known as the Claremont Unified School District (CUSD).[citation needed] It has seven elementary schools, one intermediate school, El Roble, and two high schools, Claremont High School (CHS) and San Antonio High School.[citation needed]

Private schools (non-tertiary)

The other high school in Claremont is The Webb Schools, a collective name for two private college preparatory schools for grades 9–12, founded by Thompson Webb in 1922.[citation needed] The two schools, officially the Webb School of California (boys' school) and the Vivian Webb School (girls' school), share the same campus in northwest Claremont.[citation needed] Within the campus is the Vivian Webb Chapel, which began initial construction in 1939.[citation needed] It was built by the founder to his wife, Vivian.[citation needed] The Kimberly Bell Tower was added to the chapel in 1955.[45] The Webb Schools is also home to the Raymond M. Alf Museum of Paleontology, America's only accredited museum located on a high school campus.[citation needed]

Post-secondary

Courtyard in a dormitory at Scripps College, the women's college of the Claremont Colleges

Private educational institutions host approximately 6,500 students every year from across the country and around the world.[citation needed] The Claremont Colleges, a consortium of seven schools of higher education, include five undergraduate institutions—Pomona College (founded in 1887), Scripps College (1926), Claremont McKenna College (1946), Harvey Mudd College (1955), and Pitzer College (1963)—and two graduate institutions—Claremont Graduate University (1925) and the Keck Graduate Institute of Applied Life Sciences (1997).[citation needed] All of these schools are consistently rated among the best in the nation.[citation needed]

Just north of Foothill Boulevard is the college-owned Robert J. Bernard Field Station, which preserves natural coastal sage scrub on its property.[citation needed] Claremont Lincoln University shares some resources with the Claremont Colleges, but is a separate entity.[citation needed] Claremont School of Theology is a school of theology formerly affiliated with the Claremont Colleges.[citation needed] In May 2023, the school moved from its Claremont campus to the Westwood Methodist Church in Los Angeles.[citation needed]

Media

The Claremont Courier is widely regarded as Claremont's newspaper of record.[46] In 2018, the Courier was named the top community newspaper in California by the California News Publisher's Association.[47] In addition, Claremont High School's students produce the student newspaper The Wolfpacket, with support and printing services from the Courier.[48]

There are also several media outlets based at the Claremont Colleges, including The Student Life, the oldest college newspaper in Southern California,[49] and the radio station KSPC.[50]

Infrastructure

Post office

Transportation

Claremont Train Station, a Spanish Renaissance-style building
Former train depot, now an art museum

Commuter train service to Claremont is provided by Metrolink from the Claremont Metrolink Station.[citation needed] The station is on the San Bernardino Line, with trains traveling to Los Angeles Union Station (west) and San Bernardino – Downtown (east) 19 times on weekdays (20 on Fridays), 10 times on Saturdays, and seven times on Sundays.[51] Claremont's train station is known as the Claremont Depot.[citation needed]

Claremont is also planned to eventually connect with the Metro A Line on the Foothill Extension Project, but this station is currently unfunded.[52] This extension will also provide service to L.A. Union Station via Pasadena.[citation needed]

FlixBus utilizes a stop adjacent to the Claremont Metrolink Station.[citation needed]

The local transit bus service Foothill Transit covers Claremont and several other cities in the eastern San Gabriel Valley.[53]

Notable people

See also

References

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  2. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  3. ^ "Introduction to Claremont's City Government". City of Claremont. Archived from the original on December 19, 2014. Retrieved March 25, 2015.
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  5. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 30, 2021.
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  9. ^ "Los Angeles County Library - Frequently Asked Questions: Claremont". Archived from the original on December 14, 2010. Retrieved February 7, 2007.
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