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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Clara Mordan
Portrait of Clara Mordan by Henry Tanworth Wells
Portrait of Clara Mordan by Henry Tanworth Wells
Born (1844-09-28)28 September 1844
Southwark, London
Died 22 January 1915(1915-01-22) (aged 70)
Bexhill-on-Sea, East Sussex
Nationality United Kingdom
Known for benefactor to the Women's Social and Political Union and St Hugh's College, Oxford
Partner(s) Mary Gray Allen

Clara Mordan (28 September, 1844 – 22 January, 1915) was a British suffragist and benefactor to the Women's Social and Political Union and St Hugh's College, Oxford.

Life

Mordan was born in Southwark to a family who owned a company who made propelling pencils. She was the eldest of the two daughters of Augustus and Elizabeth Jane Mordan. Her sister Ada married and had children but Clara was concerned that marriage would mean surrendering the control of her money to her husband. She was engaged but her attentions turned to the cause of women's rights. She was inspired by a lecture by John Stuart Mill in 1866. Mordan was given a lot of financial freedom by her father and she established her own home and household.[1]

After 1880 she joined the London Women's Suffrage Society and the Central Society for Women's Suffrage. Despite suffering from tuberculosis she served on their executive committees, had letterheads made with "Votes for Women on them, and she was generous with her funding to these causes.[1]

1897 saw her second interest develop. She heard a paper read by Annie Rogers in London about the need for better women's education. This was just after a proposal to allow women to be awarded degrees was defeated.[2] Mordan had no formal education; she is thought to have been educated at home by governesses, but she wanted to support the idea. She set out with her friend Mary Gray Allen to decide the best deserving college and St Hugh's College, Oxford was identified. She contracted to supply an annuity of £40 per annum to fund a scholarship on the condition that there was no vivisection involved in the recipients research.[1]

 Clara Evelyn Mordan by unknown artist
Clara Evelyn Mordan by unknown artist
 Miss Mordan to speak in 1901
Miss Mordan to speak in 1901

In 1901 her father died. She was now the only child and he left £117,000.[3] In 1906 after many years of interest she joined the militant Women's Social and Political Union which was led by Emmeline Pankhurst, but it was a speech by Annie Kenney that inspired her. Moreover she has the distinction of being their first benefactor of their newly founded WSPU campaign fund.[2] Annie Kenney went round to see her after the event to thank her for the twenty pounds she had sent them towards their expenses.[3]

She spoke on their behalf and attended protest meetings. The 1908 WSPU procession was said to be mainly funded by Mordan and when the protesters reached Hyde Park they listened to speeches including one by Mordan.[2] She funded a variety of projects from a WSPU Art exhibition at the Prince's Skating Club in 1909 to $200 set aside for a "return to militancy" in 1912.[3]

Mordan was invited to Eagle House in Batheaston[3] on 27 April 1910 to plant a holly tree.[4] Eagle House was where Mary Blathwayt's family entertained visitors at their "Suffragette's Rest". Many notable supporters were invited to the house. Emily Blathwayt planted trees and shrubs in "Annie's Arboretum" to commemorate achievements and her husband recorded these in photographs. The arboreturm was named after Annie Kenney and she had a room at Eagle House.[5]

Death and legacy

With Mordan's backing, St Hugh's College, Oxford bought a house called "The Mount" from University College and began to move to their new permanent site in 1913.[6] The house was demolished to make way for the Main Building of the college which was funded by Mordan. Mordan died in Bexhill-on-Sea in 1915. She was given regular updates and in reply she had said that the college was one of her proudest achievements.[2] St Hughes College named their new library Mordan Hall in recognition of her contributions to the college.[6] Mordan left most of her wealth to Mary Gray Allen who had shared her life. When Allen died she left a large bequest to St Hugh's college.

References

  1. ^ a b c Deborah Quare, ‘Mordan, Clara Evelyn (1844–1915)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 19 Nov 2017
  2. ^ a b c d Penny Griffin (30 June 1986). St Hugh’s: One Hundred Years of Women’s Education in Oxford. Palgrave Macmillan UK. pp. 32–34. ISBN 978-1-349-07725-0. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Clara Mordan". Spartacus Educational. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  4. ^ "Ilex Aquifolium - (small leaved silver holly) 1910, Blathwayt, Col Linley". Bath in Time, Images of Bath online. Retrieved 2018-04-02. 
  5. ^ Hannam, June (Winter 2002). "Suffragette Photographs" (PDF). Regional Historian (8). 
  6. ^ a b St Hugh's College Spring Newsletter 2011; p.9-13
This page was last edited on 2 April 2018, at 15:57.
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