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Civil awards and decorations of Albania

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Decorations, medals and titles of Albania, from top-center clockwise: 1. "Gjergj Kastrioti Skënderbeu" decoration 2. "Mother Teresa" decoration 3. "Honor of the Nation" order 4. Medal for "Military Services" 5. "Golden Eagle" decoration 6. "Grand Master" order 7. Medal of Graditude 8. Order for "Special Civil Services" 9. "Naim Frashëri" title 10. "National Flag" decoration
Decorations, medals and titles of Albania, from top-center clockwise:
1. "Gjergj Kastrioti Skënderbeu" decoration 2. "Mother Teresa" decoration 3. "Honor of the Nation" order 4. Medal for "Military Services" 5. "Golden Eagle" decoration 6. "Grand Master" order 7. Medal of Graditude 8. Order for "Special Civil Services" 9. "Naim Frashëri" title 10. "National Flag" decoration

Civil awards and decorations of Albania are awards and decorations that have been bestowed in Albania since its declaration of independence in 1912.

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Transcription

Contents

History

The first decoration to be given in modern Albania is considered to be the Order of the Black Eagle, which was granted by the Principality of Albania in 1913.[1]

In 1925, Ahmet Zogu, while President of Albania, instituted the Order of Skanderbeg. In 1926, he established the Order of Fidelity, also known as the Order of Besa.[1]

Several laws were passed during Communist Albania. In 1960, the law On the creation of the honorary titles in the arts sector (Albanian: Mbi krijimin e titujve të nderit në sektorin e arteve) was passed by the Parliament of Albania.[2]

In 1980, another law, entitled On the honorary titles and decorations in the Socialist People's Republic of Albania (Albanian: Për titujt e nderit dhe dekoratat e Republikës Popullore Socialiste të Shqipërisë), amended the 1960 law.[3]

In 1996, the Parliament of Albania passed the law entitled On the decorations in the Republic of Albania (Albanian: Për dekoratat në Republikën e Shqipërisë).[4] An addition to the 1996 law was made in 2001.[5] A regulation on the awarding of the decorations was issued afterwards by President Alfred Moisiu. [6]

List of civil awards in Albania

Prior to 1945

1945–1990

97 different types of awards were given in Communist Albania during 1945–1990. [7]

The main awards were the following:[2][3]

  1. People's Hero of Albania
  2. Hero of Socialist Labour (Albania) (discontinued after 1990)
  3. People's Sculptor of Albania (discontinued after 1990)
  4. People's Teacher of Albania (discontinued after 1990)
  5. Merited Teacher of Albania (discontinued after 1990)
  6. Merited Artists of Albania (discontinued after 1990)
  7. People's Artist of Albania (discontinued after 1990)
  8. National Order of Flag (Urdhri i Flamurit Kombëtar) continued even post 1990
  9. Skanderbeg's Order (Urdhri “Gjergj Kastrioti Skënderbeu”) continued even post 1990
  10. Naim Frashëri Order (Urdhri “Naim Frashëri”) continued even post 1990

Post 1990

The following additional civil awards and decorations were instituted by special law of 1996:[4][dead link]

  1. Honor of Nation Order (Urdhri “Nderi i Kombit” )
  2. National Flag Order (Dekorata e Flamurit Kombëtar)
  3. Mother Teresa Order (Urdhri “Nënë Tereza”)
  4. Grand Master of Work Order (Urdhri “Mjeshtër i Madh i Punës”)
  5. Golden Medal of the Eagle (“Medalja e Artë e Shqiponjës”)
  6. Military Services Medal (Medalja “Për Shërbime Ushtarake”)
  7. Particular Civil Merits Medal (Medalja “Për Merita të Veçanta Civile”)
  8. Martyr of Democracy Medal (Medalja “Martir i Demokracisë”)
  9. Lantern of Democracy Medal (Medalja “Pishtar i Demokracisë”)
  10. Medal of Gratitude (“Medalja e Mirënjohjes”)
  11. Governor's Award (Albania)

References

  1. ^ a b Brunga, Mark (September 27, 2012). "Urdhri i Shqiponjes se Zeze dekorata e pare e shteti shqiptar". Gazeta e Durresit.
  2. ^ a b Parliament of Albania. "LIGJI  Nr.3171, Datë 26.10.1960   Mbi krijimin e titujve të nderit në sektorin e arteve" (in Albanian). Parliament of Albania. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 14 August 2010.
  3. ^ a b Parliament of Albania. "Ligj Nr.6133, datë 12.2.1980  Për titujt e nderit dhe dekoratat e Republikës Popullore Socialiste të Shqipërisë" (in Albanian). Parliament of Albania. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 14 August 2010.
  4. ^ a b Parliament of Albania1996 (March 28, 1996). "Per dekoratat ne Republiken e Shqiperise" (PDF) (in Albanian). Parliament of Albania. Retrieved 14 August 2010.
  5. ^ Parliament of Albania 2001. "Additions and changes on the Law number 8113 of 1996 "On decorations in the Republic of Albania"" (PDF) (in Albanian). Parliament of Albania. Retrieved 14 August 2010.
  6. ^ Alfred Moisiu, President of Albania. "Regulation on the procedure of awarding decorations and honorary titles from the President of the Republic of Albania" (PDF) (in Albanian). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 3, 2012. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  7. ^ Gaszewski, Lukasz. "Orders and Medals of the People's Republic of Albania (1945-76) and People's Socialist Republic of Albania (1976-90)". Based on The Decorations of Socialist Albania by Eric R. Schena. Retrieved 14 August 2010.

Further reading

This page was last edited on 9 February 2019, at 08:36
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