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>> Good afternoon. Good afternoon. If I could ask you to take your seats. Good afternoon everyone, and welcome to the National Archives. On behalf of the Archivist of the United States, I am Patrick Madden, the Executive Director of the National Archives Foundation. I can't think of a more befitting venue than the National Archives to host today's program. We are delighted to have such a great crowd for the program. The National Archives Foundation is the private partner to the National Archives a 501(c)(3) that works to put the "fun" into the National Archives as the creative and financial support to some of its outreach work, programs like this, exhibitions and so forth. We welcome your participation today. We always invite you if you are interested in engaging more with the National Archives, we have a membership program. As the archivist likes to say, we have never turned anyone down for an application. So please think about that. Before we get to today's program I want to introduce two public programs that are coming up in conjunction with Women’s History month, tomorrow, Wednesday March 7 at noon, we will have Jeanne Abrams to discuss and sign her new book, First Ladies of the Republic Martha Washington, Abigail Adams, Dolley Madison: The Creation of an Iconic American Role. And then next week on March 13 at noon, Jessica Ziparo will be here to discuss and sign her book This Grand Experiment: When Women Entered the Federal Workforce in the Civil War Era in Washington, DC. So if you have time or interest you can join us here again, or you can join us on YouTube. I want to welcome all of those who are watching here whether you are in Texas or Ohio or California, these programs are always national. If you can't make the exact time, the Archives does a great job of archiving them online so you can watch them at any time, so feel free to catch up on all of your archives program on the YouTube channel. Today's program, Democracy's Messengers: The Never Before Told Story of Young Americans on Capitol Hill. This is going to be a terrific screening, it's the national premiere, worldwide premiere I have been told as well. We are delighted to host that here today. Following the screening, we are going to have a panel discussion with three former pages, Frank Mitchell, Jonathan Turley and Camilla Bosanquet. And leading today's program is a friend of the National Archives, one of the film's producers, Jerry Papazian. Now, Jerry is the President of the U.S. Capitol Page Alumni Association. He is currently a managing director of Fountainhead Associates. He holds degrees from USC and UCLA. He was a member of the University of Southern California's Board of Trustees as well as USC's Alumni Association. He is the chairman of the Armenian Film Foundation and a Henry Crown Fellow at the Aspen Institute. He too served as a page at the U.S. House of Representatives from 1971 to 1972 under the sponsorship of Barry Goldwater. I have a feeling we might hear more about that. To get us started, please welcome the real force behind today's program, Jerry. (APPLAUSE) >> Thank you Patrick. Thank you to the National Archives and National Archives Foundation for hosting us today, and especially to some of the members of the staff, Laura Gara and Tom Nastick and everyone here who’s made this event possible. We are excited to have this great venue to have our debut national, international debut of the Democracy's Messengers. Patrick mentioned that I have also, in addition to producing this film, I wear another hat being the President of the Capitol Page Alumni Association. I want to acknowledge one of our partners, the U.S. Capitol Historical Society. We have a special guest, Dot Crosby, who is the daughter of the founder of the Historical Society, and former member of congress, Fred Schwengel, so Dot thank you for being with us. Thank you to the Historical Society for helping us with this program. I want to mention that tomorrow they are sponsoring a book event at  of a former senate page Marcie Sims, who is here as well. Her book Capitol Hill Pages: Young Witnesses to 200 Years of History, this was a companion, I will say a companion book to the film originally. I think it kind of outgrew us. But it dives much deeper into many of the stories that you will hear in the film or see in the film today. On behalf of my coproducer Miles Taylor and director Eric Young, thank you for coming today. In  in 2011, after the House abruptly terminated its page program, a few of us former pages sought ways to remind our elected leaders and the general public of the importance of having young people serve in congress. Frankly, we felt the decision was shortsighted. We thought the best way to communicate this though would be through film. Today what you see today are our efforts to put out those thoughts. So, without further ado, I would like to present Democracy's Messengers. (APPLAUSE) (Film begins.) You're our senator not a bad desk either. Daniel Webster used to use it Daniel Webster sat here? give you something to shoot at senator if you figure on doing any talking I'm just gonna sit around listen that's a way to get reelected this is the calendar for the day you'll find a Senate manual in here anything else you want just snap for a page since the birth of the United States young Americans have served in the nation's capitol working alongside leaders in the House of Representatives Senate and the Supreme Court known as pages these young people have had a front row seat to the most dramatic events in the country's history from the Revolutionary War to 9/11 and beyond having pages on Capitol Hill has not always been easy everything from sex scandals to cost and changes in technology have jeopardized these programs that allow future generations to be so closely involved with their government in Washington the FBI started investigating the media at an absolute field day and of course there had to be some people take a fall today pages serve only in the US Senate after the House of Representatives discontinued its program in 2011 it was devastating to see not just the cancellation of the House page program but how little thought and discussion went into it the tragedy the page system is that the pages really never did anything wrong it was the members of Congress that destroyed the system the move has stirred debate about the consequences of allowing a 200 year old American institution to disappear this is the coming-of-age story of that tradition and the young people it's shaped many have become leaders themselves but until now their story has been largely untold [Music] the story of the pages began during the American Revolution in the 1770s when young messengers were first hired to work in the Continental Congress the Senate met for the first time March 4 1789 so the very first thing it does is to hire a doorkeeper who also served as messenger and wasn't until the 1820s that the two houses of Congress decided to start hiring children to do this task the 1800s found pages being recruited from local orphanages and later from families of soldiers who died in the Civil War members of Congress sponsored these boys hoping to provide them with education wages and hope for a better life there are a lot of stories about how members sort of adopted pages and they became a part of their families as new states were added to the Union the number of representatives in Congress increased and so did the number of pages from a handful to several dozen in some ways it was similar to what it is today but in other ways starkly different most of these kids that were pulled off the street lived at home there was no formal education process at all and the duties were quite different just because the nature of the business and technology has changed so much during those early days page duties range from refilling ink wells and snuff boxes to sharpening quill pens and even chasing bats out of the congressional chambers in the 1890s electricity comes to the Capitol and they begin to get things like lights and buzzers that tell members where they have to be and when a vote has been called prior to that if a vote was called a page would be sent out not only all around the Capitol but all over Capitol Hill he would go to boarding houses in hotels and local homes to find members to get them to the chamber to vote every four years pages played a role in presidential elections a role that continues today pages carry the boxes holding the electoral ballots very secret and very well guarded boxes from the Senate over to the House chamber where the official counting happens prior to the 1900s Congress in the Supreme Court and work pages around the clock which interfered with their schooling public pressure ultimately forced them to adapt and in the 1920s a page school was established in the Capitol building every morning we'd wake up really early I don't know 5 or 5:30 or something like that so that we could beat a school by about 6:00 they had five academic classes very compressed very quickly bam bam bam they went to work they worked a full adult workday sometimes more than that it's a hard hard life being a page showed me how important government is especially good government that tries to make our society better I learned a lot it was a very formative experience it really opened the door to just a realm of possibilities the institutions that we have that we get to be a part of that are now hundreds of years old it's an honor to be a part of that there's something to be said for a program that's been around for 200 years it was a mountaintop experience in my life it opened up a portal into a fascinating world that I would not have experienced otherwise yes alright Danny I see you have this bill yeah I sent for this bill and this is one of the errands that daddy's just recommended he's from my district the page programs also grappled with diversity as America legislated an end to discrimination against women and african-americans a recent discovery by historians has revealed that as early as 1871 an african-american teenager named Alfred Q Powell was appointed as a house page a milestone well went out of its time ironically his first day on the job here was to listen to a debate on the Ku Klux Klan this was the Reconstruction period when there were a few black congressmen and they were talking about how difficult it was to live in the south but it would be 83 years before another african-american would be given the chance to serve 1954 the Supreme Court handed down its decision on racial segregation with Brown versus the Board of Education and decided to hire its first african-american page Charles Bush effectively integrating the Capitol page school Charles Bush was the first black person to go to the Capitol pay school and I followed him the next year I got called into the principal's office and child Bush was in there as well and they told us that we have been selected to go to Supreme Court pages at this point parts of Washington DC were still segregated and so there were really two Washington's there was the official Washington and then there were sort of residential Washington which is where the vast majority of the population lived who were African Americans and so I found myself traversing that boundary and living in both communities in 1965 Lawrence Bradford became the first African American page in the Senate followed by Frank Mitchell in the house back then they didn't have dormitories for the pages they lived in these boarding houses and the lady that owned the house opened the door took one look at us and said no one told me he was a nigger I don't let niggers in my house and slam the door in our faces I could see my parents felt very hurt while my congressman got very upset and told me that there's no excuse for this and he was going to do something about it but what he did was introduce legislation that said anyone that was providing goods or services to the federal government in exchange for federal dollars could not discriminate people asked why he was going to those lengths to make a change but didn't he just find another boarding house and as he explained it it's that there it's never the wrong time to do the right thing in the 1970s the Paige programs finally allowed women to join the ranks of Capitol messengers though a congressman's daughter had briefly served as a page in the 1930s it wasn't until 1971 that the Senate overcame many years of debate and changed the rules barring women that year polite to sell Ellen McConnell and Julie price were sworn and his pages soon followed by Valda looper the first female House page in the late 1960s our family took a vacation to Washington B I went into the house gallery and watching what was going on and I saw these kids teenagers down on the floor and I said to my dad who those kids and what are they doing here and I read that there were these boys who could be Paige's it didn't occur to me that there weren't any girls I just assume they happen to snap a picture of a boy and he looked at me he says well it's kind of an unspoken rule that they're just boys who were pages you can remember saying to him very defiantly that's just not fair we circulated a petition about allowing girls to be pages in it and it not being fair that they couldn't and then I got a call from Charlie Ward who was mr. Albert's administrative assistant I got a call it from Senator Harris's legislative aide and he said we're thinking about appointing a girl we all have different stories but we all started working that may there's only two sides of this here chamber the third party ever got started it's up to us Democrats Republicans to run this government so well a third party won't be necessary come on I'll show you the ropes when I was about 10 years old I read a story in boy's life magazine the Boy Scouts magazine about pages and I said I want to do that I came from a small town had been interested and even obsessed with politics since I was a little boy and when I heard about the age program it was a kind of revelation that comes only a few times in your life as early as about nine or ten years old I started writing letters to the senators from Illinois and and also the rivers from my district saying I was interested in being a page I read an article in Time magazine about congressional pages it had the red herring that if you didn't have political horsepower connections family with money your chances of being selected were slim indeed actually most of my classmates got there on their own dime they were ordinary kids from ordinary families and neighborhoods just like I was my father was a clerical worker for the federal government of part-time auto mechanic my mother was a entrepreneur with moderate success my grandfather was a hotel doorman for 41 years and my paternal grandfather was a janitor in a public school system so from those beginnings I got to run a very successful multibillion-dollar business I would not have accomplished anywhere near what I've been able to accomplish had it not been for the opportunity and the exposure I got as a page on the hill imagine the only child of refugee parents who had the opportunity to walk the halls of Congress to stand on the House floor while the house was in session men who were making the most important decisions for our country really gave me a sense of belonging that experience not only instilled but underscored a sense of doing something with a higher purpose whether that was working on behalf of the government or working for the country or public service journalism what I'm part of now there's a direct link between what I do now and what I did when I was 16 years old and if I didn't do that there is no doubt in my mind that I wouldn't be doing what I do now I realize of course that your lives haven't been entirely weighed down by matters of State for example you may think I haven't heard about the cafeteria food fights or the pages caught sleeping in the cloakroom or the one who winged a congressman with a rubber band I have and if you get short of rubber bands let me know despite long hours the pages witnessed with most Americans would never have the chance to see the personalities and behind the scenes deal-making of the country's leaders it's a chance for people to learn about our government I see kids going through a tour in the Capitol building and they point out the statues and a few things but that experience is nothing compared to actually being part of the legislative process or somebody will come on to the floor and would ask me okay what's going on is representative Saul and so here and you're reading the Congressional Daily Record you know seeing all the things that are there with a fly-on-the-wall perspective pages were able to witness history being made up close in the nation's capitol we got to see great things in the history of the country I saw the declaration of war by President Roosevelt December 1941 Pearl Harbor is attacked and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt famously addresses a joint session of Congress to ask for a declaration of war against Japan there is a sense that this was a moment of the utmost gravity everybody was very hushed when the president walked in infamy March 1st 1954 for armed Porto Rican nationalists stormed the House of Representatives firing guns within the House chamber there's a photograph of a couple of pages with a stretcher over their shoulder and they're pushing people out of the way from when some Puerto Rican nationalists fired down on the House of Representatives and wounded five members of Congress my husband was the chief age over on the Democratic side at the time and he was sitting at the desk and all of a sudden started hearing shots fired to me they shouted like firecrackers the only real realization I had that they were actual bullets whose one hit above on a calm so bill and I got together in coordinated getting the stretchers and we literally assured three of the five shot members off the floor November 22nd 1963 President John F Kennedy is assassinated I was sitting there on the diets the day Kennedy was shot and Richard Riedel was a doorkeeper came running for just broke the decorum of the Senate and he came running up and whispered something into senator Ted Kennedy's ear who was presiding Ted Kennedy was presiding over the Senate at the same time his brother was shot I was the senior page serving outside of the conference room of the justices and the chief justice secretary comes back you know with his ashen face and says President Kennedy has been shot and we need to get a note into the justices in those days he had the news tickers is how we got everything and I would spend my lunch hour sometimes just at the news ticker just reading what came across the wire and they were all this senator so crowded around there at senator Bartlett from Alaska I said here senator you want to get near the ticker he said now this is history son and he pushed me up to the front to look over the ticker as it came through I went knocked on the thick wooden door Arthur Goldberg came to the door and I remember thinking when I handed him the note here's a man who's been appointed by President Kennedy and he's getting this news and it's a terrible terrible news they took the note in justice white screamed out that was that I was there during the 1990 to 1991 school year that was the year we went to war in the Persian Gulf when they were considering whether or not to send troops to Kuwait there were long night and they would look at the pages on the House floor we were 16 17 years old and the members knew that we were the ones who would respectively go to fight during the voting several of them would just stop vote the pages represented the next generation on the floor the house representatives they were witnesses to legislation that would define their future there's important a symbol of Congress as anything else in that building September 11th 2001 terrorist attack the twin towers the Pentagon and target the US Capitol the pages are responsible for ringing bells throughout the house complex though as part of our training as pages they tell you what all these bells mean and one of the things that we're taught is that oh and there's 12 bells which is the civil defense warning which means something Bad's really happening but we've never really had to ring it before we're watching all this stuff unfold on on TV and our supervisor comes in and says we have to ring the 12th bells we're evacuating the Capitol none of us really knew what was going to happen next the kids were all over in the Capitol and I was going to a meeting and by the time I got to my meeting over in the Capitol the plane hit the Pentagon and everybody was running this the beginning of a war like it are we watching a war begin you know and it was just there's just so many questions running through everyone's head the other thing that I very vividly remember is walking down that street and looking back over my shoulder and being like I may never see that building again like literally that that might blow up there than that that could be gone when I started hearing about how the bravery of those on flight 93 had probably saved my life and my best friend's lives I I didn't know what to do frankly how how can you say how can you say thank you to people who already died um and because their families don't have them anymore I'm alive you know I I think about them and the efforts that they made and the sacrifices they made at least once a week even to this day because I wouldn't be here I wouldn't I wouldn't be spending time with my family with my friends I wouldn't have a great job as a foreign service officer that I love um without their bravery amazingly enough September 12th pages got up at their regular time they put on the uniforms they came to school and they went to work the kids really saw it as they were public servants so soon in their in in their page time they were public servants they were essential employees and they were not going to drop the ball pages frequently found themselves face-to-face with some of the most powerful people in the world I think it was the first presentation to State of the Union by Dwight Eisenhower between the outside chamber and the inside chamber there's a little reception room and that's where whoever goes in there to open the doors sits so you're alone with the president basically and he said young man can I do something for you I said well I have to confess I'm just thrilled to be here I had never imagined that I would have this opportunity to usher you anywhere he said well he said take a moment and sit I said I want to tell you something very important when I get up in the morning I put my trousers on look at a time and quite frankly he didn't say it for purposes of humor I eat you tried to make the point that he's just an ordinary man late June 1990 Nelson Mandela came to address a joint session of Congress when I was growing up we were so connected to the anti-apartheid struggle as African Americans because we had just conquered our own apartheid here in the US so it was better than Michael Jackson was better than Michael Jordan it was better than you know Elvis coming to visit it was our second week on the job we're in the middle of a roll call vote and I'm sitting up there on the rostrum taking notes of who's voting and who's not and then Senator Joe Biden walks in and says come with me I've got somebody want you to meet so I leave my duties as a page which is probably something I shouldn't have done but went down he actually introduced me to the Dalai Lama here we were high school juniors on the floor of the Capitol and all of sudden were meeting the Dalai Lama it was an unbelievable experience like much of Washington the page programs were not immune to scandal in the early 1980s two congressmen were censured by the house for engaging in sexual relations with pages the program was placed on hiatus and a board was created to ensure the pages were protected from such behavior but this seeds had been planted for those who would later argue that young people were a liability to Congress there had been a handful of scandals in history of members of Congress having inappropriate interactions with the young people in the house and quite frankly the leadership was tired of managing that problem in 2006 a congressman was accused of sending explicit messages to several former House pages there were a number of people who were concerned about congressman Foley as some of the supervisors found his interaction with the kids on the House floor weird for one of a different term he didn't have any contact with the pages in an immoral way while they were there but he did send emails to mail pages who had left the service of the house an investigation was launched and the congressman resigned five years later House leaders abruptly announced the end to their page program citing cost and changes in technology the decision to end the 200 year old tradition was made without a vote of the house the excuse was made that the five and a half million dollars that it cost operate the program was a waste and that the kids had been replaced by technology I must believe that the reason was this could happen again and neither of us needs the problem if we get rid of the young people we're not gonna have that problem the page program itself constituted one one thousandth of 1% of just the legislative branch's budget so that was sort of a false pretense the second issue that technology had gotten rid of the need for pages was also a false one if that was true then the advent of the telegraph meant that pages were no longer needed and they would have been gone they said that it was really because it was too expensive and it had become an Akron is dick and I think that both of those issues are real ones and ones that we can address when rethinking what a new modern reformed program could look like they didn't mention some of the potential of scandal that had happened in some of the liabilities and risks for those elected officials but though our liabilities that can be swayed as well I think that they are not serving our country well by not giving our young people the opportunity to see the government up-close and to hopefully inspire more talented people to get into public service when we received word that the pace program had been cut I don't know a single member of Congress who cheered I don't know a single member of Congress who said good riddance only the people who came in after the pace program was discontinued would not understand or have appreciation for what these kids did and frankly if they did nothing but set there all day every day watching the goings-on in the House of Representatives of the most powerful nation on the planet that alone would have been significant whatever arguments exist against or in favor of pages serving in the United States Capitol one fact remains this centuries-old tradition has allowed countless young people to serve their country and inspire them to become the leaders of tomorrow I suppose if there's one thing that the pages had in common is that they were all interested in making a country a better place they were all interested in the future of the United States in the grandest possible sense this experience just changes you and it gives you a whole different perspective on how the country is run it's an experience that has for generations enriched the lives of young men and women from every background in the country it's very important for members of Congress when they're passing laws that affect our future to see the next generation there that's what pages are there representative of the next generation and they're there with the eyes and ears of those people who will be most affected by the laws that you're passing every single one of the pages that I was lucky to have have all gone on to be very very successful in life and said that that experience changed them forever and it gave them a confidence in themselves and a different perspective so that they could move forward and do things that they never dreamed of we're a democracy and we need people in communities and institutions around our country who believe that government can work you feel like you're part of history and you know that this is a program that's been around for 200 years since the inception of the house and it's pretty cool to have been a name on that list and it makes you feel like you put your mark on history in a very small way and it's I think for a 16 year old very powerful [Music] >> I am coming. (LAUGHTER) >> I thank you all for joining us here today, and I just want to acknowledge there are a number of people interviewed and supported this film here in the audience, I want to thank you all personally for participating. It's been a labor of love, a long time, but I think that we made our point. So, we have a number of former house pages with us today who were in the film in one form for another. We thought it would be a good time to ask them a few questions beyond what you heard in the film. To my immediate right is Frank Mitchell. He was the first modernday AfricanAmerican house page appointed in 1965, later had a career in journalism communications. And currently lives in Houston, Texas. To his right, Camilla Bosanquet a 199091 house page a U.S. Coast Guard commander having served on active duty more than two decades. Camilla, thank you for joining us. Finally, Professor Jonathan Turley, nationally recognized legal scholar, professor of George Washington Law School 1979 house page.  Frank, I am going to start with you. You were appointed the first modernday AfricanAmerican page by Congressman Paul Findley Springfield, Illinois on the 100 the anniversary on the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. While an AfricanAmerican had been appointed to the Supreme Court in 1954, it was still quite a historic occasion in 1965 your appointment. You want to tell us about your experience those first few days and weeks on Capitol Hill? >> One of the pages indicated in the film, it wasn't usually  I went a different route than most. Usually they wrote their congressman, and kept requesting an appointment. They wanted to be a page. They kind of came to me. They called on Saturday and said, on Sunday you need to go down to Mr. Findley's office and meet with some people to talk about becoming a page in the House of Representatives. They selected myself and four other black students at predominantly black high school in Springfield, Illinois. I feel obligated to mention time Tom Carswell, Dr. Tom Carswell (inaudible) Robert Heron, and Jessy Howard. They all would have done well. What they told me Sunday when they called and said I had been selected was, you need to be in Washington by Wednesday. (LAUGHTER) >> Right. So, Monday and Tuesday, was checking out of my high school getting any paper work to get a haircut buy clothes a new suit or two. It was pretty hectic when I got to Washington, it was my first plane ride, which was a little harrowing especially coming in over  over Potomac and the water, all of that. Are we landing in the water? The first question you think of. When I get there, and we go to lunch and then we have a press conference I meet Paul Findley and Gerald Ford, afterwards after the press conference everything kind of disappears we are sitting around all afternoon all into the evening I am wondering what is going on. And what really was going on they were trying to figure out where he was going to stay. So, they found a cousin bless his heart Don Jackson and wife Maggie and son twoyearold Barry, who knew he had a brother or sister coming because Maggie was eight months pregnant when he showed up he thought I was the new baby. (LAUGHTER) >> So it was a different  it was a different entree into the page program. >> Camilla, you were appointed by Charlie Wilson of Texas, most famously known and depicted in the film Charlie Wilson's War. His efforts to boost funding for Afghan freedom fighters in the war against the invading Soviets tell us what was it like to be Charlie Wilson's page, and did that have an impact on your decision to join the Coast Guard? >> Thank you, Jerry. Yes. Well, he was larger than life character. He was a real personality. People would say derogatory things about him all the time to which he would typically respond: You know not all of those statements are compliments right? (LAUGHTER) >> So, he was very funny. He was a quintessential politician. He was super tall and he would take up the whole doorway when he would come into the front office or his staff from his own. He was very nice to me. Very polite. I was a little bit intimidated by him because he was such a big personality. I remember being ushered in towards the end of my page year to see him. I had the opportunity to ask him about the fact that he had graduated from the Naval Academy. I was interested in serving in the military, I was 16, 17 at the time, I asked him what he thought about that. So here is this oldschool guy who is kind of a playboy by reputation, he was always appropriate with me, but I went in to talk to him and first of all he completely encouraged me, which was great. And then I mentioned, you know, there is this summer program at the Naval Academy, do you think that you can do you think you could say a good word or write my a recommendation letter. He said I will do better than that Cammy darling, he speed dials the Naval Academy he says I have a young person wanting to come to your summer program before her senior year of high school, can you get a spot. And can you get five more, I have friends that want to come along. He got all five spots actually, a couple of  six spots, right? And a couple of those folks went on to West Point Naval Academy. I went to the Coast Guard Academy, and of course I served all of these many years. Before I left his office that day he pulled me aside and said that I needed to always remember that he might have started in the Navy, but then of course he served in the Texas house and the Texas senate and then he went on to serve 12 terms in congress. And he said quite pointedly that he saw his time in the military as just a foundation for a lifetime of service. And that he expected me to follow in his footsteps. I really very much appreciated that. >> Thank you. Jonathan. Well, first of all, as producer of this I sat through many of the full interviews of all of the people, the panelists here, and everyone that was interviewed for this. And I will say one story I will ask Jonathan to speak on it, that I regretted not including in the film, is Jonathan's interaction with congress woman Barbara Jordan. So, why don't we start with that. The interaction with your pages with members of congress for us is always kind of start the panel. So >> I began as a page in 1978 Alex Treadway is here as well looking younger than he should. And I worked under Don Anderson and became a house leadership page to do that you had to go through that grueling thing of memorizing every face, every party, the chairman of the committees. And somehow Don Anderson and Mr. Oliver, who is also here today, somehow got kids to be able to do that, teenagers on top of it. For me there was only one reason I wanted to be a house page, that is I wanted to work with Barbara Jordan, who was my longtime hero. And I thought if I became a house page, you know, we all have members that would come to you and mine would be Barbara Jordan. I was a democratic house page and so the day came I was made a house leadership page and cloakroom page. And I spotted her. And I was a newly minted cloakroom page. She was on  she was rather old that point with a cane, not particularly stable. She was going across the floor. I first was waiting at the door and then she made this sort of 180 and started to go out another door, so I ran out the door, ran around the House floor, so that I could introduce myself. And I ran to the door just as she was grabbing on to the handle and I whipped it open, and deposited Barbara Jordan across the floor as she grabbed the handle and just went sprawling in front of me as I stood there in absolute terror. And all I could say is: Congressman Jordan, I am the new cloakroom page. If there is anything I could do for you, it would be an honor. Don Anderson was looking at me saying, you will be gone by the morning, I wouldn't make that promise. Don being a kind individual did not fire me. And so, a week later I was beside myself. I could  I was shaking in shame and self loathing. And then finally I am in one of those old elevators. It was a week later, and you know the old ones that didn't have the bumpers back, then they would close they didn't have safety bumpers. So I am standing there, who is running for the elevator, Barbara Jordan on her cane. The doors are wide open. Here is my chance. So she starts to go forward, and I reached to hold the door open, I end up hitting the close door button just as she put her cane in, the thing is stuck on her cane and she can't get it out I can't get the doors open. She looked through and said, Jonathan, is that you? (LAUGHTER) >> I realized Barbara Jordan knows my name. (LAUGHTER) >> And I said, it is congressman, if there is anything I could do for you. I did succeed in getting Barbara Jordan to finally know my name. Thank you. (LAUGHTER) (APPLAUSE) >> Well, now that story is recorded for memory, thank you. Frank, you know, in the documentary. We have a number of people interviewed many from underrepresented communities who explain how their appointment as a page sent them on a life trajectory they wouldn't have experienced otherwise what was your experience and what are your thoughts on this as  this on the value of the page program? >> Well, the page program certainly made a difference in my life, everyone in Springfield that I knew then still calls me, introduces me, he is the first black page in the White House. You know? (LAUGHTER) >> So, (inaudible) I don't try to correct them. For me, I think my parents, my grandparents, my environment meant I was going to be stubborn enough to get out of the environment I grew up in. But what the page program can in working side by side with some pretty formidable people, I mean Don Rumsfeld was a congressman then. Melvin Laird who was also a defense secretary and Al who went to Minnesota governor and mayor of New York they were all part of a group of congressman I served with in the cloakroom, in the republican cloakroom at the time. >> (inaudible) >> Yeah, he kind of did okay too. (LAUGHTER) >> And what that taught me was even though I was a shy person at the time was that I could deal with people, and an assortment of people. The fact that I was the only African American really didn't dawn on me or have any impact on me. It just kind of internalized for me that I could fit in anywhere. And so, as I went on to be a journalist and then in public relations, I often was the only AfricanAmerican in the room. And it didn't  didn't phase me. I knew I would be able to communicate what I needed to communicate with some degree of clarity, and vigor and so it helped. It probably helped me get my first job as a journalist with my hometown newspaper. Because I went in and applied for a job as a stock clerk and said, hey, I can write. And they knew me from being a page, and so they put me into their training program, and I did every job in the news room. And went on from there. >> Thank you. Camilla, you were a page during the first gulf war debate in the House of Representatives, you mentioned in the documentary you felt members of congress would stare at you on the bench, realizing their vote on the war might impact your future. Do you feel that you and your young page colleagues present on the floor really made a difference? >> Yes, I do. Absolutely. And for those of us who are here today who are pages, we all have our own stories of members stopping to talk with us, to ask us how we might vote, it was our responsibility engaging us in the discussion, which is  any national discussion of import. They  there is something about having the teenagers right there on the House floor, that's much more immediate than  we all sort of acknowledge many of these members of congress, they, many of them, have kids and grandkids and understand that what they are voting on has repercussions, not only for their own lives but of course for their kids and grandkids. When they were looking at us, they were, I am sure, thinking about whether or not the  this particular conflict might be protracted, and whether or not there would be some or several or many of us who would go on to have to fight in a conflict they were voting for. And I think the same thing probably happens when they are voting on spending bills, when they are trying to pass the budget, when they are thinking about deficit spending, having the young people on the floor engaging with them talking to them every day. They are a visible reminder that this democracy of ours that there is this  the decisions that they make there in the house and in the senate have lasting repercussions. >> Jonathan, there is one line  one of many lines in the documentary, I think my favorite early on in the documentary you state that: Pages are as an important symbol of congress as anything else in that building. You want to expand on your thoughts there? >> Well, in many ways the page system is living history. It's remarkable how even though we have changed in terms of our outward appearance if you look at the pictures they all really do look a lot alike. It's the same look of awe, maybe a little bit of fear. But that's part of the living history of the capitol. I remember when I was a leadership page occasionally when the flag page was sick. You would be Shanghaied into raising the flag in the morning, which was a task you were lucky to return from. (LAUGHTER) >> Back in the '70s there was a little flank rotted out flank that you would actually walk a remarkably long distance to the flag I remember one of the pages saying that thing is going to break any day we don't know which page is going to get it. So, you would  you would walk that on top of the capitol on this precarious plank you often raise the flag as the sun was going up over Washington. I remember as a page standing there the first time and being overwhelmed by a all and feeling like I was part of this building part of this institution. When I came back there was a wall that pages had written their name on. It was sort of an odd way to get up to sort of a crawl space. And the pages name were part of the building. You could feel the sense of it going back decades. And so they played a role in many ways, reminded members of the idealism they had. Perhaps past tense. Perhaps a time for renewal. But they represented that. And in some ways it shamed members. I remember one time a member democratic member accused of impropriety, I think a very serious, one of the and the republican WIP at that time named Bowman, spelled much like Bowman. He was attacking this member who had come in a pretty vicious way. And I was really shocked by it, because I really did respect these members. And I was shocked it see that type of language on the floor. And Perry Mitchell walked up representative from Maryland, he had done acting at the time he could see I was upset Jonathan what is wrong. I told him. He just said, well, well, well. He went out and came all the way around to come through the middle door, and he threw open the doors and screamed: Point of personal privilege. He was a Shakespearean actor. Point of personal privilege. They yielded the form to Perry Mitchell, he went to the front to the well, I look upon my colleagues his name spelled like Bowman. I think of King Lear, he is told the battle is going well and this soldier leaves, but he knows it's not going quite as well as he imagines. He says in his wake: Poor pitiful Bowman, dreaming dreams of success that will never be achieved. Poor, poor, pitiful Bowman, the last of a dying breed. He started to walk off the floor, and Bowman stood up, I want the spelling, he said, I mean who he slings bows and arrows and left the floor. And I thought, okay, I feel better. (LAUGHTER) >> Thank you. Thank you. (LAUGHTER) >> You know, I have one question, one last question for all of you, and just a little openended. You know it's been now over six years since the House eliminated the page program. Yet the senate page still exists continues to thrive actually. Given all of the political and social changes in society these past six years, do you believe there is still a place for a page program on Capitol Hill. Frank? >> Yes. (LAUGHTER) >> Yes. >> Tell us more. >> Obviously there is a value to immeasurable value. I look at it, I think Ellis said this one time on a panel we are on, it's like seeing sausage made up close. That's what the legislative process is. You can read about passing a bill, parliamentary procedure, or what the WIP does. You can read it in a book. But seeing it up close and personal, I remember Les Aarons would pull members into the cloakroom and not so much strong arm them but persuade them. They needed to support this or that piece of legislation. Understanding that what you are looking at is  is some sort of history being made. That will serve you later in life whatever you do. Knowing how to count the votes when you need them, knowing how to plan to get the legislature  legislation you want passed, passed. And it will help you when you go into  go on to become elected official or not. Pages are there to be elected officials in training. They are going to learn, they are going to learn so much, they can apply it to any profession, they go in, Bill Gates and some of the others in the film would testify to that. >> Thank you. Eventually you mentioned in your response there, Ellen and I, actually I wanted to find the chance and I am glad you brought her name up. I just wanted to acknowledge the recent passing of Ellen McConnell Blackman. Ellen passed away last month, she was  she along with Paulette DeSoy and Julie Price I think is someplace over here, were the first three female pages in the senate. And the three of them, Ellen maybe fought it longer, passed away. Served on our board and passed away just last month, and a big void in our lives. She was the heart of our alumni association, heart and pioneer for the female pages along the way and all of us. So I just wanted to acknowledge her recent passing, a big void in our lives. (APPLAUSE) >> Camilla, I will  I think you have the question but if  given all of the political and social changes in society these past six years, do you believe there is still a role for a page program on Capitol Hill? >> Of course I am biased, I believe we should bring being back the page program in the house. Absolutely. (APPLAUSE) >> You know, the movie does a very nice job of talking about the relatively recent closure of the house program but I can't help but think it's not unlike the (inaudible) movement and everything that you mentioned everything that is going on in society today. Why are we blaming the pages rather than holding people accountable to appropriate standards of conduct. (APPLAUSE) >> And it's true. Everything that we said here the pages are, I was in history just sitting feet away, I had the unique privilege as some of us did of serving as documentarian page, I set up right next to the speaker. It was amazing. I sat feet away from the President giving the State of the Union Address, it was extraordinary for a young person to have that kind of advantage point. Since we are telling stories, I have a good one for you. I will tell you about behavior of a member. There was one night where congressman was trying to pass the budget. I mean, imagine that. You know? Going late into the night, trying to pass the budget. The speaker of the house Tom Foley came in and the room was packed. The chamber was packed. He came in to make a few remarks. The only way I can describe the way he looked, he looked like a candle that had melted, the poor guy, it was probably 1 or 2 o'clock in the morning, he just look so tired. While he was giving his remarks here was a member, the documentarian desk on the republican side, and Silvio Conte who drives a scooter around, he had American flags, he would try to run down the pages. People were afraid of him. He climbed into his chair on the  on the aisle, and he started coughing really loudly. And it didn't occur to me, maybe it did. I don't know. It didn't  I don't think it occurred to me that he was trying to be disruptive, he really was, he was trying to interrupt the Speaker of the House's remarks. I snuck back into the republican cloakroom, that was the easiest advantage point, and I asked Peggy if she had throat lozenges, maybe Kleenex. >> That was Peggy Sampson, I'm sorry. >> Yes. And she was the  she was the republican page director on the  over in the republican cloakroom. And so she gave me this stuff, the gear. And I went up to Congressman Conte, and I said, sir, you seem to be coughing a lot sir, you might need this (indicating). And the look on his face. He was  at first it was just, I can't believe you are handing me this. What? What is going on. Then he burst out laughing. (LAUGHTER) >> It was fantastic. From then on every time he would come on the House floor, he would motion me over, and introduce me to the other congressmen. It was  so, talk about holding these members to good conduct, I think it was good to have the pages in the room. >> Okay. Thanks, Camilla. Jonathan, given all the political and social changes in society, the last six years, do you believe there is a place for the page program on Capitol Hill? >> I clearly do. I differ a little bit in the sense that I really don't believe that these teenagers need congress. I do think congress needs these teenagers. They play a very important role in reminding these members that they are creating a debt that will be paid by the next generation. But they are also a symbol to the young people to see them that you are invested in the system. You are a part of it. They represent those people and the members understand that when the House program was killed very few members were ever even manufacture informed it was done basically at midnight. With no thought no debate. They killed one of the longest and one of our few really long traditions in this country. But the members actually do get it. I remember when Hubert Humphrey was speaking on the floor. Congressman Patton came by and said, Jonathan come sit next to me, I said we didn't do that. The speech isn't about us, it's about you. You sit down next to me. I sat down next to him. Afterwards he pushed me forward he said to Hubert Humphrey, Hubert, you have to meet somebody important. He pushed me forward. I was speechless because I really, I really adored Hubert Humphrey. He put his hand on my shoulders, Jonathan, I want you to think about what you want to say, there is something I want to say to you. You come to my office and we will have a talk. That was in November and he died in January, the day before we were supposed to meet. I ended up walking from Georgetown where I was enjoying one of those implausible fake ID's. (LAUGHTER) >> I walked from Georgetown, ended up on the stairs of the Supreme Court, I was bawling my eyes out. Just out of control. And this capitol policeman came up and asked what was wrong, I told him. He said, you stay here as long as you want son. The fact is we have been there at history, throughout history. And it touches us in a way that is unique. The fact that we are not there in the people's House is one of the greatest scandals of my lifetime. I will never understand it. We need to reverse it and bring the tradition back, in my view. (APPLAUSE) >> If I could piggyback on your Hubert Humphrey story. When I was appointed in 1965 there was a lot of fanfare pictures in Ebony, Jet, Times and Newsweek, Sun Times, Tribune. Everybody. Washington Post, LA Times, New York Times, you know (inaudible) but Hubert Humphrey, Senator Humphrey  I'm sorry, at the time Vice President Hubert Humphrey sent me a note with a clipping from the Minneapolis Star and with nice words on it. I called the office and said, I would like  may I come over and meet him and get a picture? I was into my PR thing at a young age. (LAUGHTER) >> So I went over and I met him. We got  I have got a picture with him shaking hands. That was 1965. In 1972, I took a job at WCCO TV of Minneapolis as a reporter. And became the political reporter covering city hall, the legislature and the congressional delegation. I reconnected with then Senator Humphrey, flew on his plane covering foreign issues and different things. The sad part, and the reason I know how you felt, I had to break the story, he had inoperable cancer. And I remember when he went back to the senate, and it was right after Jimmy Carter I think had been elected, and shortly after that he died. So I remember those days well. >> Well, ladies and gentlemen, we have time for some questions. So, we have mics on either side. I encourage you, now is your chance to ask questions of our panelists. I ask that you please go to the side, use the mics here. While we have one coming, if you have ideas, please get your thoughts together and move to either side, and you can use the mics for the questions >> I am Jim. What is the availability of the film or distribution or purchase? There are a lot of people that aren't able to be here today that I know would have liked to have been here and do want to see the film. >> The good news is thanks to the National Archives, the film and the panel will be on their website available  at some point after today for a long time. So you will be able to see the panel. The film itself is a DVD will be available later this month. >> Amazon or >> Sorry. >> Through Amazon or what? >> Through your page website, and we will have other distributions. >> Thank you. >> Thank you. >> Thank you for the film and the stories today. As young people learning about politics, as was mentioned in a movie about two parties how did being a page take you in a direction whether you believed democrat or republican was something you would follow in your political beliefs. >> Directed to anyone >> Anyone or all. >> Anyone want to volunteer to answer that? Or  >> I think the important thing for any American is to evolve with the issues. Don't lock yourself in because you are a democrat or a republican. Conservatism, liberalism, those things are redesigning themselves as we go. The best example of that is the man who nominated me Paul Findley in 2008 he invited me to attend a speech he was giving at Illinois college on the only congressional term of Abraham Lincoln. So I drive over to Jacksonville, walk in his house, his wife Lucille is watching CNN, and she is just mad at the TV because  because they are talking about this young senator from Illinois who is running for president, Barack Obama. These are lifelong republicans. And they had a sign in the yard Obama for President. Now, that, to me, is evolution. (APPLAUSE) >> The thing that surprised me the most was realizing that we could even appreciate the folks who are on the extreme. Because they drove some of the discussion, there were certainly some larger than life personalities that we knew about before we showed up as pages to watch them in action, and to see them stimulate some of the discussion I thought was really interesting. But when I was a page I remember the members having lunch together across the aisle. Working across the aisle. And I don't know if perhaps you know having young people again I am very biassed on this point having young people in the house chamber might have encouraged a kind of civility encouraged, a kind of decorum that  led to kind that kind of cooperative behavior but I would like to think so. >> You have the mic. >> I think one thing that I have always found common among former pages is a real sense of idealism. It's not that we are chumps, we have seen really bad go to worse in congress. But if you ask former pages, they all have this undying faith in the system that transcends the party. I do think congress has changed a bit. I think it's nastier. We have former Congressman Davis is here I am going to embarrass him pointing him out. (APPLAUSE) >> He is a great supporter of the page system. Maybe this is idealism. I was there during the O'Neal period and I remember I came back, one of my roles was to be lead counsel in the last impeachment trial that was in the senate. And so, holding a trial in the senate floor is a very odd thing. But the senate pages found out I was a former page. And they came over and they said, is it true that you are a former page? Yes, I was a house page does it matter? One of them said no a page is a page. Anyway, I got anything that I needed through that trial, I felt sorry for the House of Representatives members who were there on the prosecution side. There was a poignant moment, I hope I am not betraying anything from the late senator, but I adored (inaudible), he was a graduate of GW where I teach. During one of the breaks in the trial he came over and always very encouraging and he said, I think things are going well, which I have to tell you since my guy had been impeached basically by unanimous vote of the House it was not really going that well. (LAUGHTER) >> And so, he said, I think you are doing great. I think things are going well. I said, what is it like to argue this case on the senate floor? He said, you know, I feel like I am back being a page again but it's different. I remember coming over here when there was Hubert Humphrey and Moynihan and they are giants, and it seems like they were much smaller now. He got very quiet. He said they are. I think about that every time I walk on to the floor. I do think congress has changed a bit I agree. It's not that we caused it because of our absence, but pages really do play an important role for these members it does remind them of why they first came there. That's what we need it back in the house. >> Thank you. (APPLAUSE) >> And you know I would like to add to what you just said. I had a (inaudible) moment when I was first was appointed a page, I was in the House republican cloakroom, and one of my idols back then was Shirley Chisholm, 1971. >> Oh, yeah. >> I remember she was an icon back then. I was working in the cloakroom we were a little protective of the cloakroom, and I remember Miss Chisholm walking up to the cloakroom. Actually, I didn't block her way, but she walked right in. She asked me where I think Congressman Smith from New York was. I knew he was in way around the back. And I don't think she wanted to go all the way around the back, but she felt comfortable enough to walk into the cloakroom. I remember other members of the congress, hi Shirley, how are you doing. I remember getting Mr. Smith, and they were talking, it was a New York issue. She was Brooklyn, he was upstate New York. They were chatting about whatever the common issue was. I don't think that would have ever happened today again. I think walking into the other cloakroom someone would have a camera and there would be a  a primary opponent on either side right or left. I think that's really sad that we are missing that now. I remember how  even though republicans they talked to each other. And they got along and they worked together, they were still partisan, but worked together. >> You have been waiting a long time, so please. >> Good afternoon. I am Gregory King, I was a senate page from 1970 to 1973. And I think I am one of the few pages who's lucky enough to say that I had three siblings who followed me as members of the page corps, including my sister Ottoly, who is here today. But I wanted to ask a question about our high school. We went to perhaps one of the smallest and most unique high schools in America. And I would be curious if you have any recollections of favorite teachers or favorite moments while you were students in school? >> Well, Mrs. Miranda is right here. >> She had to leave. >> She was right here a moment ago. I remember the teachers being just wonderful. They were so invested in us, and in particular, of course, I was on the House side, so the school was split in half when I attended page school. We had the credit house page school and the DC for the public pages we had Library of Congress and went up into the attic and split up for classes. One of the things that I remember most particularly were the weekend trips. We would have the DC experience and for several weeks in advance of the DC experience, like for example going to visit college. So, UVA and then we would go to Thomas Jefferson's Monticello. In the leadup to the visits we would learn all about the history and the politics and the architecture and the art. And it was just truly, it was like gifted and counseling program on steroids. To be in the company of the students who came from all over the country, who were interested in politics like I was, who were smart  smart doesn't even start to explain some of my classmates. I have two of them here today. They are amazing people. They were interested. I shared with Jerry before we started the program today that it boggles my mind that people can't wrap their heads around in some respects this is a scholarship program. It's an investment. It's an investment in a group of young people who go on and do remarkable, extraordinary things for this country. It's an investment in ourselves in our country. So, again, I will beat the drum again bring back the page program. But I do believe that it's not unlike say a Fulbright program where you are choosing from among the best and the brightest who go on to have these remarkable futures and careers. >> I would like to give a shout out to one teacher that is Naomi Almer. (APPLAUSE) >> When I became a Lucia page had bad reputations, we would show up at 6, sleep at our desks, we were told there was nothing we could do to get expelled, so we were horrible little children. I took her anthropology class, I did this paper and it came back with an F. I was shocked. I had never seen that letter on a paper in my life. I went  I was just shaking, went to her, and I said, I can't believe that this is an F. I worked on this. She said it's not an F, it's a B. But there is an F on it. Oh, yeah I gave you an F because you should do better than a B. And I said wait. That's not fair. (LAUGHTER) >> She said it's not fair. But you should be doing better than B work. And so you get an F. (LAUGHTER) >> And I  so she said no, you have the rest of the term to make up your grade. And I worked I went to the Library of Congress and worked my tail off to get that grade up to an A. She ultimately said, you have an A, and by the way here (indicating). What is this, she said this is your next job, you are going to go to the Environmental Institute at the Smithsonian at the Chesapeake Bay I applied for you and you have been accepted. And I kept up with her who is one of the most influential people in my life. I  and that I think is what the page school was all about was Naomi Almer. (APPLAUSE) >> I will say there were a number of us who  I was in capitol page school when Greg was there as well. There were teachers that had been there for probably a couple of decades, probably the '50s, '60s, '70s and Naomi was still there. I did  we did include her in the film, I don't know if you saw a brief moment there was a film done in the mid '50s about the Capitol page school and we have a little  little tip to Naomi in that she impacted a lot of our lives and Greg and some of the others were amazing teachers. So, yes? >> I have a question. Beth Ambrose. I was a cloakroom page in 1991. My question is directed at Professor Turley. I had the privilege of going to our very first all class homecoming several years ago. You gave the keynote address. And I  I wish to God that every member of congress could have heard that address because it's  it was magnificent as far as proving what the page program meant to you, to all of us, in a very, very eloquent way. My question is: Have you thought of how we might go about bringing this  the House program back. And what your role might be in it since you, in my opinion, are the best at putting it  why we should bring it back. >> Thank you. This is not a plant. (LAUGHTER) >> I really appreciate that, thank you very much. Jerry and others have been working very, very hard to bring the House system back. I have to say that I was so livid about not only the House program ended but how it was ended that I found myself incapable of speaking to some of the members that I worked with most of my life on. But we have a page corps that is large and loyal, and we are ready to work hard to bring back the program. And I think that we can. Now, it was true that you know Nancy Pelosi's office played a big role, I think, in the removal of the system. But people and things change. And I think that we have to reapproach them as  as we have. I think we have to remind them when they talk about the next generation they shouldn't be shooting a program that is about the next generation. We need to show them films like this, not what this meant for pages but pages meant for history. We have a good argument to make. We have a good case to present. I think if we get together and we use all of our assets, we can bring the House system back. (APPLAUSE) >> Thank you. >> On that positive note, I want to thank our panelists, Frank Mitchell, Camilla Bosanquet, Jonathan Turley, thank you for coming today. Thank you to the National Archives for showing our film and to this panel. We will see you next time. Thank you. (APPLAUSE)


Ward results

An asterisk denotes an incumbent

Baildon ward

Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Valerie Townend* 2,595 48.3
Liberal Democrat Christine Briggs 2,120 39.5
Green Jonathan Hayes 417 7.8
Labour Mohammad Yaqoob 237 4.4
Majority 475 8.8
Turnout 5,369 46.17
Conservative hold Swing

Bingley ward

Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Heseltine* 2,941 54.1
Labour Frank Needham 1,133 20.8
Green Arthur Arnold 691 12.7
Liberal Democrat Margaret Fielden 676 12.4
Majority 1,808 33.2
Turnout 5,441 43.59
Conservative hold Swing

Bingley Rural ward

Bingley Rural
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Ellis 2,861 51.0
BNP Nicholas Stamp 1,085 19.3
Labour James Newton 945 16.8
Liberal Democrat Alan Sykes 718 12.8
Majority 1,776 31.7
Turnout 5,609 42.23
Conservative hold Swing

Bolton & Undercliffe ward

Bolton and Undercliffe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat David Gray* 2,146 56.7
Labour Anthony Niland 958 25.3
Conservative John Robertshaw 679 17.9
Majority 1,188 31.4
Turnout 3,783 34.49
Liberal Democrat hold Swing

Bowling & Barkerend ward

Bowling and Barkerend
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Zameer Shah* 1,792 38.1
Labour Raymomd Bage 1,289 27.4
Liberal Democrat Mukhtar Ali 989 21.0
BNP Sharif Gawad 630 13.4
Majority 503 10.7
Turnout 4,700 40.87
Conservative gain from Liberal Democrat Swing

Bradford Moor ward

Bradford Moor
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Mohammed Shafiq 2,129 42.4
Conservative Azhar Mahmood 1,486 29.6
Liberal Democrat Ali Jamal 1,410 28.1
Majority 643 12.8
Turnout 5,025 44.86
Labour hold Swing

City ward

Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Munir Ahmed 2,413 68.8
Liberal Democrat Tahir Mahmood 420 12.0
Conservative Daniel Paterson 350 10,0
Green John Robinson 324 9.2
Majority 1,993 56.8
Turnout 3,507 32.17
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Clayton & Fairweather Green ward

Clayton & Fairweather Green
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Servant* 1,269 29.8
Labour Peter Longthorn 1,218 28.6
BNP Kim Riach 1,106 26.0
Liberal Democrat Lorna Leeming 665 15.6
Majority 51 1.2
Turnout 4,258 39.27
Conservative hold Swing

Craven ward

Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Andrew Mallinson* 2,636 60.1
Labour Steven Carter 1,000 22.8
Liberal Democrat Frances McAulay 751 17.1
Majority 1,636 37.3
Turnout 4,387 36.01
Conservative hold Swing

Eccleshill ward

Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Colin McPhee 1,205 30.2
BNP Peter Wade 1,142 28.6
Labour Gillian Thornton 920 23.0
Conservative David James 728 18.2
Majority 63 1.6
Turnout 3,995 35.32
Liberal Democrat gain from Labour Swing

Great Horton ward

Two seats were contested after incumbent councillor Intkhab Alam was jailed in March 2006 for trying to pervert the course of justice after his minicab hit and killed a man.[3]

Great Horton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Joanne Dodds 1,772
Labour John Godward 1,577
Conservative Richard Milczanowski 1,219
Conservative Darryl Brock 1,017
Liberal Democrat Margaret Chadwick 746
Liberal Democrat Antony Habergham 659
Turnout 3,848 35.02
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
Labour hold Swing

Heaton ward

Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Mohammad Masood 1,477 32.8
Labour Mark Fielding 1,144 25.4
Green Steven Schofield 1,043 23.2
Liberal Democrat Tariq Mahmood 833 18.5
Majority 333 7.4
Turnout 4,497 44.89
Conservative hold Swing

Idle & Thackley ward

Idle and Thackley
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat David Ward 2,604
Liberal Democrat Alun Griffiths 2,004
Conservative Derek Taylor 993
BNP Leslie Nakonecznyi 904
Labour Richard Blackburn 703
Labour Rosemary Watson 578
Turnout 4,503 38.67
Liberal Democrat hold Swing
Liberal Democrat hold Swing

Ilkley ward

Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Colin Powell 2,760 58.1
Labour Andrew Dundas 1,092 23.0
Liberal Democrat Douglas Beaumont 896 18.9
Majority 1,668 35.1
Turnout 4,748 42.56
Conservative hold Swing

Keighley Central ward

Keighley Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Shamim Akhtar 2,367 45.3
Liberal Democrat Kaneez Akhtar 1,455 27.9
Conservative Russell Brown 1,400 26.8
Majority 912 17.5
Turnout 5,222 49.14
Labour hold Swing

Keighley East ward

Keighley East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Stephen Pullen 1,954 39.3
Conservative Mark Francis Startin 1,364 27.5
BNP Rose Thompson 1,084 21.8
Liberal Democrat Judith Brooksbank 564 11.4
Majority 590 11.9
Turnout 4,966 42.55
Labour hold Swing

Keighley West ward

Keighley West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Catherine Rowen 1,827 40.4
BNP Ian Dawson 1,493 33.0
Conservative Lionel Lockley 822 18.2
Liberal Democrat Victoria Salmons 384 8.5
Majority 334 7.4
Turnout 4,526 41.08
Labour hold Swing

Little Horton ward

Little Horton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Naveeda Ikram 2,456 68.4
Conservative Asad Malik 610 17.0
Liberal Democrat John Massen 525 14.6
Majority 1,846 51.4
Turnout 3,591 34.80
Labour hold Swing

Manningham ward

Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Shabir Hussain 2,212 46.8
Liberal Democrat Qasim Khan 2,160 45.7
Conservative Ishtiaq Ahmed 354 7.5
Majority 52 1.1
Turnout 4,726 45.51
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Queensbury ward

Party Candidate Votes % ±
BNP Paul Cromie 1,829 38.5
Conservative Tracey McNulty* 1,533 32.3
Labour Graham Mahony 935 19.7
Liberal Democrat Joan Collins 455 9.6
Majority 296 6.2
Turnout 4,752 42.52
BNP gain from Conservative Swing

Royds ward

Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Valerie Slater 1,393 36.8
BNP Lynda Jane Cromie 1,250 33.0
Conservative Richard Sheard 748 19.7
Liberal Democrat Edward Hallmann 397 10.5
Majority 143 3.8
Turnout 3,788 34.02
Labour hold Swing

Shipley ward

Party Candidate Votes % ±
Green Hawarun Hussain 1,875 36.7
Conservative John Carroll 1,299 25.4
Labour Lee Edwards 759 14.8
BNP Jennifer Sampson 747 14.6
Liberal Democrat John Hall 435 8.5
Majority 576 11.3
Turnout 5,115 47.60
Green hold Swing

Thornton & Allerton ward

Thornton and Allerton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Valerie Binney 1,543 34.0
BNP Clifford Cockayne 1,354 29.9
Labour Susanne Rooney 942 20.8
Liberal Democrat Ruth Sharples 401 8.8
Green Michael Rawnsley 293 6.5
Majority 189 4.2
Turnout 4,533 39.86
Conservative hold Swing

Toller ward

Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Imran Hussain 2,428 42.6
Conservative Amjad Hussain* 1,786 31.4
Liberal Democrat Mohammed Sengal 1,480 26.0
Majority 642 11.3
Turnout 5,694 50.97
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Tong ward

Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Anthony Cairns 1,278 40.4
BNP Arthur Redfearn 1,012 32.0
Conservative Robert Stead 508 16.1
Liberal Democrat Maralyn Adey 366 11.6
Majority 266 8.4
Turnout 3,164 28.00
Labour hold Swing

Wharfedale ward

Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Christopher Ian Greaves 2,571 61.7
Liberal Democrat Vernon Whelan 1,028 24.7
Labour Kevin Armstrong 568 13.6
Majority 1,543 37.0
Turnout 4,167 46.14
Conservative hold Swing

Wibsey ward

Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Lynne Eleanor Smith 1,427 34.6
BNP Andrew Clarke 1,251 30.4
Conservative Dorothy Craven 928 22.5
Liberal Democrat Susan Fletcher 513 12.5
Majority 176 4.3
Turnout 4,119 39.33
Labour gain from BNP Swing

Windhill & Wrose ward

Windhill and Wrose
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Vanda Greenwood 1,215 28.2
Liberal Democrat John Watmough 1,166 27.0
BNP Neil Craig 1,022 23.7
Conservative David Herdson 738 17.1
Green Linda Arnold 170 3.9
Majority 49 1.1
Turnout 4,311 40.01
Labour hold Swing

Worth Valley ward

Worth Valley
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Glen William Miller 1,790 37.9
Labour Trevor Lindley 1,225 26.0
BNP John Joy 1,161 24.6
Liberal Democrat James Main 543 11.5
Majority 565 12.0
Turnout 4,719 45.22
Conservative gain from BNP Swing

Wyke ward

Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Warburton 1,273 32.0
BNP Robert Manby 1,142 28.7
Conservative John Stead 1,035 26.0
Liberal Democrat Kevin Hall 528 13.3
Majority 131 3.3
Turnout 3,978 37.86
Labour hold Swing


  1. ^ "Local elections 2006: Bradford". BBC News. 5 May 2006. Retrieved 21 September 2017. 
  2. ^ Local election results 2006 (PDF). City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council. Retrieved 4 October 2017. 
  3. ^ Staff writer (17 July 2006). "Disgraced councillor made £12,000 claim". Telegraph & Argus. Retrieved 25 September 2017. 
This page was last edited on 4 October 2017, at 03:06
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