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Chur railway station

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chur
Central pass-through (for metre-gauge) and terminal (for standard-gauge) railway station, PostAuto/AutoDaPosta terminal station.
Gravel-topped platform canopies with red trains on the tracks between them
Trains at Chur station
General information
LocationBahnhofplatz 1-2
Chur
Switzerland
Coordinates46°51′11.088″N 9°31′44.108″E / 46.85308000°N 9.52891889°E / 46.85308000; 9.52891889
Elevation584 m (1,916 ft)
Owned by
Line(s)
Distance
[1]
Platforms6
Tracks15
Train operators
ConnectionsPostAuto Schweiz and Bus und Service [de] buses[2]
Construction
Structure typeAt-grade
Platform levels2 (3 passenger levels)
History
Opened30 June 1858 (1858-06-30)
Passengers
201824,900 per working day[3]
Services
Preceding station SBB logo simplified.svg Swiss Federal Railways Following station
Landquart
towards Basel SBB
InterCity
IC 3
Terminus
Landquart InterRegio
IR 13
Preceding station Südostbahn Following station
Landquart
towards Bern
InterRegio
IR 35 Aare Linth
Terminus
Preceding station
Deutsche Bahn AG-Logo.svg
DB Fernverkehr
Following station
Landquart Terminus
Preceding station Rhaetian Railway Following station
Tiefencastel
towards Tirano
Bernina Express Terminus
Domat/Ems
towards St. Moritz
InterRegio
Chur West RegioExpress
Chur Wiesental
towards Scuol-Tarasp
Regio
Limited service
Chur West
towards St. Moritz
Regio
Limited service
Terminus
Terminus Regio
Chur Altstadt
towards Arosa
Preceding station Glacier Express Following station
Disentis/Mustér
towards Zermatt
Glacier Express Reverses direction
Tiefencastel
towards St. Moritz
Preceding station St. Gallen S-Bahn Following station
Landquart
towards Sargans
S12 Terminus
Preceding station Chur S-Bahn Following station
Chur West
towards Rhäzüns
S1 Chur Wiesental
towards Schiers
Chur West
towards Thusis
S2 Terminus
Location
Chur is located in Switzerland
Chur
Chur
Location within Switzerland
Chur is located in Canton of Graubünden
Chur
Chur
Chur (Canton of Graubünden)

Chur railway station (German: Bahnhof Chur) serves the town of Chur, capital of the canton of Graubünden, Switzerland. Opened in 1858, it is the most important railway junction in Graubünden.

The station is the terminus of the Swiss Federal Railways (SBB CFF FFS) standard-gauge main line from Zürich, and is also one of the most important stations on the Rhaetian Railway (RhB) metre-gauge network.[1]

Since 1986, on top of it one finds the central Grisonian PostAuto/AutoDaPosta bus terminal.

SBB InterCity, InterRegio, and RegioExpress services stop at the station, alongside Rhaetian Railway InterRegio, RegioExpress and Regio services. The station is also served by several Deutsche Bahn InterCity Express trains and by the Glacier Express. Finally, local service is provided by both the St. Gallen and Chur S-Bahn networks.

History and development

1850-1895

Planning for a station at Chur began in 1850. After heated debate, the station was built at its present site, just outside the city limits, and designed as a terminus of the Rheineck–Chur railway. It was opened on 30 June 1858 (1858-06-30).

The first operator of the station was the United Swiss Railways. Initially, only a temporary wooden goods shed was constructed as a station building. But in 1860 work was completed on a station building still visible today[when?] in modified form. In 1876, that building was moved to a new location on the Gürtelstrasse, where it has remained ever since.

With continuing increases in tourism in the area, a new station building was completed on 1 November 1878. It still exists today,[when?] but over the years has undergone several modifications.[citation needed]

1896-1985

In 1896, the Rhaetian Railway opened a narrow gauge line between Landquart and Thusis. The first 13.68 kilometres (8.50 mi) of that line ran parallel with the already well established standard gauge line between Landquart and Chur.

Due to a ruling by the Swiss Federal Council, the Rhaetian Railway was forced to abandon plans for a railway station of its own in Chur, and instead had to integrate itself into the existing United Swiss Railways station.

In 1903, the Albula Railway was opened, making necessary another expansion of Chur station. In 1914, traffic at the station increased even further, with the opening of the Chur–Arosa railway. Between 1926 and 1928, following yet another sharp increase in traffic, the station was completely rebuilt. As part of the late 1920s renovation, the number of tracks was increased, new bridges were built, and the track layout was simplified. Simultaneously, buildings from earlier times were refurbished, and new buildings were erected.[citation needed]

1985-present

The station is located in the centre of the town of Chur, and forms the transition between the old and new towns.

Bus terminal, on the upper level
Bus terminal, on the upper level
Chur station platforms
Chur station platforms

The most striking of the station's buildings is now the roof over the Postauto bus station, which is located above the station platforms.

In 1986, the architects Richard Brosi and Robert Obrist won first prize in a competition for the design of the bus station, including its roof. Their idea was to create an airy concourse, and the structure built to their design was completed in 1993.

Comprehensive redevelopment of the station began in 2000. The complete redesign of the station was a joint project of the SBB-CFF-FFS, the Rhaetian Railway and the town of Chur. As part of the redevelopment, a new pedestrian underpass was opened in 2003. By 2006, the underpass had been expanded to the south. As a connection to the southern end of the underpass, a new shopping mall was opened. Meanwhile, the height of the platforms was raised to Switzerland's usual height of 55 cm, and the platform roofs were renewed.

The old station building, which was called Belle Epoque, was completely renovated in a project completed in 2007. Between the tracks of the SBB and those of the Rhaetian Railway's Chur-Arosa line is now a new office and retail building.

The Chur bus station was moved closer to the railway station and has a direct connection to the underground shopping arcade. Also, the Bahnhofplatz in front of the station was extensively renovated in 2007.[citation needed]

Arosabahn

Chur is also the lower terminus of the Chur-Arosa line (the Arosabahn), which has its own dedicated platforms (numbers 1 & 2) at the front of Chur station, on Bahnhofplatz.

Hourly passenger services operate on the Arosa line (service "R4" on the Rhaetian network) to the town and resort of Arosa, calling at a number of places between. The route is shown as timetable 930 in the Swiss national timetables.[4]

Services

Long-distance

The following long-distance services call at Chur:[5]

Regional

The following regional services call at Chur:[5]

  • Hourly service over the Chur–Rorschach line to Zürich Hauptbahnhof.
  • Hourly service over the Chur–Rorschach line to Bern.
  • Hourly service over the Landquart–Thusis line to St. Moritz

Local

Chur is served by S12 of the St. Gallen S-Bahn, S1 and S2 of the Chur S-Bahn, and regional trains on the Chur–Arosa line:[5]

  • S1: hourly service over the Landquart–Thusis line between Rhäzüns and Schiers.
  • S2: hourly service over the Landquart–Thusis line to Thusis.
  • S12: half-hourly service over the Chur–Rorschach line to Sargans.
  • Regio: hourly service over the Chur–Arosa line to Arosa.

Bus stations

The bus station on Bahnhofplatz
The bus station on Bahnhofplatz

Other stations in Chur

There are three other railway stations in Chur:

Images

References

  1. ^ a b Eisenbahnatlas Schweiz. Cologne: Schweers + Wall. 2012. p. 25. ISBN 978-3-89494-130-7.
  2. ^ "Linienplan Chur" (PDF) (in German). Bus und Service AG. 15 December 2019. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
  3. ^ "Passagierfrequenz". Swiss Federal Railways. September 2019. Retrieved 1 August 2020.
  4. ^ Timetable 930: Chur-Arosa-Chur
  5. ^ a b c "Abfahrt: Bahnhof Chur" (PDF). Swiss Federal Railways (in German). 15 December 2019. Retrieved 16 January 2020.

External links

This page was last edited on 14 December 2021, at 18:21
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