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Christopher Courtney

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sir Christopher Lloyd Courtney
The Independent Air Force Dinner - Prince Albert, Trenchard and Courtney.jpg
Courtney (shown on right) with Trenchard and Prince Albert in 1919
Born(1890-06-27)27 June 1890
Died22 October 1976(1976-10-22) (aged 86)
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Service/branchRoyal Navy (1905–18)
Royal Air Force (1918–45)
Years of service1905–45
RankAir Chief Marshal
Commands heldAir Member for Supply and Organisation (1940–45)
Reserve Command (1939)
British Forces in Iraq (1937–39)
Deputy Chief of the Air Staff (1935–37)
No. 2 (Indian) Wing (1920–24)
Independent Air Force (1918)
11th Brigade (1918)
No. 7 Squadron RNAS (1916–17)
No. 4 Wing RNAS (1916)
RNAS Dover (1915–16)
No. 4 Squadron RNAS (1915)
Killingholme Naval Air Station (1914–15)
Battles/warsFirst World War
Second World War
AwardsKnight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire
Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Distinguished Service Order
Mentioned in Despatches
Order of St. Anna, 3rd Class (Russia)
Chevalier of the Legion of Honour (France)
Commander of the Legion of Merit (United States)
Other workBusinessman

Air Chief Marshal Sir Christopher Lloyd Courtney, GBE, KCB, DSO (27 June 1890 – 22 October 1976) was a senior Royal Air Force officer.

RAF career

Courtney joined the Royal Navy in May 1905 as a midshipman at Britannia Naval College.[1] By late 1909 he was an acting sub-lieutenant on board HMS Commonwealth.[1]

He fought in the First World War initially as Officer Commanding Killingholme Royal Naval Air Station.[1] He continued his war service as Officer Commanding Royal Naval Air Station Dover, Officer Commanding No. 4 Wing RNAS and then Officer Commanding No. 7 Squadron RNAS.[1] In April 1918, with the creation of the Royal Air Force, Courtney transferred from the Navy to the RAF and at that time he was appointed Deputy Director of Aircraft Equipment at the newly established Air Ministry. Just before the end of World War I, Courtney was promoted to acting brigadier-general and sent France to command the 11th Brigade which was being established as a subordinate formation of the RAF's Independent Air Force. However, once the armistice was declared, the Independent Air Force's commander, Major-General Sir Hugh Trenchard, returned home and Courtney succeeded him as commander.[2]

After the war he served as Officer Commanding, No 2 (Indian) Wing and then after a tour on the Directing Staff at the RAF Staff College, Andover, he was appointed Deputy Director of Operations and Intelligence at the Air Ministry.[1] He briefly served as Air Officer Commanding RAF Iraq Command on a temporary basis in late 1932.[1] He was made Director of Training at the Air Ministry in 1933, Director of Staff Duties in 1934 and Deputy Chief of the Air Staff and Director of Operations & Intelligence in 1935.[1] After that he was appointed Air Officer Commanding RAF Iraq Command in 1937 and Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief Reserve Command in February 1939.[1] He became Air Member for Supply and Organisation in January 1940 and remained in that post throughout the remainder of the Second World War until he retired in 1945.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Air of Authority – A History of RAF Organisation – Air Chief Marshal Sir Christopher Courtney
  2. ^ Richards, Denis (May 2008). "Courtney, Sir Christopher Lloyd". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 10 November 2009.

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Hugh Trenchard
As Commander-in-Chief the Inter-Allied Independent Air Force
General Officer Commanding the Independent Force
Force disbanded
Preceded by
Edgar Ludlow-Hewitt
Air Officer Commanding Iraq Command
Temporary appointment

Succeeded by
Charles Burnett
Preceded by
Edgar Ludlow-Hewitt
Deputy Chief of the Air Staff
and Director of Operations and Intelligence

26 January 1935 – 25 January 1937
Succeeded by
Richard Peirse
Preceded by
William Mitchell
Air Officer Commanding British Forces in Iraq
Succeeded by
Harry Smart
Preceded by
New post
Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief Reserve Command
February 1939 – August 1939
Succeeded by
Sir John Steel
Preceded by
William Welsh
Air Member for Supply and Organisation
Succeeded by
Sir Leslie Hollinghurst
This page was last edited on 7 September 2019, at 13:42
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