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Christianity by country

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Christian population percentage by country.[1]
Christian population percentage by country.[1]

As of the year 2020, Christianity had approximately 2.4 billion adherents and is the largest-religion by population respectively.[2][3] According to a PEW estimation in 2020, Christians made up to 2.4 billion of the worldwide population of about 7.7 billion people.[4][5][6][7][8][9][a] It represents nearly one-third of the world's population and is the largest religion in the world, with the three largest groups of Christians being the Catholic Church, Protestantism, and the Eastern Orthodox Church.[10] The largest Christian denomination is the Catholic Church, with 1.3 billion baptized members.[11] The second largest Christian branch is either Protestantism (if it is considered a single group), or the Eastern Orthodox Church (if Protestants are considered to be divided into multiple denominations).

Christianity is the predominant religion and faith in Europe (including Russia), the Americas, the Philippines, East Timor, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Oceania.[12] There are also large Christian communities in other parts of the world, such as Indonesia, Central Asia, the Middle East, and West Africa where Christianity is the second-largest religion after Islam. The United States has the largest Christian population in the world, followed by Brazil, Mexico, Russia, and the Philippines.[13]

Christianity in multiple forms is the state religion of the following 15 nations: Argentina (Catholic Church),[14] Armenia (Armenian Apostolic Church), Tuvalu (Church of Tuvalu), Costa Rica (Catholic Church),[15] Kingdom of Denmark (Danish National Church),[16] England (Church of England),[17] Greece (Eastern Orthodox Church), Georgia (Eastern Orthodox Church),[18][19] Iceland (Church of Iceland),[20] Liechtenstein (Catholic Church),[21] Malta (Catholic Church),[22] Monaco (Catholic Church),[23] Vatican City (Catholic Church),[24] and Zambia. Christianity used to be the state religion of the former Ethiopian Empire (adopted in 340 A.D. by the Kingdom of Aksum) prior to the government's overthrow.[25]

Lists

By country

Christian majority countries; Countries with 50% or more Christians are colored purple while countries with 10% to 50% Christians are colored pink.[1]
Christian majority countries; Countries with 50% or more Christians are colored purple while countries with 10% to 50% Christians are colored pink.[1]

Note: Population data are compiled using statistical science and are subject to observational error; these numbers should therefore be considered estimates only. The total number of Christians for each country is based on the number of people who are members of a Christian denomination or who identify themselves as Christian, plus their children. The number of people who actually believe in God or who regularly attend church is not addressed. People who mix Christianity with tribal religions are counted as Christians in this article. Most of the numbers for the Christian percentage of the population for each country were taken from the US State Department's International Religious Freedom Report, the CIA World Factbook, Joshua Project, Open doors, Pew Forum, and Adherents.com.

Top ten by numbers (2010)

A list of the top ten countries by largest number of Christians according to Pew Research Center in 2010.[26][27]

Rank Country Christians % Christian
1  United States 246,790,000 79.5%
2  Brazil 175,700,000 90.2%
3  Mexico 107,780,000 95%
4  Russia 105,220,000 73.6%
5  Philippines 86,790,000 93.1%
6  Nigeria 80,510,000 50.8%
7  China 67,070,000 5.0%
8  Congo DR 63,150,000 95.7%
9  Germany 58,240,000 70.8%
10  Ethiopia 52,580,000 63.4%

Top ten by percentage (2010)

A list of the top ten countries by highest percentage of the population that is Christian according to Pew Research Center in 2010.[27]

Rank Country % Christian Christians
1   Vatican City 100% 800
2  Romania 99% 21,490,000
3  Papua New Guinea 99% 6,860,000
4  Tonga 99% 100,000
5  Timor-Leste 99% 1,120,000
6  Armenia 98.5% 3,090,000
7  Namibia 97.6% 2,280,000
8  Marshall Islands 97.5% 50,000
9  Moldova 97.5% 3,570,000
10  Solomon Islands 97.5% 520,000

UN members and dependent territories

Christianity by country
Country or entity Christians % Christian % Catholic % Protestant/
Orthodox/
Other Christian
 Afghanistan (details) 6,250/8,000[28]-30,000[29] 0.02%[29]
 Albania (details) 580,000 17.0%[30] 10% 7%
 Algeria (details) 20,000-200,000[31] or 71,000 (estimate for 2010)[32] 0.01% 0.01% 1%
 American Samoa (details) 70,000 98.3% 20%
 Andorra (details) 78,000 89.5% 88.2%[33] 1.3%
 Angola (details) 17,094,000 75%[34] 50% 25%
 Anguilla (details) 15,000 90.5% 3% 87%
 Antigua and Barbuda (details) 66,000 74.0% 10% 64%
 Argentina (details) 34,940,108 77%[35] 66%[35] 11%[35]
 Armenia (details) 2,826,000[36] 97.9%[36] 1%[36] 96.9%[36]
 Aruba (details) 98,000 88% 80.8% 7.8%
 Australia (details) 11,148,814 43.9%[37] 20.0% 23.9%
 Austria (details) 5,185,959 58%-62% 54.9%[38] 3%-7%[39][40]
 Azerbaijan (details) 280,000[41] 3.1% 3.1%
 Bahamas (details) 335,975 95%[42] 12.0% 83.0%
 Bahrain (details) 185,000 15.0%[43] 9.0%
 Bangladesh (details) 495,000 0.3%[44] 0.4%
 Barbados (details) 244,000 74%[45] 4.2% 70%
 Belarus (details) 5,265,000 55.4%[46] 7.1% 48.3%
 Belgium (details) 6,860,000 65%[47] 58%[47] 7%[47]
 Belize (details) 247,000 76.7% 40% 36.7%
 Benin (details) 5,570,000 48.5%[48] 25.5% 23.0%
 Bermuda (details) 44,000 64.7% 15% 50%
 Bhutan (details) 7,000 1.0% 0.1% 0.9%
 Bolivia (details) 9,730,000 89.0% 76% 13%
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (details) 1,622,093[49] 45.94%[49] 15.19%[49] 30.75%[49]
 Botswana (details) 1,416,000 71.6% 5% 66%
 Brazil (details) 180,770,000[50] 90.0%[50] 64.6%[50] 22.2%[50]
 British Virgin Islands (details) 23,000 94.0% 9% 85%
 Brunei (details) 29,000 7.1%[51]
 Bulgaria (details) 6,364,000 64.7%[52] 0.6% 64.1%[47]
 Burkina Faso (details) 5,393,000 26.3%[53] 20.1% 6.2%
 Burundi (details) 7,662,000 75.0% 60% 15%
 Cambodia (details) 148,000 1.0% 0.15% 0.85%
 Cameroon (details) 15,390,000 73%[54] 44.4% 29.3%
 Canada (details) 19,300,000[55] 53.3%[55] 29.9%[55] 23.4%[56]
 Cape Verde (details) 487,000 89.1%[29] 78.7% 10.4%
 Cayman Islands (details) 52,600 66.9%[57] 13.6% 53.3%
 Central African Republic (details) 2,302,000 80% 29% 51%
 Chad (details) 4,150,000[29] 35.0% 20% 15%
 Chile (details) 9,900,000 68%[58] 55% 13%
 People's Republic of China (details) 31,220,000[59]-34,610,000/49,170,000[60]

2.5%-3.5%[60]

0.46%-0.69%[60] 2%-2.89%[60]
 Colombia (details) 43,560,000 92%[61] 79% 13%
 Comoros (details) 15,000 2.1%
 Cook Islands (details) 13,000 87.0%[62] 17.4% 69.6%
 Congo, Republic of (details) 3,409,000 90.7% 50% 40%
 Congo, Democratic Republic of (details) 63,150,000 92% 50% 42%
 Costa Rica (details) 4,000,000 82% 57% 25%
 Côte d'Ivoire (details) 11,697,000 39.8%[63]
 Croatia (details) 4,107,000 87.4%[64] 79.0% 8.4%
 Cuba (details) 6,670,000[29] 65%[65] 52.7% 7.5%
 Cyprus (details) 863,000 79%[66][67] 1% 78%
 Czech Republic (details) 1,241,000 11.7%[68] 9.3% 2.4%
 Denmark (details) 4,400,754[69] 79% 1% 77.8%[70]
 Djibouti (details) 53,000 6.0% 1% 5%
 Dominica (details) 59,000 88.7% 61% 27%
 Dominican Republic (details) 9,734,000 83% 65% 18%
 East Timor (details) 1,152,000 99.1%[71] 96.9% 2.2%
 Ecuador (details) 14,099,000 94.0% 74% 20%
 Egypt (details) 9,029,000 10.0%[72]
 El Salvador (details) 5,073,000 81.9% 52.6% 29.3%
 Equatorial Guinea (details) 683,000 88.7%[29] 80.7% 8.0%
 Eritrea (details) 3,577,000 67%[73] 4% 54%
 Estonia (details) 298,410 26.8%[74] 0.8% 26.0%
 Eswatini (details) 994,000 82.7% 25% 57.7%
 Ethiopia (details) 77,477,000 75% 0.7% 63.4%
 Falkland Islands (details) 3,000 94.3% 94%
 Faroe Islands (details) 33,000 95.4%[75] 94%
 Fiji (details) 540,000 64.4% 8.9% 55.5%
 Finland (details) 3,862,000[76] 69.8%[76] 0.3% 69.5%
 France (details) 41,000,000-46,000,000 51.1%[77]-58%[47]/63-66%[78] 50-63%[79]/54%[47] 4%[47]
 Gabon (details) 1,081,000 88.0%[80] 41.9% 46.1%
 Gambia (details) 79,000 4.2%[81]
 Georgia (details) 3,241,000 88.1%[82] 0.5% 87.6%
 Germany (details) 44,861,000 53.9%[83] 26.7%[83] 27.2%[83]
 Ghana (details) 21,955,000 71.3%[84] 10.0% 61.3%
 Greece (details) 10,000,000 93%[85] <1%[85] 97.3%
 Greenland (details) 55,000 96.6% 96.6%
 Grenada (details) 101,000 97.3% 53% 45%
 Guatemala (details) 14,018,000 87% 47% 40%
 Guinea (details) 1,032,000 8.9%[86] 5% 5%
 Guinea-Bissau (details) 165,000 10.0% 10.0%
 Guyana (details) 468,000 62.7%[87] 7.1% 55.6%
 Haiti (details) 9,597,000 96.0% 80.0% 16.0%
 Honduras (details) 6,660,000 88%[88] 47% 41%
 Hong Kong (details) 1,357,000 18.4%[89] 5.0% 6.8%
 Hungary (details) 5,254,179[90]- 6,501,000[47] 52.87%[90]-65.0%[47] 38.96%[90]-58.0%[47] 13.91%[90]
 Iceland (details) 272,200[91] 72.3%[91] 3.9%[91] 68.4%[91]
 India (details) 30,000,000 2.3%[36] 1.3% 1.0%
 Indonesia (details)

28,600,000

10.72%[92] 3.12% 7.6%
 Iran (details) 380,000-1,500,000[93] 0.4%-1.5% 0.4%-1.5%
 Iraq (details) 500,000 1.2% 1.2%
 Ireland (details) 3,992,000 (2016)[94] 83.8% (2016)[94] 78.2% (2016)[94] 5.6% (2016)[94]
 Israel (details) 266,000 3.5% 3.5%
 Italy (details) 53,230,000[95] 83% 81.2% 2%
 Jamaica (details) 1,859,000 68.9% 2.2% 66.7%
 Japan (details) 1,915,294 1.1%[96] 0.5% 0.6%
 Jordan (details) 388,000 6.0%[97]
 Kazakhstan (details) 3,300,000 17.2%[98]
 Kenya (details) 40,668,000 85.5%[99] 20.6% 64.9%
 Korea, North (details) 406,000 1.7%
 Korea, South (details) 13,566,000 27.6%[100] 7.9% 19.7%
 Kuwait (details) 458,000 15.0% 3.2% 12.8%
 Kyrgyzstan (details) 610,000[29]-944,000 11.4%[29]-17.0%[101]
 Laos (details) 145,000 2.2% 1% 1%
 Latvia (details) 1,570,000 70%[47]-80%[102] 24.1%[47]-25.1%[102][103] 46.8%[47]-54.9%[102]
 Lebanon (details) 1,600,000-1,800,000[104][105] 38.0%-41.0% 26% 15%
 Lesotho (details) 1,876,000 90.0% 45% 45%
 Liberia (details) 1,391,000 85.5%[106] 85.5%
 Libya (details) 170,000[29] 2.7%[29] 0.5% 1.5%
 Liechtenstein (details) 30,000 84.4%[107] 75.9% 8.5%
 Lithuania (details) 2,232,000 79.4%[108] 74.2% 5.2%
 Luxembourg (details) 360,000 72.4%[109] 68.7% 3.7%
 Madagascar (details) 22,322,966 85.0%[110]
 Malawi (details) 13,582,000 77.3%[111] 17.2 60.1
 Malaysia (details) 2,271,000 9.0%[112]
 Maldives (details) 300 0.08%
 Mali (details) 348,000 2.4%[113]
 Malta (details) 400,000 91.6%[114] 88.6% 3.0%
 Mauritania (details) 5,000 0.14%
 Mauritius (details) 418,000 32.2%
 Mexico (details) 111,959,525 88.9%[115] 77.7% 11.2%
 Micronesia, Federated States of (details) 106,000 95.4%
 Moldova (details) 2,752,000 91.8%[116] 0.1% 91.7%
 Monaco (details) 30,000 82.6%[117] 77.0[117]
 Mongolia (details) 42,859 1.3%[118]
 Montenegro (details) 500,000 78.8%[119] 3.4% 72.4%
 Morocco (details) 336,000 1%[120]
 Mozambique (details) 13,121,000 56.1% 28.4% 27.7%
 Myanmar (details) 3,790,000 6.2% 1% 5.2%
 Namibia (details) 1,991,000 90.0% 13.7% 76.3%
   Nepal (details) 376,000 1.4%[121]
 Netherlands (details) 5,750,000–
7,900,000
[citation needed]
37% (2018)[122] - 43.8%[123] 22% (registered, 2018)[122] - 23.7% 15% (2018)[122]- 20.1%[123]
 New Zealand (details) 1,738,638 (2018)[124] 37.0% (2018)[124] 10.0% (2018)[124] 27.0% (2018)[124]
 Nicaragua (details) 5,217,000 84.6% 58.8% 25.8%
 Niger (details) 85,000 0.5% 5%
 Nigeria (details) 74,400,000–
107,000,000
45.9%[125] 10.6% 35.3%
 North Macedonia (details) 1,110,000 60.4%[126].[127] 0.4% 60.0%
 Norway (details) 3,844,000[128] 76.7% (2018)[129][130] 2.4%[131] 73.8% (2018)[129][130]
 Oman (details) 180,000[29] 6.5%[29]
 Pakistan (details) 3,300,000 1.6%[132] 0.8% 0.8%
 Palau (details) 16,000 77.9% 65% 12.9%
 Panama (details) 3,057,000 92.0% 80% 12%
 Papua New Guinea (details) 6,800,000 97% 27% 70%
 Paraguay (details) 6,260,000 96%[88] 88% 8%
 Peru (details) 29,519,000 94.5%[133] 76.0% 18.5%
 Philippines (details) 86,500,000 85%[134] 80% 5%
 Pitcairn Islands (details) 50 100.0% 100%
 Poland (details) 36,090,000 94.3% 86.3% 8%
 Portugal (details) 7,445,000 84.8%[135] 80.2% 4.6%
 Puerto Rico (details) 3,878,000 89%[136][137] 56% 33%
 Qatar (details) 263,000 13.8%
 Romania (details) 18,067,000 98.0%[47] 11.0%[47] 87.0%[47]
 Russia (details) 66,000,000–
99,775,000
[138][139]
46.6%[140]-77.0%[141][142] <0.1% 46.6%-77.0%
 Rwanda (details) 9,619,000 93.6% 56.9% 26%
 San Marino (details) 31,000 91.6%[29] 90.5% 1.1%
 Saudi Arabia (details) 1,500,000 5%[143]
 Senegal (details) 570,000 4.2%[144]
 Serbia (details) 7,260,000 91.0%[145] 5.0% 86.0%
 Seychelles (details) 80,000 94.7% 82% 15.2%
 Sierra Leone (details) 619,000-1,294,000 10%[146]-20.9%[147]
 Singapore (details) 1,075,000 18.9%[148][149][150] 7.0% 11.9%
 Slovakia (details) 3,748,000 68.8%[151] 59.8% 9.0%
 Slovenia (details) 1,610,000 68.0%[47] 64.0%[47] 4.0%[47]
 Somalia (details) 1,000[152] 0.01% 0.0002% 0.01%
 South Africa (details) 43,090,000 79.8%[153] 5% 75%
 South Sudan (details) 6,010,000[154] 60.5%[155] 30% 30%
 Spain (details) 28,000,000 59.2%[156] 58.2%[156] 1%[156]
 Sri Lanka (details) 1,531,000 7.4% 6.1% 1.3%
 Sudan (details) 525,000 1.5%[157]
 Suriname (details) 262,000 48.4% - 51.6%[158][159] 21.6% 26.8%
 Sweden (details) 6,577,478 64.3%[160] 1.2% 63.1%
 Switzerland (details) 5,700,000 66.9%[161]-69.1%[162] 36.5%[161]-37.9%[162] 30.4%[161]-31.2%[162]
 Syria (details) 1,800,000[163] 10.0%[29] 2% 8%
 Tajikistan (details) 110,000[29] 1.4% 0.1% 1.3%
 Tanzania (details) 31,342,000 61.4%[164]
 Thailand (details) 768,000 1.1%[165]
 Togo (details) 1,966,000 29.0%
 Tonga (details) 84,000 81.0% 16% 65%
 Trinidad and Tobago (details) 774,000 57.6%[166] 21.5% 33.4%
 Tunisia (details) 30,000[167][b]
 Turkey (details) 120,000[168]
310,000[169]
0.2%
 Turkmenistan (details) 466,000 9.0%[170] 9%
 Uganda (details) 29,266,000 84.5%[171] 39.3% 45.2%
 Ukraine (details) 34,830,000[172] 81.9%[172] 7.5% 74.4%
 United Arab Emirates (details) 940,000 9.0%[173] 7% 2%
 United Kingdom (details) 25,585,000[174] - 31,889,000 38% [175]- 47.7%[176][177][178] 7%[179] 31%[180]
 United States (details) 213,000,000[181] 65% (2019)[181]-73%[182] 20%[181]-22.7%[182] 45%[181]-48.5%[182]
 Uruguay (details) 1,941,000 58.1%[58] 47% 11%
 Uzbekistan (details) 710,000[29] 2.6%[29] 2.6%[29]
 Venezuela (details) 28,340,000 88.0%[183] 71% 17%
 Vietnam (details) 6,831,000 7.1%[184] 6.1% 1.0%
 Yemen (details) 25,000[185]-41,000[186] 0.01% 0.01%
 Zambia (details) 12,939,000 95.5%[187] 20.2% 72.3%
 Zimbabwe (details) 12,500,000 87.0%[188] 17% 63%
Europe 565,560,000[9] 76.2%[9] 35.0%[189] 41.2%[9]
Latin America and the Caribbean 531,280,000[9] 90.0%[9] 70%[190] 20%[191]
Africa 526,016,926[9] 62.7%[9] 21.0%[189] 41.7%[9]
Asia 285,120,000[9]-375,905,000[192] 7.0%[9]-12.0%[192] 3.0%[189]-5.1%[192] 4.0%[9]-6.8%[192]
North America 266,630,000[9] 77.4%[9] 22.0%[189] 55.4%
Oceania 25,754,000[193] 73.3%[193] 38.9%[193] 34.4%[193]
Middle East-North Africa 12,000,000–16,000,000[194] 3.8%[9]-5.0%[195] 2.0%[189]-2.6% 1.8%[9]-2.3%
Total 2,431,209,718[192] 33.4%[192] 16.9%[192] 16.5%[192]

UN non member permanent observer states

note: One is a generally recognized sovereign state, while the other is a state with substantial, but limited, recognition

Country Christians % Christian overall %
 Palestine (details) 173,000 6.0%[196] 6%
  Vatican City (details) 836 100.0% 100%

Non UN member or observer states with substantial, but limited recognition

Note: Includes non-United Nations members or observers with substantial, but limited recognition

Country Christians % Christian
 Kosovo (details) 150,000 8.3%
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (details) 200 0.03%
 Taiwan (details) 902,000 3.9%

Widely or fully unrecognized Non UN member or observer states

Country Christians % Christian
 Abkhazia (details) 130,000 68.0%
 Artsakh (details) 143,000 98.8%[197]
 South Ossetia (details) 69,000 96.4%
 Transnistria (details) 510,000 95.0%

Christian-majority countries and territories

According to a 2012 Pew Research Center study, of the then 232 countries and territories, 157 had Christian majorities. 126 countries had a Christian majority, while 71 countries had a Christian minority.[198]

Percent (%) Christians Number of countries Population
100 2 850
90–99 49 739,568,000
80–89 28 312,790,200
70–79 20 599,319,000
60–69 11 177,608,000
50–59 16 132,349,929
40–49 3 13,594,000
30–39 6 15,497,000
20–29 5 23,657,000
10–19 10 43,409,000
1–9 34 124,755,000
0–1 13 1,823,750

Countries by highest percentage of the population that is Christian with at least 10 million Christians:[198]

Rank Country % Christian Christians
1  Romania 98.0% 21,300,000
2  Zambia 97.5% 12,800,000
3  Congo DR 95.7% 63,200,000
4  Peru 95.6% 27,800,000
5  Mexico 95.0% 107,000,000
6  Poland 94.3% 36,100,000
7  Ecuador 94.1% 13,600,000
8  Greece 93.0% 10,000,000
9  Colombia 92.5% 42,800,000
10  Bolivia 92.3% 10,400,000

Population growth

According to World Population Review, there were 2.4 billion Christians around the world in 2020.[199][3] and according to a 2012 Pew Research Center survey, if current trends continue, Christianity will remain the world's largest religion by year 2050. According to a 2015 Pew Research Center study, Christianity is estimated to reach 3 billion adherents out of a projected population of 9.3 billion people in 2050, achieving parity with Muslim populations for the first time in history, which are predicted to be about 2.8 billion in 2050.[200]

Demographics of major traditions within Christianity (Pew Research Center, 2010 data)[201]
Tradition Followers % of the Christian population % of the world population Follower dynamics Dynamics in- and outside Christianity
Catholicism 1,200,000,000 52.4 15.9 Increase Growing Steady Stable
Protestantism 800,640,000 34.9 11.6 Increase Growing Increase Growing
Orthodoxy 260,380,000 11.4 3.8 Increase Growing Increase Growing
Other Christianity 28,430,000 1.3 0.4 Increase Growing Increase Growing
Christianity 2,289,450,000 100 31.7 Increase Growing Steady Stable

See also

Other religions:

General:

Notes

  1. ^ Current sources are in general agreement that Christians make up about 33% of the world's population—slightly over 2.4 billion adherents in mid-2015.
  2. ^ Tunisia's Ministry of Religious Affairs estimates there are approximately 30,000 Christians residing in the country, of which the majority are foreigners and about 80% of whom are Roman Catholic. Approximately 7000 Christians are Tunisian Citizens, mostly Anglicans and Protestants.[167]

References

  1. ^ a b "Global Christianity – A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World's Christian Population" (PDF). Pew Research Center.
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