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Christian Gueintz

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Christian Gueintz
(Christian Gueintzius)
Born(1592-10-13)13 October 1592
Died3 April 1650(1650-04-03) (aged 57)
OccupationEducator and education reformer
Spouse(s)Catharina Brand[1]
ChildrenUrsula Elisabeth Gueintz
(later Ursula Elisabeth Herold)
and others
Parent(s)Johannes Gueintzius
Ursula Kretschmar/Gueintzius

Christian Gueintz (13 October 1592 – 3 April 1650) was a teacher and writer-grammarian. He was qualified and taught in several mainstream subjects of the time, notably philosophy,[2] theology,[3] and law.[3]

He lived during the first half of the seventeenth century, a period characterised by Baroque architecture and, in northern Germany, repeatedly disrupted by destructive war, which at various points had a dislocating impact on his career, and through which he demonstrated impressive qualities of persistence.[4]

Life

Guenitz was born in Kohlo near Guben,[5][6] roughly 40 km (25 miles) north-east of Cottbus. His father was a protestant pastor. His mother, Ursula, was the daughter of another evangelical pastor, called Daniel Kretschmar.[5] He attended school in Cottbus but had to leave when much of the city was destroyed by fire in 1608.[5] Subsequently his school career took him to Guben, Crossen (1608/09), Sorau (1609–1612), Bautzen (1612) and Stettin (1613). When he was 23, on 23 June 1615 he entered the university at Wittemberg (often identified in contemporary sources as "Leucorea").[5] Unusually it was just fifteen months later, on 24 September 1616, that he became a "Magister".[4][7] In 1617 Wittenberg made him a member of the Philosophy faculty and gave him a teaching contract that covered Rhetoric, Logic, Physics, Ethics and Politics.

The noted education reformer Prince Louis I of Anhalt-Köthen was looking for a suitable teacher to lead the school reforms which he was promoting. Christian Gueintz was recommended to The Prince, probably by the fashionably radical educationalist Wolfgang Ratke[4] and/or possibly by Jakob Martini. Starting on 3 June 1619, Gueintz now found himself the other side of Dessau, in Köthen, teaching Latin and Greek.[5] It was at Köthen that Gueintz also translated Ratke's Grammatica universalis into Greek and compiled a book of language exercises in Greek and German (Griechischer Sprach Ubungprinted Köthen 1620).

Still in Köthen, on 14 September 1621 Christian Gueintz married Catharina Brand/Bernd[8] She was a daughter of a former mayor of Köthen who had died in 1616. After this, in 1622, Gueintz returned to Wittemberg and embarked on a period of Law study. As soon as he had completed these studies he was elected a lawyer in the evangelical consistory in Wittenberg.

On 4 April 1627 Gueintz took over from Sigismund Evenius as rector of the important Gymnasium (school) at Halle. During his tenure other noted educationalists at the school would include Gebhard von Alvensleben, David Schirmer and Philipp von Zesen. However, in 1630 he became involved in a high-profile and acrimonious dispute over teaching priorities with Samuel Scheidt, following which the famous composer lost his music directorship in Halle, becoming, for the time being, an unquiet freelance music maestro.[5]

Principal publications
  • Die Deutsche Rechtschreibung. Hildesheim [u. a.]: Olms 2008 (Ndr. d. Ausg. Halle 1645, hrsg. von Claudine Moulin), ISBN 978-3-487-12861-0
  • Deutscher Sprachlehre Entwurf. Olms, Hildesheim 1978 (Ndr. d. Ausg. Köthen 1641). ISBN 3-487-06478-2
  • Lob der Edlen vnd nützlichen Druckerey-Kunst. In: Jubilaeum typographorum Lipsiensium: Oder Zweyhundert-Jähriges Buchdrucker JubelFest. Leipzig 1640. (Digitale Reproduktion der SLUB Dresden). Als Separatdruck unter dem Titel Trucker-Lob/ Auff das ander hundertjährige Jubel-Fest/ So gehalten am Johannes-Tage 1640. VD17 125:002807N (mit 2 digitalisierten Schlüsselseiten).

Gueintz was still in Halle in 1631 when the city was overrun by the Swedish army.[5] This ushered in several years of exacerbated hardship. The Swedish king arrived in person early in 1632 to negotiate the city's surrender.[5] Negotiations took place in the house of the Halle council chairman, Karl Herold, whose son would later marry Christian Gueinz's eldest daughter, Ursula Elisabeth.[5] As so often, plague followed the armies and later in 1632 Halle was hit by a serious outbreak.[5] Overall 3,300 people died, and Gueintz's school was left with only a few pupils.[5] Further disaster struck in 1637 when the Swedish troops plundered the city: however, they spared the school.[5]

In 1641 Prince Louis had Guenitz enrolled into the so-called Fruitbearing Society (societas fructifera), an organisation launched in 1617 to promote the standardisation and promotion of vernacular German as a language of literature and scholarship. Gueintz is recorded as the 361st member: the record of his membership also includes the in seventeenth-century German rhyming couplets, which he composed expressing gratitude for his membership.[9]

In the grammar/school books of his later years Gueintz sticks closely to the line of his mentor Wolfgang Ratke.[5][8] The two had worked closely together on the Köthen school reform programme, with the hands-on approach of Gueintz elegantly complementing Ratke's intellectually formidable, but more theoretically based contributions to the project.[8] Geuintz's conception of language nevertheless stood in opposition to that of the "Analogists" Justus Georg Schottel and Georg Philipp Harsdörffer.

References

  1. ^ Some sources spell her name Catharina Bernd, but there was evidently only one of her.
  2. ^ Robert L.Kyes; Irmengard Rauch (volume compiler and editor); Gerald F. Carr (volume compiler and editor) (7 July 1995). Grammar and Grammars in Seventeenth century Germany: The case of Christian Gueintz. Methodology in Transition (International Studies on Childhood and Adolescence). 1. De Gruyter Mouton. ISBN 978-3110143591.
  3. ^ a b Johann Heinrich Zedler (1732). "Guintzius (Christian)". Grosses vollständiges Universal Lexicon aller Wissenschaften und Künste. August Hermann Francke (printer) & Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek. p. 1216.
  4. ^ a b c Heinrich Julius Kaemmel (1878). "Gueinzius, Christian". Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig & Wikisource. pp. 89–91.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Hans & Elke Gueinzius, Leonberg (17 March 2002). "Christian Gueintz (Gueinz, Gueinzius, Gueintzius)". Retrieved 7 August 2015.
  6. ^ Kolo/ Kolau/Kohlo in the Kreis (district) of Guben an der Neiße: today Koto in the Wojewodschaft of Zilona
  7. ^ One source gives the date on which he was made a "Magister" as 24 November 1616 (and not 24 September 1616).
  8. ^ a b c Rainer Prem; Edith Wild (1 July 2014). "Clash of Cultures—School Systems at (the) Stake, Part 2 .... Christian Gueintz". Grantville Gazette. Eric Flint's Grantville Gazette, USA. Retrieved 8 August 2015.
  9. ^ Extract from Entry No. 361 in the membership list of the Fruitbearing Society in which the reaction of Christian Gueintz to his selection for membership is recorded as follows:
    Mechoacana weis an ihrer wurtzel ist
    Und der Rhabarbar gleich, die innre glieder bringet
    In ordnung widerumb, drumb Ordnend mir erkiest
    Der Name billich ward, weil mein sinn darnach ringet
    Zu ordnen unsre sprach’, in deren nam vergist
    Oft aus unachtsamkeit, was sonsten nicht wol klinget
    Noch deren eigen ist: Die Deutsche Sprachlehr’ hab’
    Ich nun gezeiget vor, wie ihr gebrauch mir gab.
This page was last edited on 29 January 2021, at 15:46
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