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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chip Roy
Chip Roy, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 21st district
Assumed office
January 3, 2019
Preceded byLamar Smith
Personal details
Born
Charles Eugene Roy

(1972-08-07) August 7, 1972 (age 48)
Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)
Carrah Key
(m. 2004)
Children2
EducationUniversity of Virginia (BS, MS)
University of Texas at Austin (JD)
WebsiteHouse website

Charles Eugene "Chip" Roy (born August 7, 1972)[1] is an American attorney and politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Texas's 21st congressional district. He is a Republican. Roy took office on January 3, 2019. Before his election to Congress, he served as chief of staff to Senator Ted Cruz and as first assistant attorney general of Texas.

Early life and education

Roy was born in Bethesda, Maryland,[2] and raised in Lovettsville, Virginia. Growing up near the Potomac River, Roy was familiar with places linked to the early history of the United States. For one of his high school activities he reenacted John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry.[3] His parents were conservatives who supported Ronald Reagan and helped shape Roy's political views.[3] In late November 1949, Roy's father contracted spinal and bulbospinal polio during an epidemic. This occurred soon after his father (Roy's grandfather) died of cancer on Thanksgiving weekend. Roy's father went to Lion Camp in Kerrville for therapy and was able to avoid being placed in an iron lung. He wound up with a permanent tracheostomy due to polio's effects.[4]

Roy attended the University of Virginia, receiving a Bachelor of Science in commerce in 1994 and a Master of Science in information systems in 1995.[3] There, he worked as a dorm resident assistant for a year, meeting future pro football players Tiki and Ronde Barber, who later attended his wedding.[5] After graduation Roy spent three years as an investment banking analyst.[3] Wary that his career might require him to relocate to Manhattan, Roy decided to pursue a different career.[3] He enrolled at the University of Texas School of Law, where he met his future wife, Carrah.[3] He graduated in 2003 with a Juris Doctor.

Early career

Cornyn staff

Though initially Roy saw politics "as an avocation, a sort of interest, but not something I would do anytime soon, if ever",[3] his mind began to change when, while still in law school, he began working for then-Texas attorney general John Cornyn on his 2002 campaign for the United States Senate.[5][6] After the September 11 attacks, Roy reflected on his goals. "I was in law school when September 11 happened. I will always remember that moment, crystallized in my head. That had a lot to do with my commitment to public service", he has said.[7] When Cornyn was elected and made vice chairman of the Republican Committee and the Judiciary Committee, Roy served as his staff director and senior counsel. Roy provided counsel for Cornyn and his staff on legislative issues including nominations, intellectual property, crime, civil justice reform and advising him during the immigration reform debates under the George W. Bush administration.[8][9][10] Roy worked for Cornyn until 2009.[6]

Roy returned to Texas as a special assistant in the office of the United States Attorney for the Eastern District of Texas.[11] In 2006 Roy met Ted Cruz, then Texas Solicitor General, during a strategy session discussing the case League of United Latin American Citizens v. Perry, a case about redistricting that Cruz argued before the Supreme Court.[9]

Perry administration

Roy resigned from his job as a special assistant U.S. attorney after six months to be a ghostwriter on Perry's 2010 book Fed Up! and work for Perry's 2012 presidential campaign.[2][8][6] The book served as a campaign agenda for Perry's campaign, and offered a range of Perry's positions, including criticism of the Social Security system as unconstitutional (calling it a Ponzi scheme), changing the election of U.S. senators back to state legislatures (they were made popularly elected by the Seventeenth Amendment), ending life tenure for federal judges, and repealing the 16th Amendment (which allows a federal income tax).[8] The book also denounces as "overreach" federal efforts to regulate health care, labor conditions, energy policy, and pollution.[8] In its acknowledgments Perry singled out Roy for "special recognition" for resigning his previous post "to devote himself full-time to the completion of the original manuscript" and his "amazing knowledge of the U.S. Constitution and other Founding documents, and a keen ability to frame federalist arguments in striking terms that make complicated law easier for non-lawyers like me to understand and discuss."[8] In his review of the book, Gene Healy of the libertarian Cato Institute credited Roy as "the guy who did most of the heavy lifting in the book."[8]

On April 1, 2011, Perry announced Roy as his choice for Texas's Director of State-Federal relations, an office whose duties include lobbying for federal funds for state institutions (such as grants to universities). He told reporters, "I'm enthusiastic about the opportunity. I've spent a number of years in Washington, and I got to see a lot of what works and more of what doesn't work. In this role, I think I can help serve the interests of the state of Texas and how it interacts with Washington. It's particularly exciting for me at the moment at this particular time. The influence of Washington has such a significant impact these days. I think this is a good opportunity to help Texas deal with what Washington is doing as it relates to our budget and those kinds of things."[10][2][11] During the confirmation hearings for his position before the Texas Senate, Roy said he would oppose an "intrusive federal government that spends our money recklessly."[12] He promised he would help Texas legislators "push back on Washington where necessary" and stand up for "liberty, state sovereignty and an end to the crippling pile of debt and regulation coming from Washington that is destroying our nation and endangering the state."[8] When asked about the recent Texas House vote to slash most of the office's funds, transferring them to a tuition reimbursement program for children of the military, he said it was "hardly surprising…I might have voted to cut it as well, based on what I understand of the office, but possibly without hiding behind the political gamesmanship of moving it from one account to another."[12] He promised to consider eliminating the entire office if it didn't "stand for something."[3] Roy's nomination was opposed by Texas State Senator Kirk Watson, who pointed out that the office's mission was "to promote communication and build relationships between the state and federal governments" and asked Roy "when you or someone else" decided to redefine its purpose.[12] The committee approved Roy's nomination, 6-1, with the full State Senate later confirming the nomination.[2] Roy served in the office from April to October 2011.[13]

The week of his 39th birthday in August 2011, Roy was diagnosed with Stage 3 Hodgkin lymphoma.[3] He later said his experience battling cancer convinced him of the importance of "health-care freedom", and that examining his medical bills showed him "how truly convoluted our system is."[3]

Cruz staff

After Cruz's election to the Senate in 2012, Roy became his chief of staff. Cruz praised his talents, calling Roy "a proud Texan and a principled movement conservative who was an early supporter of my campaign."[8][14]

While serving as Cruz's chief of staff Roy gained notoriety for blasting other Republicans who did not join Cruz in demanding Obamacare be defunded before voting to keep the government running past September 30, 2013. During the 2013 United States federal government shutdown Roy's main tasks were behind the scenes, plotting a course through the heavy media coverage and determining tactics when Republican allies deserted the cause and the party's leadership became increasingly hostile.[5] Roy chastised defecting Republicans, and was quoted as saying Tom Coburn was serving in a "surrender caucus" and likening Mitch McConnell to Barack Obama.[15] Cruz said Republicans who did not join him had fallen into "a powerful, defeatist approach…they're beaten down and they're convinced that we can't give a fight, and they're terrified."[15] Their cause was joined by Marco Rubio, Rand Paul, Mark Meadows and Mike Lee. The media picked up on Roy taking to Twitter to jab John McCain, sarcastically calling it "shocking" that "someone talking to [Democratic Senator Chuck] Schumer 5x a day and the White House daily" didn't support the hardball approach.[15] Coburn complained about these tactics to the Washington Examiner, saying, "The worst thing is being dishonest about what you can accomplish, ginning everybody up and then creating disappointment."[15] Roy's response on Twitter gained media attention: "Since when is a promise to fight disastrous policy 'dishonest?' No, the worst thing is giving up & leaving your base believing there is no need to be a Republican any longer."[15] Coburn told a reporter that he had "no ill will" toward Roy, but "He knows I'm not part of the surrender caucus."[15] He added that "a good portion of it [Obamacare] is mandatory spending, and the only way to get rid of mandatory spending…is 67 votes because you got to override a presidential veto"[16] and that the tactics of Cruz and Roy would result in the Democrats taking control of the House.[16] Roy told a reporter that his job was to advance Cruz's priorities and he had not been told to stand down, adding, "The Washington establishment uses every tool at its disposal to push its own narrative on the American public—and in this case, it's the narrative of 'we can't.' They plant stories, strong-arm members and try to create fake 'wins' for cover that simply do not change the status quo. It is important that we push back."[15] In response to questions about Roy's behavior, McCain said, "He and Senator Cruz are entitled to their opinions, but I don't pay that much attention to that kind of thing because I believe my position. It wouldn't be the first person who has criticized me." Richard Burr, who supported defunding but not threatening to cause a shutdown, also was unmoved by Roy's quips: "It doesn't matter to me what he does. The only thing that's important is that I'm on Senator Cruz's bill to eliminate Obamacare."[15] On September 25, 2013, Cruz and Roy met with trusted staffers and Cruz read aloud from Psalm 40 (which includes the line "troubles without number surround me") and then took to the Senate floor for a 21-hour speech against Obamacare.[5] Despite such efforts the shutdown did not result in the desired policy change: the Republican leadership brokered a deal with the Democrats, reopened the government, and Obamacare funding was only marginally affected.[5] Politico called Roy an "architect" of Cruz's strategy, and he later told a reporter, "Was I intimately involved with it? Yes. Unapologetically. I think it was the right strategy. And but for the same hand-wringers in the Senate that continue to give us the status quo, we might have been successful."[5][17]

In September 2014, as Cruz contemplated a 2016 presidential campaign, Roy's duties in his office moved from chief of staff to top political strategist.[18][19] During the exploratory phase of Cruz's campaign Roy and Cruz fell into an argument about political tactics and strategy that became heated enough to cause Roy to leave Cruz's Senate office. Despite the level of disagreement, they discussed working together in the future. Cruz later recalled, "We often agreed, but not always, and we would have vigorous debates. Chip never backs down, and we would have extended discussions about which battles should be the highest priority."[20]

Texas assistant attorney general

In 2014, despite controversy over the Texas State Securities Board issuing a disciplinary order against him for soliciting investment clients without being registered in the state, Ken Paxton easily won election as Texas attorney general.[21] He chose Roy as his first assistant attorney general,[11][18] saying, "Chip is a longtime friend, and someone whose counsel I trust. …I am pleased that he will bring his strong legal mind, devotion to liberty, and servant's heart to the Office of Attorney General as first assistant."[21] He added that Roy would be part of "a highly qualified and dedicated team that will be ready to defend Texas and ensure we are protected from an overreaching federal government."[22] Roy's continuing battle with cancer influenced his decision to return to Texas, as he wished to be close to his family rather than commute weekly to Washington D.C. or travel extensively on a presidential campaign.[9] In accepting Paxton's offer he praised Cruz, saying he "has honored his promise to Texans and 'made DC listen.' Moving on from his team is like leaving family, but you never truly leave....Now, Attorney General-elect Paxton has given me the honor of being home in Texas and helping him lead the great people of the Office of Attorney General as we defend the interests of this great state."[21]

Stepping into his role in Texas's attorney general's office, Roy confronted over 28,000 active cases, including high-profile cases on voter ID and same-sex marriage.[3] He also participated in the 2015 lawsuit United States v. Texas against President Obama's executive action on immigration. The case challenged the constitutionality of the Deferred Action for Parents of Americans (DAPA) program.[9] Roy explained Texas's position to reporters, saying, "the U.S. Senate and House aren't doing their job in standing up for and defending [the powers granted only to them by the Constitution's] Article 1, I think it is critical what Texas is doing in stepping up and defending when the president himself said repeatedly he didn’t have the power to do this."[9] When asked about further political ambitions, Roy mentioned his cancer, which had been in remission for four years: "Before Hodgkin’s lymphoma, I was headed down that path. Subsequent to having cancer, I kind of took a step back. I'll leave that in the Lord’s hands. I love public policy and trying to impact public policy."[9]

In July 2015 a Collin County grand jury indicted Paxton on two first-degree felony counts of securities fraud and a third-degree felony for failure to register as a securities dealer.[23] Paxton maintained his innocence, but news stories continued to focus on the charges. Due to Paxton's decision to work from his home in McKinney rather than the capital in Austin, reporters covering the office's work highlighted the rolls of his solicitor general Scott Keller, his chief of staff Bernard McNamee, and especially Roy.[23] With Paxton avoiding all but the most friendly audiences, speculation arose that Roy was the de facto attorney general.[23] In September 2015, while praising Roy at the Pflugerville First Baptist Church as one of the "visionaries on this religious liberties issue", Paxton self-consciously said, "I get credit, sometimes not credit, for what happens in my office."[23] MacNamee soon resigned in frustration over Paxton's behavior. Roy inadvertently drew unwanted attention to the situation in an interview about Texas's challenge to the DAPA program. When a reporter asked him how Paxton's legal problems affected the agency, Roy's response was seen as revealing Paxton's absence from running the office. He said, "We're in constant communication with the attorney general, and we're focused on doing our job every day to defend the state of Texas. ...The first assistant attorney general, the solicitor general, our head of civil litigation, all of us are charged to manage the daily affairs of this agency, and that's what we're doing."[23] When Paxton's name did not appear in a New York Times piece about a suit against Texas in the Supreme Court over abortion restrictions, his communications staff complained to Keller about it. Paxton traveled to Washington to hear the oral arguments, paying for his own ticket and submitting a copy of it to the state alongside the one his office had purchased for Roy to show how much money he had saved Texas.[23] Eight days after the Supreme Court hearing, Paxton called his communications director, Allison Castle, who could not get any news organization to agree to interview him about the case. He demanded she resign or be fired. He then did the same to Roy, who resigned. Both were somehow placed on emergency leave, which caused further controversy later.[23][24][25] Reporters also began to investigate whether Paxton had broken state law in the way he had hired staff: giving people the job before they filled out an application and without first advertising openings before filing them with people from outside the department.[26] Paxton's choice to replace Roy was Jeff Mateer from First Liberty Institute who had came to notoriety by offering to represent pro bono any business that wished to sue the city of Plano over its LGBT anti-discrimination ordinance.[23]

Cruz PAC

On March 10, 2016, the day after Paxton announced that Roy had "resigned to pursue other endeavors," he was named the executive director of the Trusted Leadership PAC, which was supporting Cruz's presidential campaign.[11][27][28] Kellyanne Conway, President of the pro-Cruz Keep the Promise PAC, hailed his hiring, saying "Chip brings a wealth of experience in politics and public policy, and a deep understanding of Senator Cruz's philosophy and track record and we are happy to have him on board."[28] The PAC was formed to bring the preexisting separate Cruz-supporting PACs into a single operating structure.[3] Taking the job, Roy praised his previous co-workers, saying, "After fifteen months of far-reaching accomplishments in defense of Texas, I leave behind an extraordinarily talented team capable of continuing the work we started together."[28]

Controversy arose when it was discovered that Roy remained a state employee while working for the PAC. Roy responded that he had not received any pay from the PAC while he was on the state payroll, and only used his accrued vacation and compensatory time from the state after resigning to work for the PAC. This had left open the option for him to receive leave after his vacation and holiday time expired, which would have allowed him to continue receiving health benefits for his cancer treatment. After The Dallas Morning News reported on the matter,[29] Roy fully resigned, maintaining that doing so was the result of a good report from his oncologist. He told reporters, "Had I gotten some bad news, then I would have taken a step back and then thought, 'Ok, now what?' And then, maybe I go back and have a conversation with the attorney general or anybody else in the state and find the right place, depending on what the news is."[3]

Despite a scandal about the Cruz campaign's relationship with Cambridge Analytica, Roy and Trusted Leadership PAC had no interaction with the company.[3] At the time of Roy's hiring Conway had said, "This is a two-person race where Senator Cruz is building significant momentum and is the proven conservative, able to win the nomination and defeat Hillary Clinton,"[28] but less than two months after Roy took over the PAC Cruz dropped out of the race.[3]

Center for Tenth Amendment Action

By September 19, 2016 Roy had found employment as the Director of the Center for Tenth Amendment Action for the Texas Public Policy Foundation (TPPF) a conservative think tank. Ted Cruz praised the move saying "I congratulate both him for his new role, and the Texas Public Policy Foundation for securing such an accomplished and principled individual as Chip to serve as Director of their 10th Amendment Center. As one who had the honor of helping launch that center, it is critical to have someone lead the effort who possesses both a strong knowledge of the Constitution and an acute awareness of how the federal government steps beyond its limits on a daily basis." Roy said "The talented team at TPPF has a proven track record of success in defending liberty and free enterprise - and I look forward to working side-by-side with them."[30]

U.S. House of Representatives

Elections

2018

In 2018, Roy ran for the United States House of Representatives in Texas's 21st congressional district to succeed Lamar Smith, who did not run for reelection. Covering his campaign, Politico likened him to Cruz.[17] Roy finished atop an 18-candidate field and received Smith's endorsement in a runoff on May 22 against Matt McCall.[3] Roy noted his agreement with Smith when it came to questioning whether climate change was attributable to human activity.[3] When he supported Cruz in the 2016 presidential primary, Roy's criticism of Donald Trump caused some of his friends to describe him as committed to the "Never Trump" cause.[17] By his 2018 campaign his position had changed. Roy praised Trump's job performance, citing his decision to pull the United States out of the Paris climate accords and his results in "regulatory relief, on tax relief, on judges, on the embassy in Jerusalem" and his attacks on "the swamp or the establishment or the status quo or whatever you want to call the inner workings of Washington, D.C."[17][31] Roy also echoed Trump's position about a "deep state", which he defined as "entrenched bureaucrat[s] who hide something from the political decision-makers" causing "pushback from deep within the bowels of each of the agencies."[17] He called for federal agencies "to be thinned out so that we don't have those issues."[17] Roy promised if elected to push back against the status quo and restrict the federal government's power, calling for Medicare to be delegated to the states, for Congress to pass a balanced budget, and for action to be taken to prevent judges from legislating from the bench.[3] He suggested that the House should attempt to pass no legislation the following term until it advanced a balanced budget amendment to the Constitution.[32] He also held that there were threats from "porous borders, gangs and drug cartels" that he would address if elected.[32] The Club for Growth supported his candidacy.[3] The House Freedom Fund (aligned with the Freedom Caucus in the House) contributed $143,000 to Roy's campaign.[33][3] By February, Cruz joined in campaigning for Roy, telling voters, "I know how he responds under pressure, under heat, and that he won't buckle."[3]

Roy finished 10 percentage points ahead of Iraq War veteran, businessman and West Point and Harvard graduate Matt McCall in the Republican primary election. He beat McCall by 5% in the "top-two" runoff.[34] McCall credited much of Roy's victory to the endorsement and efforts of his opponent's previous boss, Cruz, saying, "Ted carried him into office. He gave him his prestige, his name, his money, his contacts, everything he put on the line for this guy. He literally drove him around in the Ted Cruz Cruzer." McCall said that Cruz was able to convince others to endorse Roy, even Louie Gohmert, whom McCall hailed as his congressional role model.[35] Roy defeated Democratic nominee Joseph Kopser, a businessman, aerospace engineer and veteran, in the general election,[36] 50%–48%, a closer than expected margin.[37]

2020

As the 2020 electoral season approached, Democrats sought to associate Roy with Cruz, whose popularity was seen as declining. Roy was unfazed by the tactic, saying, "This whole thing about trying to brand me as Ted Cruz—I’m honored. He's one of the smartest guys I've known. I think he's a great senator from Texas. I was proud to be his chief of staff. But I'm Chip Roy."[5] As election season approached, Roy told reporters that he was unafraid of any Democratic challenger: "I think what I’m fighting for is good for all Americans regardless of what their ideology is. So if the Democrats want to mount a challenge, go ahead. Place a big pile of money in Austin and light it on fire. I'm going to win next year."[38] Roy was reelected in 2020, defeating Democratic nominee Wendy Davis[39] by seven percentage points and winning eight of the district's ten counties.[40][41]

2022

Because Roy antagonized Trump, but not as much as those who voted to impeach him, The Wall Street Journal highlighted his Republican primary race of 2022 as "a case study in whether a conservative Republican usually aligned with Mr. Trump can survive politically after angering the former president—even a modest amount."[20] Even before a challenger arose against Roy, Trump had called for him to be defeated in the Republican primary. By June 2021, physician Robert Lowry had filed with the Federal Election Commission to face Roy in the primary, with the possibility of more candidates entering the race by the December 13 deadline. A further complication in the race is that Texas state legislators will be redrawing congressional district boundaries because the 2020 U.S. Census mandated that the state receive two more House seats.[20]

Tenure

Coming into office Roy cast himself as a conservative version of Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, saying, "I doubt she and I agree on many issues. But functionally, this place is broken."[33] He was happy to be part of the Freedom Caucus, saying, "they're serving as a check against the current broken system where the power brokers make decisions at the top and just say 'Here's what we're going to do'."[33] He added that Republican power brokers in Congress lost control of the House because "You demonstrate rote incompetence when you are leaving us with a trillion dollars in deficits this year on top of $22 trillion in debt. You said you were going to do something to secure our border, and you didn't. And you said you were going to fight for—I use the term 'health care freedom'—and you didn't. It's hard to really take that to the people and say, 'Hey, send me back'."[33]

Roy's election was hailed by many conservatives, including Greg Mueller of the conservative-aligned public relations firm Creative Response Concepts, who said people "are very excited about him coming to Congress. …I think he's seen as the future of the party. He's very smart, politically savvy and he’s measured and articulate in how he explains conservative policy, theory and philosophy. I think he's going to chart a lot of courses for the conservative movement."[33] Representative Jim Jordan called Roy "exactly the kind of guy" Congress needs to show what can be done if Republicans regain the House, as "He can convey our message in a compelling fashion."[33]

Roy's first speech as a representative was on immigration and what he called "chaos and lawlessness on the southern border."[33] He complained that "members of both sides of the aisle have buried their heads in the sand over the last several decades, talking instead of doing."[33] Right-leaning news outlets hailed Roy's speech; ConservativeMedia.com posted it in its entirety.[33] Soon after taking office Roy opposed a bill in the House that tried to prevent President Trump from withdrawing from NATO without Congress's consent. The bill passed 357 to 22.[33] When the House voted to give back pay to the 800,000 federal workers affected by the government shutdown, Roy opposed the measure. He said, "I was voting against Congress essentially giving itself a get out of jail free card to just continue to just put shutdowns on autopilot. …I just think too many of our colleagues say, 'Hey, I just want to avoid tough votes'."[33] Roy was one of few Republicans to vote against the measure, which passed 411 to 7. Trump signed the bill into law.[33]

Relief bill opposition

On May 24, 2019, Roy single-handedly halted a House disaster relief funding bill that gave $19 billion in relief for communities hit by disasters, including $900 million for hurricane-damaged Puerto Rico, and fast-tracked $4 billion in grants to Texans suffering due to the effects of Hurricane Harvey. The money for Texas had been approved in 2018 but held up due to working out regulations with the Department of Housing and Urban Development and the Office of Management and Budget (O.M.B.). The bill had been championed by Cornyn and voted for by Cruz. House leaders of both parties had agreed to advance the bill under a quick procedure rule that required unanimous consent of those in the chamber. Most members of Congress had already left Washington for the Memorial Day recess. The day before, the Senate had passed the bill 85-8, and the House had passed a similar version earlier in the month 257-150. Due to Roy's objection the unanimous consent vote was derailed. Roy blamed Pelosi for the previous delay in Texans receiving the funds and voiced his dislike of procedure being used, saying "Today I stood to object to the unanimous consent of a $19.1 billion emergency supplemental bill that has been languishing for over eight months because Speaker Pelosi would rather play politics on impeachment than do the work of the people. I objected primarily because had I not, Congress would have passed into law a bill that spends a significant amount of taxpayer money without members of Congress even being present in our nation's capitol to vote on it."[42] He tweeted that his actions were "to try to stop business as usual in the swamp. This is about saving the Republic for our kids. Washington is broken. We should debate, vote, & do our jobs."[43][44] Cornyn's office had already released a statement calling on the OMB director to disburse the funds "which Texans desperately need to rebuild as soon as possible" with hurricane season a week away.[45] During other pro forma sessions Roy's tactic was taken over by Representatives Thomas Massie and John Rose, who returned to Washington during the recess week for two more similar unanimous consent request attempts.[46][47][48] Ultimately Roy's action delayed the bill's passage for several days until lawmakers returned from recess. Representative Lizzie Fletcher, who had worked on the earlier House version of the bill, said, "I am disappointed that a member of the Texas delegation has further delayed desperately needed funds for communities across Texas, including my own…This delay—at the start of hurricane season, no less—is an affront."[45] The Lone Star Project, a Democratic PAC, released a statement in response to Roy's actions that concluded, "Texans shouldn't have to suffer these tragedies and then be forced to overcome another disaster like Republican Congressman Chip Roy."[42] Hurricane season began on June 1 and coastal communities soon began seeing flooding amid strong storms.[49] The bill was stalled for 11 days before passing on June 3 by a margin of 354–58, with Roy voting against it.[50] He received bipartisan criticism for his objection to the bill. He explained his vote against the measure, saying it added to the national debt and did not include additional spending for federal operations along the U.S.–Mexico border.[51][52] Five other Texas representatives joined Roy in opposing the bill: Lance Gooden, John Ratcliffe, Van Taylor, Ron Wright, and Michael Cloud (whose district bore the direct brunt of Hurricane Harvey).[49] When asked about Roy's use of procedural tactics, Cornyn replied, "Look, I try not to tell the House guys how to run their shop, and they don’t tell the Senate how to run ours. I understand his point. That’s probably all I'm going to say about that."[5]

Procedural protest, 2019

On June 12, 2019, Roy derailed the usually uneventful House procedural process for appropriation bills. During the first debate of a four-bill spending package of the upcoming 2020 fiscal year the chamber scheduled for working through amendments through most of the day, with roll call votes not expected until around 5:30 p.m., Roy rose in an effort to protest what he saw as Democratic inaction on President Trump's $4.5 billion supplemental funding request for the Department of Homeland Security (to address what his administration held was urgently needed due to an increasing number of migrants at the southern border). From the floor he declared that "It is unconscionable that this body will not address it" and halted the normal process by making a motion to adjourn at 12:14 p.m.[53] The motion was defeated 146-244. Representative Andy Biggs then made another motion to adjourn, which was defeated 140-254. Members of both parties voted against the motions and voiced complaints about the disruption. Members had been forced to leave committee hearings, markups, lunches, and other events for the unscheduled votes. After the votes the House resumed normal business, beginning a debate on a rule governing proceedings on the fiscal package. While managing the debate on the rule for the Republican minority, Representative Woodall yielded his time to several members of his conference. Each requested unanimous consent for immediate consideration of the border funding supplemental. The chair declined these, ruling the time may be yielded only for debate on the rule in question. When proceedings shifted to amendment debate and lawmakers proceeded to call for a voice vote on many of the amendments (most of them uncontroversial), Roy objected and asked for roll call votes on each one. This once again caused members to have to return to the chamber for an unscheduled vote, and as Roy continued to use this tactic it became clear that the previous schedule, which anticipated finishing up no later than 11 p.m., would be extended until early in the morning.[53] Roy continued to call for roll call votes for each of the dozens of amendments offered. This caused members of both parties to voice displeasure with him and have to cancel their evening plans. Roy himself had to cancel his plans for his 15-year wedding anniversary (his wife was in Austin, but he had taken their two children to D.C. to give her a full week of relaxation). He tweeted to her, "You know - I figured the most romantic thing I could do today is spend the day and night on the floor of the U.S. House. I'd apologize and say I love you…but you knew what you were getting into and you know that."[54] He told reporters, "I planned on certainly talking with her and frankly, I mean, I was planning on getting off and sending her some flowers, but I just got sucked into this thing on the floor and just couldn't get away, so I'm texting her from the floor saying, 'Happy anniversary, honey!'"[54] Roy was unmoved by fellow members' complaints, saying, "The interesting part is listening to the complaints on the floor. I was really entertained. It's like, 'Cry me a river. Go down and walk and talk to the migrant who's being abused, look that migrant in the eye and tell me that they should care about you missing your dinner.'" The House finished at 4 a.m.[54] The Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee said of Roy's actions, "It's clear Congressman Roy is more concerned with partisan showboating and causing gridlock than actually doing his job."[54] Roy explained his tactics, saying, "For me, use the tools at your disposal". He said he did not care about "old-guard types who didn't and never would love a strategy that causes [the] swamp pain. I'm not interested in playing every angle in this town for politics as much as I am trying to do my damn job.…You should know the rules and you should use them."[55] At a news conference Roy said, "Until we have addressed the border crisis legitimately, Congress should not be conducting business as usual. Congress should not be on autopilot while the American citizens and migrants, who seek to come here, are being harmed."[56] The Texas Tribune reported that by such tactics Roy within "a span of just three weeks…established a reputation as the leading obstructionist in the House."[5]

Amending the ADA

On June 28, 2019, in response to the humanitarian crisis involving migrant children at the southern border, Roy proposed legislation to amend the Antideficiency Act (ADA) to allow the United States Border Patrol to accept donations from people who want to help migrant children directly. The bill was filed after Border Patrol officials turned away people attempting to donate supplies such as diapers, toys, and hygiene items, saying they could not accept donations due to the ADA, which prevents the government from accepting "any donations other than what Congress has allocated to it."[57][Notes 1][58][59]

Response to Trump tweet

During ongoing tensions within the Democratic party in July 2020, Trump added his own comments in a tweet complaining about "the Squad": Representatives Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, Ilhan Omar, Ayanna Pressley, and Rashida Tlaib. He wrote, "So interesting to see 'Progressive' Democrat Congresswomen, who originally came from countries whose governments are a complete and total catastrophe, the worst, most corrupt and inept anywhere in the world (if they even have a functioning government at all), now loudly and viciously telling the people of the United States, the greatest and most powerful Nation on earth, how our government is to be run. Why don't they go back and help fix the totally broken and crime infested places from which they came. Then come back and show us how it is done. These places need your help badly, you can’t leave fast enough. I'm sure that Nancy Pelosi would be very happy to quickly work out free travel arrangements!"[60] As his tweet gained media attention, he added, "So sad to see the Democrats sticking up for people who speak so badly of our Country and who, in addition, hate Israel with a true and unbridled passion. Whenever confronted, they call their adversaries, including Nancy Pelosi, 'RACIST.' Their disgusting language and the many terrible things they say about the United States must not be allowed to go unchallenged."[60] Of the four only Omar (a naturalized citizen) was born outside the United States, and many characterized Trump's tweet as racist.[60] Roy was one of the few Republicans who condemned the tweet, though he also called out the Squad for opposing immigration reform and said they should be voted out in November, tweeting, "POTUS was wrong to say any American citizen, whether in Congress or not, has any 'home' besides the U.S. But I just as strongly believe non-citizens who abuse our immigration laws should be sent home immediately, & Reps who refuse to defend America should be sent home 11/2020." He then retweeted Trump's statement "the many terrible things they say about the United States must not be allowed to go unchallenged."[61][5]

Response to Paxton allegations

On October 5, 2020, while campaigning for reelection against Wendy Davis, Roy called for Paxton's resignation after seven senior leaders within his office (including Roy's replacement Jeffrey Mateer) accused him of bribery, abuse of office, and other charges. Roy noted that rather than address the charges and demonstrate their falsity, Paxton had attacked the staffers' character. Roy released a statement that concluded, "The Attorney General deserves his days in court, but the people of Texas deserve a fully functioning AG's office."[62] He took particular issue that Paxton choose "to attack the very people entrusted, by him, to lead the office—some of whom I know well and whose character are beyond reproach."[62][63][64][65] Hours after Roy's call for him to step down, Paxton released a statement saying, "Despite the effort by rogue employees and their false allegations I will continue to seek justice in Texas and will not be resigning." The charges arose from Paxton's relationship with Nate Paul, an Austin real estate developer who donated $25,000 to Paxton's 2018 campaign. Paxton claimed that his office had been referred a case investigating an FBI raid on August 2019 of Paul's offices and home which had "allegations of crimes relating to the FBI, other government agencies and individuals". He charged his accusers of wrongdoing: "Because employees from my office impeded the investigation, and because I knew Nate Paul, I ultimately decided to hire an outside independent prosecutor to make his own independent determination." He held the complaint against him "was done to impede an ongoing investigation into criminal wrongdoing by public officials including employees of this office. Making false claims is a very serious matter and we plan to investigate this to the fullest extent of the law."[66][65] When it was brought to Roy's attention that Paul had donated $2,700 to him the same 2018 electoral cycle, Roy said he did "not recall meeting Mr. Paul and it shows as an online contribution."[67]

Response to 2020 presidential election

On December 10, 2020, Roy wrote in opposition to Paxton's lawsuit Texas v. Pennsylvania, demanding four other states election results be overturned. Despite 106 of his fellow House Republicans filing an amicus brief in support of the lawsuit, Roy wrote, "I will not join because I believe the case itself represents a dangerous violation of federalism & sets a precedent to have one state asking federal courts to police the voting procedures of other states. ...I cannot support an effort that will almost certainly fail on grounds of standing and is inconsistent with my beliefs about protecting Texas sovereignty from the meddling of other states. Our remedy must be, from this day forward, to decline to allow the usurpation of our authority as people—through our states—to govern ourselves in all respects."[68][69] Cornyn also questioned Paxton's lawsuit, telling reporters "I, frankly, struggle to understand the legal theory of it."[70] After the Supreme Court declined to hear the case, Roy told a reporter, "It was clearly evident and obvious that it would have zero chance of success for anybody who understands the law and understands the Supreme Court and understands how these cases are going to go."[35]

Roy joined fellow Republican Legislators Thomas Massie, Kelly Armstrong, Ken Buck, Mike Gallagher, Nancy Mace, and Tom McClintock in issuing a statement on January 3, 2021, against their colleagues' efforts to challenge the results of the 2020 presidential election.[71] They signed a letter that, while giving credence to the idea that "significant abuses in our election system resulting from the reckless adoption of mail-in ballots and the lack of safeguards maintained to guarantee that only legitimate votes are cast and counted," held that "only the states have authority to appoint electors, in accordance with state law. Congress has only a narrow role in the presidential election process. Its job is to count the electors submitted by the states, not to determine which electors the states should have sent."[71][72] They pointed to the Twelfth Amendment in support of their position, and wrote, "As of this moment, not a single state has submitted multiple conflicting slates of electoral votes. …Unless that happens between now and January 6, 2021, Congress will have no authority to influence the outcome of the 2020 presidential election."[71] Congressional action despite this "would amount to stealing power from the people and the states. It would, in effect, replace the electoral college with Congress, and in so doing strengthen the efforts of those on the left who are determined to eliminate it or render it irrelevant."[71] The letter called on Republican legislators to remember their oath: "We must respect the states' authority here. Though doing so may frustrate our immediate political objectives, we have sworn an oath to promote the Constitution above our policy goals. We must count the electoral votes submitted by the states."[71]

On the same day as the joint statement, Roy objected to the seating of 67 incoming representatives from states that Trump claimed rigged their elections against him: Arizona, Georgia, Michigan, Nevada, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin. Roy held that if his Republican colleagues (including fellow Texas Representative Gohmert and Senator Cruz) were going to hold that ballots should be questioned about the presidential race (calling for an emergency 10-day audit), then no certainty could be granted for any race. He said "a number of my colleagues...have publicly stated that they plan to object to the acceptance of electors from those particular six states due to their deeply held belief that those states conducted elections plagued by statewide, systemic fraud and abuse that leaves them absolutely no way for this chamber or our constituents to trust the validity of their elections. ...Such allegations, if true, raise significant doubts about the elections of at least some of the members of the United States House of Representatives that, if not formally addressed, could cast a dark cloud of suspicion over the validity of this body for the duration of the 117th Congress."[73][74] He added, "It would confound basic human reason if the presidential results were to face objection while the congressional results of the same process escaped without public scrutiny."[75][76] Roy apologized to those who had come to the swearing-in ceremony and said that if a colleague objected to his own seating in response he would welcome a vote.[75] Due to Roy's actions the House held a vote on the matter and the result was 371 to 2 in favor of moving ahead with the swearing in of all members.[77] The Dallas Morning News wrote that Roy's actions were "a dramatic escalation in the GOP feud" over the counting of electoral votes, noting Roy was in the minority of his party but "a conservative firebrand...[who] has developed a reputation for a damn-the-consequences approach to doing what he thinks is right, even if it means irking his fellow Republicans."[77]

Roy spent most of January 5, 2021, working on the remarks he planned on giving on the House floor the next day. He called constitutional scholars as well as other members to sharpen his writing. At the end of the day when returning to his Virginia apartment, he stopped at a sports bar and was troubled by what he saw: "The place was filled with MAGA Trump supporters. Absolutely filled. ...I kept hearing people say, 'Liberals are going to be upset tomorrow when the vice president stops this steal and gives this election back to the president.'[35] I heard that repeatedly from people in that bar. I had called the Sheriff of Hays County earlier that day to tell him to look after Carrah and the kids and I told friends here in town to look after Carrah and the kids because I could tell things were getting a little amped up. And that night I re-texted the sheriff and said 'Please be keeping an eye out for Carrah and the kids' because the temperature was so high."[78]

The next day, when there was an objection to counting Arizona's electoral votes, Roy went with the other members of the House to debate their acceptance. He began seeing notifications on social media of an angry mob outside the Capitol and began texting his staff to try to ensure their safety in the Longworth office building. Legislators paused the debate when the Capitol police announced a breach in the building, but thinking it isolated, resumed debate. Roy was in the well of the lectern about fourth in line to the microphone, where he planned to object to those objecting to the electoral votes. More commotion was heard and the Capitol police instructed members to hunker in place (behind their bulletproof chamber seats[79]) and make use of their emergency gas masks, as tear gas had been used in the building. Roy tweeted, "To those storming the Capitol - I am on the House floor and I will not be deterred from upholding my oath, under God, to the Constitution by mob demand."[80] Roy felt to stay in the chamber would be like a "sitting duck" and was able to get Capitol police to direct representatives to a secure exit. Upon receiving their instructions Roy went to the indicated door and called for his fellow members to exit through it while he held it open. The members moved to secret secure location. During the mayhem of the insurrection, Roy was in the House chamber. He tweeted to Trump, "Mr. President - get to a microphone immediately and establish calm and order. Now. And work with Capitol Police to secure the Capitol. It’s the last thing you’ll do that matters as President."[81] He later told a reporter, "We must enforce the law. People have breached the Capitol, they need to go to jail. It's dangerous. A lot of people there with a lot of emotions running high. Look, I wish the president had spun people to—as I said, on the floor of the House of Representatives [Wednesday] night—to believe things that were not going to happen, and that was unfortunate."[82] As Congress prepared to return to the chambers, Roy tweeted, "We will reconvene. We will vote to accept the electors from the states, as instructed by the Constitution. That is our job."[80] Returning to the chamber once safety was restored, Roy addressed the House, "Many of my colleagues were poised this afternoon to vote to insert Congress into the constitutionally prescribed decision-making of the states by rejecting the sole official electors sent to us by each of the states of the union. I hope they will reconsider. I can tell you that I was not going to, and I will not be voting to reject the electors. And that vote may well sign my political death warrant. But so be it. I swore an oath to uphold the Constitution of the United States—and I will not bend its words into contortions for political expediency and then claim I am honoring that oath."[83] In the two House votes that challenged the electors of Arizona and Pennsylvania, Roy voted to support the electors appointed by those states.[83] Even as Roy's favorability dropped significantly among the numerous and active Trump supporters in his Texas district, he stated his lack of regrets: "I did not take an oath to the political expediency of either Donald Trump or any other member of a political party. I took an oath to the Constitution of the United States. My view is immovable in that regard. And for those raising questions about it, I want to know where they were—precisely where they were—when a Capitol Hill police officer was getting his head bashed in by a fire extinguisher by an angry mob spun up in no small part by the president’s irresponsible actions."[35] Roy told a reporter that Republicans were "being fed misinformation" and that one of his political tasks was to counsel voters on just how they were misled.[35]

Metal detector refusal

Since 1967, firearms have been banned in the Capitol complex. The law allowed legislators an exception for unloaded, securely wrapped guns stored in their offices or carried outside on the grounds.[84] The policy had been that magnetometers were used to scan staff, visitors, media, and anyone who wasn't a lawmaker. Lawmakers were able to bypass perimeter checkpoints, stepping around the machines and getting waved through by Capitol police. Worries arose in 2020 about whether this law would be honored as newly elected Republican members Lauren Boebert, Madison Cawthorn, and Marjorie Taylor Greene had voiced their determination to carry firearms at all times.[85] Cawthorn told a reporter that during the January 6 insurrection, he would have been able to protect himself without relying on Capitol police as he had ignored the law and was armed within the Chamber.[79][85][84] The voiced defiance of the law, combined with the increased safety worries due to the storming of the Capitol, caused increased security measures. These measures included installing metal detectors outside the House and Senate chambers on January 12, 2021. The office of the House Sergeant-at-Arms released a memo saying, "Effective immediately, all persons, including members, are required to undergo security screening when entering the House chamber."[85] The new requirements were met with disapproval by many Republicans. Rodney Davis declared, "This is bullshit". Steve Womack declared it would cause chaos when members needed to get to the floor to vote.[85] The Sergeant-at-arms memo also reminded members that they could be barred or removed from the chamber for not wearing a mask during the Covid-19 pandemic (with fines starting at $500 for the first offense to $2,500 for the second to be drawn from the members' paychecks rather than their office funds).[85] Included among those refusing to comply with the new metal detector policy were Republicans Representatives Louie Gohmert, Steve Stivers, Van Taylor, Debbie Lesko, and Larry Bucshon.[86] Boebert set off the metal detector due to something in her purse, which she refused to allow Capitol police to search, and was eventfully allowed into the Chamber.[87] Reports soon surfaced that Representative Andy Harris attempted to bring a gun into the chamber and Representative Russ Fulcher refused to comply with the new policy and aggressively shoved aside a Capitol police office operating the magnetometer.[88][89] Roy joined the Republicans refusing to comply, saying, "The metal detector policy for the House floor is unnecessary, unconstitutional, and endangers members. I did not comply tonight. I will not comply in the future."[35] He would not tell reporters whether he was carrying a weapon into the chamber, but did say that when he was ordered to hunker in place with a mob banging at the chamber doors, he felt, "I've got no way to protect myself and that’s not my view of what the Second Amendment stands for."[35] Roy said, "historically speaking, a number of members that carried just kind of didn't really acknowledge or follow that rule but they didn't make a show out of it. No one said anything about it. No one asked."[90] Due to several Republican members' refusal to comply, on January 14, 2021, Speaker Pelosi proposed a new House rule that would fine members $5,000 for the first offense and $10,000 for a second.[91] The rule (H. Res. 73) was adopted on February 2, 2021,[92] allowing appeals to be made to the House Ethics Committee.[93]

Roy told reporters he was considering bringing a lawsuit over the new rule, saying, "It's an outrage. I believe it deprives us of our Second Amendment right to defend ourselves. On January 6, I was sitting on the floor of the House of Representatives. The only thing between me and an angry mob was a handful of Capitol Hill police officers who had their hands full."[94] He said of the policy, "This isn't making us safer. This is a political show."[94] He added, "This is an unconstitutional deprivation of my right to defend myself. Period. Full stop. I do not care what Speaker Pelosi says about it. I do not care what anybody says about it. That is what the Second Amendment means. That is why it is there."[94] He said that under the U.S. Constitution (Article one, Section Six) members of Congress can not be arrested on their way to or from voting except for treason, felony, or breach of the peace and that it was an open legal question whether they could be fined. He also said that as the fines ($5,000 for the first offense, $10,000 for the second) are deducted from members' pay, the policy could be a violation of the 27th Amendment, which requires that changes to members' pay only go into effect as of the next Congress.[94] Republican Representative Andrew Clyde, the owner of a gun store, intentionally bypassed the metal detectors in order to set up a challenge in federal court, agreeing that he has a right to carry a weapon in the Chamber under the Second Amendment and that the policy violates Article I, Section 6 of the Constitution.[95][96]

Second impeachment of Donald Trump

During the Second impeachment of Donald Trump, Roy held that Trump's behavior "was clearly, in my opinion, impeachable conduct, pressuring the vice president to violate his oath to the Constitution."[97] Still, Roy opposed impeachment. He held that the Democratic leadership in the House "drafted articles that I believe are flawed… focusing on the legally specific terms of incitement and insurrection. Even noting impeachment does not require meeting a certain legal standard – the danger for open speech & debate in this body and for the Republic generally is high – if the House approves the articles as written." If accepted, he said, "The language of this impeachment will be used to target members of this body under section 3 of the 14th Amendment. It will be used to suggest that any statements we make are subject to review by our colleagues and send us down the perilous path of the cleansing political speech in the public square."[97][98] Roy joined all of Texas's Republican U.S. House members in voting against impeachment.[99] When asked whether he or any of his fellow Republicans had been threatened with violence if they voted to impeach, Roy said, "I'm not aware of any specific threats against me or anybody else. Honestly, if somebody would have threatened me, I probably would have said FU and voted to impeach. I just don’t react well to that sort of thing."[35]

Procedural protest, 2021

Representative Sean Casten surprised Speaker Pelosi's leadership team on February 23 when he called for a bill put forward by Representative Trent Kelly that was scheduled to move through the House as a non-controversial and bipartisan "suspension" bill to instead be subject to a roll-call vote. The bill was to rename a post office in Kelly's home state of Mississippi and was not opposed on its merits. Rather, Casten protested that Kelly (having opposed recognizing the January 6 counting of Electoral College votes) should not have any of his bills prioritized for floor time.[100] Fifteen House Democrats supported Casten, including Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, who said, "There need to be serious consequences for trying to overturn the results of our election. I think there's just a spectrum in the caucus right now on what that looks like."[101] Casten and Democrats supporting him (including House Financial Services Chair Maxine Waters) created a "blacklist", refusing to bring up bills cosponsored by any GOP members who supported Trump's rejection of the Electoral College count.[101] The Democratic House leadership, worried this kind of tactic would derail any chance of bipartisanship, whipped up enough support in its caucus to get Kelly's bill passed. It let a week pass without scheduling any suspension bills in hopes that emotions would cool.[100]

On March 8, 2021, suspension bills returned to the schedule. Thirteen such bills were to be put forward, including a measure with overwhelming Republican support to present the U.S. Capitol Police with a congressional gold medal. These plans had to be scrapped because Roy and Representative Marjorie Taylor Greene expressed their intent to demand recorded roll-call votes for each bill. As this parliamentary maneuver would have forced voting to go into the early morning, the leadership rescheduled the voting.[102] House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer told reporters, "Some Republicans, not the Republican leadership, but some Republicans, had threatened to ask for a vote on each one of those 13 bills, which would have taken some 10 hours of voting."[100] Confirming he was one of those, Roy said, "We need to continue to have conversations about every bill that’s moving through the floor." He held that instead of the suspension calendar being "done right", the Democratic leadership was "jamming through 10 Democrat bills [and] three Republican bills on a Monday we fly back, while we're jamming through a $2 trillion bill which we have no say in, while we’ve got fences around the Capitol, we've metal detectors, etc. …We need to have a conversation in this town about how to make the House work again. That's what we're doing."[100] His motivation was to force conversations over how to make Congress "work better" as "This place is completely dysfunctional."[102] Particularly disturbing to Roy was the Democratic leadership's doing away with the "motion to recommit", which Republicans in the previous Congress had used to force last-minute changes to legislation on the House floor.[103] House Minority Whip Steve Scalise made clear the House Republican leadership had not planned or approved Roy's moves, but also said he too wanted "to see an open process."[103] Not all of the GOP Leadership opposed Roy; Conference Chair Liz Cheney said, "This process is not going to be able to continue smoothly as long as the Democrats continue to try to ram pieces of legislation through without adequate hearings, without adequate debate and discussion, without adequate ability to offer amendments, without a motion to recommit. …The majority needs to understand we are not interested in a situation where they have taken away so many rights of the minority and they expect things are going to operate smoothly. It shouldn't be a surprise to anyone that this is going on."[103][100] Democrats characterized the moves as producing nothing but pointless delay and agitation.[103] They singled out Greene as merely attention-seeking due to having been stripped of her committee assignments in February, and her repeated disruptions of the legislative process (such as discussion of the Equality Act) by use of "motions to adjourn debate", forcing members to hurry to the House floor to vote to remain in session.[104][105] The Republican caucus, increasingly were annoyed by Greene's tactics (which forced them to disrupt their schedules) were more supportive of Roy's stand, as the timing allowed both the protest to gain attention, along with a rescheduling that prevented mass disruption.[105] Hoyer and Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy held talks on how to address Roy's and Greene's maneuvers. Hoyer told reporters that McCarthy was "working on it…[trying to] get us back to a place where suspensions are not the place of confrontation,"[100] and that a change to the rules would be possible "at some point in time, if this continues."[103][106] In its coverage of the episode Politico called Roy "a master of procedural delays on the floor."[103] Due to changes in the rules on account of the COVID-19 pandemic each roll-call vote took at least an additional 45 minutes longer than under normal circumstances, and a growing number of Republicans joined with Democrats in complaining about the delays. By March 17, McCarthy held a closed door meeting with House Freedom Caucus Chair Andy Biggs arguing that the delaying tactics were counterproductive to the Republican Party. Biggs held that the moves were working to thwart the Democrats' agenda: "You have to keep pushing and trying like a son of a gun to slow them down."[107] Representative Don Bacon expressed the sentiments of the Republican majority that supported McCarthy, saying, "Our whole goal is to take back the House. And you need a good strategy to do it. The leader’s made a plan that he thinks will get us there. And so you don't want to have 10, 15 different people doing their own plan. …So I agree with the leader."[107] Also on March 17, the bill to give Congressional Gold Medals to the Capitol Police and assisting police forces who withstood the January 6 attack on the Capitol received a roll call vote. It did not pass with unanimous support. Twelve Republicans, Representatives Gohmert, Greene, Biggs, Massie, Harris, Gooden, Gaetz, Cloud, Clyde, Good, Steube, and Rose voted against it, objecting to the use of the word "insurrectionists".[108][109] Massie also called the bill "sacrilegious" for referring to the Capitol as "the temple of our American Democracy."[110] Gaetz called the bill "offensive...[due to] editorial comments about the January 6 sequence of events."[109] Roy, who had earlier said, "These words all matter, right? …I have to study the language fully", supported the measure.[107] The final vote tally was 413-12.[109][111]

Leadership bid

In response to growing discussions among his colleagues about Liz Cheney, on January 13, 2021, Roy responded, "It has come to my attention that a number of my colleagues are circulating calls for Liz Cheney to step down from, or to be removed as, chair of the Republican Conference for her position in support of impeachment of the president. I reject this call, and offer my support. …there can be little debate that, among other things, the president’s pressure exerted on Vice President Pence to violate his oath, and the false hope it sent to emotionally charged supporters, was wrong, troubling, and impeachable. Liz should be commended, not condemned, for standing up in defense of the Constitution and standing true to her beliefs."[112]

Despite surviving a secret ballot challenging her position in February 2021, Cheney continued to irritate Republican House members who had not dismissed or denounced the claim that the 2020 election was stolen from Trump. On May 3, 2021, she said, "We can't embrace the notion the election is stolen. It's a poison in the bloodstream of our democracy. We can't whitewash what happened on January 6 or perpetuate Trump's big lie. It is a threat to democracy. What he did on January 6 is a line that cannot be crossed."[113] On May 5, Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy told reporters that House Republicans were losing confidence in Cheney as conference chair. The next day Minority Whip Steve Scalise supported replacing Cheney as conference chair with Elise Stefanik. Shortly thereafter, Trump approved the idea, writing "Liz Cheney is a warmongering fool who has no business in Republican Party Leadership. We want leaders who believe in the Make America Great Again movement, and prioritize the values of America First. Elise Stefanik is a far superior choice, and she has my COMPLETE and TOTAL Endorsement for GOP Conference Chair. Elise is a tough and smart communicator!"[113] Stefanik had come to Trump's attention when she used her position on the Intelligence Committee to grill witnesses during his 2019 impeachment hearings, causing him to tweet "a new Republican Star is born."[113] She always supported his claims about a stolen election and voted against certifying Biden's Electoral College victories in several states.[113] On May 10, Trump continued to voice support for Stefanik over Cheney, who had voted to impeach him in 2020, writing "Elise has intelligence, an endorsement from American Patriot Brandon Judd and the National Border Patrol Council, she has an A+ from the NRA, and she loves our Veterans."[114] Cheney responded in a Washington Post piece, saying "We Republicans need to stand for genuinely conservative principles, and steer away from the dangerous and anti-democratic Trump cult of personality."[114][115]

On May 11, Roy released a memo calling the conference to be clear that the controversy over Cheney wasn't about her position that the election "was not stolen", but rather that she had "forfeited her ability to be our spokesperson by pulling us into distraction. …looking backwards while repeatedly and unhelpfully engaging in personal attacks and finger-wagging towards President Trump rather than leading the conference forward with a unifying message." He said the conference should be "fighting to stop the radical Democrat agenda" rather than "falling prey to the high drama of swamp politics."[116] Roy and other conservative Republicans had discussed concerns over Stefanik's comparably moderate voting record, with Roy taking the lead in this group.[117] His May 11 memo accused Stefanik of campaigning as a Republican but supporting the Democrats' agenda once sworn in. He added, "let us contemplate the message Republican leadership is about to send by rushing to coronate a spokesperson whose voting record embodies much of what led to the 2018 ass-kicking we received by Democrats."[118] Representative Lance Gooden told a reporter that with the amount of support Stefanik had gathered her victory seemed like a given, so "One of the problems of those who had issues with Elise were that no one had really stepped forward to run against her, they were being critical, but no one really seemed to have the nerve to put their name down. So it seems as if Chip Roy is that candidate."[118] Roy's fundraising campaign sent out donation requests saying that "he was the FIRST to call Cheney out on her anti-Trump and self-serving hysterics" and that "his bold leadership will hopefully lead to a big change."[118]

On May 11, Cheney spoke from the House floor saying, "Today we face a threat America has never seen before. A former president, who provoked a violent attack on this Capitol in an effort to steal the election, has resumed his aggressive effort to convince Americans that the election was stolen from him. He risks inciting further violence. Millions of Americans have been misled by the former president. They have heard only his words but not the truth. As he continues to undermine our democratic process sowing seeds of doubt about whether democracy really works at all."[119] The next day, she was ousted from her position as chair of the House Republican Conference by unrecorded voice vote with no one, not even Cheney, objecting.[119]

By May 13, shortly before a scheduled candidate forum, Roy officially announced his candidacy for the position. He cited what he saw as Stefanik's lack of conservative qualifications and the rapid pace of the process as his reasons for running.[120] (After Cheney was ousted on Wednesday, McCarthy had scheduled the forum for Thursday evening, and the vote for Friday morning.)[121] Previously, Trump released a statement in opposition to Roy, saying "Can't imagine Republican House Members would go with Chip Roy—he has not done a great job, and will probably be successfully primaried in his own district. I support Elise, by far, over Chip!"[122] Minutes after Trump's release the conservative group FreedomWorks came out in support of Roy, saying they were pleased to hear of his nomination, and that "Rep. Roy has a lifetime 100% voting record on our scorecard. He has demonstrated that Republicans can legislate based on conservative principles and also get elected in competitive districts."[122] Around 60 House Republicans gathered for the candidate forum to hear pitches between Roy and Stefanik to take over their number three leadership position. The forum was described as a friendly and formal back-and-forth, with Roy contending that he was the more conservative choice, and Stefanik emphasizing her work to elect GOP women along with her ability to fundraise. Both promised to set aside their personal views to better deliver party messaging.[121] Some attendees told reporters that they felt many in the audience had previously decided who they would support before the forum was even held. Roy did not respond to any questions after the forum, only saying, "We are going to have a vote tomorrow in the Republican conference."[121] When asked whether Trump's endorsement of Stefanik and bashing of him concerned him, Roy likened the reporters to "vultures" and said "This is all D.C. swamp business."[121] In contrast, Stefanik called the forum a "great discussion", said she had cross-conference support and "we are in a strong position." She highlighted Trump's endorsement, saying "voters look to his support." On May 14, the day of the election, Representative Ken Buck of the Freedom Caucus formally nominated Roy, and his nomination was seconded by Boebert.[123] Representative Ashley Hinson, whom Stefanik's PAC helped get elected, formally nominated her.[121] Roy lost the election to Stefanik in a secret ballot, 134-46.[123] Afterward he released a statement congratulating Stefanik but taking pride in being able to "provide an alternative with a proven record of standing up not for politicians—but for freedom, the Constitution, and the conservative principles Americans hold dear."[123] According to The Texas Tribune, Roy's loss despite being "without question one of the most conservative members of Congress" in contrast to Stefanik who "cut a moderate image when she was first elected but slowly migrated into the camp of Trump's staunchest defenders" indicated "that conservative ideology is a diminishing force among House Republicans. Instead, complete loyalty to Trump...[is] a more valued attribute in House Republican leadership."[122]

Legal concerns around January 6 insurrectionists

Roy did not support the House measure to create a bipartisan commission to investigate the causes of and governmental response to the January 6, 2021 insurrection at the U.S. Capitol. He held that forming a commission was not "a responsible and proper way" to investigate the issue, and that "The proposed commission does not have powers that existing law enforcement and existing congressional committees don't already have; however, it does have an unlimited budget and a vague mandate."[124] The bill passed the House on May 19, 2021, by a vote of 252 to 175.[124]

On May 13, Roy and Representative Thomas Massie sent Attorney General Merrick Garland a letter expressing their worry that those facing federal charges for participation in the January 6 insurrection would be subject to "overly aggressive tactics, overcharge, and abuse of power of the federal government in order to satisfy favored political groups."[125] They claimed that they had heard reports that Assistant U.S. Attorneys were not allowed discretion to "enter into plea deals without permission from political appointees" at the Department of Justice.[125] They also wrote, "there are disturbing reports of heavily armed teams of federal agents bursting into family homes to arrest individuals with no history or likelihood of violence", and demanded congressional oversight of the prosecutions.[125] When Massie's office was asked their sources for the reports, they responded, "Mr. Roy's office has spoken with attorneys handling these cases and we can't comment any further than that."[125] On June 7, 2021, Senators Cruz, Mike Lee, Ron Johnson, Tommy Tuberville, and Rick Scott presented a similar letter to Garland, expressing concerns "regarding potential unequal justice" when dealing with "the criminals who breached the U.S. Capitol" in contrast to those who in 2020 "engage[d] in rioting and other crimes that resulted in loss of life, injuries to law enforcement officers, and significant property damage"[126] and claiming an "apparent unwillingness to punish these individuals who allegedly committed crimes during the spring and summer 2020 protest…in stark contrast to the harsher treatment of the individuals charged in connection with the January 6, 2021 breach of the U.S. Capitol Building."[126]

Committee assignments

Caucus memberships

Political positions

COVID-19 pandemic

On March 13, 2020, Trump declared the COVID-19 pandemic a national emergency, allowing access to billions in aid. That same day Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin and Speaker Nancy Pelosi concluded negotiations for a COVID-19 relief bill. The $2.2 billon measure included funding for free testing for the uninsured, paid sick leave, $1 billion for food aid, and extended unemployment along with other measures to address Americans affected by the pandemic. The next morning, Roy was among the Republican representatives who voted against the bill, calling it "welfare".[129] He mocked the measure on social media, tweeting, "The only thing missing from the #PelosiDeal is free toilet paper for all" (he later deleted the tweet).[130] He expanded on his opposition, tweeting, "I voted no because this bill will cause more harm for more Americans than the good it purports to offer. …we were given a take-it-or-leave it bill with zero chance to amend it or debate it. …Despite it being well-intentioned, it puts onerous burdens and mandates on main street employers, while picking winners and losers by carving out big business!"[129][131] The bill passed 363-40, results that Trump praised, tweeting, "Good teamwork between Republicans & Democrats as the House passes the big CoronaVirus Relief Bill. People really pulled together. Nice to see!"[129]

As the pandemic began to spread, Maine Governor Janet Mills released an executive order on April 3 calling on out-of-state visitors to self-quarantine for 14 days after entering Maine, "To slow the spread of this deadly virus and prevent our health care system from being overwhelmed."[132] This was seen as a response to Mainers, especially in coastal communities, who were complaining that non-residents were trying to escape more crowded urban areas and endangering the community. Mills made a point not to authorize investigating people solely due to out-of-state license plates, so that military or health care workers who had come to the state would not feel harassed.[132] Maine's law enforcement held that the order would be difficult to enforce due to limited staffing and that it was mainly an effort to have neighbors encourage each other to comply with the rules. Cumberland County Sheriff Kevin Joyce told reporters, "If we receive a complaint we will send a deputy to educate the person about the quarantine but trying to build a case or enforce the order is unrealistic."[133] On April 6, Roy appeared as a guest on The Mark Levin Show and criticized governors like Mills whose had responded forcefully to the pandemic, saying that they were following projections about infections that were mere guesses "not even [based on statistical] models, they are fingers in the air. And they are throwing them out there and they are causing the American people to freak out and panic instead of going through this logically."[134] Roy agreed with Levin that governors in "states who barely have this virus" who were issuing stay-at-home orders were overreacting, saying, "Well, I am glad that there's a number of governors who haven't. …And there was a Maine sheriff today who basically told the Maine governor to pound sand. He is not going to go around and check people when they are driving around the state of Maine. And we need more of that. We need more rational human beings who are going to step back and say 'No, this isn't a police state. This isn't Nazi Germany. This isn't Russia. We are not going to do that. What were going to do is have common sense discussions on what we can do to make things better.'"[134] Roy also said that for state authorities to defining which businesses were essential was a form of tyranny: "I always get entertained or really frankly ticked off at these local county judges and mayors and these little tinpot dictators that are making decisions about peoples’ lives when they declare what is and is not an essential business. ..You know what? Any business is essential to its owner and he people who work there. Every single one of them… and all the central planners effectively are deciding how we live our lives."[134][135] The Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee criticized Roy's invoking the Nazis as "talk-radio hyperbole" by "equating common-sense public health measures" with "The Nazi regime's persecution of Jews [which] was one of man's most evil acts."[136] They said his "remarks show he’s unfit for office".[136]

In May 2020, Roy said, "We need immune systems that are strong. We need immunity systems that can fight this", and "We need herd immunity." Asked whether acquiring such immunity would entail unnecessary deaths, Roy said that the countrywide stay-at-home orders and attendant delays in accessing cancer screenings or entering into addiction treatment, as well as mental health problems precipitated by unemployment, had increased indirect deaths and suffering.[135]

In July 2020, Roy blamed surging coronavirus cases in Southern Texas on "people coming across our border" from Mexico. At the time, the border with Mexico had been closed for all nonessential activity since March.[137] In a July 28 appearance with talk-show host Steve Deace, Roy suggested that the stay-at-home orders imposed in response to the pandemic were a part of a mass conspiracy, "a fraud being perpetrated on the American people of fear. We are literally, purposely allowing the government...we are purposely causing fear among the American people by virtue of the actions or inactions of our government leaders and then allowing the media to spin up that fear. That is unfortunate and it is costing lives and it's costing economic activity, it's costing jobs and it's costing mental health, and it's frankly undermining our national security and the health of our nation, and frankly I don't think that's accidental. I think that is all about design and all about reclaiming power in November and I think on November fourth there'll be a magic awakening of how we can suddenly beat the virus. …[We need to] start raising a fuss, say 'this is my country. I want my country back, and I want to live healthily and I don't want a bureaucrat government or insurance or otherwise standing between me and my doctor; me and my ability to stay healthy; me and my ability to live free.' And that's what's happening and we need to stop it."[138][139] Roy said that Texas was holding COVID-19 cases down; in fact, cases were surging in Texas at the time.[137] Later that month, after Representative Louie Gohmert tested positive for COVID-19, Roy said he did not plan to isolate himself even though he had had a recent maskless interaction on the House floor with Gohmert.[140]

Roy retweeted a comment by Deace on November 13 that said "We are not going to honor any of these CDC Thanksgiving guidelines, and instead will intentionally violate them all. But thanks." Roy's tweet added, "I will do whatever I want to do on Thanksgiving. Period. #StandUpForAmerica".[141] Two days later, Roy retweeted his earlier tweet and added, "I apologize to the folks who have raised concerns that I said 'I will do whatever I want to do on Thanksgiving. Period.' I should have been more clear, so here it goes: 'I will do whatever I want to do on Thanksgiving … or any other day … Period.'"[142]

On December 23, 2020, Roy joined Trump's opposition to a recently passed $900 billion COVID-19 relief package, saying, "This bill is an irresponsible swamp bill. It is the merger of an omnibus bill that is bloated with typical wasteful spending, on top of a relief bill that has a whole lot of things in it that frankly aren't all that focused on relief. The president's right to call B.S. on this ridiculous bill. Both parties are at fault. …The American people don't just want another check, they want us to do our job like they have to do when they sit around their kitchen table and small businesses have to do when they are trying to make ends meet and America's leadership in Washington refuses to do what they have to do."[143] After Republican leadership pushed back on Trump's claim that the bipartisan legislation was a "disgrace", Trump signed the bill, which was attached to a $1.4 trillion spending measure to keep the government running through September 2021.[144]

On January 12, 2021, the House implemented a rule about wearing masks on the floor, with violators to receive a warning and then fines that would be deducted from their salary and could not be paid out of campaign funds or expense accounts. At the time, USA Today wrote, "Mask-wearing and other preventative measures have become a partisan flashpoint."[145] Impetus for the idea of assessing fines arose when some Republican members refused to wear masks when in secure lockdown in close proximity with others during the January 6 insurrection. After the insurrection several members tested positive for COVID-19 and blamed those who had refused to wear masks.[145] As nationwide efforts to vaccinate progressed and the Centers for Disease Control changed its guidance on mask wearing, the rule with guidance from the Capitol's attending physician became that all members would be required to wear a mask until all of them and the floor staff had been vaccinated. By May 2021, 100% of Democrats in both bodies of Congress had been vaccinated, but despite ready availability, only 44.8% of House Republicans had (and 92% of Senate Republicans).[146] Roy joined about a dozen Republican House members led by Marjorie Taylor Greene and including Thomas Massie, Lauren Boebert, Ralph Norman, Beth Van Duyne, Louis Gohmert, and Mary Miller in a protest against mask wearing in the chamber on May 18, 2021, positioning themselves in front of C-SPAN cameras, grouping together to take selfies and posting them on Twitter. Earlier in the day Representative Brian Mast had said he was "done" wearing masks regardless of possible fines.[147] Despite House Republicans' formal effort to set the rule aside on May 19, 2021, it was kept in place with the Capitol physician reiterating, "Extra precautions are necessary given the substantial number of partially vaccinated, unvaccinated, and vaccine-indeterminate individuals."[148] Roy was among the Republican House members reprimanded for not wearing a mask on the House floor. He was warned that additional instances would result in $500 fine (with fines going up to $2,500 thereafter).[149] He did not respond to reporters asking whether he had been vaccinated.[150][148]

Myanmar

In March 2021, Roy was one of 14 House Republicans to vote against a measure condemning the Myanmar coup d'état (Rep. Paul Gosar voted present).[151] After the vote The Washington Post noted a pattern of a small group of House Republicans, including Roy, who on several occasions "objected to what would seem to most observers as an unobjectionable proposal."[152] It described them as an "emerging far-right 'no' caucus …a consistent cohort of House Republicans who are uniting to constitute much of the minority on measures that otherwise pass overwhelmingly. …[united by] staunchly right-wing politics and, in many cases, a penchant for media attention."[152] While Roy did not explain his vote, others in the Freedom Caucus did. Andy Biggs said, "there is suffering everywhere in the world", and worried the resolution would "put our foot in the door in Burma" when the U.S. "can't be the military police for the entire world."[153] Andy Harris said Congress should deal with "COVID-positive illegal aliens being dispersed into our communities...[and stop] wasting time on useless resolutions about a foreign country."[153] A spokesperson for Scott Perry said the resolution was an "overt attempt to trap Republicans into condemning the claims of evidence of election fraud in Burma ..[while] perpetuating similar claims (in the Democrat’s views) of evidence in US elections."[153] Before the vote, some Republicans who voted against the bill had raised their opposition to the wording "the Tatmadaw [Myanmar military] claimed they had evidence of parliamentary election fraud perpetrated by the NLD and Burma's Union Election Commission, an allegation that contradicted the judgment of several independent election monitoring organizations that the electoral process and outcome were credible despite minor irregularities."[154] The bill's sponsor, Andy Levin, had received Hoyer's permission to keep the wording, which resulted in a roll-call vote. Levin was aghast over the resistance to the measure, rejecting the "idea that we can't say that our own election was legitimate, and we can't talk about elections around the world because it reflects back [on our own]."[154]

Race relations

During a congressional hearing held in the wake of a mass shooting in Atlanta that killed eight people, including six Asian American women, Roy questioned whether the committee's attempts to prevent hate crimes and hate incidents against Asian Americans would hamper free speech. His opening statement also included a remark that appeared to advocate lynching: "There are old sayings in Texas about find all the rope in Texas and get a tall oak tree. We take justice very seriously. And we ought to do that. Round up the bad guys." His statements prompted criticism from Democrats, including Representative Grace Meng, who said, "This hearing was to address the hurt and pain of our community, to find solutions. And we will not let you take our voice from us."[155][156][157]

After the hearing, Roy declined to apologize for his words and complained about "Chinese Communists who seek to destroy us" while clarifying that he meant the discussion should focus on "taking out bad guys" instead of also addressing issues like hate speech.[155][156][157] Texas GOP chair and former Florida congressman Allen West wrote that Roy's remarks "were inappropriate and unfortunate ... While his comments about hanging were dumb, they're not grounds for resignation ... My recommendation to Congressman Chip Roy would be to engage the brain before firing the mouth ... It would avoid embarrassing situations such as this."[158]

Immigration

On June 28, 2019, Roy responded to stories of people being turned away after attempting to donate goods (such as diapers, soaps, sanitary wipes, and toys) to migrant children and families being held by U.S. Customs and Border Protection. The rejection was due to the Antideficiency Act, which mandates that government agencies cannot accept donations or spend any money other than that allocated by Congress. Roy put forward a bill called the Charitable Donations Freedom Act, which would amend the mandate to allow donations of goods. In response to worries that the wording may be too broad and limit Congressional oversight, Roy said he was willing to "work to make sure it's not either too narrow or too broad."[159] On June 28, 2019, the bill was referred to the House Committee on Oversight and Reform.[160]

In a July 2019 hearing on border detention conditions, in order to emphasize that she was telling the truth, Representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez asked to be sworn in, taking the role of a witness at a House panel before relating a story about a migrant woman who said she had to drink water from a toilet because her sink broke. In response, Roy accused her of theatrics, playing to her Twitter followers.[161]

On February 10, 2021, Roy coauthored a letter with 50 other members of Congress criticizing President Joe Biden for refocusing treatment of immigrants under Title 42 health regulations, rather than Title 8, which deals with asylum claims, primarily Homeland Security and Executive Office for Immigration Review matters.[162][unreliable source?]

Earmarks

In response to a March 2021 House Republican secret ballot of 102-84 to return earmarks to internal rules, Roy voiced strong opposition, saying, "It is the currency of corruption in Washington. We shouldn’t do it. The Republican party should be ashamed of themselves. …I think we've got $30 trillion in debt and people are tired of the swamp and the GOP should be ashamed of itself, if it jumps headfirst right back into the swamp."[163][164] He signed and circulated a letter along with 17 other members of his conference promising never to request earmarks for their districts.[163]

Electoral history

2018 Republican primary results[165]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Chip Roy 19,319 27.1
Republican Matt McCall 12,088 16.9
Republican William Negley 11,088 15.5
Republican Jason Isaac 7,165 10.0
Republican Jenifer Sarver 4,001 5.6
Republican Robert Stovall 3,396 4.7
Republican Susan Narvaiz 2,710 3.8
Republican Francisco "Quico" Canseco 2,484 3.5
Republican Ryan Krause 2,289 3.2
Republican Al M. Poteet 1,292 1.8
Republican Peggy Wardlaw 1,281 1.8
Republican Samuel Temple 1,017 1.4
Republican Anthony J. White 949 1.3
Republican Eric Burkhart 719 1.0
Republican Mauro Garza 657 0.9
Republican Autry J. Pruitt 454 0.6
Republican Foster Hagen 392 0.5
Republican Ivan A. Andarza 95 0.1
Total votes 71,396 100.0
2018 Republican primary runoff results
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Chip Roy 17,856 52.6
Republican Matt McCall 16,081 47.4
Total votes 33,937 100.0
Texas's 21st congressional district, 2018[166]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Chip Roy 177,654 50.3
Democratic Joseph Kopser 168,421 47.6
Libertarian Lee Santos 7,542 2.1
Total votes 353,617 100.0
Republican hold
Texas's 21st congressional district, 2020[167]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Chip Roy 235,740 52.0
Democratic Wendy Davis 205,780 45.4
Libertarian Arthur DiBianca 8,666 1.9
Green Thomas Wakely 3,564 0.8
Total votes 453,750 100.0
Republican hold

Personal life

Roy met his wife, Carrah, at the University of Texas. They have two children. Roy was diagnosed with Hodgkin's lymphoma in 2011.[11] In 2021, he announced an indefinite sabbatical from social media, inspired in part by how he saw Israelis celebrating the Sabbath.[168][169]

Roy attends Hyde Park Baptist Church in Austin, Texas.[170][171] He has said his religious faith informs his political positions, including his opposition to the Equality Act, which he has characterized as trying to prevent his family from being able to "carry out our beliefs without penalty".[172] He has pointed to his generational connection to the Baptist faith, which includes his great-grandfather working as the janitor for the First Baptist Church.[173]

Notes

  1. ^ According to a 2013 article in The Atlantic, the Antideficiency Act (ADA) was originally intended to prevent federal agencies, particularly the military, from overspending their annual budgets early in a fiscal year. Once their funds were depleted, prior to ADA, agencies would then request additional Congressional appropriations forcing Congress to pay so they would not breach their contracts. According to a 2018 CRS report, under the Antideficiency Act, an "agency must cease operations" if there is a "funding gap". In shutdowns, "the criteria" are complex." Since the early 1980s (CRS 2018:5) with a more stringent application of ADA, when there are government shutdowns in the United States, and an agency no longer has funds to operate, they must shut down. They cannot depend on voluntary work of their employees.

References

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  43. ^ Todd J. Gillman and Matthew Adams. "Texas conservative Rep. Chip Roy derails $19 billion for disaster aid sought by Trump and both parties". Dallas News.
  44. ^ Jennifer Shutt (May 24, 2019). "GOP Rep. causes $19.1 billion disaster aid bill to stall in House". Roll Call.
  45. ^ a b Abby Livingston (May 24, 2019). "U.S. Rep. Chip Roy single-handedly delays $19.1 billion disaster aid package". The Texas Tribune.
  46. ^ Jennifer Shutt (May 28, 2019). "Rep. Chip Roy won't object to disaster aid package today, but others may". Roll Call.
  47. ^ Sarah Anderson (June 12, 2019). "FreedomWorks' Member of the Month for June 2019: Rep. Chip Roy (R-Texas)". FreedomWorks.
  48. ^ Zack Ford (May 28, 2019). "Republicans blame 'the swamp' for their decision to block disaster relief". Think Progress.
  49. ^ a b Adam Willis (June 3, 2019). "After delay initiated by U.S. Rep. Chip Roy, Congress finally passes $19.1 billion disaster aid package". The Texas Tribune.
  50. ^ Willis, Adam (June 3, 2019). "After delay initiated by U.S. Rep. Chip Roy, Congress finally passes $19.1 billion disaster aid package". Texas Tribune. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
  51. ^ "$19.1 billion in nationwide disaster aid stalls after single House Republican objects". The Washington Post. May 24, 2019. Retrieved May 24, 2019.
  52. ^ "Disaster relief bill stuck in the House following GOP lawmaker's objection". CNN.com. May 24, 2019. Retrieved May 24, 2019.
  53. ^ a b Lindsaey McPherson and Kellie Mejdrich (June 12, 2019). "House floor shenanigans punctuate start of spending season". Roll Call.
  54. ^ a b c d Christal Hayes. "'Who is the a--hole': The congressman who missed his anniversary to keep lawmakers voting until 4 a.m." USA Today.
  55. ^ Emily Cochrane (June 22, 2019). "At Deamnd for Roll Call Votes Colleagues Grouse: This is so stupid'". New York Times.
  56. ^ Matthew Adams (June 18, 2019). "Rep. Chip Roy steps up demands for border security funding sought by Trump". Dallas News.
  57. ^ Samuels, Alex (June 28, 2019). "Texas lawmaker files bill to allow donations of diapers, other goods to migrant kids in Border Patrol facilities". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved July 11, 2019.
  58. ^ Cohen, Andrew (September 28, 2013). "The Odd Story of the Law That Dictates How Government Shutdowns Work". The Atlantic. Retrieved July 11, 2019.
  59. ^ Shutdown of the Federal Government: Causes, Processes, and Effects (PDF) (Report). Congressional Research Service (CRS). December 10, 2018. p. 41. Retrieved July 11, 2019.
  60. ^ a b c Bianca Quilantan and David Cohen (July 14, 2019). "Trump tells Dem congresswomen: Go back where you came from". Politico.
  61. ^ Todd J. Gillman (July 16, 2019). "Texas Republicans squirm as Trump tells nonwhites in Congress 'go back' home; Cornyn calls it 'unforced error'". Dallas Morning News.
  62. ^ a b Chip Roy (October 5, 2020). "Rep. Chip Roy Released The Following Statement On Texas AG Ken Paxton".
  63. ^ Emma Platoff and Abby Livingston (October 5, 2020). "Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton says he won't resign after accusations of criminal activity by top aides". The Texas Tribune.
  64. ^ John Engel (October 5, 2020). "Rep. Chip Roy, Ken Paxton's former 1st assistant, calls for Texas attorney general to resign". KXAN NBC.
  65. ^ a b Will Anderson. "Texas AG Ken Paxton fires back against accusers, does not plan to step down". Austin Business Journal.
  66. ^ Chelsea Moreno (October 3, 2020). "A.G. Paxton responds to bribery, abuse of office allegations". KXAN.
  67. ^ Elizabeth Thompson (October 5, 2020). "Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton says he's staying after U.S. Rep Chip Roy calls for his resignation". Dallas News.
  68. ^ John McCormack (December 10, 2020). "'A Dangerous Violation of Federalism'". National Review.
  69. ^ Chip Roy. "Chip Roy - Twitter 12/10/2020".
  70. ^ John Engel (December 10, 2020). "Rep. Chip Roy calls Texas election lawsuit a 'dangerous violation of federalism'". KXAN.
  71. ^ a b c d e "Joint Statement Concerning January 6 Attempt to Overturn the Results of the Election". Office of Representative Thomas Massie. January 3, 2021.
  72. ^ Budryk, Zack (January 3, 2021). "Coalition of 7 conservative House Republicans says they won't challenge election results". The Hill. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
  73. ^ Chip Roy (January 3, 2021). "Rep. Roy objects to seating Members of Congress from states with contested election results". Office of Representative Chip Roy.
  74. ^ Chris Cillizza. "Something very important happened in the House Sunday night". CNN.
  75. ^ a b Ryan Autullo (January 3, 2021). "Responding to challenges of Biden's victory, Chip Roy objects to seating of fellow representatives". Austin American-Statesman.
  76. ^ Vlamis, Kelsey (January 3, 2021). "A GOP lawmaker objected to seating US representatives from battleground states in response to colleagues that plan to object to the presidential election results". Business Insider. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
  77. ^ a b Tom Benning (January 4, 2021). "Chip Roy objects to seating 67 lawmakers from states Trump disputes to highlight GOP election hypocrisy". The Dallas Morning News.
  78. ^ "Texas Public Policy Foundation - Keynote Breakfast with Congressman Chip Roy (TX-21)". Texas Public Policy Foundation. January 15, 2021.
  79. ^ a b Cory Vaillancourt (January 7, 2021). "Cawthorn: mob that breached capitol 'disgusting and pathetic'". Smoky Mountain News.
  80. ^ a b Dominic Anthony Walsh (January 6, 2021). "'A Coup' - Ted Cruz Faces Calls for Resignation After Attempted Insurrection at Capitol". KUHT.
  81. ^ Elizabeth Thompson (January 6, 2021). "'What I'm witnessing is a disgrace,' new Texas congressman says as mob storms U.S. Capitol". Dallas News.
  82. ^ Reena Diamante (January 8, 2021). "Texas Members of Congress Recall Harrowing Experience at Capitol Attack". spectrum News 1.
  83. ^ a b Mario Recio (January 7, 2021). "Texas highlights from the Capitol riot". Austin American-Statesman.
  84. ^ a b Chris Cioffi (March 12, 2021). "'I still don't feel safe': House lawmakers adjust to metal detectors, new normal". Roll Call.
  85. ^ a b c d e Katherine Tully-MCManus (January 12, 2021). "House members now screened for weapons when entering chamber". Roll Call.
  86. ^ Dartunorro Clark, Alex Moe, and Haley Talbot (January 12, 2021). "Republicans protest, circumvent new metal detectors inside Capitol after riot". NBC News.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  87. ^ "Lauren Boebert, other Republicans object to new metal detectors outside U.S. House". Colorado Sun. January 12, 2021.
  88. ^ Matt Fuller. "Capitol Police Investigate 2 GOP Lawmakers over House Metal Detector Incidents". Huffpost.
  89. ^ Matt Fuller (February 17, 2021). "Matt Fuller - Twitter 2/17/2021".
  90. ^ "GOP lawmakers fined $5,000 for bypassing House security Cristina Marcos". The Hill. February 5, 2021.
  91. ^ Ryan W. Miller (January 14, 2021). "Nancy Pelosi wants $5,000 fines for lawmakers who ignore metal detectors, dodge Capitol secruity". USA Today.
  92. ^ Rebecca Shabad (February 3, 2021). "NBC News".
  93. ^ Kerry Picket (April 29, 2021). "Pelosi: Clyburn 'can appeal' metal detector fine". Washington Examiner.
  94. ^ a b c d Stephen Gutowski (February 5, 2021). "Chip Roy says Capitol riot shows need for officials to be able to defend themselves".
  95. ^ Nick Niedzwiadek (April 12, 2021). "Republican congressman vows legal challenge to House metal detectors".
  96. ^ Natalie Colarossi (February 6, 2021). "GOP Rep. Andrew Clyde Says He'll Fight House Fine for Skipping Metal Detectors". Newsweek.
  97. ^ a b Rebecca Shabad (January 14, 2021). "Rep. Chip Roy says Trump's conduct was impeachable, but opposes the article". NBC News.
  98. ^ Chip Roy (January 13, 2021). "Rep. Roy denounces 'flawed' impeachment articles and condemns President Trump's 'impeachable' actions". Office of Representative Chip Roy.
  99. ^ Maria Recio (January 13, 2021). "Chip Roy and Michael McCaul condemn Trump but vote with Texas Republicans to oppose impeachment". Austin American-Stateman.
  100. ^ a b c d e f Lindsey McPherson (March 9, 2021). "House fast-track process for bipartisan bills threatened". Roll Call.
  101. ^ a b Sarah Ferris and Heather Caygle (February 25, 2021). "House Democrats brace for floor fights with raw post-riot emotions". Politico.
  102. ^ a b Olivia Beavers (March 9, 2021). "Dems' House majority is about to get tighter". Politico.
  103. ^ a b c d e f Melanie Zanona and Sarah Ferris (March 9, 2021). "The conservatives strike back: House floor fight imperils popular bills".
  104. ^ "Rep. Greene criticized for escalating Equality Act debate by hanging sign outside office". WTVC. February 25, 2021.
  105. ^ a b Marianna Sotomayor and Mike DeBonis (March 10, 2021). "Rep. Marjorie Taylor Greene has been gunking up the works. She says she's not backing down". The Washington Post.
  106. ^ Emily Brooks (March 30, 2021). "Freedom Caucus leader plots floor procedure delay war against House Democrats". Washington Examiner.
  107. ^ a b c Melanie Zanona, Sarah Ferris and Olivia Beavers (March 17, 2021). "'Behave like grown-ups': Conservative rebellion boils over in House". Politico.
  108. ^ Kelly Powers (March 19, 2021). "Rep. Andy Harris one of 12 to vote against Congressional Gold Medal for Capitol Police". Salisbury Daily Times.
  109. ^ a b c Lauren Frias (March 17, 2021). "12 Republicans voted against honoring the Capitol Police and others that defended the Capitol during the riot". Business Insider.
  110. ^ Bart Jansen (March 17, 2021). "House votes to award Congressional Gold Medals for Capitol Police, other authorities in Jan. 6 riot". USA Today.
  111. ^ "Roll Call 87 - Bill Number: H.R. 1085". Clerk of the United States House of Representatives.
  112. ^ Chip Roy (January 13, 2021). "Rep. Roy Rejects Calls to Remove Chairwoman Cheney from House GOP Leadership". Office of Representative Chip Roy.
  113. ^ a b c d Grace Segers (May 6, 2021). "Trump backs Stefanik to replace Cheney as GOP conference chair". CBS News.
  114. ^ a b Nathan Place (May 10, 2021). "'She knows how to win!' Trump bolsters his endorsement of Elise Stefanik to replace Liz Cheney". The Independent.
  115. ^ Liz Cheney (May 5, 2021). "Opinion: Liz Cheney: The GOP is at a turning point. History is watching us". The Washington Post.
  116. ^ Chip Roy (May 11, 2021). "Re: Teh Future of Our Conference and the Country".
  117. ^ Grace Segers and Nikole Killion (May 12, 2021). "Cheney says "I will not sit back" in speech on eve of vote to remove her from leadership post". CBS News.
  118. ^ a b c Bryan Mena (May 12, 2021). "U.S. Rep. Chip Roy reportedly considering bid to replace Liz Cheney in GOP leadership role". The Texas Tribune.
  119. ^ a b Abby Livingston and Bryan Mena (May 12, 2021). "Liz Cheney ousted from GOP congressional leadership ranks with no overt resistance from Texas Republicans". The Texas Tribune.
  120. ^ Grayer, Annie; Nobles, Ryan (May 13, 2021). "Rep. Chip Roy says he'll challenge Stefanik for Republican conference chair". CNN. Retrieved May 13, 2021.
  121. ^ a b c d e Melanie Zanona and Olivia Beavers (May 13, 2021). "Stefanik, Roy make their pitches to be House GOP No. 3". Politico.
  122. ^ a b c Abby Livingston (May 13, 2021). "Donald Trump denounces Chip Roy's bid for U.S. House Republican leadership post". The Texas Tribune.
  123. ^ a b c Abby Livingston (May 14, 2021). "U.S. Rep. Chip Roy loses bid to replace Liz Cheney as third-ranking House Republican". KVUE.
  124. ^ a b Abby Livingston (May 12, 2021). "Most U.S. House Republicans from Texas vote against forming a commission to investigate Jan. 6 insurrection". The Texas Tribune.
  125. ^ a b c d "GOP congressmen sign letter warning of 'hyper-politicization' of Capitol riot prosecutions". USA Today. May 18, 2021.
  126. ^ a b Eric Flack (June 8, 2021). "GOP senators claim 'unequal justice' in Capitol riot, Black Lives Matter protests". WUSA90.
  127. ^ McPherson, Lindsey (October 31, 2018). "As House Republicans Brace for Losses, Freedom Caucus Prepares for Growth". rollcall.com. Retrieved November 17, 2018. Potential recruits receiving Freedom Fund money this cycle include Chip Roy in Texas’ 21st District, Yvette Herrell in New Mexico’s 2nd District, Mark Harris in North Carolina’s 9th District, Greg Steube in Florida’s 17th District, Denver Riggleman in Virginia’s 5th District, Mark Green in Tennessee’s 7th District, Russ Fulcher in Idaho’s 1st District, Ron Wright in Texas’ 6th District and Ben Cline in Virginia’s 6th District.
  128. ^ "Member List". Republican Study Committee. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
  129. ^ a b c "Six Texas Republicans oppose coronavirus relief deal that sailed through House". The Dallas Morning News. March 14, 2020.
  130. ^ Sanford Nowlin (March 16, 2020). "San Antonio U.S. Rep. Chip Roy Voted Against Coronavirus Relief Package, Mocked It in a Tweet". San Antonio Current.
  131. ^ Lee, Jasmine C. (March 14, 2020). "How Every House Member Voted on the Coronavirus Relief Bill". The New York Times. Retrieved May 29, 2020 – via Nytimes.com.
  132. ^ a b Erin Keller (April 3, 2020). "Maine Gov. Janet Mills orders all travelers coming to Maine quarantine for 14 days due to coronavirus, COVID-19 fears". News Center Maine.
  133. ^ Shannon Moss (May 11, 2020). "'It's not easy to enforce' Police talk about 14-day quarantine for out of state Mainers during coronavirus, COVID-19 pandemic". News Center Maine.
  134. ^ a b c "Rep. Chip Roy on the Mark Levin Show April 6, 2020". April 6, 2020.
  135. ^ a b Livingston, Abby (May 6, 2020). "We need herd immunity". Texas Tribune. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
  136. ^ a b "Ahead of Passover, Chip Roy Says 'Stay at Home' Measures Akin to 'Nazi Germany'". DCCC. April 7, 2020.
  137. ^ a b LeBlanc, Paul. "Texas congressman says his state is holding coronavirus numbers down, as cases surge". CNN.com. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
  138. ^ "Big Tech Dials Censorship Up to 11 - Guests: Chip Roy & Will Chamberlain - 7/28/20". Steve Deace Show. July 28, 2020.
  139. ^ San Antonio Congressman Chip Roy Says the COVID Pandemic Is a Hoax Meant to Hurt the GOP, San Antonio Current, Sanford Nowlin, July 30, 2020. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
  140. ^ Foran, Clare; Raju, Manu. "Pelosi mandates masks in House chamber after Gohmert tests positive for Covid-19". CNN.com. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  141. ^ Chip Roy (November 13, 2020). "Chip Roy Twitter 11/13/2020".
  142. ^ Sanford Nowlin (November 17, 2020). "U.S. Rep. Chip Roy of Texas wants you to know the CDC can't tell him how to celebrate Thanksgiving".
  143. ^ David Montanaro (December 23, 2020). "Rep. Chip Roy: Trump right to 'call B.S.' on 'irresponsible swamp' bill for coronavirus relief". Fox News.
  144. ^ John Fritze and Courtney Subramanian. "Trump reverses on coronavirus stimulus deal, signs package he called a 'disgrace'". USA Today.
  145. ^ a b Matthew Brown (January 12, 2021). "House Democrats propose $500 fine for members of Congress who don't wear masks". USA Today.
  146. ^ Paige Winfield Cunningham (May 20, 2021). "The Health 202: House Republicans are refusing both vaccines and masks". Washington Post.
  147. ^ Melanie Zanona (May 18, 2021). "House Republicans stage rebellion over mask rules". Politico.
  148. ^ a b Cristina Marcos (May 19, 2021). "House rejects GOP effort to roll back chamber's mask mandate". The Hill.
  149. ^ Alana Wise (May 19, 2021). "Democrats And Republicans Square Off Over House Mask Mandate".
  150. ^ Bryan Mena (May 19, 2021). "Three congressional Republicans from Texas reprimanded for violating U.S. House's mask mandate". The Texas Tribune.
  151. ^ Diaz, Daniella; Wilson, Kristin (March 19, 2021). "14 House Republicans vote against a measure condemning military coup in Myanmar". CNN. Retrieved March 24, 2021.
  152. ^ a b Philip Bump (March 19, 2021). "The emerging far-right 'no' caucus in the House". The Washington Post.
  153. ^ a b c Andrew Solender (March 19, 2021). "14 House Republicans Vote Against Condemning Myanmar Military Coup". Forbes.
  154. ^ a b Tal Axelrod (March 19, 2021). "14 Republicans vote against resolution condemning Myanmar military coup". The Hill.
  155. ^ a b Wu, Nicholas (March 18, 2021). "'We will not let you take our voice from us': Rep. Meng responds to Republicans at hearing on anti-Asian discrimination". USA Today. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  156. ^ a b "'Get a tall oak tree': Rep. Chip Roy of Texas defends apparent pro-lynching remarks". NBC News. March 18, 2021. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  157. ^ a b Holcombe, Madeline; Andone, Dakin (March 18, 2021). "A trip to the spa that ended in death. These are some of the victims of the Atlanta-area shootings". CNN. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  158. ^ Texas GOP chair advises Rep. Chip Roy to 'engage the brain before firing the mouth', The Week, Summer Meza, March 19, 2021. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
  159. ^ Alex Samuels (June 28, 2019). "Texas lawmaker files bill to allow donations of diapers, other goods to migrant kids in Border Patrol facilities". The Texas Tribune.
  160. ^ "US HR3595 Charitable Donations Freedom Act". govinfo.
  161. ^ 'This is tough stuff': At Texas detention facility, Pence sees hundreds of migrants crammed with no beds, Washington Post, Josh Dawsey and Colby Itkowitz, July 12, 2019. Retrieved March 26, 2021.
  162. ^ Chip Roy Leads Congressional Letter Criticizing Biden Border Policy Amidst Burgeoning Crisis, The Texan, Daniel Friend, February 10, 2021. Retrieved March 26, 2021.
  163. ^ a b Brad Johnson (March 17, 2021). "Rep. Chip Roy Leads Charge Against Reinstatement of Congressional Earmarks". The Texan.
  164. ^ Juliegrace Brufke (March 17, 2021). "House Republicans vote to support earmarks".
  165. ^ "2018 Primary Election Official Results". Texas Secretary of State. Archived from the original on March 7, 2018. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
  166. ^ "Texas Election Results". Texas Secretary of State. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
  167. ^ "Texas 2020 election results". The Texas Tribune. November 3, 2020. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
  168. ^ Roy, Chip (January 11, 2021). "Opinion | Why I'm Taking a Social-Media Sabbatical" – via www.wsj.com.
  169. ^ "Congressman announces sabbatical from social media after experiencing Jewish Sabbath". January 13, 2021.
  170. ^ "Meet Chip". Chip for Congress 2020. 2017.
  171. ^ "Mother's Day 2018". Chip for Congress 2020. May 13, 2018.
  172. ^ Andrew Mark Miller (February 25, 2021). "Chip Roy slams Equality Act as government forcing people to 'bow' to 'cultural elite'".
  173. ^ Asher Price (September 25, 2018). "Chip Roy, conservative, runs in shadow of Cruz". Statesman.

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Lamar Smith
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 21st congressional district

2019–present
Incumbent
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
John Rose
United States representatives by seniority
346th
Succeeded by
Kim Schrier
This page was last edited on 14 June 2021, at 17:06
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