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China Airlines Flight 676

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

China Airlines Flight 676
China Airlines Airbus A300B4-622R Pichugin-2.jpg
A China Airlines Airbus A300-600 similar to B-1814.
Date16 February 1998
SummaryCrashed on approach due to bad weather and pilot error
SiteChiang Kai-Shek Int'l Airport, Taoyuan County (now Taoyuan City), Taiwan
25°05′29″N 121°13′50″E / 25.0915°N 121.2305°E / 25.0915; 121.2305
Total fatalities203
Aircraft typeAirbus A300B4-622R
OperatorChina Airlines
IATA flight No.CI676
ICAO flight No.CAL676
Call signDYNASTY 676
Flight originNgurah Rai Int'l Airport
Bali, Indonesia
DestinationChiang Kai-Shek Int'l Airport
Taoyuan, Taiwan
Ground casualties
Ground fatalities7

China Airlines Flight 676 (CAL676, CI676) was a scheduled international passenger flight that crashed into a road and residential area in Tayuan, Taoyuan County (now Taoyuan City), near Chiang Kai-shek International Airport (present-day Taoyuan International Airport), Taiwan on the night of Monday, 16 February 1998.

The Airbus A300 jet liner was en route from Ngurah Rai Airport in Bali, Indonesia to Taipei, Taiwan. The weather was inclement with rain and fog when the aircraft approached Chiang Kai-shek International Airport, so the pilot executed a missed approach. After the jet was cleared to land at runway 05L, the autopilot was disengaged, and the pilots then attempted a manual go-around. The jet slowed down, pitched up by 40 degrees, rose 1,000 feet (300 m), stalled, and crashed into a residential neighborhood, bursting into flames at local time 4:20 PM. All 196 people on board were killed (including the governor of Taiwan's central bank, Sheu Yuan-dong, his wife, Huang Mian-mei, and three central bank officials[4]), along with seven people on the ground. Hsu Lu, the manager of the Voice of Taipei radio station, said that one boy was pulled alive from the wreckage and later died.[4]

It remains the deadliest aviation accident on Taiwanese soil. China Airlines had twelve A300s in its fleet at the time of the accident. It is also the second deadliest accident overall in Taiwan's history, behind China Airlines Flight 611, a Boeing 747-209B[5] broke up over the Taiwan Strait with 225 fatalities.

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Aircraft and crew

The aircraft involved in the accident was an Airbus A300B4-622R, registration B-1814. It was delivered to China Airlines on 14 December 1990 and was powered by 2x Pratt and Whitney PW4156 engines. The aircraft was 7.3 years old at the time of the accident and had completed 20,193 flight hours.[6] Captain Kang Long-Lin, 49, joined China Airlines in 1990, and had 7,226 hours total flight time (2,382 of them on the Airbus A300). First Officer Jiang Der-Sheng, 44, joined China Airlines in 1996, and had 3,550 hours total flight time (304 of them on the Airbus A300). Both pilots were formerly with the Republic of China Air Force.[7][8] The flight consisted of 189 Taiwanese nationals, along with 5 Americans, one French, and one Indonesian.[4]

Nationality Passengers Crew Ground Total
Taiwan 175 14 7 196
United States 5 0 0 5
France 1 0 0 1
Indonesia 1 0 0 1
Total 182 14 7 203


The plane took off from Ngurah Rai Int'l Airport, Bali, Indonesia en route to Chiang Kai-Shek Int'l Airport, Taipei, Taiwan with 182 passengers and 14 crew at 15:27.

The Airbus carried out an ILS/DME approach to runway 05L at Taipei Chiang Kai Shek Airport in light rain and fog but came in 1,000 feet too high above the glide slope (at 1,515 feet (462 m), 1.2 nm short of the threshold). Go around power was applied 19 seconds later over the threshold (at a 1,475 feet (450 m) agl). The landing gear was raised and the flaps set to 20deg as the Airbus climbed through 1,723 feet (525 m) in a 35-deg pitch-up.

Reaching 2,751 feet (839 m) (42.7 deg pitch-up, 45 knots speed) the A300 stalled. Control could not be regained as the aircraft fell and smashed into the ground 200 feet left off the runway. It then surged forward, hit a utility pole and a highway median and skidded into several houses, surrounded by fish farms, rice paddies, factories and warehouses, and exploded, killing all on board.

Weather was 2,400 feet visibility, RVR runway 05L of 3,900 feet, 300 feet broken ceiling, 3,000 feet overcast.[3] According to the CVR (Cockpit Voice Recorder), the last words were from the First Officer and were "Pull up, too low!" This was surrounded by the Terrain alarm and stall warnings.[9]

Investigation and conclusion

On initial approach to land, the aircraft was more than 300 meters above its normal altitude when it was only six nautical miles away from the airport. Nonetheless it continued the approach. Only when approaching the runway threshold, a go around was initiated. During this time, the pilot had unknowingly disengaged the plane's autopilot but was not aware of it. During the go around he therefore did nothing to actively take control of the plane as he thought the autopilot would initiate the maneuver. For 11 seconds, the plane was under no one's control.[10]

Following a formal investigation that had continued for nearly two years, a final report by a special task force under the Civil Aviation Administration concluded that pilot error was the cause of the crash of Flight 676. The report concludes by criticizing China Airlines for "insufficient training" and "poor management of the resources in the pilot's cabin".[11]

CVR transcript

The cockpit voice recording was leaked on the Internet, but has been removed as it is a property of the Taiwanese government.[citation needed]

The person speaking is listed in bold.

  • TWR - Chiang Kai-shek International Airport control tower
  • F/O - First Officer on board CI676
  • Capt - Captain on board CI676
  • GPWS - Ground proximity warning system (aircraft system)
  • CAM - Cockpit Area Microphone where sound of cockpit environment can be recorded by the Cockpit Voice Recorder (CVR). This includes descriptors of various unidentified sounds picked up by the CAM, including the GPWS.
  • CAL - Unknown. This may be a typo and that CAM was intended.

12:04:26 TWR Clear to land. Wind 360 at 3, clear to land.

12:04:29 F/O Roger, clear to land, Dynasty 676.

12:04:34 F/O OK. Glide Slope blue. Localiser green.

12:04:42 Capt 1000 feet higher.

12:04:52 Capt Come on, 1000!

12:04:56 Capt OK. 30/40.

12:04:57 F/O 30/40.

12:05:02 F/O Landing gear, down, three green.

12:05:04 F/O Anti-skid, normal and eight released.

12:05:06 F/O Slat/Flap, 30/40.

12:05:07 F/O Spoiler.

12:05:09 F/O Armed.

12:05:10 F/O Landing light, on.

12:05:12 F/O Landing check list complete.

12:05:14 Capt Go lever, Go Around.

12:05:15 F/O Go Around, Go level.

12:05:17 Capt Yes. Go!

12:05:19 Capt Positive, gears up!

12:05:20 Capt Gear Up!

12:05:22 F/O Heading Select, flaps.

12:05:26 F/O Plus 10

12:05:27 CAM Don, Don ...

12:05:29 Capt Latch.

12:05:32 CAM Don,

12:05:33 CAM Du

12:05:34 CAM Wu ... .

12:05:36 CAM Wu Lu ... ...

12:05:37 CAM Wu Lu ... ., D-ling

12:05:38 CAM D-ling.

12:05:40 Capt OK

12:05:42 CAM Don

12:05:43 CAM Don

12:05:44 CAM Don

12:05:45 Capt OH! My God!

12:05:46 TWR Dynasty 676, confirm go around?

12:05:47 CAM Du ...

12:05:49 GPWS Terrain.

12:05:50 CAL 676 (F/O) Confirm go around!

12:05:52 F/O Pull it up, too low!

12:05:53 GPWS Whoop, Whoop, Pull up, Da La, Da La, Da La.

12:05:55 GPWS Whoop Whoop Da La, Pull Up.

12:05:57 GPWS Whoop. Whoop, Pull

12:05:58 CAM Da La.

End of Recording

Flight number retirement

After the accident the flight number 676 was changed to 772 and was still operated by the Airbus A300 until they were replaced by Airbus A330 aircraft.

See also


  1. ^ a b "台灣飛安統計 1996-2005" [Taiwan Fei'an Statistics 1996-2005] (PDF). 行政院飛航安全委員會 Aviation Safety Council (in Chinese). Taiwan: Aviation Safety Council 飛航安全調查委員會. pp. 63頁. Retrieved 28 August 2016.:52
  2. ^ a b "華航失事班機罹難者名單公佈" [List of victims of China Airlines’ wrecked flight announced] (in Chinese). Taiwan: Chinese Television System 華視. 16 February 1998. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  3. ^ a b Ranter, Harro (16 February 1998). "ASN Accident Description (China Airlines 676)". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 18 December 2016.
  4. ^ a b c Gargan, Edward A. (17 February 1998). "Over 200 Die as Taiwan Jet Crashes in Bad Weather". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  5. ^ Yu (陳芸芸), Chen; Wenyi (李文儀), Li (26 May 2002). "華航空難特別報導 華航「空難」 33年來615人罹難" [China Airlines is difficult to report on China Airlines "air disaster" 615 people in 33 years] (in Chinese). Taiwan: Liberty Times (自由時報). Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  6. ^ "B-1814 China Airlines Airbus A300B4-622R – cn 578". Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  7. ^ Ladkin, Peter M. "The Crash of Flight CI676". 18 March 1998. The RVS Group. RVS-J-98-01. Archived from the original on 16 July 2001. Retrieved 30 May 2007. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  8. ^[permanent dead link].
  9. ^ "China Airlines 676 CVR Transcript". AirDisaster.Com. Archived from the original on 2 July 2013.
  10. ^ "AIRCRAFT ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION REPORT China Airlines Airbus A300B4-622R, B-1814 Da-Yuang, Tao-Yuang February 16, 1998". Civil Aeronautics Administration. 18 May 2000. Archived from the original on 9 December 2018. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
  11. ^ Yu-hui, Su (4 January 2000). "Official report says CAL crash was caused by pilot". Taipei Times.

External links

This page was last edited on 10 October 2019, at 18:11
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