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Chief of the National Guard Bureau

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chief of the National Guard Bureau
NGB-seal-high.png
Seal of the National Guard Bureau
Flag of the National Guard Bureau.svg
Flag of the Chief
Incumbent
GEN Daniel R. Hokanson, USA

since 3 August 2020
National Guard Bureau
AbbreviationCNGB
Member ofJoint Chiefs of Staff
Reports toChairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
NominatorPresident
AppointerSenate
Term length4 years, renewable
Constituting instrument10 U.S.C. § 10502
Formation14 February 1908
First holderCOL Erasmus M. Weaver Jr.
DeputyVice Chief of the National Guard Bureau
WebsiteOfficial Website

The chief of the National Guard Bureau (CNGB) is the highest-ranking officer of the United States National Guard and the head of the National Guard Bureau.[1] The position is a statutory office (10 U.S.C. § 10502), held by a federally recognized commissioned officer who has served at least 10 years of federally recognized active duty in the National Guard; the Army National Guard or the Air National Guard.[2] In a separate capacity as a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (10 U.S.C. § 151), the chief is a military adviser to the National Security Council, the Homeland Security Council, the secretary of defense, and the president on matters pertaining to the National Guard.[3]


The chief is nominated for appointment by the president from any eligible National Guard officers holding the rank of major general or above,[4] who also meets the requirements for the position as determined by defense secretary and the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff,[4] under the advice and/or recommendation from their respective state governors and their service secretary. The nominee must be confirmed via majority vote from the Senate.[4] The Chief serves a four-year term of office at the pleasure of the President.[4] By statute, the Chief is appointed as a four-star general[4] in the Army or Air Force, serving as a reserve officer on active duty.[4]

History

In 1908, the United States Army created the Militia Bureau to oversee training and readiness for the National Guard as part of implementing the Militia Act of 1903. From 1908 to 1911, Erasmus M. Weaver Jr. served as head of the Army's Militia Bureau, the first person to hold the position.[5] The National Defense Act of 1920 included a provision that the chief of the Militia Bureau must be a National Guard officer.[6][7][8] In 1921 Pennsylvania National Guard officer George C. Rickards became the first Guardsman to serve as Chief, and he held the post until his 1925 retirement.[9]

In September 1947, the Air National Guard was created, and the positions of Chief the Army Division and Chief of the Air Division were established, with the directors subordinate to the NGB Chief.[10] In 1953, Air National Guard Director Earl T. Ricks served as acting chief of the National Guard Bureau, making him the first Air Guard officer to hold the chief's position.[11] In the mid-1970s, the chief of the National Guard Bureau position was elevated from major general to lieutenant general, and La Vern E. Weber became the first NGB chief to wear three stars.[12]

The 2008 National Defense Authorization Act elevated the chief of the National Guard Bureau to the four-star rank of general making Craig McKinley the first National Guard officer to achieve four-star rank. In 2012, the position became the seventh member of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff via the 2012 National Defense Authorization Act, which was signed into law by President Obama on 31 December 2011. The sitting Joint Chiefs at the time, had opposed the addition of another member, but the president promised in his 2008 campaign to elevate the office.[13]

Previous flag

Chiefngbureauflag.JPG

This positional flag for the chief of the National Guard Bureau was used from 1998 to 2008. The dark blue represented the Army National Guard, the light blue represented the Air National Guard. The badge in the center is the branch insignia of the National Guard Bureau. The two triangles in the upper fly are "flight devices" and represent the Air National Guard.

The version of the flag which appears in the information box at the top of the page was adopted in 2008 when the position of Chief of the National Guard Bureau was upgraded to four-star general.

List of chiefs of the National Guard Bureau

No. Commander Term Service branch
Portrait Name Took office Left office Term length
1Colonel
Erasmus M. Weaver Jr.
(1854–1920)
14 February 190814 March 19113 years, 28 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
2Brigadier General
Robert K. Evans
(1852–1926)
15 March 191131 August 19121 year, 169 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
3Major General
Albert L. Mills
(1854–1916)
1 September 191218 September 19164 years, 17 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
-Colonel
George W. McIver
(1858–1947)
Acting
18 September 191626 October 191638 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
4Major General
William A. Mann
(1854–1934)
26 October 191626 November 1917262 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
5Major General
Jesse McI. Carter
(1863–1930)
26 November 191715 August 1918262 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
-Brigadier General
John W. Heavey
(1867–1941)
Acting
15 August 19185 February 1919174 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
5Major General
Jesse McI. Carter
(1863–1930)
5 February 191928 June 19212 years, 143 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
6Major General
George C. Rickards
(1860–1933)
29 June 192128 June 19253 years, 364 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
7Major General
Creed C. Hammond
(1874–1940)
29 June 192528 June 19293 years, 364 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
-Colonel
Ernest R. Redmond
(1883–1966)
Acting
29 June 192930 September 192993 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
8Major General
William G. Everson
(1879–1954)
1 October 192930 November 19312 years, 60 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
9Major General
George E. Leach
(1876–1955)
1 December 193130 November 19353 years, 364 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
-Colonel
Herold J. Weiler
(1886–1945)
Acting
1 December 193516 January 193646 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
-Colonel
John F. Williams
(1887–1953)
Acting
17 January 193630 January 193613 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
10Major General
Albert H. Blanding
(1876–1970)
31 January 193630 January 19404 years, 0 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
11Major General
John F. Williams
(1887–1953)
31 January 194030 January 19444 years, 0 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
-Major General
John F. Williams
(1887–1953)
Acting
31 January 194431 January 19462 years, 0 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
12Major General
Butler B. Miltonberger
(1897–1977)
1 February 194629 September 19471 year, 240 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
13Major General
Kenneth F. Cramer
(1894–1954)
30 September 19474 September 19502 years, 339 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
-Major General
Raymond H. Fleming
(1889–1974)
Acting
5 September 195013 August 1951342 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
14Major General
Raymond H. Fleming
(1889–1974)
14 August 195115 February 19531 year, 185 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
-Major General
Earl T. Ricks
(1908–1954)
Acting
16 February 195321 June 1953125 days
Mark of the United States Air Force.svg

U.S. Air Force
15Major General
Edgar C. Erickson
(1896–1989)
22 June 195331 May 19595 years, 342 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
-Major General
Winston P. Wilson
(1911–1996)
Acting
1 June 195919 July 195948 days
Mark of the United States Air Force.svg

U.S. Air Force
16Major General
Donald W. McGowan
(1899–1967)
20 July 195930 August 19634 years, 41 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
17Major General
Winston P. Wilson
(1911–1996)
31 August 196331 August 19718 years, 0 days
Mark of the United States Air Force.svg

U.S. Air Force
18Major General
Francis S. Greenlief
(1921–1999)
1 September 197123 June 19742 years, 295 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
19Lieutenant General
La Vern E. Weber
(1923–1999)
16 August 197415 August 19827 years, 364 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
20Lieutenant General
Emmett H. Walker Jr.
(1924–2007)
16 August 198215 August 19863 years, 364 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
21Lieutenant General
Herbert R. Temple, Jr.
(born 1928)
16 August 198631 January 19903 years, 168 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
22Lieutenant General
John B. Conaway
(born 1934)
1 February 19901 December 19933 years, 303 days
Mark of the United States Air Force.svg

U.S. Air Force
-Major General
Philip G. Killey
(born 1941)
Acting
2 December 19931 January 1994210 days
Mark of the United States Air Force.svg

U.S. Air Force
-Major General
Raymond F. Rees
(born 1944)
Acting
2 January 199431 July 1994210 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
-Major General
John R. D'Araujo, Jr.
(born 1943)
Acting
1 August 199430 September 199460 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
23Lieutenant General
Edward D. Baca
(born 1938)
1 October 199431 July 19983 years, 303 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
24Lieutenant General
Russell C. Davis
(born 1938)
4 August 19983 August 20023 years, 364 days
Mark of the United States Air Force.svg

U.S. Air Force
-Major General
Raymond F. Rees
(born 1944)
Acting
4 August 200210 April 2003249 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
25Lieutenant General
H Steven Blum
(born 1946)
11 April 200317 November 20085 years, 220 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
26General
Craig R. McKinley
(born 1952)
17 November 20086 September 20123 years, 294 days
Mark of the United States Air Force.svg

U.S. Air Force
27General
Frank J. Grass
(born 1955)
7 September 20123 August 20163 years, 331 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army
28General
Joseph L. Lengyel
(born 1959)
3 August 20163 August 20204 years, 0 days
Mark of the United States Air Force.svg

U.S. Air Force
29General
Daniel R. Hokanson
(born 1963)
3 August 2020Incumbent55 days
Mark of the United States Army.svg

U.S. Army

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "10 USC 10502 Chief of the National Guard Bureau: appointment; adviser on National Guard matters; grade; succession". Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
  2. ^ U.S. Congress (28 January 2008). "Public Law 110-181: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008". GPO.gov. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Publishing Office.
  3. ^ United States Congress (2008). "SEC. 1812. Establishment of National Guard Bureau as Joint Activity of the Department of Defense". H.R. 4986 (110th): National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008. govtrack. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Public Law 110-181.
  5. ^ United States Infantry Association, Infantry Journal, Volume 5, 1908, page 292
  6. ^ Dodd, Mead, Inc., The New International Year Book, 1934, page 575
  7. ^ United States Field Artillery Association, The Field Artillery Journal, Volume 15, 1925, page 308
  8. ^ Pittsburgh Press, "Maj. Smathers becomes First in Command", April 13, 1919
  9. ^ Doubler, Michael Dale; Listman, John W. (2003). The National Guard: An Illustrated History of Americas Citizen-soldiers. Dulles, VA: Brassey's, Inc. p. 68. ISBN 978-1-57488-389-3.
  10. ^ "New Commanding General of the Air Force Division". Flying. Chicago, IL: Ziff-Davis Publishing. 1 December 1948. p. 10.
  11. ^ "Chief of the National Guard Bureau". The National Guardsman. Vol. 7. Washington, DC: National Guard Association of the United States. 1953. p. 8.
  12. ^ Frazier, David L. "Biography, Weber, La Vern Erick". OKHistory.org. Oklahoma City, OK: Oklahoma Historical Society. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  13. ^ Thompson, Mark (4 January 2012). "The Changing of the Guard". Time. Retrieved 11 July 2017.

External links

Media related to Chiefs of the National Guard Bureau at Wikimedia Commons

This page was last edited on 27 September 2020, at 05:23
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