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Chevrolet Spark

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chevrolet Spark
Chevrolet Spark LS+ 1.2 – Frontansicht, 26. Juni 2011, Mettmann.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer
Production1998–present
Body and chassis
ClassCity car (A)
Body style5-door hatchback
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive
Chronology
PredecessorDaewoo Tico

The Chevrolet Spark (originally marketed prominently as the Daewoo Matiz) is a subcompact hatchback city car produced by General Motors's subsidiary GM Korea.

The first generation of Daewoo Matiz was launched in 1998, replacing the Daewoo Tico. In 2002, Daewoo Motors became General Motors' South Korean division, known as GM Korea. Since the transition, the vehicle has increasingly been marketed under the Chevrolet badge. The second generation model was introduced by GM Korea in 2005, with the third generation launched in 2010.

A limited-production all-electric version, the Chevrolet Spark EV, was released in the U.S. in selected markets in California and Oregon in June 2013. The Spark EV was the first all-electric passenger car marketed by General Motors since the EV1 was discontinued in 1999.[1][2]

First generation (M100, M150; 1998)

First generation (M100, M150)
2000 Daewoo Matiz SE Plus 800cc Front (1).jpg
Overview
Also called
  • Daewoo Matiz
  • Chevrolet Matiz
  • UzDaewoo Matiz
  • Ravon Matiz
  • Formosa Matiz (Taiwan)[3]
  • FSO Matiz
  • Pontiac Matiz
  • Pontiac G2
  • Chevrolet Lechi (China)
  • Baojun Lechi (China)
  • Chevrolet Exclusive (Pakistan)
  • Chevrolet Joy (Pakistan)
  • Chevrolet Taxi 7:24 Chronos (Colombia)
Production
  • 1998–2005 (South Korea)
  • 1998–present (under license)
  • 1998–2007 (M100, Poland)
  • 1998–2008 (M100, Romania)
  • 1998–2002 (India)
  • 2010–2016 (China)
Assembly
DesignerGiorgetto Giugiaro at Italdesign
Body and chassis
Body style
RelatedDaewoo Tico
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,340 mm (92.1 in)
Length3,495 mm (137.6 in)
Width1,495 mm (58.9 in)
Height1,485 mm (58.5 in)

M100 (1998–2000)

The production of Daewoo Matiz started in 1998 and it was sold in South Korea and many European markets with the code name M100. The exterior design is based on the Lucciola, a 1993 Fiat Cinquecento concept by Italdesign Giugiaro which had been rejected by Fiat.[6] The 0.8-litre gasoline engine and the transmission were carryovers from the Daewoo Tico, but it was now using a multipoint injection fuel system.[7] Engineering was carried out at Daewoo's Worthing Technical Centre in England. The car became the best selling Daewoo model in Europe and in India for the next four years.[8]

It was developed on the basis of the Daewoo Tico, version under license of the Suzuki Alto, with which both Tico and Matiz share mechanics and suspensions. From this origin derives its characteristic narrow width, imposed by the Japanese kei car tax category.

The Matiz was originally launched with just a 0.8-litre straight-three engine. It developed a maximum power of 51 hp (38 kW), a maximum torque of 68.5 N⋅m (51 lb⋅ft) and had a combined consumption of 6.4 l/100 km (44 mpg‑imp). It had a top speed of 144 km/h (89 mph) and could reach from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 17 seconds.[7] This engine was developed from the Tico unit by Tickford, a UK company based in Milton Keynes. The Tickford connection was acknowledged in the brochures distributed in UK showrooms.

It was released mainly with three trim levels: E, S and SE. The latter had air conditioning, wheel covers, body-colored bumpers, rear spoiler, fog lights and a stereo, with optional features such as roof rails, power steering, central locking, electric front windows, ABS and driver airbag.[9] In certain markets it was also available with an automatic transmission.

M150 (2000–2005)

This facelift was designed at Daewoo's Worthing Technical Centre in England and introduced in South Korea in late 2000, and exported from 2001. The front-end structure was modified to accommodate a four-cylinder engine, although the introduction of this engine, the 1.0-litre S-Tec unit, was delayed until after Daewoo's takeover by General Motors in 2002.

M150 is still produced by GM-Uzbekistan (previously UzDaewooAuto) in Uzbekistan. The car was launched to the Russian market as the Ravon Matiz in 2016 but discontinued soon.[10] In South Korea and Japan this updated Matiz was sold under the name Daewoo Matiz II.

Lechi (China)

In China the car was sold as the Chevrolet Lechi. It remained in production until 2012, when an updated version was introduced as the Baojun Lechi. It is to be offered under both Chevrolet and Baojun brands during a transition period.[11] The Lechi has also received certain powertrain updates, making the car economical enough to qualify for a subsidy and a tax break from the Chinese government.[11]

Safety

Euro NCAP test results for a RHD, 5-door hatchback variant on a 2000 registration:

Test[12] Score Points
Overall: N/A N/A
Adult occupant: 3/5 stars 19
Child occupant: N/A N/A
Pedestrian: 2/4 stars 15
Safety assist: N/A N/A

Engines

It featured a range of two petrol engines, which had the following specifications:

Model Engine Displacement Power Torque 0–100 km/h (0-62 mph) Top speed CO2 emissions Notes
0.8 I3 796 cc 51 PS (38 kW; 50 hp) 69 N⋅m (51 lb⋅ft) at 4,200 rpm 17.0 s 144 km/h (89 mph) 161 g/km
1.0 I4 995 cc 63 PS (46 kW; 62 hp) 87 N⋅m (64 lb⋅ft) at 4,300 rpm 14.2 s 155 km/h (96 mph) 157 g/km introduced in 2002
1.2 I4 1,206 cc 86 PS (63 kW; 85 hp) 108 N⋅m (80 lb⋅ft) at 4,000 rpm 13.9 s 160 km/h (99 mph) China, from 2009

Copying controversy

The Chevrolet Matiz/Spark (left) and the Chery QQ (right); the design of QQ is a copy of the original Matiz/Spark
The Chevrolet Matiz/Spark (left) and the Chery QQ (right); the design of QQ is a copy of the original Matiz/Spark

The Chery QQ3, then known as the Chery QQ, became the center of an industrial copyright and intellectual rights controversy, as General Motors claimed the car was a copy of the Daewoo Matiz. GM executives demonstrated the extent of the design duplication, noting for example that the doors of the QQ and those of the Spark are interchangeable[13] without modification.

GM China Group indicated the two vehicles "shared remarkably identical body structure, exterior design, interior design and key components"[13] MotorAuthority.com[14] and Car and Driver called the QQ a "carbon copy", while the International Herald Tribune, in a 2005 article, referred to it as a clone.[15]

The Detroit News reported that "the dispute reflects the confusion, risks and ambitions in China's new auto industry, where global carmakers are battling pugnacious upstarts for a piece of what may become the world's largest auto market."[16]

Second generation (M200, M250; 2005)

Second generation (M200, M250)
2007 Chevrolet Matiz SE 1.0 Front.jpg
Chevrolet Matiz (M200)
Overview
Also called
  • Daewoo Matiz Classic (South Korea)
  • Chevrolet Matiz
  • Matiz G2
  • Pontiac Matiz
  • FSO Matiz
  • Chevrolet Joy (Pakistan)
  • Chevrolet Taxi 7:24 Chronos
  • Chevrolet Chevytaxi (Colombia)
Production
  • 2005–2009 (South Korea)
  • 2005–present (under license)
  • 2007–2017 (India)
Assembly
DesignerGiorgetto Giugiaro[citation needed]
Body and chassis
Body style5-door hatchback
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,345 mm (92.3 in)
Length3,495 mm (137.6 in)
Width1,495 mm (58.9 in)
Height1,500 mm (59.1 in)

In 2005 the Matiz received substantial modifications (M200), previewed by the Chevrolet M3X concept car shown at 2004 Paris Motor Show. The upper body was significantly revised based again on a design from Italdesign Giugiaro, the S-Tec engines were updated and the car's drag coefficient was lowered, resulting in better fuel economy. The interior was also significantly revised, one notable feature of this car being its centre-mounted instrument cluster. The platform was also revised, with a twist-beam rear suspension system replacing the previous 3-link beam axle, and the front suspension making use of cast, rather than pressed and fabricated, lower control arms.

In 2008, the 800cc engine was revised to fall below the 120g/km level, thus qualifying for the UK's £35 road tax band and no London congestion charge.

In Europe it was sold under the names Chevrolet Matiz and Chevrolet Spark. In Italy there was an LPG version called Chevrolet Matiz Eco Logic. The Matiz Eco Logic was built from 2007 to 2010 in over 60,000 vehicles by BRC Gas Equipment in Cherasco, Cuneo (Italy).

In South Korea, where it was sold only with an 800 cc engine and following the introduction of M300 Matiz (Matiz Creative), the M200 Matiz was renamed to Matiz Classic.

It was sold in over 2.3 million units worldwide during the first 10 years of production.[17]

As of 2011, VIDAMCO of Vietnam produces the Matiz M200 as the Chevrolet Spark Lite in complete knock-down (CKD) form at its Hanoi production facility.[18]

In India, the local manufacturer GM India produced two special editions of this generation: the Chevrolet Spark LPG, a version equipped with a sequential injection-type LPG kit, unveiled on the World Environment Day in New Delhi, and the Chevrolet Spark Muzic, introduced in 2009.

Safety

Euro NCAP test results for a 5-door hatchback variant on a 2005 registration:

Test[19] Score Points
Overall: N/A N/A
Adult occupant: 2.5/5 stars 17
Child occupant: 3/5 stars 30
Pedestrian: 2/4 stars 13
Safety assist: N/A N/A

Engines

Model Engine Displacement Power Torque 0–100 km/h (0-62 mph) Top speed CO2 emissions Notes
0.8 I3 796 cc 52 PS (38 kW; 51 hp) 72 N⋅m (53 lb⋅ft) at 4,400 rpm 18.2 s 145 km/h (90 mph) 123 g/km
1.0 I4 995 cc 66 PS (49 kW; 65 hp) 91 N⋅m (67 lb⋅ft) at 4,200 rpm 14.1 s 156 km/h (97 mph) 133 g/km

Third generation (M300; 2009)

Third generation (M300)
2010 Chevy Spark LS (4359987176).jpg
Overview
Also called
  • Daewoo Matiz Creative (South Korea)
  • Chevrolet Beat (India, Latin America)
  • Chevrolet Essentia (notchback, India; cancelled)
  • Holden Barina Spark (Australia and New Zealand)
  • Ravon R2 (CIS-countries and Ukraine)
Production
  • 2009–2015 (South Korea)
  • 2010–present (India)
Assembly
DesignerTaewan Kim[20]
Body and chassis
Body style
PlatformGlobal Small Vehicles
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,375 mm (93.5 in)
Length
  • 3,640–3,675 mm (143.3–144.7 in)
  • 3,995 mm (157.3 in) (notchback)
Width1,597 mm (62.9 in)
Height1,549–1,551 mm (61.0–61.1 in)
Curb weight1,070–1,090 kg (2,350–2,400 lb)

The redesigned Matiz (codenamed M300) was launched in 2009 and is based on the 2007 Chevrolet Beat concept car. Although sold globally as the Chevrolet Spark, in India this model retains the Beat name from the concept car, as the second generation Spark continues to be sold in this market. Prior to the 2011 elimination of the Daewoo marque in South Korea, the third generation Spark was marketed as the Daewoo Matiz Creative. This marque was less successful than the previous models.[21]

Concept

Chevrolet Beat concept
Chevrolet Beat concept

The Chevrolet Beat was unveiled at the 2007 New York International Auto Show alongside two other concept vehicles, the Trax and the Groove. The Beat is a front drive, three-door hatchback concept, derived from the Daewoo Kalos. It was built in India, and designed by GM Daewoo in South Korea. It is powered by a 1.2 L turbocharged gasoline engine mated to an automatic transmission.[22]

This version was featured in the Michael Bay movie Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen as Skids alongside the GM Trax mini-SUV. The Beat concept sports a Vertigo Green exterior paint job with the same hue carried over to parts of the interior. Its profile is high at the rear and tapering down evenly to the front of the grille. Headlights that appear to extend all the way from the base of the grille to the base of the windshield are LED-type. Oversize 17 inch wheels barely hide the matching green paint of disc brakes. Twin taillights that extend upward to the back-up lights are also LEDs.

In early 2007, GM conducted a poll testing the relative popularity of the Beat, Trax and Groove concepts on a Chevrolet website,[23] with the Beat receiving nearly 50% of the vote, which ultimately determined the car making it into production.

GM displayed a prototype woodie version of the forthcoming Chevrolet Spark for the 2010 Paris Motor Show.[24]

Production

Daewoo Matiz Creative (South Korea)
Daewoo Matiz Creative (South Korea)
Holden Barina Spark CDX (Australia; pre-facelift)
Holden Barina Spark CDX (Australia; pre-facelift)
Holden Barina Spark CD (Australia; facelift)
Holden Barina Spark CD (Australia; facelift)

GM presented a pre-production version of the Chevrolet Beat carrying the Chevrolet Spark nameplate at the 2009 North American International Auto Show. The production version was announced at the 2009 North American International Auto Show, but only the Beat concept was shown at the time.[25] The production Chevrolet Spark was unveiled at the 2009 Geneva Motor Show.[26] It became available in Europe in the first quarter of 2010, followed by other markets worldwide, with US sales set to begin in early 2012. Commercial production of a 5-door Chevrolet Beat started from December 15, 2009, in Halol, Gujarat, India. It was launched in India on January 5, 2010, during Auto Expo New Delhi, India.

The GM Daewoo Matiz version was unveiled in the 2009 Seoul Motor Show.[27]

The Holden version, named Barina Spark, was revealed at the 2010 Australian International Motor Show in Sydney in October. It was discontinued in February 2018.

With M300, the original Suzuki platform was replaced by GM Global Small Vehicles platform, developed by GM Daewoo engineers.

In North America, the Spark was first delivered to GM dealerships in Mexico for the 2012 model year, but did not replace the Chevrolet Matiz (formerly Pontiac G2 Matiz), which was sold until 2014. The United States version of the 2013 Chevrolet Spark went into production on April 16, 2012, and arrived in dealerships in August 2012. For 2014 in North America, the automatic transmission is a Jatco M4M-CVT7[28] continuously variable transmission (CVT) and the final drive ratio lowered to 3.75.[29][30] The CVT gives better fuel mileage overall than the previous 4 speed automatic, and changing the final drive ratio from its previous 4.145[31][32] reduces engine noise and increases fuel economy on the highway while increasing noise and reducing fuel mileage in the city. Industry sources have commented on the ongoing reliability issues with the Jatco CVT transmissions.[33]

The 2013 Spark was the fastest selling car in the United States for July 2012, with just 6 days from when they arrived at dealers to when they were sold.[34]

Beat diesel

General Motors launched the diesel version of Chevrolet Beat in the Indian auto market on July 25, 2011.[35] The 3-cylinder, 936 cc turbodiesel engine produces 62.5 PS (46 kW; 62 hp) and 160.26 N⋅m (118 lbf⋅ft) of torque, resulting in good acceleration and pick up. The 1.0 L, 936 cc diesel engine enables the car to reach 100 km/h (62 mph) in 16 seconds and a top speed of 142 km/h (88 mph). Chevrolet Beat Diesel offers mileage of 24 kpl (56 mpg) as per the ARAI (Automotive Research Association of India) test reports. The engine is based on the Fiat Multijet diesel technology.[36]

Beat sedan/notchback (NB)

Chevrolet Beat NB (Mexico)
Chevrolet Beat NB (Mexico)

A four-door sedan version was unveiled at the 2016 Auto Expo in India as the Chevrolet Essentia as a near-production prototype.[37][38] After GM halted domestic sales in India from 2017, the Essentia was ultimately cancelled for the Indian market. As the result, the model was instead exported to Latin America either in a finished form or as knock-down kits to GM Colmotores as the Beat or Beat NB.

Spark/Beat Activ

Chevrolet Spark GT Activ (Chile)
Chevrolet Spark GT Activ (Chile)

A crossover-styled version is also available in South America as the Chevrolet Spark GT Activ or Chevrolet Beat Activ. The concept version was showcased at the 2016 Auto Expo in India,[39] however the production version was never sold in India as GM pulled out from the market. The production version is available in several Latin American markets starting from 2018.[40][41]

Regional variations

Chevrolet Spark (UK, pre-facelift)
Chevrolet Spark (UK, pre-facelift)
Chevrolet Spark (Canada, first facelift)
Chevrolet Spark (Canada, first facelift)
Chevrolet Spark (US, first facelift)
Chevrolet Spark (US, first facelift)
Chevrolet Spark GT (Chile, second facelift)
Chevrolet Spark GT (Chile, second facelift)
Interior
Interior
  • Europe: Engine choices include 1.0 and 1.2-litre I4 engines. In Italy there is an LPG version of the Spark called the Chevrolet Spark Eco Logic with BRC Gas Equipment as of the end of 2009. This bi-fuel version is available with the 1.0 and 1.2 engines (both with 16 valves) with 113 to 119 g of CO2 emissions respectively. While the LPG cars are still available in Italy, in France the LPG versions were only available from 2009 till 2012.
  • India: Production of the New Spark, badged as the Beat, has started at Halol Plant near Ahmedabad in Gujarat, India. Initially the car will be sold in India and Far Eastern countries. The second generation Spark is sold alongside. The car uses a 1.2 L S-TEC II engine capable of petrol and LPG, marketed as SMARTECH II. GM India was reported to build an electric version of Chevrolet Spark with Reva Electric Car Company.[42] However, after the acquisition of Reva Electric Car Company by Mahindra & Mahindra, GM India dropped the plans, and is working on its own electric version[43]
  • United States: marketed as the Chevrolet Spark, the car uses a special up-stroked version of the "S-TEC" engine (RPO code LL0).
  • Philippines: Philippine version was locally built in 2011. The car has 1.0 L and 1.2 L engines. It has 2 trims; the LS (5-speed manual or 4-speed automatic) and LT (5-speed manual). It was discontinued in 2015.
  • South Korea: The Matiz version was renamed to Matiz Creative. The car has a 1.0 L S-TEC II engine with 4-speed automatic transmission. Sales began on September 1, 2009.[21] The Groove name used in one of the rejected concepts returned as a trim level.[44] In 2011, this car is renamed as Chevrolet Spark, as part of phasing out the Daewoo brand in South Korea, making way for the Chevrolet brand.
  • Australia: the Spark was released in October 2010 as the MJ series Holden Barina Spark. It came in two guises; CD and CDX. The Holden Barina Spark was discontinued in February 2018.
  • Uzbekistan: the Chevrolet Spark was released on August 26, 2010. It comes in three trim levels: L (1.0 L manual), LS (1.0 L manual/auto) and LT (1.2 L manual).
  • Russia: the Uzbekistan-made Spark has been sold in Russia as the Ravon R2 since 2016. It is available with the 1.2 L engine and automatic gearbox.[45]

Domino's DXP

The Domino's DXP (short for "Delivery eXPert") is a 2015 Spark customized by Roush Performance for Domino's Pizza, based on the mid-level 1LT trim of the Spark, where it was converted to a revival of a canopy express vehicle which was popular from the 1930's to the 1950's. For this car, the front and rear passenger seats are removed and replaced with storage compartments that can carry 80 pizzas, two 2-liter bottles of soda, and dipping sauces. The left rear passenger door is converted into a warming oven that can only be unlocked with the key fob or a button within the driver's door frame. The Spark's Chevrolet front grille is replaced with a custom-made black front grille with the "Domino's" logo, as well as a custom lower body kit, and all DXP cars have a custom Domino's-themed vinyl wrap with a lighted Domino's roof topper. All DXP cars are equipped with the factory SiriusXM Satellite Radio and OnStar telematics systems. Production is limited to less than 200 units and once each car reaches 100,000 miles, it will be retired and returned to Roush, where it will be restored to stock form and sold as a used Spark (all four factory seatbelts and airbags are left fully intact, and covered by plastic panels).[46][47][48] Despite the intentions of Domino's to eventually retire the DXP and leave none remaining, several wrecked DXPs have been salvaged by private individuals with the intention of retaining them as rare cars when the rest of the fleet is retired. The situation has resulted in threatened legal action by a Domino's franchisee.[49][50]

Safety

Euro NCAP test results
Chevrolet Spark (2009)
Test Points %
Overall: 4 /5 stars
Adult occupant: 29 81%
Child occupant: 38 78%
Pedestrian: 16 43%
Safety assist: 3 43%

Engines

Model Engine Displacement Power Torque 0–100 km/h (0-62 mph) Top speed CO2 emissions Notes
Petrol engines
1.0 I4 995 cc 68 PS (50 kW; 67 hp) at 6,400 rpm 93 N⋅m (69 lb⋅ft) at 4,800 rpm 15.5 s 96 mph (154 km/h) 119 g/km
1.2 I4 1,206 cc 81 PS (60 kW; 80 hp) at 6,400 rpm 111 N⋅m (82 lb⋅ft) at 4,800 rpm 12.1 s 102 mph (164 km/h) 119 g/km
1.2 I4 1,199 cc 80.5 PS (59.2 kW; 79.4 hp) at 6,200 rpm 108 N⋅m (80 lb⋅ft) at 4,400 rpm India only
1.2 I4 1,249 cc 84 hp (62.5 kW) at 6400 rpm 112 N⋅m (83 lb⋅ft) at 4,400 rpm 11.3 s North America
LPG engines
1.2 I4 1,199 cc 80.04 PS (58.87 kW; 78.95 hp) at 6,400 rpm 104 N⋅m (77 lb⋅ft) at 4,400 rpm India only
Diesel engines
1.0 I3 936 cc 62.5 PS (46.0 kW; 61.6 hp) 150 N⋅m (111 lb⋅ft) at 1,750 rpm 16.0 s 145 km/h (90 mph) India only; introduced in 2011

Spark EV

Chevrolet Spark EV
2013-03-05 Geneva Motor Show 7862.JPG
Overview
ManufacturerGeneral Motors
Production2013–2016
Body and chassis
Body style5-door hatchback
PlatformBEV2[citation needed]
Powertrain
Electric motor97 kW (130 bhp)[51] AC Permanent-Magnet Motor
Battery
Electric range132 km (82 miles) (EPA)[54]
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,370 mm (93.5 in)[51]
Length3,720 mm (146.5 in)[51]
Width1,630 mm (64.0 in)[51]
Curb weight1,356 kg (2,989 lb)[51]
Chronology
PredecessorGeneral Motors EV1
SuccessorChevrolet Bolt

The Spark EV was a limited production 5-door hatchback battery electric vehicle produced by Chevrolet in 2013–2016. Spark EV was a compliance car specifically designed to meet the government mandate on automobile manufacturers to increase the penetration of electric automobiles into the fleet of all operating vehicles on the road in certain US states, but was not intended for broad adoption in the broader US market, nor produced and sold in quantities that would meet demand for such vehicles in the open market where no such government rules exist.[55][56]

In October 2011, General Motors announced the planned production of the Chevrolet Spark EV, an all-electric version of the third-generation Chevrolet Spark, with availability limited to select markets. The production version was unveiled at the November 2012 Los Angeles Auto Show.[57]

Within the framework of GM's vehicle electrification strategy,[58] the Spark EV was the first all-electric passenger car marketed by General Motors in the U.S. since the EV1, which was discontinued in 1999.[1] The Spark EV was released in the U.S. in selected markets in California and Oregon in June 2013.[2] The electric car went on sale in Maryland in the second quarter of 2015, the first East Coast state where the Spark EV was available.[59] As of December 2014, U.S. sales totaled 1,684 units.[60] The Spark EV was discontinued in December 2016, when Chevrolet began selling the Bolt, which had a much longer range.[61][needs update]

In October 2012, GM Korea announced it would start making and selling the Spark EV in Korea in 2013.[62] Retail sales began in South Korea in October 2013.[63] GM also announced plans to sell the Spark EV in limited quantities in Canada and select European markets.[64][65] It was available in Canada for limited fleet sales.[66]

The electric car was initially powered by a 21.3 kWh Lithium iron phosphate battery pack supplied by A123 Systems.[1][67] In a white-paper,[68] The 2014 production version featured a 97 kW (130 hp) motor, providing 542 N⋅m (400 lb⋅ft) of torque.[53][69] The Spark EV can be fast-charged to 80% of capacity in 20 minutes using an optional CCS/SAE Combo Type 1 connector, and charging time increases to about seven hours using a dedicated 240-volt charging station or about 17 hours using a standard household 120-volt outlet.[citation needed]

In 2014, for the 2015 model year, the battery pack supplier was changed to LG Chem[52] which resulted in a smaller capacity pack (19 kWh) while maintaining the same EV range. The drive ratio was also changed from 3.17 to 3.87 as well, with a new motor with torque reduced to 443 N⋅m (327 ft⋅lb).[70]

Fourth generation (M400; 2015)

Fourth generation (M400)
'16 Chevrolet Spark (SIAM 2016).jpg
Overview
Also called
Production2015–present
Model years
  • 2016–present
Assembly
Body and chassis
Body style5-door hatchback
RelatedOpel Karl/Vauxhall Viva
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
  • 5-speed manual
  • CVT automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,385 mm (93.9 in)
Length3,636 mm (143.1 in)
Width1,595 mm (62.8 in)
Height1,483 mm (58.4 in)
Curb weight1,019–1,049 kg (2,247–2,313 lb)

The fourth-generation Spark was unveiled at the April 2015 New York International Auto Show. It went on sale in the fourth quarter of 2015.[72][73] It is closely related to the Opel Karl.

In North America, the fourth-generation Spark (the second generation of Spark to be sold in the North American market) is available in three trim levels: the base 1LS, the midrange 1LT, and the top-of-the-line 2LT. In North America, the Spark is powered by a 1.4 L, 1,399 cc (85 cu in) LV7 DOHC I4 (gasoline) producing 98 hp (73 kW) and 94 pound-feet (127 N⋅m) torque. The Korean domestic version uses a 1.0 L engine.

All models of the Spark include a seven-inch touchscreen infotainment system with an AM/FM radio, Apple CarPlay and Android Auto smartphone integration, full Bluetooth capabilities, OnStar 4G LTE Wi-Fi service (provided by AT&T with a three-month, three-gigabyte (3GB) paid trial subscription), USB and auxiliary audio inputs, and a rearview backup camera system. 1LT and above models also add SiriusXM Satellite Radio with an included paid trial subscription.

Facelift

In 2018, for the 2019 model year, the Spark received a mid-cycle facelift, along with the Chevrolet Camaro, Chevrolet Cruze and Chevrolet Malibu. Changes for the Spark include a new third-generation MyLink infotainment system, revised exterior styling cues, the addition of low-speed autonomous emergency braking (AEB) on selected models, and new exterior color options. In the United States, the facelifted Spark went on sale in the third quarter of 2018 as an early 2019 model year vehicle.[74]

Global marketing and manufacture

Asia

In India, it was launched in 1999 as the Daewoo Matiz. In 2007, General Motors India launched the Chevrolet M3X concept based third generation, as the Chevrolet Spark. In Japan, the Matiz was sold under the GM Daewoo brand through the Yanase Co., Ltd. dealership network, but was considered a "compact car" due to the length, width and engine displacement exceeding the Kei car regulations. In the Philippines, the Matiz was available during the years 1999–2000 through the grey market. In 2007, it was released under the name Chevrolet Spark. In Pakistan, the car was initially introduced as Chevrolet Exclusive in 2003. From 2005–2009 it was manufactured by Nexus Automotive under the name Chevrolet Joy, which has now been replaced by the newer M200 series and is currently sold as the Chevrolet Spark. In Taiwan, the Matiz was sold under the Formosa brand between 2001 and 2009.

Europe

From 1998 until 2004, the Matiz was sold in Europe under the Daewoo badge.[75] In 2004, it took the Chevrolet marque,[76] as well as the other South Korean models of General Motors, such as the Lacetti and Kalos. Since 2000, CKD kits have been supplied to UzDaewooAuto, FSO and Rodae, to be built and sold in Uzbekistan, Poland and Romania respectively. At the beginning of 2005, FSO began marketing the Matiz under their own brand. New models of the Chevrolet Matiz are sold as the Chevrolet Spark in the UK, due to a rename in 2010.[77][78]

Americas

In Mexico, the Matiz was introduced to the market in 2003. The 2006 model was renamed to Pontiac Matiz G2. It was also sold as Pontiac Matiz and Pontiac G2. The Pontiac G2 was discontinued in Mexico after a short run of 2010 models as the brand was closed by General Motors. The new version was officially launched as the Chevrolet Spark in August 2010, and the Matiz continues to be sold alongside the Spark. An M300-based vehicle is currently in production in Brazil as a replacement for the Chevrolet Celta. In Colombia, the Matiz was imported by Daewoo distributors between 2002 and 2005 and then GM Colmotores began to assemble and sell it branded as Chevrolet Spark. In 2006, a taxi version called 7/24 was launched. In Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Honduras, Panama, Uruguay and Venezuela, it is sold as the Chevrolet Spark. In Argentina, the first generation was sold as the Daewoo Matiz through Daewoo importers. The second generation was sold as Chevrolet Spark through Chevrolet dealers. Since 2011, the third generation is available. In Chile, Ecuador, and Peru, the former version is sold as the Chevrolet Spark, and the latest version as the Chevrolet Spark GT. In Paraguay, it was initially sold as Daewoo Matiz, but from 2008, it is sold through Chevrolet dealers.

In North America, the Spark is available in three distinct models: the 1LS, 1LT, and 2LT, as well as the EV. The equipment on these models are as follows:

1LS: Power windows, cloth seating surfaces w/color-keyed inserts, color-keyed interior trim, fifteen-inch alloy wheels, AM/FM stereo w/auxiliary audio input jack, four speakers, four-passenger seating, fold-down rear split seat, OnStar, air conditioning, I4 engine, 6-speed manual transmission, front-wheel-drive, and more. For the 2016 redesign, the MyLink seven-inch touchscreen radio with USB and auxiliary audio input jacks was added as standard equipment, while power windows and keyless entry were replaced by manual windows and a standard key (power door locks remained a standard feature due to the standard OnStar system). The fifteen-inch (15") aluminum-alloy wheels that were previously standard on 2013-15 1LS models were replaced by steel wheels and plastic wheel covers for the 2016 redesign.

1LT adds: Power door locks, power windows (on 2016+ models), keyless entry, security system, AM/FM touch-screen MyLink stereo w/USB and auxiliary audio input jacks (on 2013-15 models), Bluetooth w/Stereo Streaming and app capabilities (on 2013-15 models), and SiriusXM Satellite Radio, steering wheel-mounted audio system controls, six speakers, fifteen-inch (15") aluminum-alloy wheels, and a cruise control.

2LT adds: Upgraded fifteen-inch (15") aluminum-alloy wheels with dark gray-painted accents, leatherette seating surfaces, a power driver's seat, continuously variable transmission (CVT), and alloy wheels w/black-painted accents.

The 2013-16 Spark EV 1LT and 2LT models were based on their respective gasoline-powered counterparts, though included unique fifteen-inch (15") aluminum-alloy wheels, seat trim, and an electric motor and single-speed automatic transaxle in place of a traditional automatic or five-speed manual (or Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT)). The up-level 2LT trim included light blue accents on the interior accent trim panels and leatherette-trimmed seats.

For the 2017 model year, a new ACTIV trim level was added that is based on the mid-level 1LT trim, but includes the leatherette-trimmed seating surfaces of the up-level 2LT model, and also includes a unique exterior body kit, interior accent trim panels, unique fifteen-inch (15") aluminum-alloy wheels with dark gray-painted accents, and side-mounted roof rails that can accommodate accessory roof racks. [79]

In Canada, the Spark has been marketed as the country's least expensive new car from the 2016 model year, with a starting price of $9,988. For that price, the base Spark does not include air conditioning, and comes with a manual transmission. [80] It competed with the similarly priced Nissan Micra (until that car's discontinuation in Canada as of the 2019 model year).

Africa

In South Africa, General Motors South Africa (GMSA) announced on October 2, 2010, plans to manufacture the new Chevrolet Spark at its Port Elizabeth plant. The second generation Spark is still sold, though branded as a 'Spark Lite'.

Middle East

In Iran, the Matiz was produced (first imported and later assembled) and known as Daewoo Matiz. In Israel, UMI (Universal Motors Israel) announced on January 18, 2011 the marketing commencement of the 1.2L Chevrolet Spark model.

Australasia

Holden Spark
Holden Spark

Within Australia and New Zealand, the Spark was sold through Holden. Sales commenced in February 2016, with two specifications launched. The LS was the base specification, which features steel wheels, central locking as well as Holden's MyLink infotainment system. Building upon the LS, the LT adds 15 inch Alloy Wheels, Keyless entry and a rear view camera.[81]

With Light Car sales sliding in Australia, Holden announced in April 2018 that they would discontinue the Spark in Australia. Although, it continued to be sold in New Zealand until the demise of the Holden brand in 2020.[82]

Sales

Calendar year United States S. Korea
2012 12,385[83]
2013 32,853[83]
2014 34,130[84]
2015 32,853[84]
2016 35,511[85]
2017 22,589[85] 47,244[86]
2018 23,602[87] 39,868[88]
2019 31,281[87] 35,513[88]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Available in India only.
  2. ^ Available in the United States only.

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External links

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