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Chester, Vermont

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chester, Vermont
Shops along Main Street (Vermont Route 11)
Shops along Main Street (Vermont Route 11)
Location in Windsor County and the state of Vermont.
Location in Windsor County and the state of Vermont.
Chester, Vermont is located in the United States
Chester, Vermont
Chester, Vermont
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 43°17′17″N 72°36′54″W / 43.28806°N 72.61500°W / 43.28806; -72.61500
CountryUnited States
StateVermont
CountyWindsor
Area
 • Total55.9 sq mi (144.9 km2)
 • Land55.7 sq mi (144.2 km2)
 • Water0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)
Elevation
823 ft (251 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total3,154
 • Density56/sq mi (22/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
05143-05144
Area code(s)802
FIPS code50-13675[1]
GNIS feature ID1462070[2]
Websitechestervt.gov

Chester is a town in Windsor County, Vermont, United States. The population was 3,154 at the 2010 census.

History

The town was originally chartered by New Hampshire Governor Benning Wentworth as Flamstead in 1754.[3] The terms of the charter were not met and the town was re-chartered as New Flamstead in 1761.[4] In 1766, a patent was issued by New York that changed the name of the town to Chester, after George Augustus Frederick, the Earl of Chester and the eldest son of King George III.[5][6] Later, the governing authority of Chester reverted to the 1761 charter by an act of the Vermont legislature, although it left the name "Chester" in place. 2011 was thus the 250th anniversary of the town.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 55.9 square miles (144.9 km2), of which 55.7 square miles (144.2 km2) is land and 0.27 square miles (0.7 km2), or 0.46%, is water.[7]

A prominent geological feature of the town is the Williams River, a tributary of the Connecticut River, whose three branches come together as a central river and run through Chester.[8] Residents use it extensively for recreation; especially fishing and swimming. The banks, covered bridges, waters and nearby homes suffered major damage during Hurricane Irene in 2011.[9] The flooding was caused by Irene's rains coupled with the basin having poor drainage in the rugged, hilly land with steep slopes.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790981
18001,87891.4%
18102,37026.2%
18202,4935.2%
18302,320−6.9%
18402,305−0.6%
18502,001−13.2%
18602,1266.2%
18702,052−3.5%
18801,901−7.4%
18901,787−6.0%
19001,775−0.7%
19101,7840.5%
19201,633−8.5%
19301,6662.0%
19401,7404.4%
19501,98113.9%
19602,31817.0%
19702,3712.3%
19802,79117.7%
19902,8321.5%
20003,0447.5%
20103,1543.6%
2014 (est.)3,092[10]−2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

As of the census[1] of 2010, 3,154 people resided in Chester, with 1,793 housing units.[12] In 2010, Chester had 510 residents 14 years old and younger; 205 15 to 19; 277 20 to 29; 298 ages 30 to 39; and 418 ages 40 to 49. Our 0-49 age group makes up 53.2% of the Chester population. Of the entire population, 17.6% is 50 to 59 years old, 13.1% is 60 to 69; 7.6% is between 70 and 79 and 5.2% is 80 and older.

As in 2000, the majority of town residents in 2010 are female (1,638 to 1,516 male today compared to 1,574 to 1,470 10 years ago). In 2010, 1,262 of the women and 1,117 of the men are older than 19.

Like most Vermont towns, Chester is predominantly white (3,076 of 3,154). Chester is 97.5% white (down slightly from 98.8%) while Vermont as a whole is 95.3% white. Chester's non-Caucasian population, however, has more than doubled, from 38 residents in 2000 to 78 in 2010.

The Native America/Alaskan population has risen from 3 in 2000 to 16 in 2010, while Chester's Asian population has risen from 7 to 15 and its Hispanic populace grew from 21 in 2000 to 35 in 2010. In the meantime, the number of African-American residents dropped from 10 in 2000 to 7 in 2010. And the number of residents claiming more than one race more than doubled, from 17 in 2000 to 37 in 2010.

As of the 2000 census, the median income for a household in the town was $39,417, and the median income for a family was $47,083. Males had a median income of $32,744 versus $26,114 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,661. About 3.8% of families and 7.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.3% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Old train station
Old train station

Chester is served by Vermont routes 10, 11, 35 and 103. Although Interstate 91 does not pass through the town, Chester is served by exit 6 in nearby Rockingham.

Arts and culture

Annual cultural events

Chester hosts The Chester Fall Festival on the Green in September,[13][14] and the Winter Carnival in February.[15]

Tourism

Chester is famous for its Stone Village Historic District and Chester Village Historic District. Both districts are listed in the National Register of Historic Places.[16] The Stone Village section is located along Vermont Route 103 in North Chester, across the Williams River from Chester Center. It is known for the many houses made of local granite. The Chester Factory Village has homes that were built between 1750-1924, and includes Victorian, Colonial Revival and Federal style architecture. Both areas are popular tourist destinations.[17]

Registered historic sites:

  • Chester Village Historic District — Roughly bounded by Lovers Lane Brook, Maple St., Williams River, Middle Branch & Lovers Lane (added September 8, 1985)
  • Greenwood House — VT 103 (added December 1, 1985)
  • Jeffrey House — North St. (added July 13, 1974)
  • Stone Village Historic District — Both sides of VT 103 (added June 17, 1974)

Media

The Chester Telegraph, an online newspaper, is based in Chester, and was founded in 2011. It grew out of the website www.chestervermont.org, which was funded by USDA Rural Development. The Telegraph focuses on local news in Chester and the surrounding towns of Andover, Grafton, Londonderry, and Weston.[18][19]

Notable people

Dollar General proposal

In 2011 and 2012, Chester residents gained notoriety for their fight against a proposed Dollar General store. The Chester Telegraph covered the issue, which was also picked up statewide by Vermont Public Radio and outside Vermont by The New York Times.[39] In February 2014, the Vermont Environmental Court ruled that a Dollar General could be built in Chester.[40][41]

Gallery

In popular culture

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-12. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "History of Chester" (PDF). Chester.gov. Retrieved March 3, 2014.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ Aldrich, Lewis Cass and Holmes, Frank R. (1891). History of Windsor County, Vermont. D. Mason & Company. p. 33. chester vt re-chartered as New Flamstead.
  5. ^ "Profile for Chester, Vermont, VT". ePodunk. Retrieved March 3, 2014.
  6. ^ "There Goes the Neighborhood: A Walking Tour of Chester and It's [sic] Historic Stone Village" (PDF). Your Place in Vermont. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 4, 2014. Retrieved March 3, 2014.
  7. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Chester town, Windsor County, Vermont". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
  8. ^ "The Williams River and its Watershed" (PDF). Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation. October 2014. Retrieved November 23, 2019.
  9. ^ PIERRE-LOUIS, Kendra. "Five Years After Hurricane Irene, Vermont Still Striving for Resilience".
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on 2015-05-23. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved May 16, 2015.
  12. ^ "Chester in 2010: A Snapshot - The Chester Telegraph". The Chester Telegraph.
  13. ^ "A list of Vermont Fall Foliage Events Festivals for the 2013 Season". Foliage Vermont. Retrieved March 3, 2014.
  14. ^ "Chester Fall Festival". Chester Fall Festival. Retrieved March 3, 2014.
  15. ^ "Chester, Vermont Winter Carnival 2014". Okemo Valley Regional Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved March 3, 2014.
  16. ^ "VERMONT - Windsor County - Historic Districts". National Register of Historic Places. Retrieved March 3, 2014.
  17. ^ "About Chester". Chester Vermont. Archived from the original on March 2, 2014. Retrieved March 3, 2014.
  18. ^ "About The Telegraph". The Chester Telegraph. Retrieved March 3, 2014.
  19. ^ "Chester Vermont". The Chester Telegraph. Retrieved March 3, 2014.
  20. ^ "Reverend Edwin Hyde Alden Biography". Definitive Guide: Laura Ingalls Wilder & the Little House Books. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
  21. ^ "BALDWIN, Melvin Riley, (1838 - 1901)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved February 23, 2014.
  22. ^ "BEAMAN, Fernando Cortez, (1814 - 1882)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved February 23, 2014.
  23. ^ "Former Iraq administrator Bremer now a painter". CNN. March 5, 2009. Retrieved 2011-05-11.
  24. ^ Hall, Benjamin Homer (1865). History of Eastern Vermont. II. Albany, NY: J. Munsell. pp. 638–639 – via Google Books.
  25. ^ Schudel, Matt (September 10, 2016). "John R. Coleman, college president who walked in others' shoes, dies at 95". The Washington Post. Washington, DC.
  26. ^ "Donald J. Cram - Facts". Nobelprprize.org. Retrieved March 3, 2014.
  27. ^ "Anna Dewdney". Retrieved 6 September 2016.
  28. ^ Kennedy, Robert C. (2001). "On This Day: December 1, 1883; A Thanksgiving Croker". The New York Times. New York, NY.
  29. ^ Keller, Scott (2004). Marine Pride: A Salute to America's Elite Fighting Force. Citadel Press. p. 217.
  30. ^ Patterson, James A. (2012). James Robinson Graves: Staking the Boundaries of Baptist Identity. B&H Publishing Group. p. 7.
  31. ^ Andreas, Alfred Theodore (1886). History of Chicago. II. Chicago, IL: A. T. Andreas Company. p. 414 – via Google Books.
  32. ^ "A. W. Harvey, Chester, Dead". Rutland Herald. Rutland, VT. January 4, 1956. p. 2 – via Newspapers.com.
  33. ^ "The Late Hugh H. Henry". Burlington Free Press. Burlington, VT. December 21, 1869. p. 3 – via Newspapers.com.
  34. ^ Hayes, Lyman Simpson (1907). History of the Town of Rockingham, Vermont. Bellows Falls, VT: Town of Rockingham, Vermont. p. 157 – via Google Books.
  35. ^ Marsh, Thomas B. (1857). "Thomas Baldwin Marsh, 1799-1866". Book of Abraham Project. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University. Retrieved December 24, 2020.
  36. ^ Otheman, Edward (1845). Memoir and Writings of Mrs. Hannah Maynard Pickard. Boston, MA: David H. Ela. p. 13 – via Google Books.
  37. ^ Adams, Charles Collard (1908). Middletown Upper Houses. New York, NY: The Grafton Press. p. 250 – via Google Books.
  38. ^ Ellis, William Arba (1898). Norwich University: Her History, Her Graduates, Her Roll of Honor. Concord, NH: The Rumford Press. p. 390 – via Google Books.
  39. ^ "Vermont Towns Have an Image, and They Say Dollar Stores Aren't Part of It". The New York Times. Retrieved March 3, 2014.
  40. ^ "Environmental Court OK's Dollar General with conditions". The Chester Telegraph. Retrieved March 3, 2014.
  41. ^ "DRB upholds Dollar General OK, clarifies findings". The Chester Telegraph. Retrieved March 3, 2014.

External links


This page was last edited on 9 September 2021, at 15:14
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