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Cheetham, Manchester

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cheetham Hill
  • Cheetham
Cheetham Hill Road, Cheetham Hill, Manchester - geograph.org.uk - 10917.jpg

Cheetham Hill Road
Cheetham Hill is located in Greater Manchester
Cheetham Hill
Cheetham Hill
Location within Greater Manchester
Population22,562 (2011 Census)
OS grid referenceSD846009
• London164 mi (264 km) SE
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townMANCHESTER
Postcode districtM8
Dialling code0161
PoliceGreater Manchester
FireGreater Manchester
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
Councillors
  • Julie Connolly (Labour)
  • Shaukat Ali (Labour)
  • Naeem Hassam (Labour)
List of places
UK
England
Greater Manchester
53°30′14″N 2°13′52″W / 53.504°N 2.231°W / 53.504; -2.231

Cheetham[1] is an inner city area and electoral ward of Manchester, England, which in 2011 had a population of 22,562.[2] It lies on the west bank of the River Irk, 1.4 miles (2.3 km) north of Manchester city centre close to the boundary with Salford, bounded by Broughton to the north, Harpurhey to the east, and Piccadilly and Deansgate to the south.

Historically part of Lancashire, Cheetham was a township in the parish of Manchester and hundred of Salford. The township was amalgamated into the Borough of Manchester in 1838, and in 1896 became part of the North Manchester township.[3][4]

Cheetham is home to a multi-ethnic community, a result of several waves of immigration to Britain.[5] In the mid-19th century, it attracted Irish people fleeing the Great Famine. It is now home to the Irish World Heritage Centre.[6] Jews settled in the late-19th and early-20th centuries, fleeing persecution in continental Europe. Migrants from the Indian subcontinent and Caribbean settled in the 1950s and 1960s, and more recently people from Africa, Eastern Europe and the Far East.[5]

Heavily urbanised following the Industrial Revolution, Cheetham is bisected by Cheetham Hill Road, which is lined with churches, mosques, synagogues and temples, as well as terraced houses dating from its history as a textile processing district. Joseph Holt's Brewery is on Empire Street, Cheetham. Markets along the road trade in wares and foodstuffs from all over the world.[5] The Museum of Transport in Manchester in Boyle Street, Cheetham Hill, is part of Queen's Road bus depot.

History

St Chad's Church (RC)
St Chad's Church (RC)

Neolithic implements have been discovered at Cheetham Hill, implying human habitation 7–10,000 years ago.[7]

Though Cheetham is not mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086 and does not appear in records until 1212, when it was documented to have been a thegnage estate comprising "a plough-land", with an annual rate of 1 mark payable by the tenant, Roger de Middleton, to King John of England.[7] From the Middletons the estate of Cheetham passed to other families, including the Chethams and Pilkingtons.[7]

The Roman Catholic church of St Chad was opened in 1847.[8] The Anglican churches as of 1955 were St Mark's (1794), St Luke's (1839), St John Evangelist's (Paley & Austin, 1871), St Alban's (J. S. Crowther); at that time there was also a Presbyterian chapel and nine synagogues.[9] St Mark's Church was built in 1794; in 1855 the chancel was enlarged and in 1894 a tower was added. St Luke's Church is in a Victorian variant of the Perpendicular style. St John Evangelist's was desgined by Pakley & Austin and built at the expense of Lewis Loyd. St Alban's (1857-64) was designed by J. S. Crowther in a Gothic revival style influenced by French Gothic and is a good example of his work.[10] The synagogues of Cheetham included the Central Synagogue (1927-28), a synagogue which was originally a Methodist chapel (in the neo-Classical style), the Great Synagogue (bulit of stone and brick in 1857), the New Synagogue (1889) and the United Synagogue which was originally a Roman Catholic chapel.[11] The New Synagogue was known as the Spanish and Portuguese Jews' Synagogue and after a period of disuse was converted into the Manchester Jewish Museum.

By the early 20th century, the southern end of Cheetham had a large Jewish population, and nine synagogues.[7] Michael Marks was a Jewish immigrant who lived in Cheetham Hill with his family. He and Thomas Spencer opened the first Marks and Spencer store on Cheetham Hill Road in 1893.[12] The business grew considerably over following years and in 1901 the company's first headquarters was built on Derby Street.[13]

During the Madchester phase of the history of Manchester, narcotic trade in the city became "extremely lucrative" and in the early 1980s a gang war started between two groups vying for control of the market in Manchester city centre - the Cheetham Hill Gang and The Gooch Close Gang, in Cheetham Hill and Moss Side respectively.[14]

Governance

Lying within the historic county boundaries of Lancashire since the early 12th century, Cheetham anciently constituted a thegnage estate, held by tenants who paid tax to the King.[7] Cheetham during the Middle Ages formed a township in the parish of Manchester, and hundred of Salford.[7] Governance continued on this basis until the Industrial Revolution, when Cheetham and the neighbouring Manchester Township had become suffiently urbanised and integrated to warrant an amalgamation into a single district: the then Borough of Manchester, in 1838.[3] There was a Cheetham Committee of Manchester Borough Council until 1875. Cheetham continued to hold the status of a township until 1896, when, together with Beswick, Blackley, Bradford, Clayton, Crumpsall, Harpurhey, Moston and Newton, it became part of the township of North Manchester.[3][4] North Manchester was a part of the City and County Borough of Manchester.

Following the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, Cheetham formed part of the Manchester Poor Law Union from 1841 to 1850, Prestwich Poor Law Union from 1850 to 1915, and returned to Manchester Poor Law Union in 1915 until 1930. These were inter-parish units established to provide social security.[3]

Cheetham electoral ward within Manchester City Council.
Cheetham electoral ward within Manchester City Council.

Cheetham is an electoral ward of Manchester City Council,[15] and is part of the Blackley and Broughton parliamentary constituency. Blackley and Broughton is a new constituency created in 2010, replacing the former Manchester Blackley constituency, of which the Cheetham Hill area was also included in. The current MP is Graham Stringer of the Labour Party, first representing Manchester Blackley since 1997 and now Blackley and Broughton. Winston Churchill was Liberal MP for the area early in his political career (some years before he re-crossed the floor to the Conservative Party).

Councillors

Three councillors serve the ward: Julie Connolly (Lab),[16] Shaukat Ali (Lab),[17] and Naeem Hassam (Lab).[18]

Election Councillor Councillor Councillor
2004 Naeem Hassam (Lab) Afzal Khan (Lab) Martin Pagel (Lab)
2006 Naeem Hassam (Lab) Afzal Khan (Lab) Martin Pagel (Lab)
2007 Naeem Hassam (Lab) Afzal Khan (Lab) Martin Pagel (Lab)
2008 Naeem Hassam (Lab) Afzal Khan (Lab) Martin Pagel (Lab)
2010 Naeem Hassam (Lab) Afzal Khan (Lab) Martin Pagel (Lab)
2011 Naeem Hassam (Lab) Afzal Khan (Lab) Martin Pagel (Lab)
2012 Naeem Hassam (Lab) Afzal Khan (Lab) Shaukat Ali (Lab)
2014 Naeem Hassam (Lab) Afzal Khan (Lab) Shaukat Ali (Lab)
2015 Naeem Hassam (Lab) Julie Connolly (Lab) Shaukat Ali (Lab)
2016 Naeem Hassam (Lab) Julie Connolly (Lab) Shaukat Ali (Lab)
2018 Naeem Hassam (Lab) Julie Connolly (Lab) Shaukat Ali (Lab)
2019 Naeem Hassam (Lab) Shazia Butt (Lab) Shaukat Ali (Lab)

     indicates seat up for re-election.

Geography

At 53°30′14″N 2°13′51″W / 53.50389°N 2.23083°W / 53.50389; -2.23083 (53.504°, -2.231°), Cheetham is 1.4 miles (2.3 km) northeast of Manchester city centre. To the north, it is bordered by Crumpsall, to the west by Broughton in Salford, to the east and the southeast by Harpurhey and Collyhurst, and by Manchester City Centre to the south.

Cheetham Hill lies on "rising ground"[19] and is completely urbanised.[7]

Demography

Cheetham ward compared[20]
2011 UK census Cheetham City of Manchester England
Total population 22,562 503,127 53,012,456
White British 28.6% 59.3% 79.8%
White Irish 1.6% 2.5% 1.1%
White other 7.0% 4.9% 4.6%
Asian 38.8% 14.4% 7%
Black 10.6% 8.6% 3.4%
Chinese 3.0% 2.7% 0.7%
Mixed 4.8% 4.7% 2.2%
Arab or other 4.6% 3.1% 1%

The ward had a population of 22,562 at the 2011 census.[21] Its population accounted for 4.2% of the city of Manchester's in 2010.[22] In November 2011, 68.5% of residential properties were classified as private, while 31.5% were classified as social housing.[22] House prices remain below the Manchester average.[22]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ The Ordnance Survey records the placename as "Cheetham Hill". See: SD8464900950
  2. ^ "City of Manchester Ward population 2011". Retrieved 4 January 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d "Greater Manchester Gazetteer". Greater Manchester County Record Office. Places names - C. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 17 October 2008.
  4. ^ a b Great Britain Historical GIS Project (2004). "North Manchester CP through time. Census tables with data for the Parish-level Unit". A vision of Britain through time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 2 November 2008.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  5. ^ a b c "North Wards; Cheetham Hill" (PDF). northwards.net. December 2004. p. 9. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 March 2009.
  6. ^ "Irish World Heritage Centre". Irish World Heritage Centre.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Brownbill 1911, pp. 259–262.
  8. ^ Edward Baines; the biographical department by W. R. Whatton, with the additions of John Harland and Brooke Herford (1888–93). The History of the County Palatine and Duchy of Lancaster (New, revised and enlarged ed.). Manchester: John Heywood. 5 vols., p. 66
  9. ^ Fleetwood-Hesketh, Peter (1955) Murray's Lancashire Architectural Guide. London: John Murray; p. 160
  10. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus (1969) South Lancashire, The Buildings of England, Harmondsworth: Penguin Books; pp. 338-39
  11. ^ Pevsner (1969), p. 339
  12. ^ "Cheetham Hill". Manchester City Council. Archived from the original on 3 October 2006. Retrieved 10 March 2011.
  13. ^ "Marks and Spencer's Yorkshire roots". Genealogist. Retrieved 10 March 2011.
  14. ^ "A street guide to gangs in Manchester". bbc.co.uk. 6 January 2003. Retrieved 14 November 2008.
  15. ^ United Kingdom Census 2001 (2001). "Cheetham (Ward)". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 13 November 2008.
  16. ^ "Julie Connolly". manchester.gov.uk. Manchester City Council. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
  17. ^ "Shaukat Ali". manchester.gov.uk. Manchester City Council. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
  18. ^ "Naeem Hassam". manchester.gov.uk. Manchester City Council. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
  19. ^ Lewis 1848, pp. 562–569.
  20. ^ "Cheetham (ward): Ethnic group, 2011". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
  21. ^ "2011 Census Cheetham dashboard". Manchester City Council. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
  22. ^ a b c "Cheetham ward profile". Manchester City Council. Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  23. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Retrieved on 24 September 2008
  24. ^ "About Titanics ltd". Archived from the original on 28 November 2007. Retrieved 15 December 2007.
This page was last edited on 19 September 2020, at 09:54
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