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Che (Cyrillic)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cyrillic letter Che
Cyrillic letter Che - uppercase and lowercase.svg
Phonetic usage:[tʃ], [tɕ]
Numeric value:90
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
АБВГҐДЂ
ЃЕЀЁЄЖЗ
З́ЅИЍЙІЇ
ЈКЛЉМНЊ
ОŌПРСС́Т
ЋЌУӮЎФХ
ЦЧЏШЩЪЫ
ЬЭЮЯ
Non-Slavic letters
А́А̀ӐА̄А̊А̃Ӓ
Ӓ̄ӔӘӘ́Ә̃ӚВ̌
ҒГ̑Г̣Г̌ҔӺҒ̌
ӶД̣Д̆ӖЕ̄Е̃Ё̄
Є̈ӁҖӜҘӞЗ̌
З̱З̣ԐԐ̈ӠӢИ̃
ҊӤИ́ҚӃҠҞ
ҜК̣ԚӅԮԒӍ
ӉҢԨӇҤО́О̀
О̆О̂О̃ӦӦ̄ӨӨ̄
Ө́Ө̆ӪҨԤР̌Ҏ
ҪС̣С̱Т̌Т̣ҬУ̃
Ӱ<span style="font-family: 'DejaVu Sans', 'DejaVu Serif', Junicode, Quivira, sans-serif;">Ӱ́</span>ӲҮҮ́Ұ<span style="font-family: 'DejaVu Sans', 'DejaVu Serif', Junicode, Quivira, sans-serif;">Х̣</span>
<span style="font-family: 'DejaVu Sans', 'DejaVu Serif', Junicode, Quivira, sans-serif;">Х̱</span><span style="font-family: 'DejaVu Sans', 'DejaVu Serif', Junicode, Quivira, sans-serif;">Х̮</span>Х̑ҲӼӾҺ
<span style="font-family: 'DejaVu Sans', 'DejaVu Serif', Junicode, Quivira, sans-serif;">Һ̈</span>ԦҴҶӴӋҸ
ҼҾЫ̆Ы̄ӸҌЭ̆
Э̄Э̇ӬӬ́Ӭ̄Ю̆Ю̈
<span style="font-family: 'DejaVu Sans', 'DejaVu Serif', Junicode, Quivira, sans-serif;">Ю̈́</span>Ю̄Я̆Я̄Я̈ԜӀ
Archaic letters
ҀѺ
ОУѠѼѾ
ѢѤѦ
ѪѨѬѮ
ѰѲѴѶԘ
ԀԔԖԠԢ
Ҧ
ԂԄԈԊԌ
ԎԆԞ
ԘԪԬГ̧Г̄

Che or Cha (Ч ч; italics: Ч ч) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

It commonly represents the voiceless postalveolar affricate /tʃ/, like ⟨tch⟩ in "switch".

In English, it is romanized most often as ⟨ch⟩ but sometimes as ⟨tch⟩, like in French. In German, it can be transcribed as ⟨tsch⟩. In linguistics, it is transcribed as ⟨č⟩ so "Tchaikovsky" (Чайковский in Russian) may be transcribed as Chaykovskiy or Čajkovskij.

History

The name of Che in the Early Cyrillic alphabet was чрьвь (črĭvĭ), meaning "worm".

In the Cyrillic numeral system, Che had a value of 90.

Usage

Slavic languages

In all Slavic languages that use the Cyrillic alphabet, except Russian, Che represents the voiceless postalveolar affricate /tʃ/.

In Russian, Che usually represents the voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate /t͡ɕ/, like the Mandarin pronunciation of j in pinyin. However, in a few words, it is pronounced as /tʃ/, like in Russian: лучше.

In Russian, in a few words, it represents /ʂ/ (like English ⟨sh⟩ /ʃ/ in "shape"): Russian: что, чтобы, нарочно.

In China

The 1955 version of Hanyu pinyin contained the Che for the sound [tɕ] (for which later the letter j was used),[1] apparently because of its similarity to the Bopomofo letterㄐ.

The Latin Zhuang alphabet used a modified Hindu-Arabic numeral 4, strongly resembling Che, from 1957 to 1986 to represent the fourth (falling) tone. In 1986, it was replaced by the Latin letter X.

Related letters and other similar characters

Computing codes

Character information
Preview Ч ч
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER CHE CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER CHE
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1063 U+0427 1095 U+0447
UTF-8 208 167 D0 A7 209 135 D1 87
Numeric character reference Ч Ч ч ч
Named character reference Ч ч
KOI8-R and KOI8-U 254 FE 222 DE
Code page 855 252 FC 251 FB
Code page 866 151 97 231 E7
Windows-1251 215 D7 247 F7
ISO-8859-5 199 C7 231 E7
Macintosh Cyrillic 151 97 247 F7

References

  1. ^ "其中ч是取自俄文字母" https://www.douban.com/note/603048605/

External links

  • The dictionary definition of Ч at Wiktionary
  • The dictionary definition of ч at Wiktionary
This page was last edited on 25 August 2020, at 22:18
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