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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chatburn
Chatburn - geograph.org.uk - 38576.jpg

Chatburn
Chatburn is located in the Borough of Ribble Valley
Chatburn
Chatburn
Shown within Ribble Valley
Chatburn is located in Lancashire
Chatburn
Chatburn
Location within Lancashire
Population1,102 (2011)[1]
OS grid referenceSD765445
Civil parish
  • Chatburn
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCLITHEROE
Postcode districtBB7
Dialling code01200
PoliceLancashire
FireLancashire
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire
53°53′46″N 2°21′32″W / 53.896°N 2.359°W / 53.896; -2.359

Chatburn is a village, civil parish and electoral ward in the Ribble Valley, East Lancashire, England. The population of the civil parish at the 2011 census was 1,102.[1] Situated in a hollow between two ridges north-east of Clitheroe, just off the A59 road, relatively near Pendle Hill south-east of the village. Lanehead quarry is situated to the West at the termination of Chatburn Old Road. Ribble lane at 240 above sea level leads down to the River Ribble North of the village, the top of Downham road being 150 feet higher.

The parish adjoins the Ribble Valley parishes of Grindleton, Sawley, Rimington, Downham, Worston, Clitheroe and West Bradford.

History

The village itself can be dated back to Anglo-Saxon times; it takes its name (as does the lowest Avenue) from one of the most distinguished characters of that time, St Chad, and having a brook (or burn) hence the name. The village sits outside the Forest of Bowland and was never considered part of the ancient Lordship of Bowland.

A feature of the village is the spire of the parish church, which was erected around 1838. The steeple was struck by lightning in 1854, but was rebuilt in the same year. Over the years Chatburn has had several mills, one had a large brick chimney, the site is now houses on both sides of Ribble Lane. Early in the 15th century there was a watermill.

Chatburn railway station was closed in 1962 before the report of Dr Beeching.

Bold Venture lime works, gas works and quarry provided much employment for villagers for many years, now part of Lanehead quarry located across the railway from the Pendle trading estate, the former Pendle Hotel and the opposite side of the road to the old telephone exchange building. It was owned by Dixon Robinson from 1837,[2] he also built the Pendle Hotel and Black Bull public houses.[3][4] Dixon was a major landowner and also built about 20 houses in the village. At Quarry farm, on the left of Ribble lane there were 3 limekilns, Big, Small & Farm. All 3 appear on the 1786 Yates map[5]One was located on the very east end of Park Ave[6]

The village also features Chatburn Post Office which was bombed during the Second World War.[7] Chatburn Old road was the main Liverpool to Skipton road before the existing Chatburn to Clitheroe was cut in 1826/7. This then became the main A59 road, until the Clitheroe bypass & Downham road cutting was opened in about 1971.

Parts of the village and surroundings featured in the 1961 film Whistle Down the Wind starring Hayley Mills, Alan Barnes, Diane Holgate and children from Chatburn Primary School.

Governance

Chatburn was once a township in the ancient parish of Whalley. This became a civil parish in 1866, forming part of the Clitheroe Rural District from 1894 till 1974.[8]

Chatburn also gives its name to a ward of Ribble Valley Borough Council, which also includes Downham and Twiston. [9][10] The ward had a population of 1,324 in 2001,[11] falling to 1,316 in 2011.[12] The ward elects a single councillor, who currently is Gary Scott of the Conservative Party.[13]

Media gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Chatburn Parish (1170215100)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2018.
  2. ^ National archives DDX 28/295
  3. ^ Blackburn Standard 14/4/1852
  4. ^ Blackburn Standard 11/2/1857
  5. ^ Yates 1876 map
  6. ^ 1848 1st edition 10000 OS map
  7. ^ http://www.chatburnvillage.org.uk/Bombing_story.html#> Chatburn Bombing Story
  8. ^ "Chatburn Tn/CP through time". visionofbritain.org.uk. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2016.
  9. ^ "Chatburn". MARIO. Lancashire County Council. Retrieved 25 March 2016.
  10. ^ "Chatburn". Ordnance Survey Linked Data Platform. Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 25 March 2016.
  11. ^ "Chatburn ward population 2001". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 25 March 2016.
  12. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Chatburn 2011 Census Ward (1237324298)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2018.
  13. ^ "Councillors by Ward: Chatburn". Ribble Valley Borough Council. Retrieved 25 March 2016.

External links

This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 18:16
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