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Charlotte Marsh

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Charlotte Marsh
Charlotte Marsh
Charlotte Marsh in 1911
Born Charlotte Augusta Leopoldine
1887
Newcastle upon Tyne
Died 1961
Nationality British
Occupation suffrage organizer and activist
Years active 1908-
Known for Organizing suffrage demonstrations

Charlotte "Charlie" Marsh (1887–1961) was a militant British suffragette. She was a paid organiser of the Women's Social and Political Union and is one of the first women to be force fed during one of several terms of imprisonment for militant protest. She was chauffeur to David Lloyd George.

Life

Marsh was born in 1887 in Newcastle. Her father, Arthur Hardwick Marsh, was a noted watercolour artist.[1] She was educated locally at St Margaret's School and then at Roseneath in Wrexham before completing her education in Bordeaux.[2]

Marsh is shown here planting a tree at Eagle House witnessed by Annie Kenney, Mary Blathwayt and Laura Ainsworth
Marsh is shown here planting a tree at Eagle House witnessed by Annie Kenney, Mary Blathwayt and Laura Ainsworth

In 1907 she joined the Women's Social and Political Union, but did not become active. It is thought that her training as a sanitary inspector opened her eyes to the plight of women.[2]. Marsh became a full time organiser for the WSPU.[3] On 30 June 1908 she was arrested with Elsie Howey and imprisoned in Holloway for a month on charges of obstructing the police.

On 17 September 1909 she and Mary Leigh climbed onto the roof of Bingley Hall in Birmingham to protest at being excluded from a political meeting where the British Prime Minister Asquith was giving a speech. They threw roof tiles which they levered up with an axe at the Asquith's car and at the police. She sent to trial and then on to Winson Green Prison. In protest about not being treated as a political prisoner she and Leigh went on hunger strike.[4] She and Leigh became two of the first suffragette hunger strikers to be forcibly fed.[3][5]

Marsh was invited as a leading suffragette to Eagle House in Batheaston in April 1911. This was the home of Mary Blathwayt and her parents and they invited leading suffragettes to plant trees. Colonel Blathwayt would take a photo and a plaque was made to record the event. Marsh planted Picea Polita. Mary's mum, Evelyn Blathwayt, recorded that Marsh was not eating meat but seemed to have recovered from her imprisonment.[2]

During World War I she worked as a mechanic and chauffeur for Lloyd George, whilst continuing her activism. Lloyd George was aware of her background but he wanted to make a political bridge to those wanting suffrage. Moreover he wanted to employ a woman as he was campaigning for women to join the workforce to replace then men who were in the armed forces. George drove his car but also served as its mechanic. Marsh also worked the Land Army.[6]

By 1916, Marsh was frustrated with the WSPU's refusal to campaign on suffrage issues during the war. She founded the breakaway Independent Women's Social and Political Union to continue the campaign, publishing Independent Suffragette.[7]

After the war she worked for the WILPF peace movement and then as a social worker in San Francisco. She returned to London where she returned to her expertise in public health working for London County Council.[1] In 1952, she was gave a speech at the inaugural meeting of the National Assembly of Women and presented a declaration of women's solidarity for equality and peace.[8]

Marsh died in 1961.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b Krista Cowman (15 July 2007). Women of the Right Spirit: Paid Organisers of the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU), 1904-18. Manchester University Press. pp. 228–. ISBN 978-0-7190-7002-0.
  2. ^ a b c d "Charlotte Marsh". Spartacus Educational. Retrieved 2017-10-25.
  3. ^ a b "The Suffragette Organiser Charlotte Marsh: 1909, National Women's Social and Political Union". Museum of London Prints. Retrieved 2017-10-25.
  4. ^ Myall, M. (2004-09-23). Leigh [née Brown], Mary [Marie] (b. 1885, d. in or after 1965), militant suffragette. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved December 2017
  5. ^ The Women's Suffrage Movement: A Reference Guide 1866-1928
  6. ^ David Lloyd George’s suffragette chauffeur
  7. ^ Smith, Harold L. (2009). The British Women's Suffrage Campaign 1866-1928. Routledge. p. 80. ISBN 978-1408228234.
  8. ^ Tebbs, Betty. A Short History of the National Assembly of Women. Manchester, UK: National Assembly of Women, 1993.
This page was last edited on 23 September 2018, at 21:29
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