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Charles Hobhouse

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Sir Charles Hobhouse

Charles Hobhouse 2.jpg
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
In office
23 October 1911 – 11 February 1914
MonarchGeorge V
Prime MinisterH. H. Asquith
Preceded byJack Pease
Succeeded byCharles Masterman
Postmaster General
In office
11 February 1914 – 25 May 1915
MonarchGeorge V
Prime MinisterH. H. Asquith
Preceded byHerbert Samuel
Succeeded byHerbert Samuel
Personal details
Born30 June 1862 (1862-06-30)
Died26 June 1941 (1941-06-27) (aged 78)
Monkton Farleigh
NationalityBritish
Political partyLiberal
Spouse(s)1. Nina; 2. Aimee Brendon
Alma materChrist Church, Oxford

Sir Charles Edward Henry Hobhouse, 4th Baronet, TD, PC, JP (30 June 1862 – 26 June 1941) was a British Liberal politician and officer in the Territorial Force.[1] He was a member of the Liberal cabinet of H. H. Asquith between 1911 and 1915.

Background and education

The eldest son of Sir Charles Parry Hobhouse, 3rd Baronet, he was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford, and then attended the Royal Military College, Sandhurst.[2]

Military career

Hobhouse was commissioned from Sandhurst as a lieutenant in the King's Royal Rifle Corps (KRRC) on 23 August 1884,[2] and served with the regiment until he resigned from the Regular Army on 7 May 1890 to enter politics.[3] However, he became a captain in the part-time 7th Battalion, KRRC, (the Royal 2nd Middlesex Militia) on 17 April 1897.[4] When a new 3rd Volunteer Battalion of the Gloucestershire Regiment was formed in Bristol during the Second Boer War, he was commissioned as a major in the unit, succeeding to its command with the rank of lieutenant-colonel on 5 April 1903.[5] He continued in that role when the battalion became the 6th Battalion, Gloucestershire Regiment in the Territorial Force in 1908.[6] Hobhouse retired from the command on 5 April 1911,[7] but on the death of the 6th Gloucesters' Honorary Colonel, Earl Roberts, shortly after the outbreak of World War I, he was appointed to succeed him on 24 December 1914.[8] Hobhouse continued to be the 6th Gloucesters' Hon Colonel for the rest of his life, the battalion being converted into 44th Royal Tank Regiment in 1938.[9]

Political career

Hobhouse's first attempt to get elected was at North Buckinghamshire. He was Liberal Member of Parliament for Devizes between 1892 and 1895 and for Bristol East between 1900 and 1918.[10] He was a Parliamentary Private Secretary at the Colonial Office from 1892 to 1895 and a Church Estates Commissioner from 1906 to 1907.

He was appointed to his first ministerial post in 1907 when Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman made him Under-Secretary of State for India, and then served under H. H. Asquith as Financial Secretary to the Treasury from 1908 to 1911. He was a member of Asquith's cabinet as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster between 1911 and 1914 and as Postmaster-General between 1914 and 1915. In 1909 he was sworn of the Privy Council.[11] Apart from his career in national politics, Hobhouse was a County Alderman for Wiltshire from 1893 to 1924. He succeeded his father as fourth Baronet in 1916.

At the Coupon election in 1918 he lost his seat, as did Asquith, McKenna, Runciman, Simon, Samuel and McKinnon Wood. In 1922 Hobhouse chose to stand again in North Buckinghamshire but was swept aside by both Conservative and Labour party candidates. As most Liberals found, their party and principles were in retreat.

Hobhouse, long associated with Bristol, was appointed President of the Western Counties Liberal Federation from 1924 to 1935 and President of the National Liberal Federation from 1926 to 1930.

Personal life

Sir Charles Hobhouse's wife, Lady Nina died in 1927. He married again to Aimee Gladys Brendon. They lived at Monkton Farleigh until he died on 26 June 1941, aged 78.

See also

References

  1. ^ Tanner, Duncan (13 February 2003). "Political Change and the Labour Party 1900-1918". Cambridge University Press – via Google Books.
  2. ^ a b London Gazette, 22 August 1884.
  3. ^ London Gazette, 1 July 1890.
  4. ^ London Gazette, 4 May 1897.
  5. ^ London Gazette, 21 April 1903.
  6. ^ London Gazette, 8 September 1908.
  7. ^ London Gazette, 4 April 1911.
  8. ^ London Gazette, 22 December 1914.
  9. ^ Monthly Army List, various dates.
  10. ^ F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918
  11. ^ "No. 28265". The London Gazette. 29 June 1909. p. 4953.

Primary Sources

  • David, Edward, ed. (1977). Inside Asquith's Cabinet: from the Diaries of Charles Hobhouse. London.

Secondary Sources

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Walter Long
Member of Parliament for Devizes
18921895
Succeeded by
Edward Goulding
Preceded by
Sir William Wills, Bt
Member of Parliament for Bristol East
19001918
Succeeded by
George Britton
Political offices
Preceded by
John Ellis
Under-Secretary of State for India
1907–1908
Succeeded by
Thomas Buchanan
Preceded by
Walter Runciman
Financial Secretary to the Treasury
1908–1911
Succeeded by
McKinnon Wood
Preceded by
Jack Pease
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1911–1914
Succeeded by
Charles Masterman
Preceded by
Herbert Samuel
Postmaster-General
1914–1915
Succeeded by
Herbert Samuel
Party political offices
Preceded by
John Alfred Spender
President of the National Liberal Federation
1927–1930
Succeeded by
Arthur Brampton
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Charles Hobhouse
Baronet
(of Westbury)
1916–1941
Succeeded by
Reginald Hobhouse
This page was last edited on 25 March 2020, at 16:43
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