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Charles Gordon-Lennox, 7th Duke of Richmond

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

"Goodwood". Caricature by Spy published in Vanity Fair in 1896
"Goodwood". Caricature by Spy published in Vanity Fair in 1896

Charles Henry Gordon-Lennox, 7th Duke of Richmond and Lennox, 2nd Duke of Gordon, KG, GCVO, CB (27 December 1845 – 18 January 1928), 7th Duke of Aubigny (French peerage in the French nobility), styled Lord Settrington until 1860 and Earl of March between 1860 and 1903, was a British politician and peer.

Background and education

Charles Gordon-Lennox 1907
Charles Gordon-Lennox 1907
Garter encircled shield of arms of Charles Gordon-Lennox, 7th Duke of Richmond, KG, GCVO, as displayed on his Order of the Garter stall plate in St. George's Chapel.
Garter encircled shield of arms of Charles Gordon-Lennox, 7th Duke of Richmond, KG, GCVO, as displayed on his Order of the Garter stall plate in St. George's Chapel.

Styled Lord Settrington from birth, he was born at Portland Place, London, the eldest son of Charles Henry Gordon-Lennox, 6th Duke of Richmond and Frances Harriett, daughter of Algernon Frederick Greville. He was educated at Eton between 1859 and 1863. In 1860 he became known as the Earl of March after his father succeeded to the dukedom.[1]

Career

Grand house in the South Downs, the main home of the Dukes, in a few square kilometres of land.  Both remain in the family, see Goodwood House.
Grand house in the South Downs, the main home of the Dukes, in a few square kilometres of land. Both remain in the family, see Goodwood House.

Lord March joined the Grenadier Guards two years later, although he retired in 1869 after he was elected Member of Parliament for West Sussex. He represented that constituency until it was abolished for the 1885 general election, when he was returned to the House of Commons for the Chichester constituency. He held his seat until 1889. Around this time, he was appointed as an Ecclesiastical Commissioner, a position he occupied until 1903.

He and his brother, Lord Algernon Gordon-Lennox, both served in the Second Boer War in South Africa, with Lord March in command of the Sussex Militia from his arrival in March 1901. He returned to England in June 1902,[2] following the end of hostilities in South Africa the previous month. For his service in the war, he was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in the October 1902 South African Honours list.[3]

Lord March was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Elginshire on 27 August 1902,[4] and also served as Lord Lieutenant of Banffshire from November 1903, after his father's death.

On 27 September 1903, Gordon-Lennox succeeded his father as 7th Duke of Richmond and Lennox and 2nd Duke of Gordon (2nd creation). In 1904, King Edward VII made him a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (GCVO) and a Knight of the Order of the Garter (KG). He was Grand Master of the Sussex branch of the Freemasons from 1902.[5] He died with assets excluding family-entrusted land such as at Goodwood House where he lived (and as his forebears was a parochial and district patron). These were probated at £310,380.[6][7] His interests in the family-entrusted lands were proved at £1731 in 1929.[8] He was buried in Chichester Cathedral.

Family

Richmond married firstly Amy Mary Ricardo (24 June 1847 – 23 August 1879), daughter of Percy Ricardo (1820–1892) of Bramley Park at Guildford in Surrey, and his wife, Matilda Mawdesley Hensley (1826–1880), daughter of John Isaac Hensley of Holborn in Middlesex. She was the sister of Colonel Horace Ricardo and of Colonel Francis Ricardo of Cookham in Berkshire. They had three sons and two daughters.[9]

After her death in August 1879, aged 32, he married secondly Isabel Sophie Craven, daughter of William George Craven, in 1882. They had two daughters. Isabel died in November 1887, aged 24. Richmond remained a widower until his death in January 1928, aged 82.

He was succeeded in the dukedom by his eldest son, Charles. Richmond's second son Lord Esmé Gordon-Lennox was a Brigadier-General in the British Army, while his third and youngest son Lord Bernard Gordon-Lennox was a Major in the Army.[1]

Ancestry

References

  1. ^ a b thepeerage.com Charles Henry Gordon-Lennox, 7th Duke of Richmond
  2. ^ "The Army in South Africa - Troops returning home". The Times (36790). London. 10 June 1902. p. 14.
  3. ^ "No. 27490". The London Gazette. 31 October 1902. p. 6906.
  4. ^ "No. 27469". The London Gazette. 29 August 1902. p. 5604.
  5. ^ "Court News". The Times (36828). London. 24 July 1902. p. 5.
  6. ^ England and Wales Calendar of Probates, 1928, page 79. National Archives. Also republished at probatesearch.service.gov.uk
  7. ^ London Probate Registry records for 1928, folio number 805
  8. ^ England and Wales Calendar of Probates, 1929, page 85. National Archives. Also republished at probatesearch.service.gov.uk
  9. ^ "Amy Mary Ricardo". The Peerage. Retrieved 18 March 2016.

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Hon. Henry Wyndham
Sir Walter Barttelot, Bt
Member of Parliament for West Sussex
1869–1885
With: Sir Walter Barttelot, Bt
Constituency divided
Preceded by
Lord Henry Lennox
John Abel Smith
Member of Parliament for Chichester
1885–1889
Succeeded by
Lord Walter Gordon-Lennox
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Duke of Fife
Lord Lieutenant of Elginshire
1902–1928
Succeeded by
The Duke of Richmond
Preceded by
The Duke of Richmond
Lord Lieutenant of Banffshire
1903–1928
Succeeded by
Sir John Findlay, Bt
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Charles Gordon-Lennox
Duke of Richmond
3rd creation
1903–1928
Succeeded by
Charles Gordon-Lennox
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Charles Gordon-Lennox
Duke of Lennox
2nd creation
1903–1928
Succeeded by
Charles Gordon-Lennox
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Charles Gordon-Lennox
Duke of Gordon
2nd creation
1903–1928
Succeeded by
Charles Gordon-Lennox
French nobility
Preceded by
Charles Gordon-Lennox
Duke of Aubigny
1903–1928
Succeeded by
Charles Gordon-Lennox
This page was last edited on 9 March 2021, at 17:33
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