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Charles A. Buckley

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Charles A. Buckley
Charles A. Buckley.jpg
Chair of the Committee on Public Works
In office
January 3, 1951-January 3, 1953
 – January 3, 1955-January 3, 1965
Chair of the House Committee on Pensions
In office
January 3, 1943 – January 3, 1947
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from New York
In office
January 3, 1935 – January 3, 1965
Preceded byFrank A. Oliver
Succeeded byJonathan Bingham
Constituency23rd district (1935–45)
25th district (1945–53)
24th district (1953–63)
23rd district (1963–65)
New York City Chamberlain
In office
1929–1933
New York City Board of Alderman
In office
1918–1923
Personal details
Born(1890-06-23)June 23, 1890
New York City, New York
DiedJanuary 22, 1967 (1967-01-23) (aged 76)
New York City, New York
Political partyDemocratic
ChildrenEileen, Charles Jr.
Occupationcontractor, builder

Charles Anthony Buckley (June 23, 1890 – January 22, 1967) was a Democratic Party politician from The Bronx, New York. An Irish-American,[1] he served as Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Bronx County Democratic Party and a member of the United States House of Representatives.

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  • ✪ Christopher Hitchens on Gore Vidal and William F. Buckley Jr. [HQ]

Transcription

well if you ask me how how deep is the Buckley Vidal disagreement and dislike I would say it's very deep but it's surprisingly narrow what are they most have in common for example they're both great admirers of Charles Lindbergh they were both supporters of America first partly for the defensible reason that America should try to stay out of European entanglements of foreign channelings partly for the less defensible reason that it was thought that at least one American minority why didn't I say the Jewish one was keen on dragging American tour with Madonna Buffy at different times you'd suspect that both them admired Lindbergh as a person though the word in some ways isolationists the similarities are rather striking but Freud tells us about the narcissism with small differences and Jung tells us about the law of announcer dreaming of the attraction and interpenetration of opposites so before one starts one should I think say how fascinating it is that they're operating in such a narrow framework of battle the biggest difference in my opinion is this William Buckley is a Christian in fact an extreme right Catholic Christian critical even of Vatican two which was then a new thing as well and gore Vidal detests Christianity and partly blames Judaism for foisting it on the world as a Jewish heresy and has a personal reason for this dislike which is the prohibitions of Judaism and Christianity on same-sex sex which is the little cherry bomb that's waiting to go off and eventually dance as it had to do go ahead out took the general view that communism was a creation of American imperialism if it wasn't for the promiscuity of American policy there wouldn't have been the Berlin Wall the Berlin Airlift the Vietnam War all these things and Buckley thought no this is an evil system that will one day either be overthrown by our overthrow but certain people who or will lead us to a holy nuclear war but at any rate he he thought that there wasn't a coach he'll camp between the west and something that docked on the other and he believed that black Americans probably didn't quite measure up to the privilege of the vote and that colored countries in Africa and Asia probably weren't quite ready to be independent and self-governing it was the reactionary in that way and disproved but I think the critical underlay is the moral one is the concept of family church and social order otherwise the the great similarity would be the overarching thing the belief that America would be better off not intervening in the world at all and that we'd go back to their their common starting point of America first and the great hero Charles Lindbergh of whom by the way I think it can be said that a lot of people found him sexually charismatic possibly not excluding Gore or bill you'd use astronomy with about you that he was also a slightly insecure person I say that only because if at the end of the taping of firing line which I frequently did with him his request I would say well do you have time for a cocktail before the next show or before next equipment he would always have to be running and diving into a car or catching a plane or go to a book signing he seemed to arrange his life so that there was very little privacy or time for intimacy or informality in it you had the feeling that he was repressing the demons that would close in on him if he was left alone with his own thoughts or or with someone who was only there to chat wasn't that an interview him asking questions it's an open question as to whether fedoras relieve someone of the left or of the right it's a question that really come up in the United States where isolationism is a phenomenon of both wings but if you think of herself on the left as I think Gore did in those days then there's a real question why do so many poor working-class downtrodden people vote for the party of the right well it must be that in some way the right wing has ways of fooling them they vote against their own interests because they care more about their race or their religion say or their patriotism and that's a good a good mask for what Marx is used to call in the false consciousness but it's self-evident ly silly especially from someone who was proud of his connection to the man who brought Oklahoma into the Union from Senator gall to say that the Republican Party in declare denotes a class not true virtually in the glamour is a great deal more working-class than a Democrat on the Upper East Side and closer to the American soil and the frontier and all the other things that go to the making of Americans as Curt Stern said to a lot of people go of it all is still considered a leftist which I think the joke is on them he's not he's now solutionist and he's an in social Mary Michelle she's quite conservative and has repeatedly made it clear I wrote a piece about this once for the reviewing his early memoirs for I think then it was in the New York Review of Books and he wrote me and I may have the letter saying that it was uncomfortably close the beauty read us how he rather likes the old America and doesn't particularly care for the new modern one by spiritual stagnation mister Buffy's attack of choice on co-ed oh I'm pretty sure we can deduce a code says this man has no expectation of fatherhood and where are things and he and he doesn't like the procreative society he's a nihilist in general and a cynic and hedonist as sure as I can be that's what he meant and I'm absolutely sure that that's what Vidal thought he meant to and welcomed it you know if it comes to it yes I mean I do think that the great the great persecution is sexual the great horror of monotheism is it's a chance to preach countenance to have stone-age codes of stoning for adultery even worse for homosexual behavior and so on and again that is in way the whole subjects of the over the 60s both in expression in 68 and especially perhaps most in Miami and in Chicago

Contents

Early Life and Career

Buckley was born in New York City. He was educated in the public schools, and became involved in the construction and contracting business. In 1911, at the age of 21, he became involved in party politics as a block captain in The Bronx. This led to his election to the Board of Aldermen, now the New York City Council in 1918. He held his seat on the board until his appointment as a state tax appraiser in 1923. In 1929, Mayor Jimmy Walker appointed him as chamberlain, now a part of the city treasurer's office, to take succeed Edward J. Flynn, the Bronx party leader and a political mentor.[2]

Congress and Party Leader

In 1934, he won a seat in Congress where he served for 30 years. In 1953, Buckley succeeded Ed Flynn as the "boss" or Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Bronx County Democratic Party, a post from which he derived at least as much influence as his position on Capitol Hill. He used his influence to marshal delegates for Kennedy in his 1960 campaign and developed a friendship with the president.[3]

He rose to become the chairman of the House Committee on Pensions in the 78th Congress and 79th Congress and chairman of the Committee on Public Works in the 82nd Congress and from the 84th Congress through the 88th Congress. His chairmanship of the Public Works Committee gave him substantial power in allocating federal funds. A member of the House reported that when a Congressman voted against a bill supported by President John F. Kennedy, with whom Buckley was friends, a federal office building that was scheduled for that district "disappeared" from the appropriations, only to reappear once the congressman changed his position.[3] He also used his position to secure jobs for loyalists from The Bronx, helping him maintain power.[3] However, the New York Times criticized him for his absenteeism, showing up for less than half of the votes in some years when it endorsed his opponent in 1964.[4]

In his later years, he battled with reformist Democrats that sought to reduce the power of political bosses. He opposed Mayor Robert F. Wagner Jr. who, in 1961, was bidding for a third term in office and had broken with Tammany Hall.[3] This began a feud with the mayor that ultimately led to Buckley's downfall. The mayor and reform Democrats supported David Levy in the Democratic primary in 1962. While Buckley won the race, the margin was only 2,940 votes out of 37,000 cast.[5]

The 1964 Democratic primary election was the beginning of the end of his career in politics. He faced Jonathan Bingham, whom Mayor Wagner supported in an effort to remove him from office. Robert F. Kennedy, who received the Democratic nomination, in part due to Buckley's support, and President Lyndon Johnson endorsed the incumbent. The race was bitter with Buckley charging that Bingham was anti-Semitic, having been a member of the America First Committee.[6] Bingham fired back with allegations that Buckley received work from a contractor free of charge at his home in Rockland County.[7] On Election Day, Bingham won by 4,000 votes, ending Buckley's career in Congress.[6]

Despite his defeat, he maintained his post as the head of the Bronx Democratic Party. Rumors swirled that he intended to appoint Rep. Jacob H. Gilbert from the neighboring New York's 22nd congressional district to a judgeship. This would allow the local committee to nominate Buckley to replace Gilbert on the ballot in November. The plan would require votes from some members of the Manhattan Democratic Committee as well, and party leaders there rejected the idea.[8]

Personal life

He was married to the former Marion Cowan and had two children, a daughter, Eileen Buckley, and a son, Charles Anthony Buckley, Jr. He died on January 22, 1967 at his home in The Bronx from lung cancer.[2]

References

  1. ^ Guthman, Edwin O. (1971). We Band of Brothers. New York, NY: Harper & Row. p. 139.
  2. ^ a b "Charles A. Buckley Of Bronx Dies at 76; Charles A. Buckley, 76, Bronx County Democratic Leader, Dies". New York Times. 1967-01-23.
  3. ^ a b c d "Buckley Ready to Battle Any Effort to Oust Him; Politicians Doubt That Truce With Wagner Is Possible; 'Let'Em Come Up Here and Fight,' Bronx Chief Says". New York Times. 1964-01-25.
  4. ^ "Bingham vs. Buckley". New York Times. 1964-05-25.
  5. ^ "David Levy, 79, Reform Leader In New York Democratic Party". New York Times. 2006-08-06.
  6. ^ a b "Bingham Victor in Bronx By a 4,000 Vote Margin; Congressman's String of Nominations Is Ended by Reform Challenger, Scheuer Wins Over Healey". New York Times. 1964-06-03.
  7. ^ "Bingham Is Critical Of Buckley's Track". New York Times. 1964-05-24.
  8. ^ "Buckley Warned on New Contest Costikyan Assails Reported Plan for Representative to Seek Gilbert's Seat". New York Times. 1964-07-21.

Sources

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Frank A. Oliver
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 23rd congressional district

1935–1945
Succeeded by
Walter A. Lynch
Preceded by
Ralph A. Gamble
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 25th congressional district

1945–1953
Succeeded by
Paul A. Fino
Preceded by
Isidore Dollinger
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 24th congressional district

1953–1963
Succeeded by
Paul A. Fino
Preceded by
Jacob H. Gilbert
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 23rd congressional district

1963–1965
Succeeded by
Jonathan B. Bingham
This page was last edited on 30 July 2019, at 22:22
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