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Channing H. Cox

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Channing Cox
Channing H Cox.png
Chair of the National Governors Association
In office
December 14, 1922 – November 17, 1924
Preceded byWilliam Cameron Sproul
Succeeded byElbert Lee Trinkle
49th Governor of Massachusetts
In office
January 6, 1921 – January 8, 1925
LieutenantAlvan T. Fuller
Preceded byCalvin Coolidge
Succeeded byAlvan T. Fuller
47th Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts
In office
January 2, 1919 – January 6, 1921
GovernorCalvin Coolidge
Preceded byCalvin Coolidge
Succeeded byAlvan T. Fuller
Speaker of the Massachusetts House of Representatives
In office
Preceded byGrafton D. Cushing
Succeeded byJoseph E. Warner
Personal details
Channing Harris Cox

(1879-10-28)October 28, 1879
Manchester, New Hampshire, U.S.
DiedAugust 20, 1968(1968-08-20) (aged 88)
West Harwich, Massachusetts, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
EducationDartmouth College (BA)
Harvard University (LLB)

Channing Harris Cox (October 28, 1879 – August 20, 1968) was an American Republican politician, lawyer, and businessman from Massachusetts. He served as the 49th Governor of Massachusetts, from 1921 to 1925. He attended Dartmouth College and served as lieutenant governor to Calvin Coolidge, winning election as governor after Coolidge decided to run for vice president. Cox was noted for advancing progressive labor legislation and adjusting administrative law to Massachusetts' changing economy. He was also the first Massachusetts governor to use radio, when he broadcast live from the Eastern States Exposition on September 19, 1921, at the debut of station WBZ in Springfield.[1]

Early years

Channing Cox was born in Manchester, New Hampshire, to Charles Edson Cox and Evelyn (Randall) Cox. He attended the Manchester public schools and then Dartmouth College, from which he graduated in 1901. He then attended Harvard Law School, receiving his degree there in 1904.[2] Cox remained a lifelong supporter of Dartmouth, where a residence hall is named in his honor.

Cox then opened a law practice in Boston, Massachusetts, which he maintained until he was elected governor.[2]

Political career

Cox entered politics soon after opening his practice, winning his first race for elective office in 1908, for a seat on the Boston Common Council. The following year he won election to the state legislature, where he served nine annual terms, the last four as Speaker of the Massachusetts House of Representatives. During these years he became politically associated with Calvin Coolidge, who was Senate President and Lieutenant Governor. Coolidge tapped Cox as his running mate for governor in 1918, and Cox served two one-year terms as lieutenant governor. Coolidge stepped back to run for Vice President of the United States in 1920.[2]

Cox ran for governor in 1920, which was the first two-year term for the office. His victory over John Jackson Walsh was part of a broad national win for the Republicans, including a sweep of statewide offices in Massachusetts, which was spurred by nativist opposition to Wilson administration policies on immigration.[3] Cox contributed to the anti-immigrant sentiment in Massachusetts by characterizing discontented immigrants as a "motley array of questionable groups and influences".[4] He won reelection in 1922, in another race against disorganized Democratic opposition. Although the state was in an economic downturn (an early whisper of the Great Depression), with textile production dropping and wages down, his campaigns emphasized "economy and sound administration" in governance, terms which characterized Republican campaigns through the 1920s.[5] In 1922, Cox defeated former Mayor of Boston John "Honey Fitz" Fitzgerald by more than 60,000 votes.[6]

As governor, Cox was somewhat more progressive than Coolidge, advancing a variety of modest reforms. He increased schooling requirements and reduced working hours for children, allowed labor unions to instigate lawsuits against employers, and improved workmen's compensation coverage. He signed legislation restricting the ability of state banks to engage in speculative investments, and instituted a commission on finance and reform to oversee the state's finances.[7] In the 1922 race, Cox claimed credit for reducing income taxes by $2 million and the state's debt by $12 million.[8] Substantive reforms were typically buried by the legislature, which studied reform proposals but generally did not act on them.[9] Cox opted not to run for reelection in 1924, supporting Lieutenant Governor Alvan T. Fuller as his successor.

Later years and family

After leaving office, Cox was encouraged to run for the United States Senate, for the seat opened by the death of Henry Cabot Lodge. He refused, and spent the rest of his active years involved in business and philanthropic pursuits. He served on the boards of numerous local corporations, banks, and non-profits,[2] and was an active member of the state humane society.[10] He died in 1968 at his summer home in West Harwich, Massachusetts, and was buried in Boston's Forest Hills Cemetery.[2]

Cox had married Mary Young of Wellfleet in 1915; they had one child.[2]

In 1922 Cox became a compatriot of the Massachusetts Society of the Sons of the American Revolution.

See also


  1. ^ "WBZ NewsRadio 1030 History – 1920s". CBS Boston. March 14, 2010. Archived from the original on May 1, 2016. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Former Governor Channing Cox dies". Boston Globe. August 21, 1968.
  3. ^ Litt, p. 26-27
  4. ^ Litt, p. 31
  5. ^ Huthmacher, p. 49
  6. ^ Huthmacher, p. 58
  7. ^ Harman, p. 207
  8. ^ Huthmacher, p. 72
  9. ^ Huthmacher, p. 71
  10. ^ Harman, p. 208


Political offices
Preceded by
Grafton D. Cushing
Speaker of the Massachusetts House of Representatives
Succeeded by
Joseph E. Warner
Preceded by
Calvin Coolidge
Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts
Succeeded by
Alvan T. Fuller
Governor of Massachusetts
Preceded by
William Cameron Sproul
Chair of the National Governors Association
Succeeded by
Elbert Lee Trinkle
Party political offices
Preceded by
Calvin Coolidge
Republican nominee for Governor of Massachusetts
1920, 1922
Succeeded by
Alvan T. Fuller
This page was last edited on 30 May 2020, at 12:06
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