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Chandalar, Alaska

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chandalar, Alaska
Chandalar, Alaska is located in Alaska
Chandalar, Alaska
Chandalar, Alaska
Location within the state of Alaska
Coordinates: 67°30′19″N 148°29′37″W / 67.50528°N 148.49361°W / 67.50528; -148.49361
CountryUnited States
StateAlaska
Census AreaYukon-Koyukuk
Government
 • State senatorDonny Olson (D)
 • State rep.Dean Westlake (D)
Elevation
1,873 ft (571 m)
Time zoneUTC-9 (Alaska (AKST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-8 (AKDT)
Area code(s)907

Chandalar is an unincorporated community in Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area in the U.S. state of Alaska.

Chandalar is located on the eastern shore of Chandalar Lake by Chandalar Lake Airport, about 200 miles north of Fairbanks, and is at an elevation of 1,873 feet. It succeeded an earlier community (or communities) by that name (see History). The present Chandalar has never formally reported a population on the U.S. Census.

The community is served by the Chandalar Lake Airport and is not accessible by road. It was featured in the National Geographic show Life Below Zero.[1]

History, Other Chandalars & Little Squaw

At least two communities bore the name of Chandalar before the present one. The Chandalar Mining Camp[2] was located several miles to the northeast of the current Chandalar.[3] 67°35′28″N 148°09′37″W / 67.59111°N 148.16028°W / 67.59111; -148.16028 (Chandalar, Alaska)[4] This settlement was developed as a mining camp in about 1906-07, and a post office was established in 1908, but it was shut down in 1944.[5]

Also at or adjacent to this location was the mining camp of Little Squaw, which was along the same named creek. Little Squaw had been named for the daughter of Frank & Nevelo Yasuda, who helped found this mining area.[6] Little Squaw appeared twice on the U.S. Census, reporting a population of 8 in 1930[7] and 10 in 1940.[8] In at least one instance, Little Squaw and Chandalar were reported as being the same place on the 1951 USGS Chandalar Topographical Map.[9]

The present-day census-designated place of Venetie, Alaska was also called Chandalar Village.[10] It is unclear if this was the "Chandalar" reported on the 1920 and 1930 U.S. Censuses. Maps of the time were not clear on the location, though the 1929 USGS Topographical Map of Chandalar-Sheenjek Region, Alaska [11] reported Chandalar at the present location of Venetie. A review of the names on the census rolls for 1930 Chandalar and 1940 Venetie would confirm whether this was the same location.

The name was removed to the present settlement on Chandalar Lake by the airport around the 1940s.

Climate

Chandalar has a continental subarctic climate (Köppen Dfc). The nearest weather station is at Chandalar Lake.

Climate data for Chandalar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 37.5
(3.1)
38
(3)
50
(10)
56
(13)
81
(27)
87
(31)
90
(32)
90
(32)
78
(26)
59
(15)
42
(6)
31
(−1)
90
(32)
Average high °F (°C) −4.1
(−20.1)
0.1
(−17.7)
12.8
(−10.7)
30.3
(−0.9)
50.2
(10.1)
65.0
(18.3)
68.2
(20.1)
61.0
(16.1)
47.0
(8.3)
24.5
(−4.2)
5.0
(−15.0)
−0.3
(−17.9)
30.0
(−1.1)
Average low °F (°C) −25.0
(−31.7)
−23.7
(−30.9)
−16.6
(−27.0)
0.0
(−17.8)
24.6
(−4.1)
39.1
(3.9)
41.9
(5.5)
35.1
(1.7)
25.4
(−3.7)
6.8
(−14.0)
−15.0
(−26.1)
−21.3
(−29.6)
6.0
(−14.4)
Record low °F (°C) −74
(−59)
−68
(−56)
−57
(−49)
−45
(−43)
−25
(−32)
20
(−7)
25
(−4)
11
(−12)
−8
(−22)
−36
(−38)
−57
(−49)
−63
(−53)
−74
(−59)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.43
(11)
0.38
(9.7)
0.34
(8.6)
0.21
(5.3)
0.56
(14)
1.28
(33)
1.52
(39)
1.67
(42)
1.22
(31)
0.75
(19)
0.4
(10)
0.49
(12)
9.24
(235)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 6.7
(17)
6.1
(15)
4.3
(11)
3.8
(9.7)
0.8
(2.0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.25)
0
(0)
1.6
(4.1)
8.4
(21)
6.4
(16)
7.1
(18)
45.2
(115)
Source: [12]

Demographics

(Old) Chandalar

Historical population
Census Pop.
192032
19306293.8%
19400−100.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

Chandalar first appeared on the 1920[14] U.S. Census and again in 1930[15] as an unincorporated village. It reported "no population" in 1940[16] and did not appear on the census again under that name. As stated under "history", it is unclear if this Chandalar is the former mining camp at Little Squaw Creek or if it was the present day Venetie.

New Chandalar

The new settlement that sprang up around the Chandalar Lake Airstrip has never formally reported a population to date, as of the 2010 Census.[17] However it has a population of about 5.

References

  1. ^ "About Chandalar". National Geographic. Archived from the original on 2016-07-08. Retrieved July 17, 2016.
  2. ^ https://www.goldrichmining.com/media/downloads/technical_reports/Buzzel_Chandalar_Rpt.pdf p.24/25, map of area, reference to location of Chandalar
  3. ^ https://geonames.usgs.gov/apex/f?p=138:3:0::NO:3:P3_FID,P3_TITLE:1400140,Chandalar%20Mine
  4. ^ https://www.google.com/maps/place/67%C2%B035'27.5%22N+148%C2%B009'36.9%22W/@67.5783691,-148.1494446,4574m/data=!3m1!1e3!4m5!3m4!1s0x0:0x0!8m2!3d67.59098!4d-148.16025
  5. ^ https://geonames.usgs.gov/apex/f?p=138:3:0::NO:3:P3_FID,P3_TITLE:1400137,Chandalar
  6. ^ https://alaskamininghalloffame.org/inductees/yasuda.php
  7. ^ https://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/00476569ch2.pdf
  8. ^ https://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/33973538v1ch11.pdf
  9. ^ http://legacy.lib.utexas.edu/maps/topo/250k/txu-pclmaps-topo-us-chandalar-1951.jpg
  10. ^ https://www.tananachiefs.org/about/communities/venetie/
  11. ^ http://cartweb.geography.ua.edu/lizardtech/iserv/calcrgn?cat=North%20America%20and%20United%20States&item=States/Alaska//Alaska1929e.sid&wid=1000&hei=900&props=item(Name,Description),cat(Name,Description)&style=simple/view-dhtml.xsl
  12. ^ "CHANDALAR LAKE, ALASKA (501492)". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved July 17, 2016.
  13. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
  14. ^ https://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/41084484v1ch5.pdf
  15. ^ https://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/00476569ch2.pdf
  16. ^ https://catalog.archives.gov/id/5823274
  17. ^ https://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/cph-1-3.pdf

External links

This page was last edited on 22 September 2020, at 01:58
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